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ZXONM E300 Unified EMS/SNMS of Optical Network Installation Manual Version 3.17 ZTE CORPORATION ZTE Plaza, Keji Road South, Hi-Tech Industrial Park, Nanshan District, Shenzhen, P. R. China 518057 Tel: (86) 755 26771900 800-9830-9830 Fax: (86) 755 26772236 URL: http://support.zte.com.cn E-mail: [email protected]

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ZXONM E300Unified EMS/SNMS of Optical Network

Installation Manual

Version 3.17

ZTE CORPORATION ZTE Plaza, Keji Road South, Hi-Tech Industrial Park, Nanshan District, Shenzhen, P. R. China 518057 Tel: (86) 755 26771900 800-9830-9830 Fax: (86) 755 26772236 URL: http://support.zte.com.cn E-mail: [email protected]

LEGAL INFORMATION Copyright 2005 ZTE CORPORATION. The contents of this document are protected by copyright laws and international treaties. Any reproduction or distribution of this document or any portion of this document, in any form by any means, without the prior written consent of ZTE CORPORATION is prohibited. Additionally, the contents of this document are protected by contractual confidentiality obligations. All company, brand and product names are trade or service marks, or registered trade or service marks, of ZTE CORPORATION or of their respective owners. This document is provided as is, and all express, implied, or statutory warranties, representations or conditions are disclaimed, including without limitation any implied warranty of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, title or non-infringement. ZTE CORPORATION and its licensors shall not be liable for damages resulting from the use of or reliance on the information contained herein. ZTE CORPORATION or its licensors may have current or pending intellectual property rights or applications covering the subject matter of this document. Except as expressly provided in any written license between ZTE CORPORATION and its licensee, the user of this document shall not acquire any license to the subject matter herein. The contents of this document and all policies of ZTE CORPORATION, including without limitation policies related to support or training are subject to change without notice.

Revision History Date 2006/06/29 Revision No. R1.0 Serial No. sjzl20060790 Description First version

ZTE CORPORATION Values Your Comments & Suggestions!Your opinion is of great value and will help us improve the quality of our product documentation and offer better services to our customers. Please fax to: (86) 755-26772236; or mail to Publications R&D Department, ZTE CORPORATION, ZTE Plaza, A Wing, Keji Road South, Hi-Tech Industrial Park, Shenzhen, P. R. China 518057. Thank you for your cooperation!Document Name Product Version

ZXONM E300 (V3.17) Unified EMS/SNMS of Optical Network Installation ManualV3.17 Document Revision Number R1.0

Equipment Installation Date Presentation: (Introductions, Procedures, Illustrations, Completeness, Level of Detail, Organization, Appearance) Good Your evaluation of this documentation Accessibility: (Contents, Index, Headings, Numbering, Glossary) Good Intelligibility: (Language, Vocabulary, Readability & Clarity, Technical Accuracy, Content) Good Fair Average Poor Bad N/A Please check the suggestions which you feel can improve this documentation: Improve the overview/introduction Improve the Contents procedures/tutorials Improve the organization Your suggestions for improvement of this documentation Include more figures Add more examples Add more detail Other suggestions __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ # Please feel free to write any comments on an attached sheet. If you wish to be contacted regarding your comments, please complete the following: Name Postcode Telephone Company Address E-mail Make it more concise/brief Add more step-by-step Add more troubleshooting information Make it less technical Add more/better quick reference aids Improve the index Fair Average Poor Bad N/A Fair Average Poor Bad N/A

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ContentsAbout this Installation Manual .................................................................ixAbout the Manual Suite .......................................................................................... ix Purpose of this Installation Manual ........................................................................... x Typographical Conventions..................................................................................... xi Mouse Operation Conventions................................................................................. xi Safety Signs..........................................................................................................xii How to Get in Touch .............................................................................................xiiiCustomer Support.................................................................................................................xiii Documentation Support.........................................................................................................xiii

Chapter

1................................................................................... 17

Overview of NMS ..................................................................................... 17Introduction to ZXONM NMS Products .................................................................... 17Classification of ZXONM NMS Products ...................................................................................17 Locations and Relationship of ZXONM NMSs in Transmission Network......................................18

Overview of ZXONM E300 ..................................................................................... 19Software Structure ................................................................................................................19 System Composition..............................................................................................................21

