the time machine - penguin readers

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  • 1. Penguin Readers FactsheetsLevel 4 Intermediate The Time Machine Teachers NotesThe Time MachineBy H.G. Wells (1895) was his first novel, and this was followed by otherSummaryscience fiction classics: The Island of Dr Moreau (1896), The Invisible Man (1897), The War of the Worlds (1898) and TheA group of men, including the narrator, are listening to the First Men in the Moon (1901).Time Traveller discuss his theories on time. The Time TravellerHe went on to publish critical pamphlets attacking theproduces a miniature Time Machine and makes it disappear Victorian class system, and joined the famous socialist Fabianinto thin air. He then shows his disbelieving guests a full-scale Society in London. After World War 1, Wells wrote mainly non-Time Machine which he has made in his laboratory. fiction books, including several about the League of Nations.The next week, the guests return to find their host lookingAfter ten years living in France, Wells returned to Londontired and dishevelled. After dinner, the Time Traveller begins and wrote The Holy Terror (1939), in which he studied thehis story. psychological development of modern dictators based on He had travelled forward in time to the year 802,701 AD.the careers of Stalin, Mussolini and Hitler. He lived in LondonThere, he finds himself in a beautiful paradise inhabited by a throughout World War 2. His last book, Mind At The End of Itsrace of small, frail, peaceful creatures called Eloi. He exploresTether (1945), had a very bleak view of the future of mankind.the area but, when he returns, he finds that his machine isIt is for his earlier science fiction stories that he is chieflygone. He deduces that it has been put inside the pedestal of remembered today.a nearby statue.At night, he begins to catch glimpses of strange, whitecreatures called Morlocks. He discovers that the Morlocks live Background and themesunderground at the bottom of a system of wells. Meanwhile,he saves one of the Eloi from drowning and she befriends him.Science: Before Wells, other people had written fantasiesHer name is Weena. about time travel. Wells, however, was the first to introduce The Time Traveller explores the underground realm of theauthentic scientific speculation to the genre. The Time TravellerMorlocks, using matches to light his way and to keep the describes in great detail his theories on the fourth dimensionMorlocks away (they are afraid of light). He is unable to find his and his observations on astronomy and evolution while on histime machine and is chased away by the Morlocks. journey. Many of these ideas were inspired by Thomas Huxley, Wellss teacher at his London science college. Frightened by the Morlocks, he tries to find a place where heand Weena will be safe from the creatures night-time hunting.Society: As with all good science fiction, the backgroundHe explores the Palace of Green Porcelain (a derelict museum)of a future fantasy can be an effective way of illuminatingand finds more matches and a metal bar which he can use as deficiencies in present day society. The land of the Eloi and thea weapon. That night, running away from the Morlocks through Morlocks is a mirror of the Victorian class system, and is a visiona dark wood, he accidentally starts a fire in which Weena andof the troubled future such a system could entail. Too muchmany Morlocks die. The Time Traveller returns to the pedestalcomfort and absence of suffering have turned the managerto find that one of its panels is open. Inside, he finds his Timeclass into a race of pretty but useless pleasure-seekers. TheyMachine. He escapes in his machine, narrowly avoidinghave become too weak and stupid to help themselves, andcapture by the Morlocks, and travels into the future, curious to have even lost the basic human instinct to help others indiscover what the end of the world will be like. trouble. The Time Traveller is initially beguiled by their childlike simplicity, but ends up being contemptuous. The Morlocks, onHe returns, exhausted, to the present time, and tells his story. the other hand, represent the dehumanisation of the workingThe next day, he leaves again, and never returns.classes. Unlike the Eloi, they still know how to make things, but they have become brutal predators of the night. In Wellss view, this is a warning of things to come if society does not doAbout H.G. Wells something to rectify its inequalities and absurdities while there is still time.Herbert George Wells (18661946) was born in Bromley,Adventure: This has, of course, all the ingredients of aKent, in the UK. His father was a shopkeeper and professionaltraditional adventure story: a hero trapped by an unseencricketer. Herbert studied biology and, leaving science collegeenemy overcomes overwhelming odds and escapeswithout a degree, taught for four years. He settled in Londonfrom an impossible situation!and, from 1893, became a full-time writer. The Time Machine Pearson Education Limited 2006

