the history of pop and rap

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The history of pop and rap. Also the history of pop and rap music videos, plus how our music video will fit in with the genre.


  • 1. The term "pop song" was used in 1926 in reference tomusic "having popular appeal. David Hatch and StephenMillward indicate that many events in the historyrecording in the 20s can be seen as the birth of themodern pop music industry, including in country, bluesand hillbilly music. Hatch and Millward define pop music as a body of musicwhich is distinguishable from popular, jazz and folkmusic. According to Pete Seeger, pop music is professionalmusic which draws upon both folk music and fine artsmusic.

2. Pop music has always contained songs from a variety ofsources, including classical, jazz, rock, and noveltysongs, while pop music as a genre is usually unseen asexisting and developing separately. Therefore pop music may be used to describe a distinctgenre, aimed at younger people, often characterized assoft alternative rock and roll. According to the Grove Music Online, the term popterm originated in Britain in the mid 1950s as adescription for rock and roll and the new youth musicstyles that it influenced... Grove Music Online also stated that in the early 1960sthe term pop music completed terminologically withBeat music (in England), while in the USA its coverageoverlapped (as it still does) with that of rock and roll. 3. Rapping can be traced back to its African roots. A long time before hip-hop existed, people in West Africa weredelivering stories rhythmically, over drums and sparseinstrumentation. Such connections have been acknowledged by many modernartists, modern day griots, spoken word artists, mainstreamnews sources, and academics. Blues music, rooted in the work songs and spiritual of slaveryand influenced greatly by West African musical traditions, wasfirst played by black people, and later by some white people. Grammy-winning blues musician/ historian Elijah Wald andothers have argued that the blues were being raped as early asthe 1920s. 4. Pop videos have changed a lot through time. They have developed slowly but dramatically from theearliest pop music videos in the 70s. For example, Fernando by Abba was released in 1976.The music video consisted of close-ups of the artistssinging and playing guitars. The video was low budget, itwas set in a studio made to look like the outdoors. Theywere sat around a camp fire, this paired with theinstruments would seem now like an indie music video.The video has very dark lighting which now-a-dayswould be associated with rock. I would say this musicvideo would be classed as a performance music video asthere was not a narrative. 5. In 1982 Thriller by Michael Jackson was released. This musicvideo is a narrative music video. Also this particular videoconsists of special effects make up and choreographeddancing. This is completely different to Fernando by Abba.However, Thriller also had dark lighting, which would nowbe associated with rock/ heavy metal. The music videoThriller fits in with Vladimir Propps theory, which was thatthere were 8 character types in folk tales and legends. InThriller there are around 5 different character types. Theyare:1. The hero- Michael Jackson in his human form.2. Villain- Michael Jackson in his zombie form and the zombies.3. The dispatcher- the zombies as they give Michael Jackson areason to save the girl.4. The false hero- Michael Jackson in his zombie form, he tries tohurt the girl and he takes over his brain.5. The princess- the main girl in the music video who MichaelJackson ends up saving. 6. In 1998 ..Baby one more time by Britney Spears was released.This was also a narrative music video. This video is different tothe others as the lighting has changed, the costumes havechanged (this is because of the style in the different years).However, this is similar to both music videos as well. This isbecause it is slightly a performance video, but Britney Spears isperforming to the camera (this is similar to Fernando byAbba.) Also it is similar (to Thriller by Michael Jackson),because there is a lot of close-ups of the artist and there issome choreographed dancing in parts of the video. ..Baby onemore time also fits in with a theory. It fits in with Levi Strousestheory that there are good and evil, black and white, boy andgirl. Two binary oppositions that drive the narrative and makethe viewers what to see what happens to the character. In..Baby one more time she is singing to a boy and then hedisappears which makes the viewer want to see what happenednext and where he is gone and what happens in the end. 7. A recent pop music video is All about that bass byMeghan Trainor. This is music video does not have anarrative. It is similar to Thriller and ..Baby one moretime as there are large amount of close-ups of MeghanTrainor singing. However, if you compare it to Fernandoby Abba, it is very different. In All about that bass thereis bright lighting which shows it is a pop video and thereare bright colours. Whereas, the music video forFernando by Abba was very dark and almost looked likea rock music video. Also, All about that bass looked likea more expensive video to make, this is because there wasa range of various locations. The music video Fernandois a simple music video in the way that there isnt a lotgoing on, whereas All about that bass there is a lot goingon which keeps the viewer interested. 8. Rap music videos have not changed a lot over time. The first alleged rap music video to be made was Do datby LMNTL in 1978. This video is a performance musicvideo. There is a lot of quick shots in the video. Also themusic video is quite dark and the location looks likesomewhere underground, for example a train station.There is graffiti on the walls which now-a-days is alsoassociated with rap. The rappers were wearing gold chainsand hats which is also associated with rap now. In 1989 Biz Markie released the song Just a friend. In themusic video it was slightly similar to a typical rap video in2014. For example, the outfits that they were wearing, therapper was rapping about a girl. 9. However, it was also different. There were longer takes/ shots,the lighting was natural which is typically associated withindie. The music video was a narrative music video as he wasrapping to his friends about a girl he met on tour. In 1994 Dr.Dres song featuring Ice Cube was released calledNatural born killaz. This was a narrative video as bothrappers were murderers running from the police, in the endone of the died and the other got caught. There was a lot ofquick shots, and the locations they were in are typical rapsong locations for example, in a room with two thrones withchains around them. There was a lot of low angle shotslooking up at the rappers. This music video fitted in with LeviStrouses theory. There was good (the police) and evil (Dr.Dreand Ice Cube). The tension drove the narrative forward, whichmakes the viewers want to find out what happens to thecharacters in the end. 10. The song Snapbacks back by Tyga featuring ChrisBrown was released in 2011. The music video is aperformance music video, and has no narrative. In thisvideo there are quick shots, canted angles, low angleshots. There is only two different locations in this musicvideo. One is similar to Natural born killaz by Dr.Dre ft.Ice Cube, Tyga is sat on a thrown in a room that haschains around him. Tyga also has loads of snapbacksaround him, hung up and on the floor, these are usuallyassociated with rap. Also the music video is dark withflashing lights which is also associated with rap. Therappers are wearing gold chains and baggy trousers/tracksuit bottoms which is what a stereotypical rapperwould wear. 11. Our song for our is a hybrid genre, this means two ormore different genres combined. Our music video is going to be more like a pop musicvideo. For example, bright colours, longer shots, etc. However, in the rapping part of the song there will be afew quick shots. E.g. A 70s dream and 80s best, will beNaomi doing an 80s work out but will be a quick shortshot. Then Hepburn, Beyonce, Marilyn, Massive, will beme (Shelby) doing the iconic Marilyn Monroe dressblowing up moment.