the old testament and the messiah - simon phillips sfx pj rcia 2015

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  • Gods Plan of Salvation

    the journey so far

  • In the beginning God created man to share in His life of love

    The first man and woman rejected that love

    God does not give up on His loving plan for man

    God makes covenants of love with man

    Each covenant reveals His love according to mans development

    Each covenant builds on the previous to advance Gods plan

    Cycle of Gods faithfulness and mans infidelity


    But how?

  • The Journey Continues

  • Gods Plan of Salvation

    Prophecies of

    The Messiah

    I II

  • Types & Symbolsforeshadow redemption in the fullness of time

    The New Testament lies concealed in the Old, the Old lies revealed in the New.

    (St. Augustine)

  • God Makes Known His Planthrough the prophets

    1050-432 B.C.

  • Samuel: Priest, Prophet, JudgeLeads the transition from tribes to kingdom

    (1 Samuel 1-8)

    Prophesies against worldly kings versus the sovereignty of God (1 Samuel 8:8-18)

    Left the Kingdom of Israel in the hands of King David (1 Samuel 25:1)

  • The Kingdom of Israel Under David & Solomon

    King David builds the Kingdom and expands its borders (2 Samuel 19-21)

    King Solomon builds the temple and brings Israel to the peak of its earthly glory

    (1 Kings 4:20-28)

  • King SolomonA great and wise king that was led astray

    (1 Kings 11:1-13)

    The golden age ends in idolatry, greed, polygamy and military build-up

    God promises to strip Israel of its kingdom and leave his promise in the hands of a single tribe

  • The Kingdom Divides

    Israel to the north with its capital Samaria under King Jeroboam

    Judah to the south with its capital Jerusalem under Solomons son King Rehoboam

    1 Kings 12 2 Chronicles 10

  • Israel


  • Elijah 1 Kings 17 2 Kings 2

    During the reign of King Ahab and wife Jezebel who worshipped Baal, erecting an altar in the capital.

    Proclaimed Gods faithfulness in spite of the Kings wickedness.

  • Elisha 2 Kings 2-13

    Disciple of Elijah

    Performed miracles in the name of God to bring the people back.

    Same message of mercy and faithfulness of God.

  • Amos (755 B.C.)

    Condemned unjust social practices

    Prophesied against extravagant but empty worship of God

    Prophesied coming righteous judgment and a just and eternal king

    Prepare to meet your God

  • Hosea (750-725 B.C.)

    Prophesied the mercy of God with the image of a faithful husband and a harlot wife.

    God will still take back Israel after her spiritual adultery, if she repents and returns.

  • Israel does not repentAND FALLS TO ASSYRIA IN 722 B.C.

    (2 KINGS 17)

  • Meanwhile, in Judah

  • Descendants of David and Solomon rule as Kings

    Fairer mix of good and bad kings than in Israel

    The good kings try to stamp out idolatry and restore true worship of God as commanded

  • Hezekiah 13th King of JudahA noble and righteous king

    Purified and repaired the Temple and purged Judah of its idolsFortified the walls of the city

    His righteousness drew strength from God to ward off the Assyrian invasion that defeated Israel

    (2 Kings 19:35-37)

  • Joel (c.830 B.C.)

    Prophesied during a time of a plague of locusts

    Warned of a Day of the Lord of even greater calamity, when judgment would be meted

  • Isaiah (740-690 B.C.)

    Before, during, and after the Assyrian invasion.

    Prophesied against vices in Judah, warning of Gods judgment.

    Prophesied a coming time of peace and future glory.

    Prophecies rich in hope for the promised Messiah.

  • Micah (735-700 B.C.)

    A contemporary of Isaiah

    Warned against laxities, injustices, and evils that creep in during times of prosperity (Micah 6:8)

  • Zephaniah (630-625 B.C.)

    Great, great grandson of the good King Hezekiah

    Prophesied against the misuse of holy places, heeded by King Josiah

    Prophesied the growing threat of the Chaldeans (Babylonians) to Judah (Zeph. 1:14-16; 2:3)

  • Jeremiah (625-586 B.C.)

    A period of bad kings after Josiah and the return of Idolatry

    Prophesied in the period before the Babylonian captivity, to avert it

    Warned of 70 years of captivity if Judah refused to repent and return to the Lord(Jer. 25:1-14)

  • Habakkuk (612-606 B.C.)

    Cried to God for the wickedness of Judah

    God responded with a promise of justice(Hab. 1)

    His vision of God is one of everlasting faithfulness, perhaps too slow to anger in his eyes

  • Judah defeated by BabylonEXILE BEGINS IN 606 B.C.


  • Book of Lamentations (586 B.C.)

    Written by the Prophet Jeremiah

    A poem lamenting the fall of Jerusalem and the destruction of the Temple

    Recounts the peoples suffering in exile

  • Daniel (612-606 B.C.)

