the troublesome late middle ages…

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The Troublesome Late middle Ages. Papal Power vs. Royal Power. King Philip IV of France wanted to tax the clergy . Pope Boniface VIII argued that Philip IV needed the popes consent to tax clergy. Philip IV sent troops to capture Boniface Viii. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • The Troublesome Late middle Ages

  • Papal Power vs. Royal Power

  • King Philip IV of France wanted to tax the clergy

  • Pope Boniface VIII argued that Philip IV needed the popes consent to tax clergy.

  • Philip IV sent troops to capture Boniface Viii

  • Boniface died of shock and no pope tried to assert supremacy over national rulers again!

  • The French Clement V was Elected pope in 1305 (helped a wee bit by Philip IVthe French king)

  • Avignon, France: New Papal Residence

  • Vacant Vatican (1305-1378)

  • Pope Gregory XI decided that the prestige of the papacy was declining and returned to the Vatican in 1377 (but died in 1378).

  • Urban VI was elected the new (Italian) pope in Romethe (French) cardinals lives were under threat by a mob!

  • later, they claimed the election null and void and returned to avignon with another (French) Pope, thus

  • Two Popes = Great Schism

  • Church power and prestige never recovered and the hope for Papal Supremacy was lost.

  • The Hundred Years War

  • King Edward III of England had a legitimate claim to French Throne after French kings death in 1328.

  • The 100 Years War continued for about 116 yearson and off

  • This war depended less on knights and more on peasant foot soldiers

  • High-Tech: The Longbow improvement over crossbow Could often penetrate armor long range capability

  • Originally developed by the Welsh, the arrows of the longbows literally darkened the skies at Crecy.

  • mounted knights Became obsolete

  • Crecy (1346): British Victory

  • French forces were still dependent upon armored cavalry and were extremely disorganized on the battlefield.

  • King Henry V of England took up the British cause at the Battle of Agincourt, 1415

  • The French were defeated at Agincourt and things looked hopeless

  • Cannons later modernized warfare in the Hundred Years War and Castles were no longer effective

  • A desperate French dauphin, Charles, was looking for some way to turn the tide of the Hundred Years war

  • and he turned to a teenage peasant girl (that was hearing the voices of saints) named Joan of Arc.

  • Joan persuaded Charles to let her go with the French army to Orleans.

  • The Maid inspired the French forces to victory after victory in Northern Francethis marked a turning point in the war for France.

  • Joan of Arc was captured by the English, tried by the Inquisition as a heretic, and burned at the stake in 1431.

  • Joans death made her a martyr that continued to inspire the French forces to drive the English from their land.

  • A new Church court declared her innocent 25 years later

  • In 1920, Joan was canonized and became the patron saint for France, soldiers and rape victims.

  • The 100 years War Ended in 1453and by the way, the Muslims Captured Constantinopleso much for the Crusades!

  • England was ultimately left with the port of Calais (on the English Channel) as its only continental French possession.