Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS) OSHA HAZARD COMMUNICATION (HAZCOM) STANDARD 29 CFR 1910.1200 FOR TULANE LABORATORY OR.

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  • Slide 1
  • Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS) OSHA HAZARD COMMUNICATION (HAZCOM) STANDARD 29 CFR 1910.1200 FOR TULANE LABORATORY OR FACILITY EMPLOYEES WHO WORK WITH OR AROUND CHEMICALS January, 2005
  • Slide 2
  • Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS) OBJECTIVES Employees shall learn about Tulanes written Hazard Communication Plan Employees shall learn how to report and the reasons for reporting their chemical inventory Employees shall learn about proper container labeling Employees shall learn about Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs) and how to obtain them Employees shall learn how to find information on chemicals they may encounter on the job and how to protect themselves
  • Slide 3
  • Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS) OSHA HAZARD COMMUNICATION STANDARD States You Have a Right to Know about Chemical Hazards in the Workplace and How to Protect Yourself Tulane has a Written Hazard Communication Plan located in the OEHS Policies and Procedures Manual (see the OEHS website www.som.tulane.edu/oehs) A Supervisors Guide to the OSHA Hazard Communication (HAZCOM) Standard is available on the OEHS Website under the Chemical Safety Link
  • Slide 4
  • Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS) OSHA HAZARD COMMUNICATION STANDARD Under the OSHA HAZCOM standard, manufacturers of chemicals are required to evaluate the hazards of the chemicals they produce and transmit that information to customers on labels and Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs)
  • Slide 5
  • Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS) EXEMPTIONS FROM HAZCOM OSHA HAZCOM deals with chemical hazards. Other agencies such as the EPA or the FDA cover some of these other products. RADIATION BIOHAZARDS HAZARDOUS WASTE OVER-THE-COUNTER DRUGS DRUGS IN SOLID FORM FIRST AID SUPPLIES COSMETICS FOOD AND BEVERAGES WOOD PRODUCTS CONSUMER PRODUCTS (Depending on quantity or frequency of use such as cleansers) ARTICLES (such as clothing)
  • Slide 6
  • Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS) SUBMITTING ANNUAL CHEMICAL INVENTORIES Electronic submission (Excel, Paradox, Access or other delimited format) of your annual chemical inventory database/spreadsheet to OEHS is preferred, although OEHS does accept paper copies. A sample chemical inventory form is available on the OEHS website www.som.tulane.edu/oehs under the Chemical Safety link. Submit your database or spreadsheet annually to: pfatlan@tulane.edu or jfolse@tulane.edu.www.som.tulane.edu/oehspfatlan@tulane.edu jfolse@tulane.edu
  • Slide 7
  • Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS) SUBMITTING ANNUAL CHEMICAL INVENTORIES The Operations Committee is looking into alternative methods of reporting Chemical Inventory (such as BarCoding, Radio-Frequency Tagging, etc.) OEHS will keep you informed of any changes.
  • Slide 8
  • Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS) CHEMICAL INVENTORY FORM (Form available at www.som.tulane.edu/oehs under Chemical Safety link) Required Informationwww.som.tulane.edu/oehs Supervisor/PI Department Campus/Bldg/Rm # Date of Inventory Product/Chemical Name Manufacturer Have MSDS? (Y/N) CAS (Chemical Abstract Service) Number Product or Catalog Number Number of Containers Total amount of material & units (ml, g, lb) Container Type/Size (glass, plastic/ml, g, lb)
  • Slide 9
  • Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS) CHEMICAL INVENTORY FORM (Form available at www.som.tulane.edu/oehs under the Chemical Safety link)www.som.tulane.edu/oehs All information is important for regulatory reporting and must be submitted. If amounts vary on any given day, simply indicate the amount of each material that is available on the day the inventory is taken. Each chemical has a unique CAS number. Mixtures will have a CAS number for each chemical in the mixture. Some materials are trade secrets and will not list the CAS numbers. Submit as much information as you can. Previously submitted inventories can be obtained from OEHS for updating. Contact Pam Fatland.
