treaty of versailles

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  • Warm Up: What is a Treaty? What are the consequences of a treaty?

  • In November 1919, the major countries that fought in World War I came together in France to make and sign a treaty. A treaty is an agreement that is signed by at least two countries and establishes rules those countries must follow. The treaty signed by these countries was designed to officially stop fighting and establish what the world was going to look like after World War I. Because the conference took place in a palace called Versailles, the conference came to be known as the Versailles Conference and the document they signed was called the Treaty of Versailles. Today, you and your classmates will conduct a simulation that is designed to reflect the real life Treaty of Versailles.

  • A formal agreement that is made between 2 or more countries which brings an end to a war or conflict. In the treaty, each countrys government agrees to follow certain rules or guidelines to prevent future conflict.

  • A possible part of the peace treaty in which Germany would be blamed as guilty for having started the fighting in World War One. If included, this would allow the Allies to assign other punishments to Germany.

  • 2 areas of land on the border between France and Germany. These lands were rich in natural resources like coal and iron. Both countries had been fighting over who owned these lands for decades.

  • A penalty or punishment in order to repay another country for the damages it suffered in a war. This money was meant to repair lands, cities, factories, train tracks, and other things destroyed in the fighting.

  • When a country decreases the size of its armed forces. Countries rarely choose to do this on their own; rather, it is usually something they are forced to do by another country.

  • An international association where leaders from around the world could meet. US President Woodrow Wilson (who wrote the plan) believed it would help countries resolve their differences peacefully, instead of going to war.

  • #1 Germany will have to give up Rhineland & Alsace-Lorraine YES#2 Germany must pay reparations YES#3 Germany will have to reduce its militaryYES#4 Austria-Hungary will be broken down into new countries YES#5 League of Nations will be established YES

  • On the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month World War I ended.

  • The leaders of England, France, Italy and the United States met at Versailles to discuss the peace settlement

  • View the following scenes from Versailles

  • Why was this a symbolic setting for signing the Treaty of Versailles??

  • ARTICLE #1 Germany had to accept full blame for starting the war

  • ARTICLE #2 Germany had to pay reparations to other countries

  • ARTICLE #3 Germany had land taken from its borders

  • ARTICLE #4 Germany had to limit the size and placement of its military

  • ARTICLE #5 Broke up Austria-Hungary and Ottoman Empires

  • ARTICLE #6 Created the League of Nations (early United Nations)