2. Penguin Readers Factsheets Level 4 Intermediate The Time Machine Teachers NotesChapters 79Communicative activitesPut students into pairs. Ask them to have thisconversation.The following teacher-led activities cover the same sectionsof text as the exercises at the back of the reader, and Student A: You are the Time Traveller. You want Weenasupplement those exercises. For supplementary exercisesto leave her world and travel back in timecovering shorter sections of the book, see the photocopiable with you. Tell her why.Students Activities pages of this Factsheet. These areStudent B: You are Weena. You want the Time Travellerprimarily for use with class readers but, with the exception of to stay with you in your world. Tell him why.discussion and pair/group work questions, can also be usedby students working alone in a self-access centre.Chapters 1012Put students into groups to discuss these questions.ACTIVITIES BEFORE READING THE BOOK(a) If you were the Time Traveller, would you go back 1 Write these words on the board:to look for Weena? Why/why not?(b) Does the Time Traveller make any mistakes, do you countryside and cities communication medicinethink? What are they? travel science family life inventionsChapters 1315Put students into small groups. Ask them to discuss thesubjects on the board and life in the future. Put students into pairs to discuss these questions.What changes will there be in (a) The Time Traveller brings back flowers from the(a) 50 years time? Land of the Eloi. What would you bring back? Why?(b) 500 years time?(b) Why doesnt the Time Traveller want the MedicalMan to have the flowers?Which of the groups ideas are likely and which are (c) What is the moving thing that he sees on the islandunlikely? Will life be better or worse than today? Have a in Chapter 14?class discussion. (d) Does the story end with a hopeful or a sad 2 Put students into small groups. Ask them to imagine that message? Why? they are going to travel 1,000 years into the future. Ask(e) If you had invented a time machine, who would you them to discuss these questions. tell about it? Why?(a) Are they going to enjoy the experience? Why/whyACTIVITIES AFTER READING THE BOOKnot?(b) What will they miss most about life today? 1 Put students into pairs to discuss and write this(c) Think of five useful things that they can take withimaginary story. The Time Traveller has travelled back tothem.the land of the Eloi and Morlocks. He has arrived at the beginning of Chapter 12. He is with Weena again, andACTIVITIES AFTER READING A SECTION they are looking for a safe place. He wants Weena to be safe this time. What does he do differently?Chapters 13 2 Put students into pairs. They imagine that they work for 1 Class discussion. This story happens just over 100 years a travel company in the future. Ask them to prepare and ago. In the 1890s, which things that we use today: write an advertisement for a holiday in the Land of the(a) had not been invented yet? Eloi. Why would it be The Holiday of a Lifetime?(b) were already widely used? 3 Put the class into groups of three. Each group will(c) were exciting new ideas? prepare a TV programme for either the Eloi or the 2 Class discussion. Is time travel a real possibility in theMorlock political party. How would peoples lives be future? Why/why not?better if they had an Eloi or Morlock government? EachChapters 46 group then presents their TV programme to the rest of the class. Why should people vote for you and not thePut students into small groups to discuss theseother party?questions.(a) Where is the time machine, do you think?(b) What would you do in the Time Travellers situation?Would you be patient and learn to live in the newWord listworld, or would you try to find the time machine assoon as possible? Why?It will be useful for your students to know the new words(c) What will the Time Traveller enjoy about life in thefound on page 78 of the Reader. They are practised in thenew world? What will he find difficult? Before you read sections in the back of the book. (The(d) The Time Traveller thinks that absence of danger is definitions are based on those in the Longman Active Studya bad thing for people. Why? Do you agree?Dictionary.) Pearson Education Limited 2006Published and distributed by Pearson LongmanFactsheet written by Chris RiceFactsheet series developed by Louise James 3. Penguin Readers Factsheets Level 4 Intermediate The Time Machine Photocopiable Students ActivitiesThe Time MachineBy H.G. WellsThese activities can be done alone or with one or more other2 Which of these words does not describe the Timestudents. Pair/group only activities are marked*. Traveller during his journey?ACTIVITIES BEFORE READING THE BOOKafraid angry cheerful confusedexcited nervous worried 1 Read the introduction on pages vix and answer these questions. Chapters 46 (a) Where does the Time Traveller travel? (b) What does he take with him?1 Does the Time Traveller see these things in the new (c) What was the big