Networking Modes ................................................................................................ 23Single GUI and Single Manager..............................................................................................23 Multiple GUIs and Single Manager..........................................................................................23 Single Agent and Multiple Managers (Main/Vice EMS)..............................................................24 Remote EMS .........................................................................................................................26 Subnet Management .............................................................................................................26

ZXONM E300 Features .......................................................................................... 26 Compliant Standards ............................................................................................ 28

Chapter

2................................................................................... 31

Installation Overview.............................................................................. 31Installation Items ................................................................................................. 31 Running Environment Requirements of ZXONM E300 .............................................. 32Unix Platform ........................................................................................................................32

Windows Platform .................................................................................................................33

Installation Flow ................................................................................................... 34

Chapter

3................................................................................... 37

Installation and Configuration of Operating System ............................. 37Installation and Configuration of Unix ..................................................................... 37Installation............................................................................................................................37 Configuration ........................................................................................................................37 Patch Installation...................................................................................................................40 Database Configuration of HP-UX Platform .............................................................................41

Installation and Configuration of Windows............................................................... 43

Chapter

4................................................................................... 45

ZXONM E300 Installation in Unix ........................................................... 45Installation Procedure ........................................................................................... 45Installation Preparations ........................................................................................................45 Typical Installation.................................................................................................................46 Custom Installation ...............................................................................................................53

Setting EMS Parameters........................................................................................ 54Setting Dynamic Route..........................................................................................................54 Configuring Communication between GUI and Manager ..........................................................54 Configuring Communication between DB and Manager ...........................................................55 Configuring Database Synchronization....................................................................................56

Chapter

5................................................................................... 57

ZXONM E300 Installation in Windows ................................................... 57Installation Procedure ........................................................................................... 57Installation Preparations ........................................................................................................57 Typical Installation.................................................................................................................58 Compact Installation..............................................................................................................66 Custom Installation ...............................................................................................................66 Client Installation...................................................................................................................67

Setting EMS Parameters........................................................................................ 68Configuring Communication between GUI and Manager ..........................................................68 Configuring Communication between DB and Manager ...........................................................68 Configuring Synchronization of SYBASE Database...................................................................69 Configuring SQL Server Database ..........................................................................................69

Chapter

6................................................................................... 73

Uninstallation and Upgrade of ZXONM E300.......................................... 73Uninstalling ZXONM E300...................................................................................... 73Uninstalling ZXONM E300 in Windows ....................................................................................73 Uninstalling ZXONM E300 in Unix...........................................................................................74

Upgrading ZXONM E300........................................................................................ 75

Appendix

A ................................................................................ 77

Introduction to Unix................................................................................ 77Overview of Unix .................................................................................................. 77Introduction ..........................................................................................................................77 Composition..........................................................................................................................78 System Initialization ..............................................................................................................78 Directory Structure................................................................................................................79 Common Terms ....................................................................................................................80

Common Operations............................................................................................. 82Command Line Format ..........................................................................................................82 Introduction to Interface Buttons ...........................................................................................82 Special Key Command...........................................................................................................83

Introduction to Common Commands...................................................................... 84Basic Commands...................................................................................................................84 User Operation Commands....................................................................................................85 Process Management Commands...........................................................................................86 Network Commands..............................................................................................................86

Storage Devices ................................................................................................... 88Floppy Drive and Tape Drive ..................................................................................................89 CD-ROM Drive.......................................................................................................................89

Appendix

B ................................................................................ 91

Upgrade of ZXMP S380/S390................................................................. 91Software Versions................................................................................................. 91Relationship between Software Versions of ZXMP S380/S390 and ZXONM E300 ......................91 Querying Version...................................................................................................................92 Upgrade Relation...................................................................................................................93

NCP Upgrade........................................................................................................ 94NCP Status............................................................................................................................94 Preparations..........................................................................................................................95 Local Data Initialization..........................................................................................................95

Online Upgrade .....................................................................................................................99

Converting Version from V3.1 to V3.2 .................................................................. 100

Appendix

C ..............................................................................105

Installation FAQ .................................................................................... 105FAQ for Installation Based on HP-UX .................................................................... 105 FAQ for Installation Based on SUN ....................................................................... 108 Other Installation FAQ......................................................................................... 109

Appendix

D .............................................................................113

Abbreviations ........................................................................................ 113

Figures........................................................................................115 Tables .........................................................................................117

