u learning: educating a mobile generation

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  • 1. U-Learning:Educating a Mobile GenerationSteve Wheeler Faculty of Education University of Plymouth

2. Digital Shift

  • Our students have changed radically.Todays students are no longer the people our educational system was designed to teach(Marc Prensky, 2001)

3. Digital Shift

  • By the time they reach 21 most young people in the UK will have:
  • Sent over 200,000 text messages
  • Played 10,000 hours of videogames
  • Watched over 20,000 hours of TV
  • Talked 10,000 hours on mobile phones
  • Seen over 500,000 TV adverts
  • Spent less than 5,000 hours reading

Source: Prensky, 2001: The above figures are well out of date! 4. Txt Example A N E WAY 2 GET THE COOLSTUFF AT THE SIDE GO 2 FORMAT AND THEN STATIONARY THERES LOADS OF WICKED 1S YES I DID NO BOUTANDYSDAD TEACHIN UHM. 33333 { 0 0 } 2 _ _ _ _ 5. Txt Example B JASON : Urite its Jason from the comon.How r u? Wot u bin up 2 2day? Tb luv Jason MANA : Oh,hi!Im great thanx,u?Not alot,my day was ok,nothing special.how was urs? REPLY : Yeah same.was ok.what did u get up 2 after da party?where did u go? MANA: erm went sumwhere else 2 meet sum of my friends but we wer rele late so they had gone so then we jus went back 2 my mates house n stayed there.u? REPLY :Went 2 a pub 4 a bitlol 6. Txt Example C My smmrhols wr CWOT, B4, we usd 2go2 NY 2C my bro, his GF & 3:- @ kds FTF, ILNY, its a gr8 plc. Bt my Ps wr so (:-/ BC o 9/11 tht they dcdd 2 stay in SCO & spnd 2 wkd up N. Up N, WUCIWUG 0. I ws vvv brd in Mon. 0 bt baas & ^^^^^^. AAR8, my Ps wr- they sd ICBW, & tht they wr ha-p 4 the pc&qtIDTS!! I wntd 2 go hm ASAP, 2C my m8s again. 2day, I cam bk 2 skool. I feel v O BC I hv dn all my hm wrk. Now its BAU 7. Household Devices (UK) Source: National Statistics Office:http://www.statistics.gov.uk/ 8. Household Devices (96-06) Source: National Statistics Office:http://www.statistics.gov.uk/ 9. Mobile Phone Ownership (UK) Source: National Statistics Office:http://www.statistics.gov.uk/ 10. Global Mobile Users =2 billion Analogue Users =34 million US Mobile users = 160 million Total European users = 342.43 millionTotal African users =83 million Total 3G users =130 million Top Mobile CountryChina (300 million) Global monthly SMS: 36 per userSMS Sent Globally: 235 billion Source:http://www.cellular.co.za/stats/stats-europe.htm Mobile phone use 2006 11. Paradigm Shift

  • Should we translate traditional learning environments into digital format, or should there be a complete reworking of our ideas about education and training?

12. Analogues Progression of the Digital Age Increasing Proficiency 13. Analogues DigitalImmigrants Progression of the Digital Age Increasing Proficiency 14. Analogues DigitalImmigrants DigitalNatives Progression of the Digital Age Increasing Proficiency Source: Prensky, (2001) 15. Digital Natives

  • Video games
  • MTV
  • Hypertext and hypermedia
  • Music downloads
  • Laptop library access
  • Mobile phone connectivity
  • Instant messaging
  • Twitch speed

16. Which are you? 17. A Digital Divide

  • Digital Immigrantsfind it hard to believe their students can learn successfully while watching TV or listening to music, because they (theImmigrants ) cant.
  • Digital Nativesthink randomly, are able to multi-task, and concentrate in shorter and more intensive bursts.
  • Nativesare always on the move

