the kakariki model: comparing exploratory learning strategies in parrots and children

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  • Zoe Demery

    Image courtesy of James Russell

    The Kakariki Modelexploration in parrots & children

  • What is exploration?

    Burl, M. C., & Wetzler, P. G. (2011). Onboard object recognition for planetary exploration. Mach Learn, 84, 341367. doi:10.1007/s10994-011-5239-6

  • What is exploration?

    Perceptual & motor interactions with objects

    To gather environmental information

    Burl, M. C., & Wetzler, P. G. (2011). Onboard object recognition for planetary exploration. Mach Learn, 84, 341367. doi:10.1007/s10994-011-5239-6

  • Why is exploration interesting?

    Borst et al. (2009), Max-Planck Institute for Neurobiology: http://www.physorg.com/news168256071.html Perone, S., Madole, K. L., Ross-Sheehy, S., Carey, M., & Oakes, L. M. (2008). The relation between infants' activity with objects and attention to object appearance. Dev Psy, 44(5), 1242-8

  • Why is exploration interesting?

    Borst et al. (2009), Max-Planck Institute for Neurobiology: http://www.physorg.com/news168256071.html Perone, S., Madole, K. L., Ross-Sheehy, S., Carey, M., & Oakes, L. M. (2008). The relation between infants' activity with objects and attention to object appearance. Dev Psy, 44(5), 1242-8

    Insight into underlying learning mechanisms

  • Why is exploration interesting?

    Little focus on how animals learn/process information

    Little systematic study or anthropocentric

    Just a random side effect?

    Borst et al. (2009), Max-Planck Institute for Neurobiology: http://www.physorg.com/news168256071.html Perone, S., Madole, K. L., Ross-Sheehy, S., Carey, M., & Oakes, L. M. (2008). The relation between infants' activity with objects and attention to object appearance. Dev Psy, 44(5), 1242-8

    Insight into underlying learning mechanisms

  • Why is exploration interesting?

    Little focus on how animals learn/process information

    Little systematic study or anthropocentric

    Just a random side effect?

    Borst et al. (2009), Max-Planck Institute for Neurobiology: http://www.physorg.com/news168256071.html Perone, S., Madole, K. L., Ross-Sheehy, S., Carey, M., & Oakes, L. M. (2008). The relation between infants' activity with objects and attention to object appearance. Dev Psy, 44(5), 1242-8

    Insight into underlying learning mechanisms

    SELECTIVE, STRUCTURED & SENSITIVE

  • How do we study exploration?

    Demery, Z. P., Chappell, J., & Martin, G. R. (2011). Vision, touch and object manipulation in Senegal parrots Poicephalus senegalus. Proc Roy Soc B, 278(1725), 36873693. doi:10.1098/rspb.2011.0374 Chappell, J., Demery, Z. P., Arriola-Rios, V., & Sloman, A. (2012). How to build an information gathering and processing system: Lessons from naturally and artificially intelligent systems. Behav Proc, 89(2), 179186. doi:10.1016/j.beproc.2011.10.001

  • How do we study exploration?

    Demery, Z. P., Chappell, J., & Martin, G. R. (2011). Vision, touch and object manipulation in Senegal parrots Poicephalus senegalus. Proc Roy Soc B, 278(1725), 36873693. doi:10.1098/rspb.2011.0374 Chappell, J., Demery, Z. P., Arriola-Rios, V., & Sloman, A. (2012). How to build an information gathering and processing system: Lessons from naturally and artificially intelligent systems. Behav Proc, 89(2), 179186. doi:10.1016/j.beproc.2011.10.001

    ?

  • Why use kakariki as a model species?

  • What aspects of objects do kakariki

    focus on during exploration?

  • all p < .01 (**)

    Focus on corners

  • all p < .01 (**)

    Focus on corners

    Different surface transitions more likely to cue different object properties?

  • Focus on functional changes

  • Focus on functional changes

    Basic knowledge about the properties of objects?

  • Sheet6

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    0: rigid plastic cube 1: sand cube 2: hard sponge cube 3: soft sponge cube 4: sewn air cube

    Trial number

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    Focus changes with time

  • Sheet6

    Page 1

    1 2 3 4 50

    5

    10

    15

    20

    25

    30

    35

    40

    0: rigid plastic cube 1: sand cube 2: hard sponge cube 3: soft sponge cube 4: sewn air cube

    Trial number

    Mea

    n pr

    opor

    tion

    of ti

    me

    spen

    t exp

    lorin

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    Focus changes with time

    Start with the extremes, then gradually focus more on the intermediates?

