the olympians the divine family of greek and roman myth, part i

Download The Olympians The Divine Family of Greek and Roman Myth, part I

Post on 05-Jan-2016

213 views

Category:

Documents

0 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

  • The OlympiansThe Divine Family of Greek and Roman Myth, part I

  • The Greek gods were a family, led by Zeus (Roman name Jupiter), whose authority commanded his two brothers, three sisters and eight children. In myth, the family squabbled and fought, a macrocosm of real families; the goddesses, while under paternal authority, often pursued their own agendas.Older appearanceThunderbolt or LightningGod of the skyCalled upon to provide JusticeMany love affairsYoull learn a lot more about Zeus later in this section!Zeus (Jupiter)

  • Zeuss brother Poseidon was god of the sea, armed with a trident. Father of the CyclopesHe is also a god of earthquakes, and associated with horses.Poseidon (Neptune)

  • He features in few myths and is seldom pictured without his wife, Persephone, whose femininity and fertility make the Death god less appalling.Hades is the word for the underworld, so Hades is almost an elemental power like the Titans.Hades (Pluto)

  • ApolloApollo was a very important god to both the Greeks and Romans, as shown by the fact that he is the only god with the same name in both culturesApollo is the god of prophecy and had two very important oracles: Delphi in Greece and Cumae in ItalyApollo is also god of music and can be easily recognized by his lyreApollo also had many affairs, most of which ended badly

  • Hephaestus, god of the forge and craftsmanship, was married to Aphrodite the ugliest god married to the most beautiful.Either Hera or Zeus threw him off Olympus and he fell for seven days, crashing into the island of Lemnos and was forever crippledHe was born of Hera, in some versions, without any father.Hephaestus often provided comic relief in myth with his appearance and speech.Hephaestos (Vulcan)

  • Ares, son of Zeus and Hera, was the god of war, but his warfare was more brutish and less respected than Athenas.He was also Aphrodites lover a mixture of Love and War.He was not much worshipped in the Greek world, mainly only in sacrifices before battle.But the Romans honored him as Mars.Roman myth portrayed both Mars and his lover, Venus, as ancestors of their race.Ares (Mars)

  • Hermes (Mercury)Hermes is the messenger godHe delivers the will of Zeus to those it affectsHe guides the souls of the dead to the underworldHe appears in more myths than any other deityHe can be easily identified by his helmet (which brought the wearer invisibility), his winged sandals, and the caduceus, now a symbol of medicine

  • Dionysus was the last born of the gods. Like Athena, he was born directly from Zeus: this time from his thigh.Dionysus was the god of wine and madness, and was both loved and distrusted by the Greeks.He was often portrayed with grapesHis chariot was drawn by two panthersDionysus (Bacchus)

    *Audio: Welcome to part one of an exciting tutorial on the Oympian gods! The Olympian gods provided the basis for much of Greek and Roman mythology. Their stories have inspired and influenced artists for thousands of years. *The Greek gods were a family, led by Zeus (Roman name Jupiter), whose authority commanded his two brothers, three sisters and eight children. In myth, the family squabbled and fought, a macrocosm of real families; the goddesses, while under paternal authority, often pursued their own agendas.He can be recognized in art by his older appearance and his thunderbolt and/or staff symbolizing power. Zeus, a sky god, and was seen as a moral and ethical force. On the other hand, myths abounded with stories of his seduction of mortal women.*Zeuss brother Poseidon was god of the sea and is often portrayed armed with a trident. He is also a god of earthquakes, and associated with horses. He is occasionally portrayed as inept and vengeneful. For example, He and the goddess Athena once had a contest for the patronage of Athens that Athena easily won. She offered the very useful olive tree, which is the basis for much of Greek agriculture, while Poseidon offered rather useless spring of salty sea water. Poseidon is father of the Cyclopes and cursed Odysseus for poking out the eye of one of his sons.

    *Hades is the word for the underworld, so Hades is almost an elemental power like the Titans. His name and his realm are synonymous: Hades can refer to the underworld or the god himself. He features in few myths and is seldom pictured without his wife, Persephone, whose femininity and fertility make the Death god less appalling. The ancients did not like to dwell on his presence and their version of the after life with him lent a certain pessimism to their thinking and philosophy.

    *Apollo was a very important god to both the Greeks and Romans, as shown by the fact that he is the only god with the same name in both cultures.He is the god of prophecy and had two very important oracles: Delphi in Greece and Cumae in Italy.Apollo is also god of music and can be easily recognized by his lyre.Apollo also had many affairs with mortal women, most of which ended badly, due to his ineptness and sometimes brutal nature.*Hephaestus, god of the forge and craftsmanship, was married to Aphrodite the ugliest god married to the most beautiful.Either Hera or Zeus threw him off Olympus (there are a couple of different versions) and he fell for seven days, crashing into the island of Lemnos and was forever crippled. He was born of Hera, in some versions, without any father. Hephaestus often provided comic relief in myth with his appearance and speech.

    *Ares, son of Zeus and Hera, was the god of war, but his warfare was more brutish and less respected than Athenas.He was also Aphrodites lover a mixture of Love and War.He was not much worshipped in the Greek world, mainly only in sacrifices before battle.But the Romans honored him very highly as Mars, since Roman myth portrayed both Mars and his lover, Venus, as ancestors of their race. They believed Mars was the father of the founding brothers, Romulus and Remus; they also believed that Venus was the mother of Aeneas, a mythical figure from Troy who was thought to connect the Trojan bloodline with the Roman.*Hermes is the messenger god who delivers the will of Zeus to those it affects.He guides the souls of the dead to the underworld. One interesting fact about him is that he appears in more myths than any other deity. He can be easily identified by his helmet (which brought the wearer invisibility), his winged sandals, and the caduceus, now a symbol of medicine.

    *Dionysus was the last born of the gods. Like Athena, he was born directly from Zeus: this time from his thigh. The story of his birth is fascinating and illustrates the dynamic between Zeus and Hera. Zeus was sleeping with with Semele secretly, and Hera only found out about the affair after the girl was pregnant. Bent on revenge, Hera disguised herself and persuaded Semele to demand that Zeus come to her in all the splendor with which he visited Hera. As a result, Semele asked Zeus to grant an unspecified favor, and got him to swear by the river Styx that he would grant it. Unable to break his oath, Zeus came to her armed in his thunder and lightning, and Semele was destroyed. However, Zeus rescued the unborn child from the mother's ashes and sewed it in his thigh until it was ready to be born. Thus Dionysus is sometimes called "the twice-born." Dionysus was the god of wine and madness, and was both loved and distrusted by the Greeks.He was often portrayed with grapesHis chariot was drawn by two panthers