18. Natives Immigrants Analogues Look for information on the internet first They look for information in traditional media, then the internet Next thing youre going to tell me is that all the computers in the world are connected by some sort of super highway! 19. Natives Immigrants Analogues Start using all software without reading the manual. They assume the software will intuitively teach them. Have to educate themselves before attempting to use new software.And they find the whole thing rather annoying. Yeah I like soft wear. All my clothes are made of cotton. 20. Natives Click once on a web hyperlink. Read email from screen. Hi.. Check out this cool site: www.coolsite.com 21. Natives Immigrants Click once on a web hyperlink. Double-click webhyper links. Read email from screen. Print out emails and read them on paper. Hi.. Check out this cool site: www.coolsite.com Hello? Bill here. Do you have a minute? Come to my office right now. Youve got to see this web site! 22. Natives Immigrants Analogues Click once on a web hyperlink. Double-click webhyper links. Hyper-kids can be so annoying! Read email from screen. Print out emails and read them on paper. My secretary handles this email thing Hi.. Check out this cool site: www.coolsite.com Hello? Bill here. Do you have a minute? Come to my office right now. Youve got to see this web site! Can you send someone to clean those spider webs from the ceiling of my office? 23. Mobile Devices for U-Learning

  • Personal Digital Assistants , or PDAs, are probably the most common type of mobile technology in education.
  • Tablet PCsare currently the most versatile form of mobile technology because they combine the functionality of a laptop and a PDA.
  • With technological advances and steadily decreasing cost,mobile phonesare emerging as a viable option for mobile learning.

24. A Prediction

  • The mobile phone will become the dominant handheld device for mobile learning in the next 5 years.

25. Convergence

  • Video
  • Radio/Alarm
  • Internet
  • e-Mail
  • Music Composer
  • Camera
  • Desk Dairy
  • SMS/Text
  • MP3 Audio
  • Television

26. Interaction in U-Learning Source: Moore (1989) American Journal of Distance Education Decreasing Dependency Interaction with Content Interaction with Learners Interaction with Tutors 27. Wireless ApplicationProtocol (WAP) Tutors can store learning objects and menus in XHTML so that students can accessthem through WAP on mobiledevices 28. Source: ELearn Magazine, www.elearnmag.org 29. Moblogging Mobloggingis the practice of being able to update an online journal (or web log - blog) using a mobile device.Source: http://mlearning.edublogs.org/tag/mobile-phone/moblogging/ 30. Discussion

  • Are there areas of your own teaching in which mobile (u)learning could play a part?
  • If yes, what would you need to know in order to implement it?
  • If not, why not? (Identify reasons mobile learning might be inappropriate or unusable)

31. The Future? Wearable Computers University of Oregon Source: www.cs.uoregon.edu Digital Paper A CPU and touch screen On digital paper (MIT) Source:fireflywiki.org 32. The Future? Intelligent Agents Context Awareness Computer reacts toDifferent or personal situations Intelligent Agent Computer assists usersand will act on their behalf 33. Useful Resources

  • Learning Light e-Learning Centre(Mobile & Wireless Learning Projects)
  • http://www.e-learningcentre.co.uk/eclipse/Resources/mlearning.htm
  • Educause ReviewGoing Nomadic: Mobile Learning in Higher Education
  • http://www.educause.edu/pub/er/erm04/erm0451.asp?bhcp=1
  • Glasgow Caledonian University : Mobile Learning Examples
  • http://www.educause.edu/pub/er/erm04/erm0451.asp?bhcp=1
  • FuturelabReport 11: Literature Review in Mobile Technologies and Learning
  • http://www.futurelab.org.uk/research/reviews/reviews_11_and12/11_02.htm
  • Learning with Mobile Devices : Conference Proceedings
  • http://www.lsda.org.uk/files/pdf/1440.pdf

34. Thanks for ListeningW: www2.plymouth.ac.uk/distancelearning E: swheeler@plymouth.ac.uk B: http://steve-wheeler.blogspot.com