  • Conclusions

    Demery, Z., Rios, V. E. A., Sloman, A., Wyatt, J., & Chappell, J. (2010). Construct to understand: learning through Exploration. In Proceedings of the International Symposium on AI-Inspired Biology (pp. 5961) Arriola-Rios, V., & Demery, Z. P. (submitted). Salient features and key frames: an interdisciplinary perspective on object representation. In Proceedings of AISB 2012.

  • Exploratory behaviour can give us an insight how animals collect information

    Conclusions

    Demery, Z., Rios, V. E. A., Sloman, A., Wyatt, J., & Chappell, J. (2010). Construct to understand: learning through Exploration. In Proceedings of the International Symposium on AI-Inspired Biology (pp. 5961) Arriola-Rios, V., & Demery, Z. P. (submitted). Salient features and key frames: an interdisciplinary perspective on object representation. In Proceedings of AISB 2012.

  • Exploratory behaviour can give us an insight how animals collect information

    Multi-disciplinary approach needed to answer the question from different angles We used kakariki as our model species, but also

    children & robots We looked at different levels of the question

    (senses >> cognition >> behaviour)

    Conclusions

    Demery, Z., Rios, V. E. A., Sloman, A., Wyatt, J., & Chappell, J. (2010). Construct to understand: learning through Exploration. In Proceedings of the International Symposium on AI-Inspired Biology (pp. 5961) Arriola-Rios, V., & Demery, Z. P. (submitted). Salient features and key frames: an interdisciplinary perspective on object representation. In Proceedings of AISB 2012.

  • Exploratory behaviour can give us an insight how animals collect information

    Multi-disciplinary approach needed to answer the question from different angles We used kakariki as our model species, but also

    children & robots We looked at different levels of the question

    (senses >> cognition >> behaviour) Exploration strategies are structured,

    selective & sensitive to particular environmental stimuli

    Conclusions

    Demery, Z., Rios, V. E. A., Sloman, A., Wyatt, J., & Chappell, J. (2010). Construct to understand: learning through Exploration. In Proceedings of the International Symposium on AI-Inspired Biology (pp. 5961) Arriola-Rios, V., & Demery, Z. P. (submitted). Salient features and key frames: an interdisciplinary perspective on object representation. In Proceedings of AISB 2012.

  • Many thanks to...

    - Jackie Chappell- Graham Martin- Jolyon Troscianko- Abi Phillips- Emma Tecwyn- Susannah Thorpe- Natural History Museum at Tring

    - Aaron Sloman- Vero Rios- Nick Hawes- Jeremy Wyatt- Rustam Stolkin

    - Sarah Beck- Ian Apperly- Alan Wing- Jack-in-the-Box Nursery

    - Little Hippos Nursery- Nelson Junior & Infant School

  • zxd878@bham.ac.uk

    www.vortices.com/zoe

  • Any questions?zxd878@bham.ac.uk

    www.vortices.com/zoe

  • ASAB Interdisciplinary Workshop 2012:

    Physical Cognition & Problem-solving

    June 27th - 28th 2012School of Biosciences

    University of Birmingham

    Invited speakers:

    Dr. Joanna Bryson (Bath)

    Prof. Ludwig Huber (Vienna) Dr. Nicola McGuigan (Heriot-Watt)

    Dr. Elva Robinson (York) Prof. Murray Shanahan (Imperial)

    Registration for this event is FREE

    Abstract submission deadline: * May 11th 2012 *

    Excellent networking opportunity for both post-graduate students and senior-level scientists working in the field of cognition

    For further details please visit:http://jackiechappell.com/pcps-workshop -2012

  • Influence of the environment & the senses

    Demery, Z. P., Chappell, J., & Martin, G. R. (2011). Vision, touch and object manipulation in Senegal parrots Poicephalus senegalus. Proc Roy Soc B, 278(1725), 36873693. doi:10.1098/rspb.2011.0374

  • Influence of the environment & the senses

    Demery, Z. P., Chappell, J., & Martin, G. R. (2011). Vision, touch and object manipulation in Senegal parrots Poicephalus senegalus. Proc Roy Soc B, 278(1725), 36873693. doi:10.1098/rspb.2011.0374

  • Influence of the environment & the senses

    Demery, Z. P., Chappell, J., & Martin, G. R. (2011). Vision, touch and object manipulation in Senegal parrots Poicephalus senegalus. Proc Roy Soc B, 278(1725), 36873693. doi:10.1098/rspb.2011.0374

  • A robots perspective on exploration

    Colella, V., Klopfer, E., & Resnick, M. (2001). Adventures in Modeling: Exploring Complex, Dynamic Systems with StarLogo. Teachers College Press. Chappell, J., Demery, Z. P., Arriola-Rios, V., & Sloman, A. (2012). How to build an information gathering and processing system: Lessons from naturally and artificially intelligent systems. Behav Proc, 89(2), 179186. doi:10.1016/j.b