the three most famous greek philosophers socrates plato aristotle
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The Three Most Famous Greek PhilosophersSocrates Plato Aristotle
Socrates469 - 399 B.C.Believed that an absolute truth existed and that all real knowledge was within each person.
Encouraged students to think & discover meaning.
Left no writings.
Dialectic method ConversationalBased upon reason and logic
Socrates469 - 399 B.C.Socratic Method:Admit ignorance.Never rely on tradition.Constantly question.Create your own opinions.Test your opinions with others.
The unexamined life is not worth living.
Plato427 - 347 B.C.Socrates student continued his work on the nature of man.
Ideal government would be led by philosopher kings.
Wrote dialoguesThe Republic most important Those things which are beautiful are also difficult.
Aristotle384 - 322 B.C.Most famous student of Plato / teacher of Alexander the Great
Developed Logic as a field of study; the golden mean do nothing to excess
Created a complex system of classificationUsed in biology
Views on Government
Aristotle384 - 322 B.C.Views on Government:
3 Good Governments:MonarchyAristocracyDemocracy
3 Bad Governments:TyrannyOligarchyMob Rule