    Prophesies the demise of Judahs enemies and the restoration of the kingdom by interpreting the dreams of the king Nebuchadnezzar

    Dramatic prophecy of the coming of the Messianic Age (Daniel 9:20-27)

  • Ezekiel (593-573 B.C.)

    Gave hope to the shattered nation for the restoration of the sovereign rule of God using the image of a body being restored from its bones and life being breathed into it (Ez. 37:1-14) a powerful image of a new creation in the fullness of time with the coming of Christ.

  • The Jews Return from Exile536 B.C. FIRST WAVE: JOSHUA/ZERUBBABEL


  • Haggai & Zechariah (c.520 B.C.)

    Haggai carried the simple message build the Temple as the sign of Gods presence.

    Zechariah prophesied beyond the physical Temple to the restoration of a Golden Age under a Messianic King.

  • Malachi (432 B.C.)

    Less than a decade after the return of the last remnant

    Prophesied against the moral and spiritual decay that had already set in

    Prophesied the return of Elijah before the great and terrible day of the Lord.

    Last prophetic book

  • Prophecies Fulfilled Gods Promise

    FulfilledThe Fullness of Time Arrives

    Messiah King Redeemer

  • The Gospel of IsaiahIsaiah 52:13 53:12

  • The Messiah will be a descendant of David

    Jeremiah 23:5-6,33:15-16

    Fulfilled: Luke 1:32-33

  • The Messiah will be born of a virgin

    Isaiah 7:14

    Fulfilled: Matthew 1:18-25

    Luke 1:26-35

  • The Messiah will be a born in Bethlehem

    Micah 5:2

    Fulfilled: Matthew 2:1, 4-8

    Luke 2:4-7

  • The timing of His coming is preordained by God

    Daniel 9:25-26

    Fulfilled: Galatians 4:4; Ephesians 1:10

  • The Messiah will be preceded by a messenger

    Isaiah 40:3, Malachi 3:1

    Fulfilled: Matthew 3:1-3; 11:10

    Luke 1:17 John 1:23

  • The Spirit of God will rest on the Messiah

    Isaiah 11:2

    Fulfilled: Matthew 3:16-17

  • The Messiah will make Galilee renowned

    Isaiah 9:1

    Fulfilled: Matthew 4:12-17

  • The Messiah will make the blind see, the deaf hear, the

    dumb speak, and the lame walkIsaiah 35:5-6

    Fulfilled: Matthew 9

  • The Messiah will be rejected by His people

    Isaiah 53:3

    Fulfilled: John 1:11; 7:5

  • The Messiah will be the Cornerstone

    Isaiah 28:16

    Fulfilled: Matthew 21:42-43,Acts 4:11, Ephesians 2:20,I Peter 2:6-8

  • The Messiah will enter Jerusalem riding on a

    donkeyZechariah 9:9

    Fulfilled: Matthew 21:1-11

  • The Messiah will enter the Temple with authority

    Malachi 3:1-3

    Fulfilled: Matthew 21:12

    Luke 19:45

  • The time from betrayal to resurrection

    Jonah 1:17

    Fulfilled: All of the Passion Narratives

  • The Messiah will be betrayed for 30 pieces of

    silverZechariah 11:12-13

    Fulfilled: Matthew 26:15

  • The Messiahs hands and feet will be pierced

    Zechariah 12:10; (Psalm 22:16)

    Fulfilled: John 19:18

  • The Messiah will be numbered among criminals

    Isaiah 53:12

    Fulfilled: Matthew 27:38; Mark 15:27

    Luke 23:32; John 19:18

  • The Messiahs cheek will be struck

    Isaiah 50:6; Micah 5:1

    Fulfilled: Matthew 26:67

    Luke 22:63 John 18:22

  • The Messiah will be bruised and scourged

    Isaiah 53:5; Micah 5:1

    Fulfilled: Matthew 27:26

    Mark 15:15 John 19:1

  • The Messiah will remain silent before His accusers

    Isaiah 53:7

    Fulfilled: Matthew 27:12,14 Mark 14:61;15:5

    Luke 23:9; John 19:9

  • The Messiah will dieIsaiah 53:8-10; Daniel 9:26

    Fulfilled: Matthew 27:50; Mark 15:37

    Luke 23:46; John 19:30

  • The Messiah will die for the forgiveness of sins

    Isaiah 53:12

    Fulfilled: Luke 23:34,43 Romans 4:25

  • God will darken the earth at noon

    Amos 8:9

    Fulfilled: Matthew 27:45

    Mark 15:33 Luke 23:44-45

  • The Messiah will be forsaken by His disciples,

    who will scatterZechariah 13:7

    Fulfilled: Matthew 26:31

    Mark 14:50

  • The Messiah will be buried in a rich mans tomb

    Isaiah 53:9

    Fulfilled: Matthew 27:57-60; Mark 15:42-46

    Luke 23:50-53; John 19:38-42

  • Psalm 22Prophesying the Crucifixion

  • ReflectionThe Jewish