"top tips for young learner teachers": teacher training slides

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    Sussex Director of Studies Teacher Training

    Top Tips for YoungLearner Teachers

    Martin SketchleyLTC Eastbourne21 June 2016

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    Todays Aims

    ! Classroom Management: classroom layout, studentmotivation and maintaining student interest

    !

    Material to Use! Motivating Teenagers: Games & Activities

    ! Ten Ways to Introduce Lessons

    !

    Online Resources for Teachers of Adolescent Learners! Any Questions

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    Classroom Management

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    Classroom Management: Layout

    Discuss the following questions with the person next to you:1. How are students organised in your class? Do you allow them to sit

    next to someone they choose?

    2. Have you always used the default room arrangement (i.e. the

    horseshoe)?3. Are you worried that changing the classroom layout could have

    unexpected knock-on effects, such as how the teacher is listened to or

    how you are perceived by students?

    4. What classroom layouts have you attempted before?

    5. Explain your thoughts with particular layouts being more conducivefor particular tasks.

    6. When do you think it is the best time to organise your classroom

    layout?

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    Classroom Layout: Specific Activities

    ! Do you arrange your layout according to a particular task?

    ! What layouts can you think that are best suited for debates

    or discussions, conversational tasks, planning projects,

    meetings, role plays as well as mingling?! What dangers exist if the classroom layout remains

    unchanged?

    Id like to organise my room differently - to makesome familiar activities more exciting.

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    Dangers of Unchanged Layouts

    ! If the classroom layout remains unchanged, there is adanger that this will cause:

    !

    a feeling of sameness;! boredom;

    ! lack of commitment from students; and

    ! one activity blending to the next.

    ! This could potentially cause issues related to studentmotivation, behaviour and learning.

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    Different Classroom Layouts

    Match the pictures to the descriptions of classroom layouts

    with a partner. You have 5 minutes.

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    Keeping the Noise to a Minimum

    Here are some ideas to help you when rearranging furniture inthe classroom to change the layout:

    i. Learners agree to do all the rearrangement completely silently bypicking up furniture, rather than dragging or pulling.

    ii. Get volunteers to take a role. For example, Juan, make sure all chairsare placed by the wall neatly or Alice, you need to monitor and make surethat everyone is quiet.

    iii. Move all learners to the side of the classroom while you choose a fewto help move furniture.

    iv. Stage all rearrangements bit by bit: 1.Pick up your chair, 2.Bring yourchair over here, 3. Go back to your table, 4.Push your table to the side of theroom,

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    Pairing Students: Discussion

    ! Discuss the following with a partner:

    1. How do you organise students into pairs or small groups in class?

    2. Do you allow students to sit wherever they wish? Why or why

    not?

    3. What risks can you anticipate when pairing up students together?

    4. Why do we move students around in the classroom?

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    Five Ideas to Pair Students

    There are various ideas for arranging students to be

    grouped together such as: by alphabetical order, age, recenttest scores or gender. We will look at some more creative

    ideas for putting students together in pairs or small groups.

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    Reaching New Heights

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    Binomial Pairs

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    Vocabulary Pairing

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    Sentence Halves

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    Random Names

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    Motivation in the Classroom

    Discuss the following questions with a partner next to you.

    You have five minutes.

    1. How would you normally motivate learners to participate in class?

    2. What different forms of motivation are you aware of?

    3. How do you normally interest students in the lesson?

    4. In what respect do you think feedback relates to motivation?

    5. How would you ensure that you establish and maintain

    appropriate behaviour in class?6. How do you normally deal with regular yet small disruptions in

    class?

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    Student Motivation

    A less able student who is highly motivated can achieve

    greater success than the more intelligent student who is not well

    motivated. (Reece & Walker, 2002)

    STUDENT

    MOTIVATION

    INTRINSIC EXTRINSIC

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    Intrinsic Motivation

    Intrinsic motivation looks at motivation which has noapparent reward. These could include:

    ! Interest: a natural interest in the subject being taught.! Need: the need for achievement, affiliation or dominance.

    ! Attitude: those who are keen to speak in English will achievemore than those that are less happy to communicate.

    !

    Aspirations: students who pass a course to undertake achosen profession will encourage motivation.

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    Extrinsic Motivation

    Extrinsic motivation looks at motivation which isencouraged by external stimuli or activities. These could

    include:

    ! Verbal praise: positive feedback is important for all learners.! Test results: respectable results encourage interest and

    motivation.

    ! Curiosity: the natural interest or curiosity of a student couldenhance motivation and can be a powerful tool.

    ! Unexpected: Introducing a topic or activity in an unexpectedor unpredictable way can generate immediate interest withstudents.

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    Extrinsic Motivation

    ! Use familiar material: students learning with newly

    introduced and unfamiliar material causes difficulty. Use

    familiar material to encourage interest and motivation.

    !

    Interesting contexts: students learn better when acquiringlanguage in a familiar context but then applying it in an

    unfamiliar situation, e.g. a day in the life of an astronaut.

    ! Games: learners of English respond positively to games

    especially when it reinforces vocabulary and a language point.

    ! Role play: as with games, role plays encourage learners toexperiment with functional language in a controlled setting

    thereby encouraging confidence and motivation.

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    Games & Activities for Young Learners

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    Games & Activities: Discussion

    Discuss the following questions with your partner. Youhave five minutes.

    1. How often do you play games in the classroom?

    2. Do you think young learners should play more games than adult

    learners? Why or why not?

    3. Do you have any favourite games?

    4. What was the last game that you used in your classroom?

    5. Do you have particular games for particular parts of the lesson?6. What do you think are the benefits of games in class?

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    Ten Games/Activities for Teenagers

    We shall look at ten popular games/activities which could

    be used for lessons and when best to use them in class.

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    Noughts & Crosses

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    Where were the 1988 Olympic

    Games held?Seoul

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    What country does the dish

    Mousakka come from?Greece

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    Who played the bass guitar for The

    Beatles?Paul McCartney