tyÖ stratford 2014
Post on 06-Apr-2016
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DESCRIPTIONVision for the restoration and redevelopment of Stratford's heritage industrial Cooper Site
TABLE OF CONTENTS
DESIGN BRIEFThe site has been redesigned to not only fit in with and enhance the existing core of Stratford, but also to stand out in its own right. This concept brings desired uses and amenities to the site, incentivizing residents and visitors to share in the experience of the site while making it their own. The site will em-brace technology and partner with the University of Waterloo Global Business and Digital Arts campus. To ensure maximum economic return and enjoyment, TYÖ proposes an inclusive and diverse set of uses and features that are intergenerationally practical and appealing. The following report will outline TYÖ’s vision for the revitalization of the Cooper site which encompasses architectural, engineering, artistic, and intellectual ideas.
TYÖ has been retained by the City of Stratford to propose a design concept for the revitalization of the Cooper Site that is economically feasible and meet the needs of the current and future populations. Located at 350 Downie Street, the Cooper Site covers an area of 4.6 hectares. It is in proximity to city hall, shops, restaurants and the University of Waterloo Stratford Campus. Formally known as the Grand Truck Railway Repair Shops, this site has a strong built and cultural heritage value and a sense of place for many citizens living in Stratford. The Cooper Site has greatly contributed to the establishment and vitality of today’s Stratford. The two hectare repair shop has been vacant and unused for several decades and is now derelict after long periods of exposure to harsh weather and being vandalized. Despite the damages, engineering and environmental assessments have concluded that the iron frame is still structurally sound and that restoration is possible. In hopes of avoiding what could be the demolition of great potential, the Architectural Conservancy of Ontario and the City of Stratford has sent a request for new proposals for the redevelopment of the Cooper Site. This report aims to articulate and realize this potential for the newest addition to Stratford.
With only three months of summer, the Cooper Site must be able to function in all weather conditions.
Previous industrial uses of the site have rendered the soil condition unsuitable for intensive excavation and removal of existing foundations
Potential increase in buffer width around railways may affect the way the site is developed
The City of Stratford is under financial stress. Therefore, all proposed development for the Cooper site must guarantee some form of economic profit.
Section 14 of City of Stratford Zoning By-Law No. 201 - 2002 states that central commercial zones can not exceed 15 metres (50 Feet). Additional storeys must undergo reviews by the council.
EASTERN MARKET DETROIT NEW YORK HIGHLINE
EVERGREEN BRICKWORKS HARPER BRANCH WATERLOO
I AMSTERDAM TUNNEL OF LOVE UKRAINE
DESIGN PRECEDENCEThe following section discusses six design pre-cedence: a community market, visually dynamic pathways and vegetation buffers, industrial adap-tive reuse, multi-use function, interactive public art and a sense of enclosure through vegetation.
The Eastern Market is a 4.5 acre market locat-ed in Detroit, Michigan, just outside downtown Detroit (Eastern Market Corporation, 2014). It is an excellent example of a community market. Formed in 1887, the market hosts 45 000 week-ly Saturday visitors (Eastern Market Corporation, 2014). It is a frequent destination for tailgating prior to NFL and MLB games at the nearby sports stadiums (Eastern Market Corporation, 2014). There are three large sheds in the Eastern Mar-ket, with each one selling a variety of fresh pro-duce, flowers, and other typical market items in open-air stalls. Located in New York City, the High Line is a pro-found example of visually dynamic pathways and vegetation buffers. This former railroad track in Manhattan has been converted into pedestrian pathways running alongside a revitalized neigh-bourhood (Friends of the Highline, 2014). About two kilometers long, it attracts over 5 million an-nual walkers to its eye catching urban setting of lush, wild gardens.
Situated near the Don Valley River in Toronto, On-tario, this former industrial brick factory was re-stored into a city park and is an excellent example of an industrial adaptive reuse. The preservation of the building’s features honours the past and develops a sense of place. Evergreen Brick Works
serves as an educational and cultural centre that promotes the environment, community and heri-tage. (Evergreen Brick Works, 2014).
The John M. Harper Branch, located in the city of Waterloo, is an excellent example of a multi-use facility. Opened in 2011, it is designed to serve and build a dynamic community through the com-bination of a high tech library and YMCA in one home. The infrastructure is certified LEED silver and the branch is committed on preserving the environment through sustainable and storm wa-ter management practices (Waterloo Public Li-brary, 2014).
Located at the back of the Rijksmuseum on Mu-seumplein, these three dimensional letters is an excellent example of interactive public art. The I Amsterdam sign has become an iconic vi-sual for the city. It sets a mood of playfulness and excitement for visitors where they can take photographs of themselves on top, inside and around the slogan. Due to the popularity of the sign, many letters bearing the same slogan have been constructed in different areas of the city. Businesses have branded the slogan onto t-shirts which can be purchased as a souvenir that locals and tourists proudly wear (Iamsterdam, 2014).
Located in Klevan, Ukraine, the tunnel of love is an aesthetic green corridor for a railway section. The tunnel of love is an excellent example of pro-viding a sense of enclosure through vegetation. It is a popular site for photographers and couples to dwell in the atmosphere of beauty, peace and love (Places to See In Your Lifetime , 2014)
DESIGN CONCEPTThe following section will outline design concepts envisioned for the Cooper Site and discuss the rele-vance of place attachment (University of Waterloo, 2014) for each concept.