  • Slide 10
  • Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS) PURPOSE OF UPDATING CHEMICAL INVENTORY To verify that you have the Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs) you need in the work area and so the OEHS library of MSDSs is complete Emergency Responders need inventory for emergencies, such as fires and spills, and for planning purposes To perform a hazard evaluation of the area, obtain appropriate PPE, verify proper storage and that containers are in good condition and not expired
  • Slide 11
  • Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS) PURPOSE OF UPDATING CHEMICAL INVENTORY Tulane is required to report inventory to local, state, and federal agencies such as the EPA, the State Police, and the Fire Department Fees based on the inventory must be paid to regulatory agencies (Example: City of New Orleans Hazardous Materials Tax which helps to support the Fire Depts HAZMAT unit)
  • Slide 12
  • Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS) CHEMICAL LABELS Required Information Full Chemical Name Physical and Health Hazards (Flammable, Corrosive, Toxic) Manufacturer Name/Address/Phone Number (on incoming containers)
  • Slide 13
  • Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS) CHEMICAL LABELS Required Information Labels are required on all incoming containers, all transfer containers that will be left for a period of time, and on all containers that will be used by more than one person You can label an entire shelf instead of each individual container if all containers on the shelf contain the same thing (Ex. specimen containers of ethanol) Labels must be legible, in English, and have the full name of the chemical spelled out (no symbols or abbreviations)
  • Slide 14
  • Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS) CHEMICAL LABELS Required Information The purpose of labeling is to identify the material and to become aware of the hazards and the methods of protection Sometimes OSHA requires special wording to appear on the label of certain chemicals or at the entrance to a regulated area (Ex. Formaldehyde containers must say Irritant and Potential Cancer Hazard)
  • Slide 15
  • Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS) More Chemical Label Information Sometimes labels contain other information that serve to enhance the hazard warnings and identify means of protection, such as: Signal Word (e.g., Danger, Warning, Caution) First Aid Procedures Handling & Storage (e.g., Avoid contact with Acids) Special Instructions (e.g., Keep out of reach of children, Use with adequate ventilation)
  • Slide 16
  • Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS) Chemical Labeling Systems Optional information which may be found on a container label: The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) uses a color-coded diamond with a numerical rating system to identify the degree of health (blue), fire (red), or reactivity (yellow) hazards associated with a chemical in a fire situation. A zero means minimal hazards whereas a four indicates severe hazards.
  • Slide 17
  • Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS) Chemical Labeling Systems Optional information which may be found on a container label: The National Paint and Coatings Association uses the Hazardous Materials Identification System (HMIS), a similar system of labeling which rates chemicals from zero to four on their health (blue), flammability (red), reactivity (yellow), and also gives personal protective equipment designations.
  • Slide 18
  • Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS) Chemical Labels OEHS has labels available for portable containers where you can write in the full name of the chemical and check off the physical and health hazards, as well as personal protective equipment. Use of these is optional. Contact Jay Folse of OEHS to request these labels: jfolse@tulane.edu.jfolse@tulane.edu
  • Slide 19
  • Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS) LABORATORY DOOR SIGNS Signage for laboratory doors stating the hazards found in the lab and emergency contact information are available from OEHS Door sign request forms available on OEHS website www.som.tulane.edu/oehs under the Chemical Safety link form can also be used for updates of current signs www.som.tulane.edu/oehs Signs contain stickers relating to hazards found in that laboratory (Example: Flammable, Corrosive, Water Reactive) Signs also contain authorized admittance/emergency contact information which should be used before entering a lab or during an emergency to contact appropriate personnel Copies of signage forms are kept in OEHS for emergency response purposes
  • Slide 20
  • Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS) DEFINITIONS Familiarize yourself with terms found on chemical labels/MSDSs Under MSDS link of OEHS Website www.som.tulane.edu/oehs see www.som.tulane.edu/oehs MSDS HyperGlossary - http://www.ilpi.com/msds/ref/ http://www.ilpi.com/msds/ref/
  • Slide 21
  • Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS) DEFINITIONS CARCINOGEN - Can cause cancer CORROSIVE - Can cause destruction of living tissue (e.g., acids, caustics) EXPLOSIVE - Can cause release of pressure, gas, and heat FLAMMABLE - Can burn when ignition source and air are present