About this Installation Manual

About the Manual SuiteThe Unitrans ZXONM E300 (V3.17) Unified EMS/SNMS of Optical Network (ZXONM E300 in short) is a set of NE/subnet layer network management system based on Windows 2000 and Unix platforms. On the basis of guaranteeing hardware functions of transmission equipment, it manages and controls system NEs and regional networks, providing such functions as system management, configuration management, performance management, fault management, security management, and maintenance management. 1. Management scope of ZXONM E300 (V3.17) SDH equipment: ZXMP S390, ZXMP S380, ZXMP S360, ZXMP S320, ZXMP S330, ZXMP S385, ZXMP S100, ZXMP S200, ZXMP S325 DWDM equipment: ZXWM-32 (V1.1), ZXWM M900, ZXMP M800 CWDM equipment: ZXMP M600 PCM equipment: ZXMP P210, ZXMP P220, ZXMP P230, ZXMP P240 2. Manual suiteManual Name Unitrans ZXONM E300 (V3.17) Unified EMS/SNMS of Optical Network Installation Manual Unitrans ZXONM E300 (V3.17) Unified EMS/SNMS of Optical Network Interface Manual Unitrans ZXONM E300 (V3.17) Unified EMS/SNMS of Optical Network Operation Manual Unitrans ZXONM E300 (V3.17) Unified EMS/SNMS of Optical Network LCT Users Manual Unitrans ZXONM E300 (V3.17) Unified EMS/SNMS of Optical Network Maintenance Manual Function It describes the basic knowledge and installation process of ZXONM E300. It is an electrical manual, which describes the operations of ZXONM E300 client/ server interfaces. It includes several volumes which describe the operations commonly used in the ZXONM E300 in details. It describes the installation and configuration of the ZXONM E300 LCT (Local Craft/maintenance Terminal). It describes the maintenance knowledge of ZXONM E300.

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Purpose of this Installation ManualThis manual is Unitrans ZXONM E300 (V3.17) Unified EMS/SNMS of Optical Network Installation Manual. It provides basic information about how to install the ZXONM E300 (V3.17). This manual includes six chapters and six appendixes: Chapter 1 Overview of NMS, introduces the basic composition and features of the ZXONM E300 EMS. Chapter 2 Installation Overview, introduces installation items, operation environment, and installation procedure of the ZXONM E300 EMS. Chapter 3 Installation and Configuration of Operating System, describes the installation and configuration of Unix operating system and Windows operating system. Chapter 4 ZXONM E300 Installation in Unix, describes the installation procedure of ZXONM E300 and setting of EMS parameters based on Unix. Chapter 5 ZXONM E300 Installation in Windows, describes the installation procedure of ZXONM E300 and setting of EMS parameters based on Windows. Chapter 6 Uninstallation and Upgrade of ZXONM E300, describes the uninstalling and upgrading of the ZXONM E300 based on Windows and Unix. Appendix A Introduction to Unix, briefly describes common operations of Unix platform. For any question, refer to books of Unix fundamentals. Appendix B Upgrade of ZXMP S380/S390, describes NCP program upgrade procedures and software version conversion operations of ZXMP S380/S390. Appendix C Installation FAQ, gives solutions for possible problems raises during EMS installation. Appendix D Abbreviations, gives some terms and abbreviations for users reference.

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About this Installation Manual

Typographical ConventionsZTE documents employ the following typographical conventions.TABLE 1 TYPOGRAPHICAL CONVENTIONS

Typeface

Meaning References to other guides and documents. Links on screens. Menus, menu options, function names, input fields, radio button names, check boxes, drop-down lists, dialog box names, window names. Keys on the keyboard and buttons on screens and company name. Text that you type, program code, files and directory names, and function names. Optional parameters Mandatory parameters Select one of the parameters that are delimited by it Note: Provides additional information about a certain topic. Checkpoint: Indicates that a particular step needs to be checked before proceeding further. Tip: Indicates a suggestion or hint to make things easier or more productive for the reader.

ItalicsQuotes Bold

CAPS Constant width [] {} |

Mouse Operation ConventionsTABLE 2 MOUSE OPERATION CONVENTIONS

Typeface Click Double-click Right-click Drag

Meaning Refers to clicking the primary mouse button (usually the left mouse button) once. Refers to quickly clicking the primary mouse button (usually the left mouse button) twice. Refers to clicking the secondary mouse button (usually the right mouse button) once. Refers to pressing and holding a mouse button and moving the mouse.