A path network will be guided by desire lines that connect to high volume downtown roads. This net-work satisfies two purposes simultaneously in its geometry - to provide the most direct route possible from A to B; and to invite people explore hidden vistas and encourage curiousity.
The Cooper Building will be retrofitted to include a shared space of artist studios, residential lofts, commercial space with an emphasis on fresh produce, and new locations for the YMCA and public library. This diverse series of uses and amenities will be a major attraction in the City of Stratford. It also will create functional spaces that are modifiable and adaptable to both immediate and long term demands.
Paths and paved surfaces will be constructed using permeable materials to mitigate rainwater runoff during storm events and filter runoff contaminants. A multi-level parking structure will feature wild rooftop gardens that will retain heat and precipitation while enhancing the Cooper Site’s natural land-scape for aesthetic purposes.
The existing structural frame, windows, and date stone of the Cooper Building will be restored. The entrance archways will be built using traditional industrial materials such as wood, iron and steel. The Cooper Building will primarily follow the architectural style of industrial Victorian architecture and the parking structure will inhabit a modern style. This will captures the setting’s history and keep the Cooper Site contemporary at the same time.
The former turntable will be converted into inviting amphitheatre style seating with the center as an interactive digital surface with interchangeable images and text. The focal point will use technology as an opportunity to learn about the world and to understand Stratford’s unique past and present, tran-scending both time and place.
J F M A M J J A S O N D
Kalm's St. John's WortArden's Rose of Sharon
Ricki MagnoliaDawrf Korean Lilac
Diane WitchhazelEnglish Roseum Rhododendron
Blushing Bride HydrangeaNikko Blue Hydrangea
Coneflower 'Big Sky Solar Flare'Coneflower 'Magnus'
Coneflower 'Fragrant Angel'Lupine 'Popsicle Red'
Lupine 'Gallery Red'Garden Cosmos
Flowering Times and Colour for Plant Species on Cooper Site
The Gantt Chart illustrates the year-round flowering schedule for the plant species chosen on the Cooper Site. The x-axis represents time, in months of the year, while the y-axis shows the list of each species. The bars on the graph show the length (time) of the flowering period and the color for each respective species. Note that the chart only displays the flower species, not the tree species. As is common in the Southern Ontario climate, most plants bloom during the summer months (June-Sep-tember), and this is reflected the the Cooper Site chart. Although there are species that flower during the winter months (late October-March) TYÖ has intentionally left this time period empty. Our reason-ing for this is that our selected tree species will have a multitude of leaf colorings during the fall, which will provide an aesthetic attraction in itself during this time period. Similarly, TYÖ envisions winter snowfalls will blanket the site with fresh powder, providing a familiar winter atmosphere and holiday spirit from December until March.
Flowering Times and Colour for Plant Species on Cooper Site
Ar 3 Ar 1
Cs 1 Tm 2 Tm 2 Tm 1
Tm 1Tt 2 Tt 3 Tt 1Tt 5
Hs 2Hs 3
Hs 2 Hs 3
The image above is a day time scene of the Cooper Site. Below it is the site as it appears at night. Around the exterior of the exisiting industrial building are old-fashioned, faux gaslamps that cast a gen-tle but bright yellow glow. As one moves towards the amphitheatre and the Global Business and Digital Arts campus, the lighting system becomes more modern, changing from golden to white strip LED lights. This demonstrates a progression, manifested in the lighting network, moving from the Cooper Site’s industrial heritage into Stratford’s digital future.
The parking structure located at the south of the site has three stepped levels. This unimposing built form improves the pedestrian experience from both the site and the street, creating a safe and friend-ly atmosphere. Each setback creates a terrace that will be transformed into a series of green roofs used to reduce stormwater runoff and enhance visual aesthetics. Connected by elevated pedestrian walkways, the parking structure is an extension of the existing building and defines the edge of the site along Downie Street.
The site has been redesigned to add value to the existing core of Stratford. Built to fit in yet stand out, the plan brings in new desired uses and features to the site, incentivizing citizens to utilize the amenities on varying temporal scales. The site will embrace the existence of the nearby UW digital arts campus, building a relationship between them through an interactive historical feature. To avoid creating dead spaces, the uses on site have been selected for their guaranteed attraction of people of all demographics.
REFERENCESCity of Stratford. (2011). City of Stratford Zoning By-law No. 201-2000. Stratford.
Eastern Market Corporation. (2014). About Eastern Market. Retrieved from http://www.detroiteasternmarket.com/
Evergreen Brick Works. (2014). Evergreen. Retrieved from www.evergreen.ca
Friends of the Highline. (2014). Friends of the Highline. Retrieved from http://www.thehighline.org/
Iamsterdam. (2014). Iamsterdam. Retrieved from www.iamsterdam.com
Places to See In Your Lifetime. (2014). Tunnel of Love in Ukraine. Retrieved from www.placestoseeinyourlifetime.com
Read Jones Christoffersen Ltd. (2012). Building Condition Assessment Report: City of Stratford Cooper Site. Toronto.
University of Waterloo. (2014). Lecture 2: Urban Design History and Conceptions of Place.
Waterloo Public Library. (2014). John M. Harper Branch . Retrieved from www.harper.wpl.ca