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EUROPEAN-AMERICAN UNIVERSITY

ARNOLD HARRIS MATHEW CENTER FOR THE

STUDY OF THE INDEPENDENT SACRAMENTAL MOVEMENT

LIBERAL CATHOLIC PUBLICATIONS SERIES

MMVII ANNO DOMINI

+C.W.L. 1847-1934

THE SCIENCE OF THE SACRAMENTS

An occult and clairvoyant study of the Christian

Eucharist

by CHARLES WEBSTER LEADBEATER Presiding Bishop of the Liberal Catholic Church

New Edition. Published in 2007 by European-American University Press, edited and with a preface by Bishop John

Kersey. First published by the St Alban Press, Los Angeles, in 1920.

In keeping with the policy of the Liberal Catholic

movement worldwide, all rights of copyright are waived in this publication. Free re-publication and distribution are

encouraged as a means of spreading the important spiritual insights that are contained within this work.

3

Nihil Obstat

Imprimatur

A.M.D.G.

4

THE SCIENCE OF THE SACRAMENTS

CHARLES WEBSTER LEADBEATER

Table of Contents

PART I

INTRODUCTION

Preface by +John Kersey 10

Authors Foreword to the Second Edition 14

Chapter I: A new idea of church worship 18

PART II

THE SACRAMENTS

Chapter II: The Holy Eucharist 36

Chapter III: Baptism and Confirmation 245

Chapter IV: Holy Orders 270

5

Chapter V: The Lesser Sacraments 342

PART III

THE INSTRUMENTS OF THE SACRAMENTS

Chapter VI: The Church Building 356

Chapter VII: The Altar and its Appurtenances 369

Chapter VIII: The Vestments 388

PART IV

OTHER SERVICES OF THE CHURCH

Chapter IX: Vespers and Solemn Benediction 431

Chapter X: Occasional Services 450

Appendix: The soul and its vestures 471

Notes 490

6

The completed Eucharistic Edifice

7

List of Diagrams Number Description Page 1 The Formation of the Pavement 62 2 The Relation between the Celebrant and his Ministers 68 3 Censing the Altar 87 4 The Order of the Formation of the Bowls at the Kyrie 100 5 The Varied Types of Forms built at the Kyrie shown in

Cross-section 102

6 Censing the Oblations 142 7 The Change which takes place at the Consecration when

the bread becomes the Host 183

8 Interplay of Forces in Church after Consecration 190 9 The Symbolism of the Holy Eucharist 197 10 The Reservoir 290 11 The Awakening of the Human Principles at Ordination 299 12 Ground Plan of an Ideal Church 357 13 Flow of Forces through Stole 399 14 Stole Cross 399 15 Flow of Forces through Cope 403 16 Flow of Forces under Alb 405 17 Flow of Forces in the Chasuble 410 18 The Crosier 426 19 Interplay of Forces in Church at Vespers 433 20 An Ultimate Physical Atom 474 21 The Human Principles 485 Etherio-Atomic Philosophy of Force from The Principles

of Light and Color, Chapter XI: The Laws of Attraction, Edwin D. Babbitt, New York, 1878

476

8

List of Plates

Number Description Page The Completed Eucharistic Edifice (Frontispiece) 1 (Fig. 1) The Church of Santa Sophia at

Constantinople. (Fig. 2) Cross-section of the Church.

24

2 (Fig 1) The Asperges Bubble as formed by the Celebrant. (Fig. 2) Cross-section of Bubble. (Fig. 3) Cross-section of western part of Bubble.

38

3 (Fig. 1) The Asperges Bubble when enlarged during the Psalm. (Fig. 2) Cross-section of Bubble.

41

4 (Fig. 1) The Asperges Bubble after its expansion by the Angel. (Fig. 2) Cross-section of Bubble.

47

5 The Mosaic Pavement 60 6 (Fig. 1) A Portion of the Pavement. (Fig. 2) A

Single Block. 63

7 (Fig. 1) Formation of the Petals. (Fig. 2) Cross-section of Vortex. (Fig. 3) Order of Formation of Petals.

94

8 (Fig. 1) Cup-like Form. (Fig. 2) Cross-section showing two sets of Petals. (Fig. 3) Cross-section showing changing outlines of Form.

95

9 (Fig. 1) Elongated Cylindrical Form. (Fig. 2) Cross-section of Form.

96

10 (Fig. 1) Oblong Form. (Fig. 2) Cross-section of Form.

97

11 (Fig. 1) The Eucharistic Form at end of Kyrie. (Fig. 2) Cross-section of Form.

103

12 The Church of San Giovanni degli Eremiti at Palermo

104

13 (Fig. 1) The Low Dome after first paragraph of Gloria. (Fig. 2) Cross-section of Form.

