the great gatsby
Post on 19-Jan-2016
Embed Size (px)
DESCRIPTIONThe Great Gatsby. By F. Scott Fitzgerald Student Notes. F. Scott Fitzgerald. born on September 24, 1896, in St. Paul, Minnesota. Intelligent child, he did poorly in school and was sent to a New Jersey boarding school Enrolled at Princeton in 1913 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
By F. Scott FitzgeraldStudent Notes
F. Scott FitzgeraldBORN on September 24, 1896, in St. Paul, Minnesota. Intelligent child, he did poorly in school and was sent to a New Jersey boarding school Enrolled at Princeton in 1913 Academic troubles and apathy plagued him throughout his time at college, and he never graduated, Enlisted in the army in 1917, as World War I neared its endStationed at Camp Sheridan, in Montgomery, AlabamaMet and fell in love with a wild seventeen-year-old beauty named Zelda Sayre The publication of This Side of Paradise in 1920, Fitzgerald became a literary sensationMost of his work is semi-autobiographical
Scott and ZeldaFitzgerald was considered the spokesman for his generation, by extension he and Zelda were incredibly famousZelda came from money, and wouldnt marry Scott until he published his first book, put pressure on Scott to continue his successThe couple lived a lavish lifestyle, sometimes wild and recklessLived in Europe for a period of timeTurmoil in their MarriageConstant stress from their drinking, Scott worked continuously to support their lifestyleZelda felt neglected
Tragic EndingsZeldaScottIn 1930 Zelda was placed in a sanatorium for a brief periodDiagnosed as a schizophrenic, by 1932 she was in a mental institutionScott still devoted to her, but resentfulDied in a hospital fire in 1948Now seen as a tragic iconFeminist image of someone oppressed by her husbandScott struggled with drinking through out his life, left him in poor healthWent to work in Hollywood, which he found degradingDied of a massive heart attack in 1940Died think he had been a failureAfter his death his work found a new audienceHe is recognized as one of the most influential American writers
Impact on SocietyFitzgerald named the 1920s The Jazz AgeWrote screenplays for Metro-Goldwyn-MayerCreated the The Great Gatsby which is said to be the most accurate description of the 1920s
The 1920sProhibition was in effectMade millionaires out of bootleggersSpeakeasies secretly sold alcoholViolence of World War I left America in a state of shockThe generation that fought the war turned to extravagant living to compensateConservatism and timeworn values of the previous decade were turned on their earEconomy was in a BoomFlappers were women who rebelled against the fashion and social norms of the early 1900s.They married at a later age and drank and smoked in publicFlappers were known for their carefree lifestyles.Dances such as the Charleston were popular
SettingWest Egg- where Nick and Gatsby live, represents new moneyEast Egg- where Daisy lives, the more fashionable area, represents old moneyThe City- New York City, where the characters escape to for work and play, a place where anything goes The Valley of Ashes- between the City and West Egg, where Wilsons gas station is, desolate wasteland
Fitzgerald in GatsbyNick CarrawayJay GatsbyThoughtful young man from MinnesotaEducated at an Ivy League schoolMoved to New York after the warlike Nick, Fitzgerald saw through the glitter of the Jazz Age to the moral emptiness and hypocrisy beneath, and part of him longed for this absent moral centerSensitive young man who idolizes wealth Falls in love with a beautiful young woman while stationed at a military camp in the SouthFitzgerald fell into a wild, reckless life-style of parties and decadence, while desperately trying to please Zelda by writing to earn moneySimilarly, Gatsby amasses a great deal of wealth at a relatively young age, and devotes himself to acquiring possessions and throwing parties that he believes will enable him to win Daisys loveLike Gatsby, Fitzgerald was driven by his love for a woman who symbolized everything he wanted, even as she led him toward everything he despised
SymbolsGreen Light- at the end of Daisys dock and visible from Gatsbys mansion. Represents Gatsby's hopes and dreams about Daisy.The Valley of Ashes- the area between West Egg and New York City. It is a desolate area filled with industrial waste. It represents the social and moral decay of society during the 1920s. It also shows the negative effects of greed.The Eyes of Dr. T. J. Eckleburg- A decaying billboard in the Valley of Ashes with eyes advertising an optometrist. There are multiple proposed meanings, including the representation of Gods moral judgment on society.
Important QuotesI hope shell be a fool- thats the best thing a girl can be in this world, a beautiful little fool. Daisys description of her daughterSo we beat on, boats against the current, borne back ceaselessly into the past. the last line of the novel"They were careless people, Tom and Daisy- they smashed up things and creatures and then retreated back into their money or their vast carelessness or whatever it was that kept them together, and let other people clean up the mess they had made." Nicks description of Tom and Daisy
Major CharactersNick Carraway - The narrator of the novel; moves from the Midwest to New York to learn the bond businessJay Gatsby - Lives next to Nick in a mansion; throws huge parties, complete with catered food, open bars, and orchestras; people come from everywhere to attend these parties, but no one seems to know much about the host Daisy Buchanan - Shallow girl who is the embodiment of Gatsby's dreamsTom Buchanan- Husband of Daisy; a cruel man who lives life irresponsibly. Jordan Baker - A cynical and conceited woman who cheats in golf; wants Nick to go out with her. Myrtle Wilson - Tom has an affair with this married woman, and then abandons her after he become bored with her
ThemesHope - represented by the light across the bay that Gatsby was fixated on. It was the embodiment of his sole goal in life, which was a reunification with Daisy. Success - Gatsby felt that the only way he would win Daisy was through his money. Ignorance - The characters have little self-knowledge and even less knowledge of each other. Judgment - Nick misinterprets the advice of his father and tries not to judge people. Disillusionment - Gatsby dreams of getting back together with Daisy even though she is married and has a daughter. Morals - The morals of people with great wealth seem to be less than desirable, but many times are more socially accepted than lower classes.
LessonsMoney cannot buy happiness. You cannot relive the past. If dreams are too fantastic, and reality cannot keep up with ideals they are usually not fulfilled. Life is paradoxical aspects and attitudes seem to contradict
The Great Gatsby Narrator: First Person (Peripheral Narrator): Nick CarrawayThe story is told in the first person, through the eyes of Nick Carraway. The primary and most visible story is about Jay Gatsby and his devotion to his dream. Other stories, also told through Carraways eyes, include Toms reconciliation with his wife Daisy, Nicks own relationship with Jordan, and Nicks evolving friendship with Gatsby. Nick Carraway is able to easily become part of the wallpaper. His major character trait reserving judgment allows him to be almost an "invisible" narrator, similar to a traditional third-person omniscient point of view. Ultimately, however, if we lost Nicks point-of-view, we would never understand the evolution of his character. He is the invisible man until the end of the book, when suddenly, he has opinions about everybody.
"I'm glad it's a girl. And I hope she'll be a fool- that's the best thing a girl can be in this world, a beautiful little fool.-- Daisy Buchanan
Nick has moved from the Midwest to work in NYCHis cousin, Daisy, lives close by with her husband TomHe meets Jordan and first hears about GatsbyClass is one of them most important themes in the novel Affects the relationships of the charactersMuch of the way people are treated can be linked to their class and social positionNick is non-judgmental but very much aware of his class" I'm glad it's a girl, And I hope she'll be a fool- that's the best thing a girl can be in this world, a beautiful little fool. The social position of women is criticized here. Daisy is a witty and clever woman, far more so than her brute husband. Yet she is the one treated as inferior because she is a woman.Nick sees Gatsby at the end of the chapterHe is looking out at a green light at the end of Daisys dock
Nick CarrawayNick often becomes a confidant for those with troubling secrets. The Great Gatsby is told entirely through Nick's eyes; his thoughts and perceptions shape and color the story. The story is revealed gradually.Nick is the hardest character to understand in the book because he is the narrator and will therefore only give us an impression of himself that he would like to give. He tells the reader that "I am one of the few honest people that I have ever known", but we see him lie on several occasions. So it is all but impossible to get an accurate picture of Nick. By the end of the book he is very jaded, though. When he and Jordan break up he says "I'm thirty. I'm five years too old to lie to myself and call it honor". So the experience with Gatsby and the others takes its toll on him. But in the end, the reader cannot be certain of who the real Nick is. Nick the Moral arbiter, everything is seen through his consciousness. Carraway is the only character to exhibit, and hold onto, a sense morals & decency throughout the novel.Has a backbone he will not be rumored into an engagement
AnalysisNicks father tells him, Whenever you feel like criticizing anyone, just remember that all the people in this world havent had the advantages that youve had. (p.1) Nick shares this advice because he wants the reader to know that he is not a man who jumps to conclusions, but has learned to give people the benefit t of the doubt. Fitzgerald w