treaty of versailles (1919)

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Treaty of Versailles (1919). Europe 1914. Europe 1919 - 1939. How did the Europe of 1919 come to be?. World War One. 1914 - 1918 A total war Triple Entente Vs Central Powers 9 000 000 military fatalities 6 000 000 civilian fatalities. World War One. 11 Nov 1918 - Germany surrendered - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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    What were the terms?

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    War Guilt & ResponsibilityArticle 231 - the War Guilt ClauseHeld Germany to be solely responsible for all loss and damage suffered by the Triple Entente during the war Germany accepts responsibility of Germany and her allies for causing all the loss and damage to which the Allied governments and their peoples have been subjected to as a result of the war Provided the legal basis for the financial terms of the Treaty

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    Financial TermsKnown as reparationsAnnounced in 1921Sum of 6 600 000An astronomical sum Germany would take roughly 70 years to repay the entire sum To be paid in cash or in kind e.g. coal

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    Territorial Terms

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    Germany was also stripped of its overseas colonies - many of these colonies were taken over by France and Britain Germany was not permitted to unite with Austria in an attempt to limit its economic (and thus war making) potential

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    Military & Disarmament TermsGermany was not allowed to have a General Staff - the body that coordinates military planning and strategy for a countrys armed forces German Army restricted to 100 000 men; no conscription allowedIt was not allowed to have any tanks or artillery (big guns) German Navy was allowed to have six battleships and no submarines Germany was not allowed to have an air force A demilitarized zone (DMZ) was established in the Rhineland

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    OthersAn international organisation known as the League of Nations was to be set up to provide a platform for the peaceful resolution of international disputesSeparate treaties were signed with Germanys allies that saw the dismantling of the Austro-Hungarian Empire

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    What did Germany lose?

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    How did you think the German people reacted to this?