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An Introduction to Color Theory


  • 1. Susan NewberryHE547Unit 7: Using an Avitar1

2. Hi there. My favorite color isgreen. Whats yours? 2 3. Direct SunlightIndirect SunlightArtificial LightDid you know that the type of light under whichcolor is viewed makes a tremendous difference inhow we perceive a particular hue. 4. For example: Incandescent bulbs produce a soft yellow-white light Fluorescent bulbs give off a cold blue light Halogen bulbs slightly whiter than regular incandescent lampsand produce more light Candlelight warmest of all lights 5. Color changes withlight Color changes with itssurroundings. Rarely do we seecolor by itself. The gray sample above looks different against the two background colors. 6. The same color can have a different appearanceon carpet or fabric than it does on paint. 7. Sheen affects the amount of light reflected fromthe surface. Paint comes in different sheen levels. Flat surfaces are nonreflective Eggshell and satin have a soft glow Semi-gloss provides reflective light 8. The Eye: Our eye views bright or light colorsfaster or more easily than dark colors.Contrast EffectsWhat do you notice about the reds above?They look different, dont they? 9. The same concept applies here. Thepurple in the center of each box is actuallythe same purple. 10. Say the color of each line out loud 11. Say the color or each line out loudNot so easy, was it? It takes time foryour brain and mouth to sync on this one. 12. Todays color wheel was developed in 1666 by SirIsaac Newton. The color wheel is made up of primary,secondary, and tertiary colors. 13. Hue is just another namefor color. The same hue or colorcan have many differentnames.For example, pink, scarlet, maroonand crimson are all hues of red. 14. The most commonorganization for therelationships of the basiccolors is the color wheel. Primary colors are red,yellow, and blue. Secondary colors areorange, green, and violet. Tertiary colors are made bymixing a primary color witha secondary color. 15. Refers to the lightness or darknessof the hue Adding white or black to a coloralters value.Value scales are usually shown from whiteto black, but can be shown using color likethis one here that illustrates tints andshades of red. 16. Adding white to a color is known as a tint.Adding black is referred to as a shade.Adding gray to a color is known as a shade. 17. The color wheel is divided into warm and coolcolors. 18. Warm colors include reds,oranges, and yellows. Warm colors advance Represents Fire, Sunlight Implies Happy energy An artist many use warm andcool color relationships tocreate depth and volume. Warm colors can also create afeeling of light. Did you know that you can change the perceived temperature of a room by using warm colors? 19. Cool colors include blue, green,and purple. Cool colors recede Represents Sky, Water, Grass,Plants Implies Sadness, Depression,NightCool colors can make a space look larger, butbe careful too much can cause sadness, thusthe term, The Blues 20. What did you learn about color? Key Terms to know: Primary Secondary Tertiary Color Wheel Tint Tone ShadeNext week well talk about the different color schemes and how color affects our moods.

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