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  • 2012-03-05 1

    UNECE-Medstat Workshop on Gender Statistics: time use surveys

    Presentation by Klas RydenstamGeneva, 15 March 2012

    klas.rydenstam@telia.com

  • 2012-03-05 2

    Agenda

    Characteristics of the time use survey and how it differs from many other statistical surveys Technique: Survey design process, methodological options A statistical story on gender equality: illustration of properties and content of time use data on basis of a Swedish surveyInternational harmonisation

    Klas Rydenstam

  • 2012-03-05 3

    Time use structure, by sex, Swedish population 16-64 years, before 1991

    Hours

    Source: LFS 1991

    ?

    ?

    Klas Rydenstam

  • 2012-03-05 4

    Time use structure, by sex, Swedish population 20-64 years, 1990/91, Sept-May

    0 3 6 9 12 15 18 21 24

    Men

    Women

    Paid work Study Unpaid work

    Personal needs Free time Other

    Hours

    Source: Swedish TUS, 2000/01 Klas Rydenstam

  • 2012-03-05 5

    Survey objectives Early days: living conditions, mass media use

    Gender issues, work

    UN womens conference, Beijing 1995

    Increasing number of tus Data available

    More analysis New applications for new purposes

    E.g. well-being, work-life balance, health, transport, etc. See, e.g. UNECE Policy Relevance of Time Use Surveys, draft 2011-12-20

    Klas Rydenstam

  • 2012-03-05 6

    Characteristics of the time use survey What people do, how time is allocated to

    various sorts of activities

    Study object: person days A sample in two dimensions: individuals and days

    The time use is measured by chronological recording of activities

    Klas Rydenstam

  • 2012-03-05 7

    Household or Individual.

    . but also a time periodconsequently: sample of person-days or household-days

    Unit of study

    Klas Rydenstam

  • 2012-03-05 8

    Population1

    234

    56

    789

    101112

    .N

    Time dimensionDay

    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 D-1 D.

    x .x .

    .x . x

    .x .

    x ... x

    x ..

    . . . . . . . . . . ..

    Klas Rydenstam

  • 2012-03-05 9

    What were you doing? What else were you doing? Where were you? Were you alone or together with Record your main activity for each 10-minute Record the most important parallel Record the location or somebody you know?period from 04.00 to 07.00 am! activity. the mode of transport

    Indicate if you used a computer or internet Indicate if you used a computer or e.g. at home, Mark "yes" by crossinginternet at friends' home, With other household members

    at school, at workplace, Alone Partner Parent HouseholdOther OtherOnly one main activity on each line! in restaurant, in shop, member householdpersonsDistinguish betw een travel and the activity that is by foot, on cycle, in car, up to 9 member that you

    Time, am the reason for travelling. on motorbike, on bus, know

    04.00-04.10

    04.10-04.20

    04.20-04.30

    04.30-04.40

    04.40-04.50

    04.50-05.00

    05.00-05.10

    05.10-05.20

    05.20-05.30

    05.30-05.40

    05.40-05.50

    05.50-06.00

    06.00-06.10

    06.10-06.20

    06.20-06.30

    06.30-06.40

    06.40-06.50

    06.50-07.00

    Klas RydenstamSource HETUS

  • 2012-03-05 10

    What did you during this day?Household no |__|__|__|__| night morning day evening nightPerson no |__|__|__|

    Date |__|__|__|__|__|__|__|__| 04.00 05.00 06.00 07.00 08.00 09.00 10.00 11.00 12.00 01.00 02.00 03.00 04.00 05.00 06.00 07.00 08.00 09.00 10.00 11.00 12.00 01.00 02.00 03.00- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

    05.00 06.00 07.00 08.00 09.00 10.00 11.00 12.00 01.00 02.00 03.00 04.00 05.00 06.00 07.00 08.00 09.00 10.00 11.00 12.00 01.00 02.00 03.00 04.00

    1 Sleeping

    2 Eating, drinking, personal care

    3 School (also homework)

    4 Work as employed |__|

    5 Own business work |__|__|

    6 Tending rice |__|__|

    7 Tending other crops |__|__|

    8 Tending animals

    9 Fetching water

    10 Collecting firewood

    11 Hunting

    12 Fishing

    13 Buying /shopping

    14 Construction

    15 Weaving, sewing, textile care

    16 Handicraft (not textile)

    17 Cooking, baking

    18 Washing,cleaning,do the dishes

    19 Care for children/adults/elderly

    20 Travels

    21 Leisure time

    22 Other, specify

    04.00 05.00 06.00 07.00 08.00 09.00 10.00 11.00 12.00 01.00 02.00 03.00 04.00 05.00 06.00 07.00 08.00 09.00 10.00 11.00 12.00 01.00 02.00 03.00

    - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -05.00 06.00 07.00 08.00 09.00 10.00 11.00 12.00 01.00 02.00 03.00 04.00 05.00 06.00 07.00 08.00 09.00 10.00 11.00 12.00 01.00 02.00 03.00 04.00

    night morning day evening night

    Klas RydenstamSource: Laotian TUS

  • 2012-03-05 11

    Basic design optionsGeneral approach: Diary vs. Direct questionnaire approachDiary: Interviewer administered vs. Self administered Pre-coded activities vs. Own wordsIf interviewer administered: Phone vs. face-to-face interview Yesterday vs. tomorrow Open vs. fixed time intervals Diary content (recording domains or dimensions)

    Klas Rydenstam

  • 2012-03-05 12

    Main activitySecondary activity (Tertiary, activity)With whomFor whom (paid?)Where (location)Means of transport

    Subjective indicatorsSatisfaction, feeling, happiness, degree of obligation

    Other indicators:The weatherOther circumstances connected to the episode

    Diary content

    Klas Rydenstam

  • 2012-03-05 13

    Survey objectives

    All aspects of the survey design depends on survey objectives!

    E.g.:- Target population and unit of study- General approach- Time period, selection of diary days- Variable content

    Klas Rydenstam

  • 2012-03-05 14

    Objective

    Testing,Pilot surveys

    EvaluationFinal surveydesign

    Data collection

    Ideal surveydesign (content)

    Adjustments?

    Adjusted surveydesign

    Restrictions imposed by reality

    Survey design process

    Klas Rydenstam

  • 2012-03-05 15

    Field process for one household

    Interview:- Household- Householdmembers

    Time

    Coding, data entry, etc.

    Interviewerspreparations

    Randomly designated diary days

    X X X

    Klas Rydenstam

  • 2012-03-05 16

    What were you doing? What else were you doing? Where were you? Were you alone or together with Record your main activity for each 10-minute Record the most important parallel Record the location or somebody you know?period from 04.00 to 07.00 pm! activity. the mode of transport

    Indicate if you used a computer or internet Indicate if you used a computer or e.g. at home, Mark "yes" by crossinginternet at friends' home, With other household members

    at school, at workplace, Alone Partner Parent HouseholdOther OtherOnly one main activity on each line! in restaurant, in shop, member householdpersonsDistinguish between travel and the activity that is by foot, on cycle, in car, up to 9 member that you

    Time, pm the reason for travelling. on motorbike, on bus, know

    04.00-04.10 Went from work to the day care centre Planned a birthday party for my son Bus

    04.10-04.20 --"-- --"-- --"--

    04.20-04.30 Talked with the child minder Helped the children dressing Day care center

    04.30-04.40 Went to the grocery Talked with my children By foot

    04.40-04.50 Bought food for my family and my neighbour Shopping center

    04.50-05.00 Went home By foot

    05.00-05.10 Delivered food to my neighbour At neigbourgs home

    05.10-05.20 Put own food in fridge Home

    05.20-05.30 Cooked supper Listened to the radio

    05.30-05.40 --"-- --"--

    05.40-05.50 Had supper Talked with my family

    05.50-06.00 --"-- --"--

    06.00-06.10 --"-- --"--

    06.10-06.20 Cleared the table

    06.20-06.30 Had a rest

    06.30-06.40 Watched TV with my family Knitted

    06.40-06.50 --"-- --"--

    06.50-07.00 --"-- --"--

    Klas RydenstamSource HETUS

  • 2012-03-05 17

    What did you during this day?Household no |__|__|__|__| night morning day evening nightPerson no |__|__|__|

    Date |__|__|__|__|__|__|__|__| 04.00 05.00 06.00 07.00 08.00 09.00 10.00 11.00 12.00 01.00 02.00 03.00 04.00 05.00 06.00 07.00 08.00 09.00 10.00 11.00 12.00 01.00 02.00 03.00- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

    05.00 06.00 07.00 08.00 09.00 10.00 11.00 12.00 01.00 02.00 03.00 04.00 05.00 06.00 07.00 08.00 09.00 10.00 11.00 12.00 01.00 02.00 03.00 04.00

    1 Sleeping

    2 Eating, drinking, personal care

    3 School (also homework)

    4 Work as employed |__|

    5 Own business work |__|__|

    6 Tending rice |__|__|

    7 Tending other crops |__|__|

    8 Tending animals

    9 Fetching water

    10 Collecting firewood

    11 Hunting

    12 Fishing

    13 Buying /shopping

    14 Construction

    15 Weaving, sewing, textile care

    16 Handicraft (not textile)

    17 Cooking, baking

    18 Washing,cleaning,do the dishes

    19 Care for children/adults/elderly

    20 Travels

    21 Leisure time

    22 Other, specify

    04.00 05.00 06.00 07.00 08.00 09.00 10.00 11.00 12.00 01.00 02.00 03.00 04.00 05.00 06.00 07.00 08.00 09.00 10.00 11.00 12.00 01.00 02.00 03.00

    - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

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