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Unit | Unit | Four Four Unit | Unit | Four Four Punctuality and Culture Punctuality and Culture

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Unit | Unit | FourFourUnit | Unit | FourFour

Unit | Unit | FourFour

Punctuality and CulturePunctuality and Culture

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Studying Timetables and SchedulesStudying Timetables and Schedules

Study and Imitate

3 Timetables and schedules are important in planning our activities. Read the following timetable and schedule and try to use the information to practice short dialogues.

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Back

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Putting Language to UsePutting Language to UseSpeak and Complete

5 Mark is going to Harbin to see the Ice Lantern Exhibition. He is asking Miss Wang to help him to find out about the train timetable. Suppose you are Mark. Read aloud the following dialogue with your partner by putting in the missing words.

Mark: Miss Wang, I want to 1 __________ an evening train to Harbin so that

I can get there the next morning. Do you know the schedule?

Miss Wang: Yes. I have got a 2 __________________ here.

Mark: Is there a train leaving around 6?

Miss Wang: 3 ______________ one at 6:15.

Mark: When will it get there?

Miss Wang: 4 ______________ at about 8 next morning.

Mark: That's the one I need. Thank you very much.

Miss Wang: You are 5 ______________.Unit | Unit | FourFourUnit | Unit | FourFour

Back

take

timetable / schedule

There is

It will get there

welcome

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Mr. Johnson: Excuse me, can I have Western meal here in this hotel?

You: Yes, sir. 1 (告诉他有中餐厅和西餐厅 ) ___________________

_________________________________________________.

Mr. Johnson: Oh, really?

You: Yes. 2 (告诉他中餐厅在八层,西餐厅在九层 ) _____________

_________________________________________________

_____________________________.

Mr. Johnson: Then I'd like to try some Chinese food today.

Speak and Communicate

6 Now imagine you are a receptionist in a hotel. Mr. Johnson is asking you about information of your hotel. Fill in the blanks according to the clues given in the brackets. Then act it out with your partner.

We have a Chinese

restaurant and a Western-style restaurant.

The Chinese

restaurant is on the eighth floor and the Western-style

restaurant is on the ninth floor.

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You: 3 (告诉他现在营业 ) ____________________.

Mr. Johnson: Would you tell me the business hours?

You: Certainly, sir. 4 (告诉他早餐、午餐和晚餐的时间分别为 6:30 到 9:00,

11:30 到 2:00, 5:30 到 9:00) ________________________________

_____________________________________________________.

Mr. Johnson: That's rather convenient. Thank you.

You: 5 (回答说不必客气 )____________________.

Speak and Communicate

6 Now imagine you are a receptionist in a hotel. Mr. Johnson is asking you about information of your hotel. Fill in the blanks according to the clues given in the brackets. Then act it out with your partner.

BackYou are welcome .

It is open now.

Breakfast is from 6:30 to 9:00, lunch

is from 11:30 to 2:00, and dinner is from 5:30 to 9:00.

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Listen and Match

2 Listen to the following sentences for workplace communication in Column A and match each one with its Chinese version in Column B.

Column A Column B

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Column A Column B

Key:

1-i, 2-j, 3-d, 4-c, 5-f, 6-e, 7-h, 8-g, 9-a, 10-b Back

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SECTION III Trying Your HandSECTION III Trying Your Hand

Practicing Applied WritingPracticing Applied Writing

Write and Simulate

1 Fill in the office hours making use of the information in the passage that follows.

Services at Grove Hotel

Sunday–Saturday

1:00 p.m.–5:00 p.m.

Sunday–Saturday

Monday–Saturday

Monday–Saturday

6:30 a.m.–9:00 a.m.

11:00 a.m.–2:00 p.m.

5:10 p.m.–9:00 p.m.

9:00 a.m.–11:00 p.m.

8:00 a.m.–9:00 p.m.

8:00 a.m.–12:00 a.m.