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Safety SignsTABLE 3 S AFETY SIGNS

Safety Signs

Meaning Danger: Indicates an imminently hazardous situation, which if not avoided, will result in death or serious injury. This signal word should be limited to only extreme situations. Warning: Indicates a potentially hazardous situation, which if not avoided, could result in death or serious injury. Caution: Indicates a potentially hazardous situation, which if not avoided, could result in minor or moderate injury. It may also be used to alert against unsafe practices.

Erosion: Beware of erosion.

Electric shock: There is a risk of electric shock. Electrostatic: The device may be sensitive to static electricity.

Microwave: Beware of strong electromagnetic field. Laser: Beware of strong laser beam.

No flammables: No flammables can be stored.

No touching: Do not touch.

No smoking: Smoking is forbidden.

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About this Installation Manual

How to Get in TouchThe following sections provide information on how to obtain support for the documentation and the software.

Customer SupportIf you have problems, questions, comments, or suggestions regarding your product, contact us by e-mail at [email protected] You can also call our customer support center at (86) 755 26771900 and (86) 800-9830-9830.

Documentation SupportZTE welcomes your comments and suggestions on the quality and usefulness of this document. For further questions, comments, or suggestions on the documentation, you can contact us by e-mail at [email protected]; or you can fax your comments and suggestions to (86) 755 26772236. You can also explore our website at http://support.zte.com.cn, which contains various interesting subjects like documentation, knowledge base, forum and service request.

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Chapter

1

Overview of NMSIn this chapter, you will learn about:Introduction to ZXONM NMS product series ZXONM E300 EMS software structure and system composition Networking mode of ZXONM E300 ZXONM E300 features and the compliant standards

Introduction to ZXONM NMS ProductsClassification of ZXONM NMS ProductsZXONM network management product series includes ZXONM NE-layer management products and ZXONM network-layer management products. ZXONM E100 ZXONM E100 is an NE-layer management system based on Windows. It manages SDH equipment including ZXSM-150, ZXSM-600, ZXSM-150S, ZXMP S310, ZXMP S360, and ZXMP S320. ZXONM E300 ZXONM E300 is a unified NE and subnet management system (EMS/SNMS) of optical network based on Windows 2000 and Unix. It manages SDH equipment, DWDM equipment, and CWDM equipment. The ZXONM E300 (V3.17) can manage the following equipment: SDH equipment: ZXMP S390, ZXMP S380, ZXMP S360, ZXMP S320, ZXMP S330, ZXMP S385, ZXMP S100, ZXMP S200, ZXMP S325 DWDM equipment: ZXWM-32 (V1.1), ZXWM M900, ZXMP M800 CWDM equipment: ZXMP M600 PCM equipment: ZXMP P210, ZXMP P220, ZXMP P230, ZXMP P240

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ZXONM E300 (V3.17) Installation Manual

ZXONM E400 ZXONM E400 is an NE-layer EMS based on Windows. It manages the ZXWM-32 (V1.1) equipment. ZXONM N100 ZXONM N100 is a network-layer NMS based on Windows and Unix. It manages NE equipment by managing NE-layer EMS. It can provide other EMS with such interfaces as Corba and Q3.

Locations and Relationship of ZXONM NMSs in Transmission NetworkFigure 1 shows the locations of the ZXONM NMS series in transmission network and their relationship.

FIGURE 1 POSITIONS AND RELATIONSHIP OF ZXONM NMS SERIES

Service-layer management system

SMS

ZXONM N100 Network-layer management syst em ZXONM E100/ E300/E400 NE-layer management s ystem EMS ZXONM E 100 EMS ZXONM E300 NMS NMS

NE NE

NE

NE

NE

NE

NE

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Chapter 1 - Overview of NMS

Overview of ZXONM E300The Unitrans ZXONM E300 is a unified NE and subnet management system (EMS/SNMS) of optical network. It can manage NEs and also has some functions of network-layer management.

Software StructureThe ZXONM E300 system adopts a four-layer structure, including the equipment layer, NE layer, NE management layer, and subnet management layer. It can also provide the Corba interface for the network management layer which manages the regions of its scope. Figure 2 shows the software structure of ZXONM E300, where the network management layer does not belong to ZXONM E300.

