tv intergenerational leisure artefact

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TV related leisure experiences: intergenerational intersections and relations Television as an (intergenerational) leisure artefact a preliminary comment 1 Xabier Landabidea Urresti Institute of Leisure Studies University of Deusto

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  • 1. TV related leisure experiences: intergenerational intersections and relationsTelevision as an(intergenerational) leisure artefacta preliminary comment1Xabier Landabidea UrrestiInstitute of Leisure StudiesUniversity of Deusto

2. Summary1. BACKGROUND: Televisual leisure experiences of differentgenerations of Basque speakers study (PhD) Basic concepts. Methodology and fieldwork.2. TELEVISION AS AN (INTERGENERATIONAL) LEISURE ARTEFACT. An artefact for leisure An artefact of leisure3. GENERATIONAL BELONGING AND PERCEIVED DIFFERENCES.2 3. Basic conceptsHumanist leisure perspective(phenomenon, experience,right).Leisure. More than free time.Uncoerced activity, wanted andsatisfactory activity withoutprimarily utilitarian goals,articulation of freedom. A distinctrealm of human experience.Leisure experience. Beyondleisure practices/activities:(materially, socially, historically)situated subjective dimension.An integral approach to thetelevisual leisure experiences ofdifferent generations (Astia-Aldia-Aisia model):3FREETIMELiberated time.Choice.Opportunity.The field ofperceived freedom.Duration ofopportunity.Potential./ASTIA/DURATIONPractice.Activity.Spacial/temporalcoordinates.The timeonwhich something takes place.Its materialandbiographicalrealization./ALDIA/AisialdiaAisialdiaLEISUREEXPERIENCEExperience ofapleasantprocess or situation.Gratuity,satisfaction.Experience.Erfahrung /Erlebnis./AISIA/ 4. Methodology4 1 heterogeneous (pretest) 9 homogeneous age-groups Maximum variation sample (age and residency)Focus Groups(oral account) 6 critical cases (able to prove or disprovehypotheses).In depthinterviews(oral account) Sociodemographic data Objective, measurable variables 12 item elicitation: Leisure coordinatesQuestionnaire(written account)+ATLAS.ti 7(CAQDAS)for dataanalysis 5. fieldwork5AGEGROUP Focus group In depthinterviewYOUNGS(1834) MUNGIADURANGOBAKIOADULTS 1(3549)BERMEOBILBAOBILBAOMUSKIZLARRABETZUADULTS2 (5064)MUNGIALEKEITIOSANTURTZIELDERS (65+) BILBAOAULESTIALEZAMALEKEITIO 6. 2013/04/1810861371 19111702468101214AlgortaAulestiBermeoBilbaoDurangoLarrabetzuLezamaLekeitioMungiaMuskizSanturtzi 7. TV as a (intergenerational) leisureartefactAn artefact for leisure(its function is leisure)An artefact of leisure(its formed by leisure)How hastelevision changed our(understanding/ experience of)leisure?How is our leisure changing our(understanding/ experience of)television? 8. Anartefact for leisureTheintergenerationalstatusofTVviewingasaleisurepractice TVis(often)watchedincompanyofothersTVasasharedexperience/reference Cartoons,programs,evolutionofTV:pastandpresentgenerationallandmarks.8 9. Anartefact for leisureCoocurrence ofthreegrandleisurefunctionsofTV(common/intrinsictoTV?): Entertainment/pastime/diversion(universal) Information(universal,butcontested) Afamiliarpresence:noise,company(universal)Somethingmore(andless)thantheclassicedutainment.9 10. An artifact of leisureThe idea of television (its experience) and the practice ofwatching television is shared by different generations.There is an high level of coexistence, cohabitation andcontact between generations in the TV related leisureexperiences.Generations shape the understanding of TV (older toyounger, younger to older).WOMAN, 47, BILBAO: That thing with skype, Ive just discovered it when the child has gone theUnited States, as he apparently has a big television in his room, and the can connect to skypethere and call us and so on Instead of a computer, from the television.WOMAN, 43, BILBAO: Of course, that kind ot television is already like a computer.WOMAN 50 BILBAO: I want a TV like that next time. 11. Leisure coordinatesFields on which leisure is manifested (with different livedexperiences) and which can guide its study andclassification (Cuenca, 2011).AutotelicleisurePure leisure. The north of humanist leisure.Free, satisfactory, with an end on in its own (no need of other aims). Nonutilitarian.ExotelicleisureUsefu leisure. Leisure as a medium (towards another end). Educativeleisure, terapeutic leisure Leisure with (perceived) benefits for the subject.AbsentleisureEmptiness. Lack of leisure experience. Boredom, need to fill a vacuum.Workaholism, consumismHarmfulleisureAutodestructive leisure. Contrary to a possitive leisure. It has negativeeffects for the individual and for tor the collective. Its definition and perceptionare dependent on social and historical coordinates. 