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Write and Create

2 Translate the following schedule into English, using the data bank in the Workbook for reference.

Back

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Write and Correct Mistakes

5 Correct the errors in the following sentences.

1) Many years ago, Jim had lived in Paris with his uncle for a long time.

2) The teacher told the students that light traveled much faster than sound.

3) He told us he had joined the Party in 2010.

4) It is snowing every day since last Sunday.

5) Bob has got married six years ago.

6) By 2050, scientists surely must discover a cure for AIDS.

7) John has gone to Beijing several times and he knows the place very well.

Many years ago, Jim lived in Paris with his uncle for a long time.

The teacher told the students that light travels much faster than sound.

He told us he joined the Party in 2010.

It has been snowing since last Sunday.

Bob got married six years ago. / Bob has been married for six years.

By 2050, scientists surely will have discovered a cure for AIDS.

John has been to Beijing several times and he knows the place very well.

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8) He has been working on software design since five years.

9) They began a new course since yesterday.

10) He has lived in London until 2010.

11) By seven o'clock yesterday, we arrived at the airport.

12) I would have gone to Shanghai yesterday, but I had missed the flight.

13) It was a long time since I saw you last.

14) Whenever we visited them, they had watched TV.

15) I hear he has gone abroad. I wonder when he had left. Back

He has been working on software design for five years. / He has been working on software design since five years ago.

They have begun a new course since yesterday. / They began a new course yesterday.

He lived in London until 2010.

By seven o'clock yesterday, we had arrived at the airport.

I would have gone to Shanghai yesterday, but I missed the flight.

It is / has been a long time since I saw you last.

Whenever we visited them, they were watching TV.

I hear he has gone abroad. I wonder when he left.

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This is the most interesting novel he has ever written.

The students were still laughing when the teacher came into the classroom.

I haven't finished the book yet, so I don't want to return it to the library.

Is this the first time you've come to China?

Even if it rains in the afternoon, I will go downtown with you.

I didn't hear what you said just now. I was watching TV.

I know Mr. Wang is living in Nanjing at the moment.

The little town lies at the foot of a mountain.

6 Translate the following sentences into English.

Write and Translate

Back

1) 这是他所写的最有趣的小说。

2) 老师进教室时,学生们还在大笑。

3) 我还没读完这本书,所以不想还给图书馆。

4) 这是你第一次来中国吗?

5) 即使下午有雨,我也和你一起去市里。

6) 我没听见你刚才说的什么,我看电视呢。

7) 我知道王先生目前正住在南京。

8) 这座小城位于一座山的山脚下。

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1) The passage tells us that ____________ is an essential element of American

culture and Americans are _________ for most events.

2) When scheduling an activity, the writer usually ____________ it into his

schedule.

3) Generally Americans will not wait long, ten minutes ____________.

4) When Americans plan an event, they usually set the time days, a week or even

a month ____________.

5) People who are ____________ often call ahead to let the other party know

they will come late.

6) The passage is written for people who are ___________ American behavior

around appointments and punctuality.

Read and Complete

2 Complete each of the following statements with words or phrases from the passage.

new to

punctuality

punctual

logs

at (the) most

in advance

running late

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3 Fill in the blanks with the proper words or expressions given below, changing the form if necessary.

annoy at hand get ahead feel free to pay new to tend to make time perfect for at (the) most

1) You have to keep some money ____________ when traveling.

2) Our manager is at a conference. She can't ____________ to see you now.

3) The boss was here just now. He has been away 10 minutes ____________.

4) She is ____________ with the salesman because the product is completely

different from what he recommended.

5) Please ____________ look around and make yourself at home.feel free to

at hand

make time

at (the) most

annoyed

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6) I wish to speak for my former employee: he will be ____________ this job.

7) Many businessmen spend lots of money in advertising as they know it ______

to advertise.

8) Your product is ____________ our customers, but they seem to have a strong

interest.

9) When more people wish to buy than to sell, the price ____________ rise.

10) The young man worked very hard and soon began to ____________.