106

14 A Mosque at Cairo 107 15 (Fig. 1) The Eucharistic Form at end of Gloria.

(Fig. 2) Cross-section of Form. 109

16 The Imposition of Hands at the Consecration of a Bishop

329

17 An Altar 375 18 (Fig. 1) Veil and Burse covering the Chalice.

(Fig. 2) The Chalice, Paten, Ciborium etc. 384

19 (Fig. 1) Monstrance. (Fig. 2) Priest vested in Cassock and Amice.

387

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20 (Fig. 1) Priest in Cassock, holding Biretta. (Fig. 2) Bishop in Cassock.

390

21 (Fig. 1) Priest in Surplice and Stole. (Fig. 2) The Vestments of Acolytes.

394

22 (Fig. 1) Priest vesting for the Celebration of the Eucharist. (Fig. 2) Deacon vested as when assisting at the Eucharist.

397

23 (Fig. 1) Priest in Chasuble Front View. (Fig. 2) Priest in Chasuble Back View.

408

24 (Fig. 1) Bishop in Mozzetta. (Fig. 2) Bishop in Mantelletta.

417

25 (Fig. 1) Full Pontifical Vestments Front View. (Fig. 2) Full Pontifical Vestments Back View.

422

26 Vortex and Shaft formed at Vespers 437 27 Appearance of Spheres at moment of

Benediction 444

NOTE

The Liturgy of the Liberal Catholic Church is singularly rich in

passages of poetic beauty and high aspiration, and, although copious extracts have been embodied in this work, the Liturgy itself should be read to obtain an adequate idea of its worth and personal

appeal. Copies may be obtained from St Alban Press (Liberal Catholic Church of California) at www.stalbanpress.com

THE SCIENCE OF THE SACRAMENTS

10

PART I

INTRODUCTION Preface to the New Edition by +John Kersey, Co-Presiding Bishop of The Liberal Rite and Administrator of the Independent Liberal Catholic Fellowship The Science of the Sacraments is one of the most important of the major works of +C.W. Leadbeater, since it illuminates the significance of the sacraments as they have come into being within the Liberal Catholic movement and in which form they essentially remain unchanged today. C.W.L., along with his spiritual brother +James Ingall Wedgwood, was on the cusp of major change in Catholicism beyond Rome. Their work represented a response to the Oxford Movement within Anglicanism, but conceived from an unquestionably Apostolically valid and independent standpoint. Unlike the Anglo-Catholics, they did not have the challenge of trying to effect change within an inflexible and fearful establishment held together only by centralization and dogma. Instead, having separated from +A.H. Mathews Old Catholic Church of Great Britain, they were faced with the position of creating a church from the grass roots, and were considerably aided in this aim by being able to graft those roots onto the Theosophical Society of which both men were leading members. It is important to emphasize, because it has been so often misunderstood in later years, that neither C.W.L. nor Wedgwood desired to elevate the Theosophical Society into a church, nor to create a church that would merely echo Theosophical beliefs. The intention was much more adventurous and thus much more all-encompassing; a church of freedom of faith and conscience, that permitted a specifically esoteric, yet fully Catholic understanding of the sacraments in line with the Wisdom Tradition as a whole. As the L.C.C. Presiding Bishop Emeritus, the Most Revd. Ian Hooker, has written,

THE SCIENCE OF THE SACRAMENTS

11

Notwithstanding his heavy reliance on the members and resources of The Theosophical Society, Wedgwood was not building a church just for theosophists. From the beginning he saw the LCC as a haven for open-minded, liberally inclined Christians, no longer comfortable in mainstream churches. In time, he believed, these people would form the majority of Liberal Catholics. (The Liberal Catholic vol. 68 no. 1, Easter 2000) The Liberal Catholic Eucharist as explained in this work is not a Gnostic Mass, nor less a revision as was to take place in later years when Vatican II transformed the Mass into a praise and worship service. It is instead a radical reinterpretation of the context of the Eucharist seen within a theological standpoint of esoteric magic and universal salvation; it is Catholicism expressing the love of God to the full without the burdens of needless guilt and fear, and the false totem of the temporal power of the church. That power which is present and it is immeasurable is spiritual in nature and subsists within the sacraments themselves and thence in those who participate in their offering. The Science of the Sacraments has always excited controversy within Liberal Catholicism. C.W.L. is certainly free in expressing his clairvoyant and occult insights in areas which may appear provocative or arguable. His science is not science as we understand that word today, but is instead science in the sense of spiritual knowledge. It is important also to recognize that the Notes to many sections, demarcated in this and other editions by a smaller typeface, are not the work of C.W.L. himself but instead (as he acknowledges) are the outcome of the clairvoyant insights of the Rev. Oscar Kllerstrm, p