today in history for 13th august 2015

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Historical EventsEvents 1 - 100 of 1473114 BC - According to the Lounsbury correlati

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Today in History for 13th August 2015Historical EventsEvents 1 - 100 of 1473114 BC - According to the Lounsbury correlation, the start of the Mayan calendar523 - St John I begins his reign as Catholic Pope1099 - Raniero elected as Pope Paschal II1326 - Aradia de Toscano, according to legend/folklore, is initiated into a Dianic witchcraft cult andsubsequently founds the tradition of Stregheria, later known as the Malandanti.1415 - King Henry V of England army lands on mouth of Seine River1516 - The Treaty of Noyon between France and Spain is signed. Francis recognises Charles's claimto Naples, and Charles recognises Francis's claim to Milan.1521 - Spanish conquistadors under Hernn Corts capture Aztec Emperor Cuauhtmoc inTenochtitlan marking the end of the Aztec Empire1536 - Buddhist monks from Ky?to's Enryaku Temple set fire to 21 Nichiren temples throughoutKyoto in the Tenbun Hokke Disturbance. (Traditional Japanese date: July 27, 1536).1553 - Michael Servetus is arrested by John Calvin in Geneva as a heretic.1578 - Duke Frans of Anjou recognized as protector of NetherlandsExplorer John Smith1608 - John Smith's story of Jamestown's first days submitted for publication1624 - Cardinal Richelieu appointed Chief Minister of France by Louis XIII1630 - Ferdinand II dismisses supreme commander Albrecht von Wallenstein1642 - Christiaan Huygens discovers Martian south polar cap1645 - Sweden & Denmark sign Peace of Brmsebro1651 - Litchfield, CT, founded1695 - -15] French troops under Villeroi shoot in Brussels1696 - State of Drenthe accredits Willem III as mayor1704 - Battle of Blenheim (aka Second Battle of Hchstdt): a combined British, German & Dutcharmy led by John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, decisively beat French & Bavarian forces.1732 - Voltaire's "Zaire" premieres in Paris1740 - Hunger strike in RotterdamFrench Enlightenment Philosopher Voltaire1784 - British parliament accepts East India Company Act 1784, bringing the East India Company'srule in India under the control of the British Government.1788 - Prussia joins Anglo-Dutch alliance to form Triple Alliance to prevent spread of Russo-SwedishWar of 1788-901792 - Revolutionaries imprison French royals including Marie Antoinette1799 - British fleet under Lord Seymour overthrows Suriname1814 - Cape of Good Hope formally ceded to British by the Dutch1814 - Treaty of London-Netherland stops transporting slaves1852 - Steamer "Atlantic" crossing Lake Erie from Buffalo to Detroit collided with a fishing boat,sinks with 250 aboard1864 - Battle of Deep Bottom VA (Strawberry Plains) & Fussell's Mill VA1868 - Earthquakes kill 25,000 & causes $300 million damages (Peru & Ecuador)1876 - The Bayreuth Festspielhaus opens with the first complete performance of Richard Wagner'sRing CycleComposer Richard Wagner1881 - Henry Morton Stanley signs contract with Congolese monarch1886 - John A. Macdonald uses a silver hammer to pound a gold spike, officially completing theEsquimalt and Nanaimo Railway in British Columbia1889 - William Gray patents coin-operated telephone1892 - US black newspaper "Afro-American" begins publishing from Baltimore1898 - US forces under George Dewey captures Manila during Spanish-Amer war1902 - England beat Australia by one wicket at The Oval Famous victory1906 - Black soldiers raid Brownsville Texas1906 - Cub's Pitcher Jack Taylor ends a string of completing 202 games (187 complete, 15 relief) byDodgers in 3rd inning1907 - 1st taxicab (NYC)1908 - Cy Young Day in Boston, he pitches briefly against an All-Star team1908 - Kind Edward VII of Great Britain meets with Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria at Ischl; theKing tries to persuade the Emperor to advise Germany against aggressive (anti-British) policiesMLB Pitcher Cy Young1910 - Dodgers & Pirates play to 8-8 tie, both have 38 at bats, 13 hits, 12 assists, 2 errors, 5strikeouts, 3 walks, 1 pass ball & 1 hit by pitch1913 - Otto Witte, a German acrobat and fantasist, is purportedly crowned King of Albania.1913 - Invention of stainless steel by Harry Brearley, Sheffield, England1914 - -14] German army occupies forts at Liege1914 - Carl Wickman begins Greyhound, the 1st US bus line, in Minnesota1914 - France declares war on Austria-Hungary1917 - Phillies steal 5 bases in an inning against Braves1917 - There is a revolt in Catalonia, the province in northeast Spain that has long seen itself asindependent.1918 - Bayerische Motoren Werke AG (BMW) established as a public company in Germany1919 - British troops open fire on demonstrators in Amritsar, India; killing 3501919 - Man o'War's only defeat (Upset wins at Saratoga)1920 - 24th US Golf Open: Ted Ray shoots a 295 at Inverness Club in Ohio1921 - Simon Kaufman & Marc Connelly's "Dulcy" premieres in NYC1923 - Gustav Stresemann becomes premier of German coalition governmentPresident and founder of the Republic of Turkey Mustafa