3 Fill in the blanks with the proper words or expressions given below, changing the form if necessary.

Back

annoy at hand get ahead feel free to pay new to tend to make time perfect for at (the) most

get ahead

perfect for

pays

new to

tends to

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1) 这是玻璃做的,顶多值 100元。

2) 玛莉很有志向,她急切想在事业上出人头地。

3) 如果你需要我们的产品,请提前和我联系。

4) 我们需要一名卡车司机,你完全适合这项工作。

5) 汤姆对那个城镇不熟悉,以前从没去过。

6) 掌握一门外语很难,但值得付出努力。

Read and Translate

4 Translate the following sentences into English.

at (the) most

get ahead

in advance

pay

new to

perfect for

Back

This is made of glass. It costs 100 Yuan at (the) most.

Mary is ambitious. She is keen to get ahead in her career.

If you need our products, please contact me in advance.

We need a truck driver, and you are perfect for this job.

Tom is new to the town. He has never been there before.

It is difficult to master a foreign language, but it pays to make the effort.

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Read and Simulate

5 Pay attention to the italicized parts in the English sentences and translate the Chinese sentences by simulating the structure of the English sentences.

One of the cultural differences that tends to annoy Americans has to do with

understanding of punctuality.

One of the problems that they have to solve has to do with water pollution.

留学生必须克服的难题之一和适应国外文化有关。

我们面临的挑战之一和应对全球变暖有关。

One of the difficulties that overseas students have to overcome has to do with adapting to foreign culture.

One of the challenges that faces us has to do with coping with global warming.

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Read and Simulate

Getting ahead at work starts with getting to work on time.

Understanding a new culture starts with learning a new language.

要想赢得奖学金,先要取得优异成绩。

要想在求职面试上取得成功,首先要留下好的印象。

5 Pay attention to the italicized parts in the English sentences and translate the Chinese sentences by simulating the structure of the English sentences.

Winning a scholarship starts with getting excellent grades.

Succeeding in a job interview starts with making a good impression.

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Read and Simulate

This is true in personal and community life as well as in U.S. business culture.

This is true in China as well as in many other nations.

在书面语和口语中都是如此。

在古代社会和当代社会都是如此。

5 Pay attention to the italicized parts in the English sentences and translate the Chinese sentences by simulating the structure of the English sentences.

This is true in spoken language as well as in written language.

This is true in modern societies as well as in ancient societies.

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Read and Simulate

Being afraid that I had missed the appointment, I hurried in.

Being worried that her face was not pretty enough, she had a facial surgery.

我很抱歉把他的手机摔坏了,就赶紧外出去给他买一个新的。

我很高兴涨了工资,就在一家大型购物中心花了很多钱。

5 Pay attention to the italicized parts in the English sentences and translate the Chinese sentences by simulating the structure of the English sentences.

Being sorry that I had broken his cell phone, I hurried out to buy him a new one.

Being happy that I had got a pay raise, I spent much money in a big shopping mall.

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Read and Simulate

They are sure to help you get ahead with your American colleagues.

The expert's advice is sure to help him get into a good habit.

这些讲座肯定会有助于你迎接新的挑战。

促销计划肯定会促进我们新款产品的销售。

5 Pay attention to the italicized parts in the English sentences and translate the Chinese sentences by simulating the structure of the English sentences.

These lectures are sure to help you achieve face with new challenges.

The promotion plans are sure to help us increase the sales of our new models.

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Read and Simulate

Don't just show up and expect people to make time to talk with you.

Don't just sit quiet and expect the other students to stand up and answer the

questions.

不要只是整天坐在电脑前面,什么事情都指望父母帮你做。 不要只是呆在家里,指望好工作会找上门来。

5 Pay attention to the italicized parts in the English sentences and translate the Chinese sentences by simulating the structure of the English sentences.

Don't just sit in front of the computer all day long and expect your parents to do everything for you.

Don't just stay at home and expect a good job to come to you. Back