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  • Don Jones andDan Sullivan

    Tips and TricksGuide To

    tm

    WindowsAdministration

    Tips and TricksGuide To

    tm

  • The Tips and Tricks Guide to Windows Administration Don Jones and Dan Sullivan

    i

    IntroductiontoRealtimePublishersby Don Jones, Series Editor Forseveralyearsnow,Realtimehasproduceddozensanddozensofhighqualitybooksthatjusthappentobedeliveredinelectronicformatatnocosttoyou,thereader.Wevemadethisuniquepublishingmodelworkthroughthegeneroussupportandcooperationofoursponsors,whoagreetobeareachbooksproductionexpensesforthebenefitofourreaders.

    Althoughwevealwaysofferedourpublicationstoyouforfree,dontthinkforamomentthatqualityisanythinglessthanourtoppriority.Myjobistomakesurethatourbooksareasgoodasandinmostcasesbetterthananyprintedbookthatwouldcostyou$40ormore.Ourelectronicpublishingmodeloffersseveraladvantagesoverprintedbooks:Youreceivechaptersliterallyasfastasourauthorsproducethem(hencetherealtimeaspectofourmodel),andwecanupdatechapterstoreflectthelatestchangesintechnology.

    Iwanttopointoutthatourbooksarebynomeanspaidadvertisementsorwhitepapers.Wereanindependentpublishingcompany,andanimportantaspectofmyjobistomakesurethatourauthorsarefreetovoicetheirexpertiseandopinionswithoutreservationorrestriction.Wemaintaincompleteeditorialcontrolofourpublications,andImproudthatweveproducedsomanyqualitybooksoverthepastyears.

    Iwanttoextendaninvitationtovisitusathttp://nexus.realtimepublishers.com,especiallyifyouvereceivedthispublicationfromafriendorcolleague.Wehaveawidevarietyofadditionalbooksonarangeoftopics,andyouresuretofindsomethingthatsofinteresttoyouanditwontcostyouathing.WehopeyoullcontinuetocometoRealtimeforyour

    farintothefuture.educationalneeds

    enjoy.Untilthen,

    DonJones

    http://nexus.realtimepublishers.com/

  • The Tips and Tricks Guide to Windows Administration Don Jones and Dan Sullivan

    ii

    Tip ,Trick,Technique1:SettingupaServerCoreDomainController..............................................1

    StartingtheInstallation....................................................................................................................................1

    BasicConfiguration.............................................................................................................................................1

    ActivatingWindows...........................................................................................................................................2

    CustomizetheServer.........................................................................................................................................2

    InstallingRoles.....................................................................................................................................................3

    Tip ,Trick,Technique2:ReadOnlyDomainControllers........................................................................4

    PasswordCaching...............................................................................................................................................5

    Caveats.....................................................................................................................................................................5

    FilteredAttributes...............................................................................................................................................6

    ReadOnlyDNS......................................................................................................................................................6

    Bonus:AdministrativeSeparation...............................................................................................................6

    ApplicationCompatibility................................................................................................................................7

    UltimateSecurity.................................................................................................................................................7

    EdgeCases..............................................................................................................................................................8

    RODCs:ProsandCons.......................................................................................................................................8

    Tip,Trick,Technique3:NoMoreCHKDSK...................................................................................................8

    Tip ,Trick,Technique4:InternetInformationServices7.......................................................................9

    AllNewConsole...................................................................................................................................................9

    ApplicationPools..............................................................................................................................................10

    WebPlatformInstaller...................................................................................................................................11

    FTP..........................................................................................................................................................................13

    URLRewriting....................................................................................................................................................14

    Tip ,Trick,Technique5:EvaluatingWindowsServerBackup...........................................................17

    InstallingWindowsServerBackup...........................................................................................................17

    UsingWindowsServerBackup..................................................................................................................18

    ProsandCons.....................................................................................................................................................20

  • The Tips and Tricks Guide to Windows Administration Don Jones and Dan Sullivan

    iii

    Tip ,Trick,Technique6:UsingWindowsPowerShell............................................................................21

    WhatIsWindowsPowerShell?...................................................................................................................21

    EnablingWindowsPowerShell..................................................................................................................21

    WindowsPowerShellSecurityandProfiles..........................................................................................22

    UsingWindowsPowerShell:TheBasics.................................................................................................24

    AllAboutCommands,Aliases,andParameters...................................................................................26

    Tip ,Trick,Technique7:UnderstandingHyperV....................................................................................27

    HyperV,HypervisorWhatsitAllMean?...........................................................................................27

    HowDoesHyperVLicensingWork?.......................................................................................................28

    IsHyperVaBareMetalHypervisor?...................................................................................................28

    Tip,Trick,Technique8:RemoteServerManagerinR2.......................................................................30

    Tip,Trick,Technique9:LeveragingServerCoreinR2........................................................................30

    Tip,Trick,Technique10:DeletedADObjectRecoveryinR2............................................................33

    Tip,Trick,Technique11:ClassifyingFilesinR2.....................................................................................36

    Tip,Trick,Technique12:RemoteCommandLineAdministrationinR2.....................................41

    Tip,Trick,Technique13:ConfiguringServerCoreinWindowsServer2008R2.....................41

    Tip ,Trick,Technique14:WhatAreMicrosoftsManyVirtualizationOptions?.........................45

    HyperV.................................................................................................................................................................45

    AppV.....................................................................................................................................................................45

    VirtualPC.............................................................................................................................................................45

    DeskVorMEDV..............................................................................................................................................45

    RemoteDesktopServices..............................................................................................................................46

    ItsallV..............................................................................................................................................................46

    Tip,Trick,Technique15:TheNewWindowsLogFiles........................................................................46

    ...................50Tip,Trick,Technique16:GeographicallyDispersedClusterNodes............................

    Tip,Trick,Technique17:IdentifyingThreatsofDataLossinaWindowsServerEnvironment............................................................................................................................................................51

  • The Tips an