Kemal Atatrk1923 - Turkish National Congress selects Mustafa Kemal Atatrk Pasja as President1923 - US Steel Corp initiates 8-hour work day1928 - Soviet Union Spartacan Games begins1931 - Cin Red Tony Cuccinello goes 6 for 61932 - Hitler refuses President Von Hindenburg's proposal to become vice-chancellor of Germany1932 - Yankee pitcher Red Ruffing homers & wins game 1-0 in 10 tying1933 - 16th PGA Championship: Gene Sarazen at Blue Mound CC Milwaukee1933 - Jacques van Egmond becomes world champion amateur cyclist1935 - Transcontinental Roller Derby begins (Chicago Coliseum)1937 - Japanese attack at the beinnging of the Battle of Shanghai during Second Sino-Japanese War.Involves nearly 1 million troops1939 - Yankees set AL shutout margin with 21-0 victory over A's1939 - Sabotage suspected in crash of 'City of San Francisco'Nazi Politician Hermann Goering1940 - Hermann Goering's "Adler Tag" (Eagle day); 45-48 German aircraft shot down over SouthernEngland (Battle of Britain)1941 - Red army evacuates Smolensk1943 - Red army recaptures Spas-Demensk1944 - British 8th Army occupies Florence1944 - Generals Montgomery/Dempsey/Bradley discuss naderende breakthrough1944 - Jackie Gleason-Les Tremayne show premieres on NBC radio1946 - Britain diverts illegal emmigrants bound for Palestine to Cyprus1948 - Satchel Paige at 42, pitches his 1st major league complete game1950 - Babe Didrikson-Zaharias wins LPGA World Golf Championship1950 - US President Harry Truman gives military aid to Vietnamese regime of Bao-Dai1951 - Great Britain & Iraq sign new oil contract1953 - 4-5 million French go on strike against economizations34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower1953 - US President Dwight Eisenhower establishes Government Contract Compliance Committee1953 - US General Omar Bradley becomes US chief of staff1954 - 21st NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Detroit 31, All-Stars 6 (93,470)1955 - Larry Doby's ends AL record of 167 errorless games in outfield1956 - WBIR TV channel 10 in Knoxville, TN (CBS) begins broadcasting1958 - Indians' right fielder Rocky Colavito makes his pitching debut, hurling 3 hitless innings,Detroit 3, Cleveland 21959 - US Military satellite Discoverer 5 launched (into polar orbit)1960 - Central African Republic & Chad proclaim independence from France1960 - USSR withdraws advisors from China1960 - The first two-way conversation via satellite is undertaken using Echo 11961 - Construction of the Berlin Wall begins in East Germany1961 - Louise Suggs wins LPGA Kansas City Golf Open1962 - Bert Campaneris of Daytona Beach (FSL) pitches ambidextrously1963 - US Customs agents confiscate 21 gold coins from Witte Museum, San Antonio, Texas1963 - Warren Spahn sets left-hander strike out mark at 2,3821964 - 1st broadcast by Trans World Radio on Bonaire1967 - WQLN TV channel 54 in Erie, PA (PBS) begins broadcasting1969 - Balt Oriole Jim Palmer no-hits Oakland A's, 8-01969 - Temp Commissioner Bowie Kuhn elected for 7-year term by unanimous vote1970 - Pamphlet bombs which scatter revolutionary African National Congress propaganda leafletsexplode in Cape Town, Johannesburg, Durban and Port Elizabeth, South AfricaFamous BirthdaysBirthdays 1 - 100 of 233582 - Arnulf of Metz, French bishop andsaint (d. 640)1311 - King Alfonso XI of Castile and Leon(d. 1350)1422 - William Caxton, 1st English printer(Histories of Troy)1584 - Theophilus Howard, 2nd Earl ofSuffolk, English politician (d. 1640)1617 - Johann A Quenstedt, GermanLutherian theologist1625 - Rasmus Bartholin, Danishphysician, mathematician, and physicist (d. 1698)1655 - Johann Christoph Denner, inventor (clarinet)1662 - Charles Seymour, 6th Duke of Somerset, English politician (d. 1748)1666 - William Wotton, English scholar (d. 1727)1692 - Anton Simon Ignaz Praelisauer, composer1700 - Heinrich, count von Brhl, German statesman (d. 1763)1704 - Lorenzo Fago, composer1717 - Christoph Nichelsmann, German composer1717 - Louis Franois I, Prince of Conti, French military leader (d. 1776)1721 - Francis Ireland, composer1747 - Adrien-Joseph van Helmont, composer1748 - Pieter L van de Kasteele, Dutch politician/patriot1752 - Marie Caroline of Austria, queen of the Two Sicilies (d. 1814)1764 - Louis Baraguey d'Hilliers, French general (d. 1816)1790 - William Wentworth, Australian explorer and politician (d. 1872)1792 - Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen, Queen consort of William IV of the United Kingdom (d. 1849)1802 - Nikolaus Lenau, Hungary, German poet (Faust, Die Albigenser)1803 - Vladimir Odoevsky, Russian philosopher and writer (d. 1869)1814 - Anders Jonas ngstrm, Swedish physicist (d. 1874)1817 - Karoly Thern, composer1818 - Lucy Blackwell-Stone, US abolitionist (US Woman's Suffrage Association)1819 - George Gabriel Stokes, physicist/mathematician (spectroscope)1820 - George Grove, biblical scholar/misicographer, born in London, England1820 - Joseph Alberdingk Thijm, [Pauwels Foreestier], poet (Dietsche Warande)1823 - Goldwin Smith, English-born historian and journalist (d. 1910)1826 - William Thomas Best, composer1831 - Salomon Jaoassohn, compos