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Zara YaffeUnit 2 Task 1 Be able to extract information from written sourcesUnit 7 Task 3 Understanding the regulation of the media sector
Be able to extract information from written sourcesWritten sources: e.g. books, journals, websites, magazines, newspapers, handoutsReading: with concentration; skim-reading: scanning; using index; using word search; using phrase searchExtract information: e.g. write notes, summarise, highlight text, annotate document, underline passages,Task 1: Be able to extract information from written sources
The British Board of Film Classification (BBFC) are the non-governmental company that decide whether films or videos are allowed to be broadcasted. They give films classification. Its there to stop certain ages from watching certain films if the subject isnt suitable. They follow the Video Recordings Act (1984), Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act (1995), Cinematograph Act (1909, 1952, 1982, 1985), the Race Relations Act and the Obscene Publications Act. The BBFC deals with: Context, theme, drugs, discrimination, imitable behaviour, language, sex, nudity, threats, and violence. The ratings are: suitable for all, parental guidance, suitable for 12 years and over, suitable for 15 years and over, suitable adults only and adult works for licensed premises only. These age ratings stop (or deter) people under the suitable age set from watching the film or video in cinema.http://www.bbfc.co.uk/http://www.channel4.com/producers-handbook/media-law/other-laws-affecting-broadcasting/obscene-publications-act-1959 British Board of Film Classification (BBFC)
The British Video Association is the trade body that represents the interests of publishers and rights owners of video entertainment. The BVA was established in 1980 to represent the interests of publishers and rights owners of pre-recorded video entertainment. The BVA publishes an authoritative annual yearbook containing statistics and detailed analysis of the video entertainment market. The copyright law is used within the British Video Association. They list and show the official top selling DVDs and Blu-rays of the week and the information to go with them, such as how long theyve been in the charts and its previous position. British Video Association uses the Video Recordings Act.http://www.bva.org.uk/copyright-and-ip/ http://www.bva.org.uk/ British Video Association
Film Distributors' Association Ltd. (FDA) is the trade body for theatrical film distributors in the UK - the companies that release films for UKcinema audiences. They were created in 1915 in London. The Film Distributors Association make sure people are selling what they say theyre selling without lying about it, making sure people are not creating fake copies of films and agreeing or disagreeing to the classifications that films have been given so that they can be shown in cinemas worldwide. The FDA is the voice for film distribution which gives films the go ahead to be put in cinemas or not, and to be sold or not. The FDA are members of All Industry Marketing for Cinema (AIM), a generic marketing body which works to increase and broaden the UK cinema audience across the board. FDA is also a key service provider to the UK's national and regional media.FDA member companies' releases account for approximately 98% of UK cinema admissions. The Film Distributors Association follows the Digital Economy Act of 2010. This act ensures an increase of public respect for copyright and its values to business and society. It also follows the Copyright Act of 1988 to make sure that when films are being released that theyre all done legally.http://www.launchingfilms.com/ http://www.ipo.gov.uk/ipreview-c4e-sub-film.pdf Film Distributors Association
The VSC was established in 1989 and fulfils two basic roles. One of these two roles is that the VSC is a standards body for the video and video games industries and has a Code of Practice designed to ensure that both industries show a duty of care in their dealings with customers and the public generally. It provides its retailer members with a staff training course dealing with age restricted videos, DVDs and video games.The other role is that it acts as an administrator of the PEGI system of age rating for video games. PEGI is used in over 30 countries. It is the UK regulator responsible for the age rating of video games supplied in the UK (using the PEGI system). In fulfilling this role it uses the name Games Rating Authority (GRA). The Video Standards Council ('VSC') is a non-profit-making company limited by guarantee not having a share capital and was registered in England and Wales on the 11th July 1989. The VSC administers a registration scheme whereby members of the video entertainment and video games industries in the United Kingdom register as members of and agree to abide by a Code of Practice.http://www.videostandards.org.uk/VSC/code_of_practice.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Video_Standards_Council Video Standards Council (VSC)