FIGURE 2 SOFTWARE STRUCTURE OF ZXONM E300 EMS

In Figure 2, the core of the NE management Layer is the Manager (Server). The Manager can manage one or more subnets and it supports the access of multiple GUIs (Clients).

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ZXONM E300 (V3.17) Installation Manual

The core of the NE layer is Agent. Each Agent can be managed by one or more Managers. However, only one Manager has the authority to write. An Agent has function of automatic routing and can transmit EMS information based on ECC.

Hierarchy of ZXONM E300Subnet management layer The structure of the subnet management layer is similar to that of the NE management layer. The configuration and maintenance commands for NEs are implemented through the NE management layer indirectly. The subnet management system sends commands to the NE management system, which will then forward these commands to a NE. After executing the commands, the NE responds to the subnet management system through the NE management system. The subnet management layer can connect multiple NE management systems to achieve trans-domain management and automatically distribute commands to lower-layer EMS under management. In addition, it provides the Corba interface for the network management layer. NE management layer (Manager) It controls and coordinates a series of NEs, including Manager, GUI (graphical user interface), LCT (local craft terminal), and Database. Manager: also known as Server. It is the core of the NE management layer. It manages multiple subnets at the same time, controls and coordinates NEs. GUI: provides graphic user interfaces, converts the requirements of user management into the commands in internal formats, and sends them to Manager. LCT: combines GUI and Manager simply by controlling user authorities and software functional parts; provides weakened NE management functions for commissioning and maintenance of local NEs. Database: it is not shown Figure 2. It queries information of interfaces and management modules, stores configuration and alarm information, and synchronizes data. NE layer (NE/Agent) It manages one single NE only. During initialization of a NE after power-on, it configures each board. While in the NE normal running status, it is responsible for monitoring alarms and performance of the NE, as well as receiving and processing monitoring commands of the network element management layer or Manager through the gateway NE (GNE). The NE control processor (NCP) implements the functions of the NE layer. Upon powered on and initialized, an NCP can work independently without the Manager or NE management system. It can save configuration data but does not have the functions of the man-machine interface layer and NE management layer.

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Chapter 1 - Overview of NMS

Equipment layer (MCU) It is the real-time processing center of an EMS. The MCUs (micro control units), distributed in various boards, monitor alarms and performance of boards, receive commands from the EMS, and control boards to perform specific operations. The MCU communicates with the Agent through the S interface. Upon powered on and initialized, the MCU can work independently without the Agent.

Interfaces of ZXONM E300Figure 1 shows the locations of interfaces of the ZXONM E300 EMS. The following describes these interfaces: Qx interface: Interface between Agent and Manager, complying with TCP/IP. F interface: Interface between GUI and Manager, complying with TCP/IP. f interface: Interface between Agent and LCT, complying with TCP/IP. S interface: Interface between Agent and MCU. The S interface adopts the communication mechanism based on HDLC (high digital link control) to provide point-to-multipoint communication. ECC interface: Interface between Agents. The ECC interface adopts DCC for communication. It can support user-defined communication protocols and standard protocols simultaneously. On Agent, it implements the function of bridge. Corba interface: Interface between Manager and higher-level NMS.

System CompositionThe ZXONM E300 EMS consists of GUI, Manager, Database, and Agent. Figure 3 shows the relations among these parts.

FIGURE 3 STRUCTURE OF NE M AN AGEMENT LAYER

GUI

Manager

Database

Agent

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Manager It is also called as Server. For the GUI, the Manager plays the role of a Server. It sends management commands to the corresponding Agent and receives various notifications sent from the Agent. In addition, it stores all the network management data in the database such as the basic data of system management, configuration management, and alarm maintenance. However, the Manager stores network management data of its own domain only. GUI It is also called Client. Basically, the GUI does not store dynamic data of network management, and the data are obtained from the database through the Manager. Database It queries information of interfaces and management modules, stores configuration and alarm information, and synchronizes data. NE Agent The Agent, located in the NE layer, manages related management objectives directly, responds to commands sent from the Manager, and sends notifications reflecting objective behavior to the corresponding Manager. To implement the ZXONM E300 software, the GUI, Manager, Database, and Agent must work together. Table 4 describes the relationship between software components and software hierarchy.

