unit 4: imperialism and wwi ppt:#1 ... unit 4: imperialism and wwi ppt:#1 daily essential questions

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  • UNIT 4: IMPERIALISM AND WWI PPT:#1

  • DAILY

    ESSENTIAL

    QUESTIONS

    1. What were the causes of

    imperialism?

    2. How did the United States

    acquire Alaska and Hawaii?

    3. What were the causes and

    effects of the Spanish American

    War?

    4. Why did the US get involved

    Asia specifically China?

    5. What were the different foreign

    policies of Roosevelt, Taft, and

    Wilson?

  • EQ #1 - WHAT WERE THE CAUSES OF IMPERIALISM?

    WHAT IS IMPERIALISM?

     Imperialism - The policy by which stronger nations extend their political, economic, and military control over weaker territories.

  • All the European countries were doing it!

  • WHAT WERE THE CAUSES OF US IMPERIALISM?

    1. Economic Gain $$$$

    2. Nationalism

    3. Militarism/ Naval Power

    4. “White Man’s Burden” – Social Darwinism

    • US moved from isolationism to expansionism because of capitalism that increased the need raw materials for industry

    • Wanted more people to sell goods to in overseas markets

    • Wanted Europe to know that we were powerful

    • Fredrick Jackson Turner – Frontier Thesis

    • Need Naval Bases around the world to secure trading relationships

    In The Influence of Sea Power Upon History, historian Alfred T. Mahan argued that great nations owed their greatness to naval power.

    • Imperialists feel that it is the moral duty to spread White (European) culture and Christianity to inferior people and the best nations should do this.

  • • US moved from isolationism to expansionism because of capitalism that increased the need raw materials for industry

    • Wanted more people to sell goods to in overseas markets

    1. Economic Gain $$$$

    • Wanted Europe to know that we were powerful

    • Fredrick Jackson Turner – Frontier Thesis2. Nationalism

    • Need Naval Bases around the world to secure trading relationships

    •In The Influence of Sea Power Upon History, historian Alfred T. Mahan argued that great nations owed their greatness to naval power.

    3. Militarism/ Naval Power

    • Imperialists feel that it is the moral duty to spread White (European) culture and Christianity to inferior people and the best nations should do this.

    4. “White Man’s Burden” –

    Social Darwinism

    WHAT WERE THE CAUSES OF US IMPERIALISM?

  • What do you see in this political cartoon?

  • • Called “Seward’s Icebox”

    and “Seward’s Folly” as a

    useless frozen tundra.

    • But valuable resources

    including timber and oil

    were found.

    • Alaska doubled America’s

    territory at that time.

    1. Alaska - In 1867, Secretary of State William

    Seward purchased Alaska from Russia for $7.2

    million.

    EQ #2. How did the United States acquire Alaska and Hawaii?

  • • In 1887, US sugar

    planters gained control

    of the government.

    • In 1891, Queen

    Liliuokalani abolished

    the constitution that

    gave white planters

    power.

    • In 1893, with the help of

    U.S. Marines, the Queen

    was dethroned.

    • In 1898, Congress voted to annex Hawaii.

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eHTOEfSyu-4 6min

    2. Hawaii

    Sanford Dole – Hmmm? $$$

    (I need to sell my pineapples!)

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eHTOEfSyu-4

  • What were the Causes? 1. In 1890s, Spain controlled

    Cuba, Puerto Rico,

    Guam, and the

    Philippines.

    2. Cubans rebelled against

    Spanish rule. Spain

    retaliated and thousands

    of Cubans died of disease

    and starvation in

    reconcentration camps.

    3. The Yellow Press published emotional

    headlines in the United

    States that exaggerated

    Spanish atrocities.

    4. Americans have

    businesses in Cuba!

    EQ #3. What were the causes and effects of the

    Spanish-American War?

    The Yellow Press is journalism with little or no legitimate well-researched news. Uses eye- catching headlines to sell more newspapers. Techniques include exaggerations of news events, scandal-mongering, or sensationalism.

  • CUBA IN CARTOONS 1890S

  • William Randolph

    Hearst, publisher

    of the New York

    Journal stated:

    "You furnish the

    pictures, and I'll

    furnish the war!"