12. Leisure coordinatesPhrase elicitation (questionnaire): Choose 4 and order themfrom order of importance (12 sentences to choose from).The items are presented randomly to the participants, afterthe focus group or interview session..AutotelicleisureI like televisionI find what I like in the televisionWatching television is pleasant/pleasurable.ExotelicleisureTelevision informs me about the worldI learn with televisionTelevision is useful/helpfulAbsentleisureI switch on the television when Im boredTelevision bores meWatching television is a waste of timeHarmfulleisureTelevision is addictive.I watch too much televisionTelevision takes up time to do other things. 13. TVintermsofleisurecoordinatesYoungpeople(1834)13WOMAN, 24, DURANGO: Uf, If I amwatching TV for two hours I feel bad, Imean, it feels Ive wasted time, I mean,for me its when I dont know what to do,or maybe what you said earlier, forrelaxing, or to have some noise when Imcooking, because Im in the kitchen butits not a productive thing, its a badlyinvested time, I dont know, if its notsomething particular, a good film orClear prevalence of ABSENTandHARMFULleisure.Some importance toEXOTELICleisure.Almost notrace of AUTOTELICleisure. 14. TVintermsofleisurecoordinatesAdults1(3549)14Clear prevalence of EXOTELICandAUTOTELICleisure.Some importance toABSENTleisure.Almost notrace of HARMFULleisure.MAN, 39, BILBAO: Well thats it, to beinformed and to have a passive leisure.To relax, maybe, too Maybe its forwhat we have associated at home, butnormally what we do is to put thechildren to sleep, put out the stuff andwe switch the TV on, and maybe youassociate that moment with relaxing ()Its not the same, but I think it hassomething to do with that moment whenpeople used to gather around thefireplaceMAN, 37, BERMEO: For me, itstranquility too. I dont know, to be ableto be watching for a little while, calmlyto put the attention only to it 15. TVintermsofleisurecoordinatesAdults2(5064)15Totalprevalence of EXOTELICleisure.Equilibrium between AUTOTELIC,ABSENTANDHARMFULleisure coordinates.WOMAN, 51, MUNGIA: Television time is arelaxation time, and therefore its not awaste of time, its that you are relaxing andyou have it in front of you. () Its not atime where you have to do something else,but a time you have to rest.WOMAN, 55 MUNGIA : Yes, because if youwant you can turn it off and do your things,but no, you are resting and watching.WOMAN, 51, MUNGIA: You have put upeverything, you have finished everything,and you say ok, now 5 minutes to sitdown, and then you switch it on, but notbecause you are due something, butbecause you have a moment 16. TVintermsofleisurecoordinatesforElder(65+)16Equilibrium between AUTOTELIC,EXOTELIC,ABSENTANDHARMFULleisure coordinates.Slight prevalence of AUTOTELICleisure.Difficulties with written accounts.MAN, 75, BILBAO: Somebody inventeda beautiful thing with television.Indeed! Me, I spend most of the timein the television. A little walk, walk for abit and to the television. You learn lotsof things. Otherwise we would bedumb dumb.WOMAN, 85, AULESTI: What did yousay, useful, right? Thats it, to switch iton when you are bored, and to learnthings and for everything! I like it.Television is a friend for me. Maybe youare home, and you switch on thetelevision and 17. GenerationalbelongingandperceivedgenerationaldifferencesintermsofTV17 All agegroupsfeelaspartofageneration Althoughtheactualboundariesarenotclear Technology(mobilephones,internet,gameconsoles) TVcontent(sharedchildhoodprograms,presentday/pastfandom) Some individualsdeclarethemselvespartofacertaingeneration.MAN40,LARRABETZU:Well,Iknow that my generation is the TVgeneration,the FMgeneration,but Iconsider myself partot the Internetgeneration,andIproclaim it. 18. GenerationalbelongingandperceivedgenerationaldifferencesintermsofTV18All agegroupsthinktherearedifferencesbetweengenerationsintheirrelationtoTV Theactualcharacteristicsareunclear Thereisacorrelationbetweenthestatedpersonalgeneration(FMgeneration,Internetgeneration)andtheleisurerelationtoTV. Evenyoungergroupstalkaboutthedifferentyoungones.MAN,24DURANGO:In my opinion,the ones that come after us have everything rightfrom their birth.WOMAN20MUNGIA:Idont feel partof the things that achild of 14does,Idont know 19. Inconclusion19 Thereare differences(andsimilarities)intheleisureexperiencesoftelevisionofdifferentagegroups Youngergroupsseemtobemorecritical(butalsomoreconfessedlyaddicted)towardsTV Subjectivebelongingdoes influencetherelationshipwithTVintermsofleisure. Mediaaffiliation(radio,TV,internet)ismentionedwhenbuildingagenerationalwesense. Televisionasaleisureartefact (bothforandof)isconstructedintergenerationally. Generationswatcheachother(aswellasTV)whenunderstandingandexperiencingTV. 20. Eskerrik [email protected].es