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  • THE MIDDLE AGES

    Social Studies 10| A. Morrison

  • OUTCOME

    • 5.1 Explain how the various Medieval institutions (church, feudalism, manoralism) helped fill the political and economic vacuum created by the collapse of Rome.

    • 5.6 Analyze the effects of geography on medieval life.

  • ACTIVITY

    •Handout| Geography of Western Europe • Read the handout and complete the questions.

  • GEOGRAPHY

    • Europe is the smallest of the seven continents.

    • Fertile plains and fields, long coast lines.

  • GEOGRAPHY

    • Fertile soil for crops and a significant annual rain fall. •ONE major harvest

    per year.

  • GEOGRAPHY

    •Good resources: wood, tin, furs/skins.

    • European rivers connect the continent; good for trade, travel.

    •Danube River • Rhine River • Volga River.

  • GEOGRAPHY•Mountain ranges were a natural border that separated groups • Created different

    cultures, kingdoms. • Unlike

    Mediterranean: mountain passes made for easy travel.

  • THE MIDDLE AGES

    • The Middle Ages can be divided into two periods:

    Early Middle Ages – 476-1050CE (the “Dark

    Ages”)

    Late Middle Ages – 1050-1450CE

  • THE EARLY MIDDLE AGES

    • Also called Medieval times. • After the fall of Western Rome,

    small independent kingdoms developed. • Christianity continued to spread. • Latin became the language of the

    church.

    “Medieval” comes from Latin Medium aevum (literally “middle ages”).

    Wooden motte and bailey castle.

  • THE EARLY MIDDLE AGES

    •Nearly constant invasion meant governments could not protect people. • Those who wanted to

    survive turned to powerful kings and lords. • Serve a lord (farm, fight):

    be protected in return. Magyar Invasion of Europe

  • END

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