to kill a mocking bird harper lee. while reading to kill a mocking bird, we all would come to...

Download To Kill A Mocking Bird Harper Lee. While reading To Kill a Mocking Bird, we all would come to realize that Atticus Finch, in his quest for racial equality

Post on 17-Dec-2015

218 views

Category:

Documents

3 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

  • Slide 1
  • To Kill A Mocking Bird Harper Lee
  • Slide 2
  • Slide 3
  • While reading To Kill a Mocking Bird, we all would come to realize that Atticus Finch, in his quest for racial equality and his commitment to nonviolence, shared a lot in common with Martin Luther King. But when we reach to a final discovery, we find that we weren't the only ones who saw this connection; so did King himself. In fact, King actually makes an allusion to Atticus in his 1963 book Why We Can't Wait.
  • Slide 4
  • Slide 5
  • The Atticus reference occurs in a chapter called "The Sword That Heals," which is itself part of a metaphor King uses to describe "the just and powerful weapon" of nonviolence. King alludes to a moment in Mockingbird when Atticus goes to the local jail to protect his client, a black man named Tom Robinson, from a mob that wanted to attack him. That's the incident in Mockingbird. Here's what King had to say about it in Why We Can't Wait: "We are a nation that worships the frontier tradition, and our heroes are those who champion justice through violent retaliation against injustice. It is not simple to adopt the credo that moral force has as much strength and virtue as the capacity to return a physical blow; or to refrain from hitting back requires more will and bravery than the automatic reflexes of defense.
  • Slide 6
  • "Yet there is something in the American ethos that responds to the strength of moral force. I am reminded of the popular and widely respected novel and film To Kill a Mockingbird. Atticus Finch, a white southern lawyer, confronts a group of his neighbors who have become a lynch-crazy mob, seeking the life of his Negro client. Finch, armed with nothing more lethal than a lawbook, disperses the mob with the force of his moral courage, aided by his small daughter, who, innocently calling the would-be lynchers by name, reminds then that they are individual men, not a pack of beasts. "To the Negro of 1963, as to Atticus Finch, it had become obvious that nonviolence could symbolize the gold badge of heroism rather than the white feather of cowardice.
  • Slide 7
  • Martin Luther king was an African- American clergyman who was born in 1929. His father and grandfather served as pastors of the Baptist church in Atlanta and he later became a pastor of the Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery in Alabama (Alabama is also where Atticus Finch originated from. King also led a massive protest in Birmingham, Alabama, that caught the attention of the entire world. He was a strong worker for civil rights for members of his race just like Atticus Finch, who was also a strong worker for gaining justice and civil rights but unlike King - who did this for people of his race - Atticus gained civil rights for members of a different race for the black community. King always led colored organizations of the nation. He adopted ideals from Christianity to apply them in this nation and throughout the novel we can feel that Atticus was also adopting his beliefs leading justice from Christianity.
  • Slide 8
  • Martin Luther King and Atticus Finch can be better defined as two men whose characters are nearly the complete opposite of the general population of the town or country. People were able to rely on Martin Luther King because he was truly a self-reliant person, and so did Atticus. This is clear when Mrs. Maud - a character in To Kill A Mocking Bird - quoted "We're the safest folks in the world, we're so rarely called on to be Christians, but when we are, we've got Atticus to go for us Martin Luther King always did an appearing wherever there was injustice, protest and action. For instance, he led a bus boycott that lasted for 382 days. On December 21, 1956, after the Supreme Court of the United States had declared unconstitutional the laws requiring segregation on buses, negroes and whites rode the buses as equals. In comparison to Atticus, who chose to defend Tom Robinson because to choose not to would be going against all his personal morals and principles. Atticus didn't see Robinson as a man from a different race, but he did see past a mans color and looked into the depth of his character.He expresses his firm belief while addressing his daughter Scott "You never really understand a person until you consider things from his point of viewuntil you climb into his skin and walk around in it.
  • Slide 9
  • Slide 10
  • Slide 11
