the seven sacraments

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The Seven Sacraments. Baptism, Confirmation, Eucharist, Reconciliation, Anointing of the Sick, Holy Orders, Marriage. Sacraments. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation



The Seven Sacraments

Baptism, Confirmation, Eucharist,Reconciliation, Anointing of the Sick,Holy Orders, MarriageSacramentsSacrament: An efficacious sign of grace, instituted by Christ and entrusted to the Church, by which divine life is dispensed to us through the work of the Holy Spirit.-CCC 1131

Efficacious means effective. The sacraments make us holy.

Sacraments of Initiation



Holy Eucharistblood (Eucharist) & water (Baptism)


John 3:5 No one can enter the kingdom of God without being born of water and Spirit.

In cases of necessity, even an un-baptized person can baptize.

Effects:1. purification/sanctification(original & personal sin)2. rebirth(requires future growth)

Crossing the Red SeaAdult baptism -throughout scripture-RCIA

Infant baptism Acts 16:31-33 -entire households-certainly since 2nd century

Trinitarian formula (form) & water (matter)

Once baptized always (Indelible mark)

New existenceAdopted child of God the FatherMember of Christs body (Church)Temple of Holy Spirit

Baptismal priesthood

Concupiscence remains


Confirms & strengthens baptism.

Empowers us to be true witnesses of Jesus.

Perpetuates grace of Pentecost

NEED: laying on of hands, oil for anointing

East & WestEast: Confirmed as infantsChrismation anointed with chrism

ConfirmationChristian means anointed.

Symbolism of Anointingabundance (oil is costly)cleansing healing (soothes wounds)beautifies

Seal of Holy Spirit.


Jesus is the Passover Lamb

Last SupperTake this, all of you, and eat of it, forthis is my Body, which will be given up for you.

Take this, all of you, and drink from it, forthis is thechaliceof my Blood, the Blood of the new andeternalcovenant, whichwill bepoured outfor you and formany for the forgiveness of sins. Do this in memory of me.Consecration

Holy Communionnourishes the soul.True presence, Christ hasnt abandoned us.Eucharistia means thanksgivingSymbolism of cup: martyrdomSt. Justin Martyr, 155ADOn the day we call the day of the sun, all who dwell in the city or country gather in the same place. The memoirs of the apostles and the writings of the prophets are read, as much as time permits. When the reader has finished, he who presides over those gathered admonishes and challenges them to imitate these beautiful things. Then we all rise together and offer prayers* for ourselves . . .and for all others, wherever they may be, so that we may be found righteous by our life and actions, and faithful to the commandments, so as to obtain eternal salvation. When the prayers are concluded we exchange the kiss. Then someone brings bread and a cup of water and wine mixed together to him who presides over the brethren. He takes them and offers praise and glory to the Father of the universe, through the name of the Son and of the Holy Spirit and for a considerable time he gives thanks (in Greek: eucharistian) that we have been judged worthy of these gifts. When he has concluded the prayers and thanksgivings, all present give voice to an acclamation by saying: 'Amen.' When he who presides has given thanks and the people have responded, those whom we call deacons give to those present the "eucharisted" bread, wine and water and take them to those who are absent.

Sacraments of HealingReconciliation& Anointing of the SickReconciliationGod wants to forgive.

Effects: Sins forgiven (eternal punishment) Reconciled to God & Church

22ReconciliationGod used priests to forgive and atone for the sins of others. (Lev 5:4-6; 19:21-22)

"Receive the Holy Spirit. For those whose sins you forgive, they are forgiven; for those whose sins you retain, they are retained." (Jn 20,23)

And all this is from God, who has reconciled us to himself through Christ and given us the ministry of reconciliation. (2 Cor 5:18)

Who can forgive? What sins can be forgiven? How often should I go?

24I forgot how to make a confession.

Examination of Conscience(You will need a conscience.)


Be absolved.

Do penance.

sacramental seal of confession

Anointing of the SickFor those seriously ill or advanced in age.

Was called, Extreme Unction.

Can be repeated.

Priest administers sacrament.Oil of the sick

Through this holy anointing may the Lord in his love and mercy help you with the grace of the Holy Spirit. May the Lord who frees you from sin save you and raise you up.


Unites suffering to ChristStrength, peace, courageForgiveness of sinsPossibly the restoration of healthPreparation for final PassoverSacraments of ServiceMarriage


Holy OrdersMarriageCovenant not contract

Till death do us part indissoluble marriage bond


Its natural.

Husband and wife are ministers. Priest witnesses.Marriage is holy.Not destroyed in the flood.

Domestic Church

Building block of society.

Marital sex is holy. Renews marriage vows.

Holy Orders

Its supernaturala call from God, rather than a natural desireIndelible mark, permanent changeBishop: fullness of ordersacts in person of Christ the Head

Priest: coworkers of the bishop,acts in person of Christ the Head

Deacons: service of Christ

Symbols are important.

The symbols used during the sacraments help explain whats happening.What symbols are used?


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