  • 5. In response, Pres. McKinley warned Spain to make peace and

    sent the battleship Maine to Havana harbor to protect American citizens.

    6. The De Lome Letter - The Spanish Ambassador wrote a private

    letter that was intercepted. The letter said that Pres. McKinley was

    weak and stupid. The Yellow Press published the letter. The letter

    fueled jingoism –aggressive nationalism.

    7. On February 15, 1898, the Maine exploded, killing 266 Americans.

  • 8. The Yellow Press

    demanded war.

    Headlines screamed,

    “Remember the

    Maine!”

    9. McKinley asks

    Congress for the

    authority to end the

    fighting in Cuba leading

    Spain to declare war on

    the US in 1898.

    10. Secretary of State

    John Hay called it a

    “splendid little war.” It

    lasted 4 months.

    https://www.youtube.co m/watch?v=3JYFJU3ZJLM 4min

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3JYFJU3ZJLM

  • What were the results/effects of Spanish-American War?

    1. In Cuba 385 American battle deaths

    2. 2000+ American deaths from disease and bad meat

    3. Cost: $250,000,000

    4. In the Treaty of Paris U.S. acquires Puerto Rico, Guam, Philippine Islands

    (100,000 sq. miles, 10 million people) for $20 million

    5. Anti-Imperialists angered by anti-democratic aspects of imperialist efforts.

    6. Teddy Roosevelt becomes famous for Rough Riders. Will become the VP

    with McKinley in 1900 election. Becomes President in 1901 after McKinley is

    assassinated.

    7. The United States now had an empire and a new stature in world

    affairs.

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cztQVr_fAz4

    TR Rough Riders

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cztQVr_fAz4

  • What happened to Puerto Rico after the

    Spanish-American War?

    1. The Foraker Act, 1900, (aka Organic Act) the US

    established civilian government on the island of

    Puerto Rico but a governor would be appointed by

    the US President.

    2. Good location for a naval base.

    3. In the Insular Cases, 1901, the Supreme Court ruled that Puerto Ricans did not have the same rights or

    tax status as other Americans.

    4. However, in 1917 Puerto Ricans became US citizens.

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8EOxtY3M6Co 4min

    http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/07/25/puerto-rico-status- debate_n_3651755.html 2014 article about statehood

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8EOxtY3M6Co http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/07/25/puerto-rico-status-debate_n_3651755.html

  • But the Platt Amendment (1903) made it a protectorate of the United States, which retained the rights to:

    Teller Amendment (1898)– said Cuba can become

    independent. It did in 1902.

    1. approve or reject any treaty

    signed by Cuba.

    2. intervene to preserve order in

    Cuba.

    3. lease military bases in Cuba –

    Guantanamo Bay – still there

    today!

    What happened to Cuba after the

    Spanish-American War?

  • Theodore Roosevelt and the Rough Riders

  • 1. During the war Commodore George Dewey easily defeated the Spanish in the Philippines

    BUT...

    3. Imperialists - President

    McKinley argued that the United States had a

    responsibility to “uplift and

    civilize” the Filipino people.

    However, the United States

    brutally suppressed a Filipino

    rebellion - 1901. – 5000 Americans die and 200,000

    Filipinos die.

    2. Anti-Imperialists - Critics like

    William Jennings Bryan and Mark Twain attacked

    imperialism as against

    American principles. In other

    words we should leave the

    Philippines alone.

    What happened to the Philippines after the Spanish American War?

    Who do you agree with and why?

  •  4. In 1901 President McKinley made William Howard Taft the governor of the Philippines.

     5. He won the support of the Filipino people. He gave them limited self rule and built the schools, roads, and bridges.

     6. 1916 Congress passed the Jones Act which said that the Philippines could eventually become independent.

     7. After WWII the US liberated the Philippines from Japan and it became an independent country.

  • THINK: DO

    YOUR BEST

    TO ANSWER

    THESE

    QUESTIONS.

    1. Do you think there is any such thing as a "splendid little war"? What other wars might some people remember as "splendid little" ones? Who might think these wars were not so splendid? Who usually suffers most in a war? Who has to bear th