the seven ages of film
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DESCRIPTIONThe Seven Ages of Film. Pioneering Age 1896 - 1912 From Sideshow to Art Form. The Seven Ages of Film. The Silent Age 1913 - 1927 The emergence of Hollywood World War I and the exodus from Europe. The Seven Ages of Film. The Transition Age 1928-32 From Silent to Sound. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
The Seven Ages of FilmPioneering Age1896 - 1912From Sideshow to Art Form
1The Seven Ages of FilmThe Silent Age1913 - 1927
The emergence of HollywoodWorld War I and the exodus from Europe
2The Seven Ages of FilmThe Transition Age1928-32
From Silent to Sound
3The Seven Ages of FilmThe Hollywood Studio Age1932 - 1946
Domination by the StudioGenre moviesWorld War II
4The Seven Ages of FilmThe Internationalist Age1947 - 1959
Hollywood Studio declineThe challenge of TV
5The Seven Ages of FilmThe New Wave Age1960 - 1980
From France to the worldTechnological innovationSmall scale productionsStrong social / political value to film.
6The Seven Ages of FilmThe Mass Media Age1980 - present
Film & movies as part of the global entertainment / communications media Digital production7The Seven Ages of FilmThe Transition Age1928-32
From Silent to Sound
8The Advent of Sound Sound and film were slow to accommodate each other.
Sound technology was clumsy and difficult to link to the speed of the film.
Sound made it difficult to film in the open air, to film without interfering with lighting, without interfering with the way the actors spoke and with the number of cameras able to be used.
Sound forced film to adapt and develop new narrative techniques.
9Birth of the Talkie1926- Vitaphone- An American invention that synchronized sound with filmDon Juan- 1926- first film with synchronized soundtrack (no more musicians in the theatre), but no dialogue.1927- The Jazz Singer---1st Talkie/Musical1st words- Wait a minute! Wait a minute! You aint heard nothing yet! -- mostly silent with 350 spoken words and 6 songs. --won 1st Academy Award- 1927.End of Silent Era! Upheaval!camera movement once again restricted due to heavy sound equipmentacting suffered with efforts to record live dialogue due to inexperienced actors and stationary sound equipmentactors couldnt count on merely being good-looking as their voices became important = decreased marketability for some actorsexpensive new equipment for sound stages and soundproof camerasrestricted market for English language films (Silence is universal)SoundHistorical events and the sound film.The depression (1929-35) encouraged the development of the conventions of the gangster movie (the urban western ) and comedies that saw ordinary folk standing up against corrupt big business.World War II encouraged the development of the propaganda film and again helped the USA gain dominance of the movie making business.The impact of the technology is seen in Citizen Kane (Oson Welles 1941)
A demonstration of the most remarkable invention of the age,under direction of N. K. Barton of the Servel Electric Refrigerator Company.
It talks and exhibits motion pictures at the same time. See it!Hear it! It will be worth your whileto come. It costs you nothing.
September, 1926 - Mobile, AlabamaWarner Bros. and Paramount also included two-color Technicolor in many of their new sound features, but color production would wane by the end of 1932, perhaps because the films themselves were so poor and had relied on the novelty of color to save them.
There was no turning back to silent films, but color would see very limited use, primarily in cartoons and the occasional feature film or insert, until 1939 when Gone With The Wind displayed the newer 3 strip Technicolor to full advantage.
GONE WITH THE WIND1930 saw sound quickly becoming standardized throughout the U.S. but silent productions were still being made in small numbers. Universal produced both sound and silent versions of its timeless All Quiet on the Western Front.
As early as 1900, films were often synchronized with musical scores that were played on amplified record players.
Film is usually shown at a faster speed than It was taken.
This cannot be done with a synchronized film or a sound film, as the pitch would be changed and this would cause the voice or music to be distorted and spoiled.
All synchronous subjects have therefore to be shown at exactly the same speed they were made, which is 90 ft. per minute.
Warner Bros. Don Juan (1926), the first major motion picture to premiere with a full-length synchronized soundtrack.DON JUANThus, when The Jazz Singer was released on October 6, 1927 it became the first feature-length film (89 minutes long) to include dialogue on the filmstrip itself. The Jazz Singer made way for the future of "talkies," which is what movies with audio soundtracks were called. THE JAZZ SINGER
STEAMBOAT WILLIEThe first speaking cartoon with synchronized sound was Walt Disney's Steamboat Willie (1928).
Strangely, Mickey's first sound cartoon didn't include Mickey's voice.
He didn't speak until his ninth short, The Karnival Kid (1929) when he said the words: "Hot dogs!" [Walt's voice was used for Mickey.]