Ofcomis the communications regulator in the UK. They regulate the TV and radio sectors, fixed line telecoms, mobiles, postal services, plus the airwaves over which wireless devices operate. The Communications Act of 2003 says that Ofcoms principal duty is to further the interests of citizens and of consumers, where appropriate by promoting competition. Ofcom must act within the powers and duties set for it by Parliament in legislation. The Office for Communications main duties are to keep people watching television or listening to the radio from hearing or watching harmful or offensive material and to keep those that are on the television or radio from having their privacy invaded and to make sure that theyre protected and treated well and fairly. Although Ofcom are not responsible for regulating things such as the BBC TV license fee, newspapers and magazines and the content of radio and television adverts. Ofcom makes sure that people in the UK get the best from their communications services and are protected from scams and sharp practices, while ensuring that competition can thrive. Accountable to Parliament, Ofcom are involved in advising and setting some of the more technical aspects of policy, implementing and enforcing the law. Independent of Government, their decisions and advice are not swayed by party politics, which allows them to act solely in the interest of citizens and consumers. Ofcom put the notice on television programmes to say when the competitions end and that theyll still be charged even if they enter after the closing date.http://www.ofcom.org.uk/about/what-is-ofcom/ http://ask.ofcom.org.uk/help/ofcom/ofcomdef Office for Communication (Ofcom)
Trading standards professionals enforce consumer related legislation, legislationwhich is vast and constantly evolving and changing. The Trading standards ensure that what is being traded is fairly done, meaning that within the media everything traded is licenced. An example of this would be if a film had been released in cinema and someone walked in and recorded it on their video phone to be put online and downloaded free for others to watch, that would be against the trading standards as every copy of the film should be paid for.http://www.tradingstandards.gov.uk/policy/leadofficerspecialistsubject.cfm Trading Standards Central
The Press Complaints Commission closed on8 September 2014and has been replaced by the Independent Press Standards Organisation (IPSO). ThePress Complaints Commission(PCC) is a voluntary regulatory body for British printed newspapers and magazines, consisting of representatives of the major publishers. ThePCCis funded by the annual levy it charges newspapers and magazines. The PCC acts by: negotiating remedial action and amicable settlements for complainants; issuing rulings on complaints; using published rulings as a means of guiding newsroom practice across the industry; publicly censuring editors for breaches of the Code; passing on pre-publication concerns to editors to prevent the Code being breached; passing on requests to editors that their journalists cease contacting individuals, and so prevent media harassment; issuing formal guidance, based on its interpretation of the Code, to the industry on important issues; instigating its own investigations under the Code in the public interest where appropriate; conducting training seminars for working journalists and editors; and liaising with other press councils internationally. The PCC cannot act on every story or issue that arises in connection with the press. It would not be practical, or possible, to monitor the output (online and in hard copy) of newspapers and magazines, and to seek to establish whether it complies with the Code of Practice. The Code is designed to protect individuals, and the PCC needs to respect the wishes - and consider the evidence - of those individuals when investigating complaints about information relating to them. The PCC was established in 1974 but has recently been replaced due to the Phone Hacking Scandal. This scandal made people realise that the PCC isnt actually working as it cant be used to complain for every little thing, although it was clearly not doing its job properly. http://www.pcc.org.uk/about/history.html
Press ComplaintsCommission (PCC)
The Advertising Standards Authority is the UKs independent regulator of advertising across all media. The ASA apply the Advertising Codes, which are written by the Committees of Advertising Practice. Their work includes acting on complaints and proactively checking the media to take action against misleading, harmful or offensive advertisements. The five strands of their strategy;1 Understanding:Acting openly in a timely fashion as well as being fair and balanced when an issue of a societal concern has arisen. 2 Support:Providing support to advertisers to help them create responsible ads. Theyll increase, improve and better target their advice and training so every business has access to the information and support it needs.3 Impact:Theyll spend more time on matters that make the biggest difference. Focussing on their existing remit, theyll spend less time tackling ads that cause little detriment to consumers or on the vulnerable. But, where a complaint indicates that the rules have been broken, they will always do something.4 Proactive:Theyll be proactive and work with others. theyll use a wide range of information to identify and tackle problems to make sure ads are responsible, even if they havent officially received a complaint.5 Awareness:Theyll increase awareness of the ASA and CAP. They will make sure that the public, civil society and the industry know who they are and what we can do, so the public can engage with us when they need to, and have confidence in the ASAs work.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0xjTJoLklvshttp://www.asa.org.uk/About-ASA.aspx Advertising Standards Authority(ASA).