  • Typically, as every other figure who stood against the beliefs and concepts of his own society, Martin Luther King and Atticus had to pay for it. During the days of boycott, King was arrested, his home was bombed, and he was subjected to personal abuse, but at the same time he emerged as a black leader of the first rank. So did Atticus who received several threats. The first incident was when Atticus went to the local jail to protect his client, Tom Robinson, from a mob that wanted to lynch him. The scene gets tense very fast, with the men telling Atticus to get out of the way and let them do their thing. Suddenly, Atticus' daughter Scout - innocent as always - comes out of the shadows and recognizes the leader of the gang; he's the father of one of the boys in her class. When she calls the man, Mr. Cunningham by name, the mood changes; it's as if just the simple act of hearing his name awakens Mr. Cunningham to his potential actions, even shames him. The gang disperses, and the crisis is averted. Later, Atticus -ever the wise sage - says the incident reinforces the fact that "a gang of wild animals can be stopped, simply because they are still human". Another threatening incident was when Bob Ewell spat in his face, all Atticus said was " I wish Bob Ewell wouldn't chew tobacco". This also indicates how a moral peaceful person Atticus is, and not to forget to mention when Bob Ewell went after his two kids and attacked them.
  • Slide 12
  • Martin Luther King directed a peaceful march in Washington DC of 250,000 people where he addressed his most famous speech "I have a dream". The most favorable part in the speech was when he said " I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where, they will not be judged by the color of their skin, but by the content of their character. This quote is actually similar to Atticus' when he said "But there is one way in this country in which all men are created equal -there is one human institution that makes a pauper the equal of a Rockefeller, the stupid man the equal of an Einstein, and the ignorant man the equal of any college president. That institution, gentlemen, is a court."
  • Slide 13
  • This is a picture that is popped in half of the kinder gardens and middle schools in the States that depicts what Martin has addressed during his I have a dream speech. In the portrayal we can see that the nation no matter how small or big, white or black, mature or immature, American or Asian, They are all equal,born equal, and they all stand in front of every single obstacle theyll encounter.
  • Slide 14
  • Slide 15
  • Slide 16
  • This is some information about Martin Luther King, whose sense of legacy will always be present in our lives: *He became the youngest person to receive the Nobel Peace Prize award for his work to end racial segregation and racial discrimination by using non- violent methods through his career *He was also among the principle leaders of the civil rights movement *He was an advocator for non- violent protest who also became a symbol of protest in the struggle for racial justice *He refocused his efforts on ending poverty and opposing the Vietnam war from a religious perspective. *He was awarded the Presidential Medal for freedom in 1977 *He was awarded Congressional Gold Medal in 2004 *Martin Luther King day was established as a US national holiday day in 1986
  • Slide 17
  • Martin Luther's life ended in a tragic way. He was assassinated on April 4,1968 while standing on the balcony of his motel room in Memphis, Tennessee, where he was to lead a protest march in sympathy with striking garbage workers of that city. Even though King passed away, yet he still exists in our lives. However, Atticus did not die by the end of the novel. To conclude, those two men are immortals, long lasting immortals in their beliefs and strong morals.
  • Slide 18
  • Slide 19
  • The greatest purveyor of violence in the world: My own government, I cant be silent Martin Luther King. This quote is one of the most influential quotes that were said by one of the most inspirational, phenomenal figures of all time. Interestingly, this quote resembles several quotes that were said by Atticus. "The one place where a man ought to get a square deal is in a courtroom, be he any color of the rainbow, but people have a way of carrying their resentments right into a jury box." "What did your father see in the window, the crime of rape or the best defence to it?" "The witnesses for the state... have presented themselves to you gentlemen... in the cynical confidence that their testimony would not be doubted, confident that you gentlemen would go along with them on the... evil assumption... that all Negroes lie, that all Negroes are basically immoral beings, that all Negro men are not to be trusted around our women, an assumption one associates with minds of their caliber."
  • Slide 20
  • "I'm no idealist to believe firmly in the integrity of our courts and in the jury system -- that is no ideal to me, it is a living, working reality. Gentle