the roman empire

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  • 1. The Roman Empire College English 10Walker

2. A Brief History

  • The founding of Rome goes back to the very early days of civilization.
  • So old, known as 'the eternal city'.
  • Romans believed that city was founded in 753 BC.
  • Modern historians believe it was 625 BC.

3. Government

  • Early Romegoverned by kings , but after only seven ruled, Romans took power over own city and ruled themselves
  • They had acouncilknown as the'senate'which ruled over them
    • From this point on note as the 'Roman Republic'.
  • The word'Republic'comes from the Latin(the language of the Romans)words' res publica '
    • meaning 'public matters' or 'matters of state

4. The Senate

  • Job was to advise the kings
  • appointed aconsul(head guy),who ruled Rome like a king, but only for one year
    • wise idea, because the consul ruled carefully and not as a tyrant, for he knew he could be punished by the next consul, once his year was up.

A speech in the Romansenate 5. Four Classes of People

  • SLAVES :
  • Owned by other people.
  • They had no rights at all.
  • They were free people.
  • They had little say at all.
  • EQUESTRIANS: AKA- 'knights'
  • means the riders
  • They were given a horse to ride if they were called to fight for Rome.
  • Had to be rich.
  • called patricians
  • All the real power in Rome lay here

6. Julius Caesar Facts

  • Rome's most famous citizen
  • Roman politician and general
  • conquered the vast territory of the Gauls to the north of his province in France
  • In the year 49 BC crossed the river between his province and Italy, called the river Rubicon, and conquered Rome itself which he then ruled as a dictator.
  • His military campaigns also took him to Egypt where he met the famous Cleopatra. His life was ended as he was infamously murdered in the senate in Rome.
  • A month of the year is still named after him and his heirs today, July(afterJuliusCaesar)
  • Shakespeare wrote a famous play calledJulius Caesarabout his famous murder(yes- well be reading this!)

7. Map of Ancient Rome Colosseum Circus Maximus Forum of Julius Caesar 8. Colosseum

  • The Colosseum was begun by Vespasian was finished by Titus in AD 80.
  • could contain an audience of between 45'000 and 50'000 spectators.

9. The Colosseum : The arena area today as seen from the second level up over the present main entrance 10. Circus Maximus

  • very ancient origin
  • Its basic facilities appear to date back as far as 329 BC
  • Today nothing really remains but the large space, cleared of any modern buildings in the 1930's
  • once was filled by the massive structure which housed as many as 250'000 spectators.

11. Forum of Julius Caesar

  • Using his booty from conquests of Gaul, Caesar built the Forum Julium
  • undoubtedly Caesar's grand reply to Pompey's theatre, and supplied entertainment
  • begun in 51 BC and completed in 46 BC
  • Once contained not merely a statue of the goddess Venus, but so too of Julius Caesar and his Egyptian lover Queen Cleopatra.

12. The Census

  • Everyfiveyears , eachmale Roman citizenhad to register in Rome for the census.
  • he had to declare his family, wife, children, slaves and riches.
  • Should he fail to do this, his possessions would be confiscated and he would be sold into slavery.
  • Throughout the entire republican era, registration in the census was the only way that a Roman couldensure that his identity and status as a citizen were recognized.

13. Scribes and Censors

  • Scribes= responsible to compile the list from the census
  • Censors= responsible to scrutinize each man, evaluate his riches and his rank and placing him in his rightful place within the civic hierarchy of Rome(four classes).

14. Roman Dress

  • clothes needed to be simple
  • only one type of material:Wool, linen was available at times

Toga Stola and Palla Stola and Palla Priest's Toga The Palla Cloak 15. The Toga

  • The standard dress worn by Roman citizens was thetogafor men and thestolafor women.
    • Basically it was a large blanket, draped over the body, leaving one arm free.
  • anyone who didn't want to be seen as a slave or a workman in Rome had to be seen in atoga

16. What was the womens role?

  • Note this quote from the ancient Cicero:
  • ' Our ancestors, in their wisdom, considered that all women, because of their innate weakness, should be under the control of guardians.
  • Hypothesize the role of women in pairs.
  • How did their role differ from a mans?

17. Sources: