the lynmouth flood 1952 student assignment

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The Lynmouth Flood 1952 Student Assignment. Name __________________________________Group ____. Use your packets from Nettlecombe , notes made from the Powerpoint presentation and your own research to complete each section. Print answers neatly. Untidy work will be penalized. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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The Lynmouth Flood 1952

The Lynmouth Flood 1952Student AssignmentName __________________________________Group ____SectionPointsScoreWhere is Lynmouth?7The Weather10Exmoor8The East Lyn Valley11Human Factors10Bridges14Changes in Lynmouth12Flood defences8Boscastle and Lynmouth20Total100Use your packets from Nettlecombe, notes made from the Powerpoint presentation and your own research to complete each section. Print answers neatly. Untidy work will be penalized.

1Where is Lynmouth?Look at the Google Satellite Image opposite. Locate and label the following features on the image (5pts)

The town of LynmouthThe East Lyn ValleyThe confluence of the East and West Lyn RiversWatersmeet HouseThe Bristol Channel

In which region of the UK do we find Lynmouth? ( 1pt)

____________________

In which county is the town located? (1pt)

____________________

2The WeatherIn the space opposite, place the following five labels in the correct chronological order i.e. In the order they happened! (10 pts)

Torrential thunderstorm drops 280 mms of rain in 24 hrs

Four Months Worth of Rain in first 2 weeks of August

Streams already full and ground saturated

Low pressure system sweeps in from Atlantic

Late Afternoon skies blacken

3ExmoorLook at the image opposite

There are hardly any trees growing on Exmoor. Why is this? (2pts)

2.What is growing there? ( 1pt)

3. How might woodland reduce the chances of flooding (1pt)

4. What is this part of Exmoor called? ( 1pt)5. How did the thin soils and the impermeable granite rocks of Exmoor contribute to the risk of flooding? (2 pts)

6. How did people in the valleys first realize that soils were being washed off the moors in August 1952 ( 1pt)

4The East Lyn ValleyThis photograph was taken looking downstream from Watersmeet.

In the space below the photo, draw a labelled sketch of the photo, showing the following ( 8pts)Steep sides of valleyInside bank of meanderLarge bouldersDirection of flow of river.Why might buildings on the inside bank of the meander survive better than ones on the outside? ( 3 pts)

5BridgesHow did the bridges contribute to the flooding in 1952? ( 2 pts)

What is an ecocentric bridge and how does it work? ( 2 pts)

What is a technocentric bridge and how does it work (2 pts)

Add labels to the images opposite to show which type of bridge each is and some of the features youve just mentioned. (8pts)Sketch by Margaret Peters, from Lyn in Flood by Keene and Elsom, Oxford Brookes Univ. 1990.

6Human Factors that made consequences worse.Think about some of the things people did that might have made the situation worse. Were there things that people couldnt do because of the times they were living in.? What did people not have in terms of equipment that we take for granted nowadays.

Add bullet point notes under the headings opposite to explain how these human factors contributed to the scale of the disaster.( 10 pts total)7Changes in LynmouthLynmouth pre-1952Lynmouth todayLook at the 2 maps above.Highlight in red any building on the pre-1952 map that is not there today. ( 3 pts)Identify 3 changes that have been made to reduce the impact of a future flood. ( 6pts)

Indicate on the modern map where these changes are. (3 pts)

8Flood defences how has the town changed?Look at the image oppositeIdentify 4 things that the town has done to reduce the impact of a future flood. ( 8pts)

1.

2.

3.

4.

Image from http://www.oursouthwest.com/gallery/gallery5.htm

9Similarities!Look at these two images of Lynmouth and BoscastleIdentify 3 similarities about the location of these two towns. ( 6pts)1.

2.

3.

Boscastle, Lynmouth

10The towns of Lynmouth and Boscastle both suffered floods. Read through the attached document on the Boscastle Floods and then explain the similarities between the 2 events under each heading. Use bullet points/notes ( 20 pts)FactorBoth had...The shape of the land1.

2.

3.

The weather on the day

1.

2.

3.The position of the towns1.

2.

The impact on the towns damage, loss of life.1.

2.

3.11