  • Slide 22
  • Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS) DEFINITIONS IRRITANT - Can cause reversible inflammatory effect (e.g., eyes water, itching) OXIDIZER - Promotes combustion = oxygen SENSITIZER - Can cause an allergic reaction in some people TOXIC - Can cause health effect
  • Slide 23
  • Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS) ROUTES OF ENTRY Chemicals can enter the body in a number of ways. Depending on the chemicals route of entry, you may need respiratory protection, skin protection such as gloves or aprons, or face and eye protection such as face shields and goggles. INHALATION = Nose INGESTION = Mouth SKIN CONTACT = Skin, Eyes INJECTION = Skin (subcutaneous vs. dermal)
  • Slide 24
  • Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS) MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEETS (MSDSs) MSDSs are documents that inform you of the hazards associated with a chemical and how to protect yourself from those hazards MSDSs must be readily accessible to employees in the work area where the chemicals are used Each company publishes its own MSDSs with their address and emergency contact information. Thus if you have a chemical such as acetone from two different manufacturers, you will need an MSDS from both of those manufacturers
  • Slide 25
  • Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS) MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEETS (MSDSs) (The following are types of information that can be found on an MSDS) Identity Ingredients Physical Properties Hazards *Physical *Health Precautions Storage Control Measures Disposal Spills Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
  • Slide 26
  • Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS) MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEETS - ACQUISITION Manufacturers are required to ship MSDSs to Tulane with the first shipment of a chemical OEHS maintains a hard-copy library of all MSDSs received from the manufacturers and all chemicals listed on the inventories that are submitted. The OEHS library of MSDSs is kept at the OEHS office downtown, the OEHS office Uptown, and at the Primate Center MSDSs are also available on the OEHS website www.som.tulane.edu/oehs under the MSDS link www.som.tulane.edu/oehs The OEHS website/MSDS link also contains FAX numbers for common chemical manufacturers Contact OEHS if you have trouble finding an MSDS that you need
  • Slide 27
  • Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS) MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEETS ACQUISITION Ways to Obtain MSDSs at Tulane: OEHS Website www.som.tulane.edu/oehs then click on the MSDS linkwww.som.tulane.edu/oehs Online MSDS collections Online Manufacturer Links Manufacturer FAX numbers Other University Websites OEHS Library of hard copies of MSDSs
  • Slide 28
  • Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS) ELECTRONIC MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEETS OSHA now recognizes that MSDSs can be kept electronically in the work area, if all of these criteria are met: All employees are trained on how to obtain MSDSs MSDSs are able to be printed An alternative to obtaining MSDSs in the event of power loss or other emergency must exist (Contact OEHS Library of MSDSs)
  • Slide 29
  • Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS) TRADE SECRETS The OSHA HAZCOM standard provides for protection of trade secrets. The identity of a trade secret chemical must be given to health professionals, employees, or designated representatives in a medical emergency. The chemical manufacturer may require a written statement of need and confidentiality agreement as soon as circumstances permit. In a non-emergency, the health professional, employee, or designated representative may provide a written request for disclosure of a chemicals identity. This written request may be denied but the manufacturer must explain how alternate information will satisfy the specific occupational or medical need. OSHA may be contacted to review the request and denial.
  • Slide 30
  • Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS) TRAINING All who work with or around chemicals must be trained. All training must be documented. Training forms can be found at www2.som.tulane.edu/oehs/safety/04F-oehss03.pdf. Online quizzes for this training Powerpoint presentation will go directly to OEHS and will serve as your training documentation for the OSHA Hazard Communication Standard Powerpoint presentation. Supervisors must provide training on specific chemical hazards in the work area, PPE and/or work practices to use while doing your job, etc.
  • Slide 31
  • Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS) TRAINING All who work with or around chemicals must be trained. You must be able to show you understood the training. *Quiz *Random Interviews (Be able to answer questions) *Demonstrations (actually obtain an MSDS)
  • Slide 32
  • Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health &...

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