TABLE 4 RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ZXONM E300 COMPONENTS AND SOFTWARE HIERARCHY

Component

Software Hierarchy

GUI Manager/Database Agent

GUI (NE/Subnet management layer) Manager (NE/Subnet management layer) Agent (NE layer)

The GUI, Manager, and Database can be installed on the same computer or on different computers. The system supports the Unix platform and Windows platform. The configuration requirements of computers vary with software packages. The Database can adopt the SYBASE database or SQL Server database. The functions of Agent are implemented through the NCP; and the functions of the equipment layer are implemented in MCUs in various boards.

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Chapter 1 - Overview of NMS

Networking ModesSingle GUI and Single ManagerFigure 4 shows the networking of a single GUI and a single Manager, which is the most common mode. The GUI and Manager may run on the same computer or on different computers, depending on the number of devices under management and the process capability of the computer.

FIGURE 4 NETWORKING OF SINGLE GUI AND SINGLE MANAGER

GUI-1

Manager

Subnet1

Subnet2

...

Subnetn

Multiple GUIs and Single ManagerMultiple GUIs can log into one Manager at the same time, as shown in Figure 5. The higher-level NMS accesses the Manager in the same way as a GUI accesses the Manager. The Manager does not distinguish GUI and higher-level NMS. It ensures that the data of various GUIs are synchronous. This networking mode is used when the user needs multiple operation terminals which may be distributed in various areas. Therefore, some of the GUIs need to log into the Manager remotely.

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ZXONM E300 (V3.17) Installation Manual

FIGURE 5 NETWORKING OF MULTIPLE GUIS AND SINGLE M AN AGER

GUI-1

GUI-2

...

GUI-m

Manager

Higher-level NMS

Subnet1

Subnet2

...

Subnetn

Single Agent and Multiple Managers (Main/Vice EMS)The main EMS and the vice EMS serve for protection and backup of the EMS. Normally, when the main EMS is working normally, the vice EMS can be in the monitoring status only and cannot perform configuration.

Switching ConditionsThe vice EMS takes over the work of the main EMS in the following cases: The transmission network is in abnormal status, and the main EMS cannot connect with NEs. The main EMS is faulty. Switching between the main/vice EMS is made manually.

Database Synchronization ModesThe databases of the main EMS and the vice EMS must be consistent, that is, a synchronization mechanism must be established among all EMSs. The ZXONM E300 supports the following two database synchronization modes: Database synchronization mode based on EMS DBMS As shown in Figure 6, the databases of main EMS and vice EMS are connected through the Ethernet or DDN private line. Data is synchronized through the synchronization function of database.

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Chapter 1 - Overview of NMS

FIGURE 6 CONNECTION BETWEEN M AIN AND VICE EMSS

Main EMS

DDN/X.25

Vice EMS

Gateway NE

NE

NE

Gateway NE

If the replication server of SYBASE is used as the component of data replication, the data can be synchronized at real time. Most of the synchronization tasks are completed by the database. Even if the DDN private line is interrupted, the replication application components can automatically ensure the consistency of data after the communication recovers. The advantage of this mode is simplicity and reliability. However, in the case of remote connection, DDN private line is required. Therefore, the cost is a relatively high.

Note: Only the SYBASE database supports this database synchronization mode.

Database synchronization mode based on Agent An EMS uploads the newly modified data from the Agent. After the Agent receives an operation from a Manager and modifies data, it broadcasts the notification about modification to other Managers at real time. And other Managers will upload database automatically upon receiving the data, to ensure data consistency.

Authority SwitchoverThe main and vice EMSs are actually a special case of multiple EMSs. The vice EMSs authority can be upgraded from read only to read and write. Authority change of the vice EMS must comply with authority switchover principles. Correct switchover can be ensured through information transferred between the main and vice EMSs and the current EMS status reported on the NCP, and thus avoiding wrong switching between main and vice EMSs. Authority switchover principles of main/vice EMSs are as follows: The system supports one main EMS and multiple vice EMSs. Normally, the main EMS has the authority to read and write, and the vice EMS is authorized to read only. In the case of exception, the vice EMSs authority can be upgraded from read only to read and write. The authorities of the main and vice EMSs can be modified manually.

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ZXONM E300 (V3.17) Installation Manual

The authorities of main and vice EMSs are assigned for a specific NE. The vice EMS checks whether to change authority by receiving events reported by the NCP. If the main EMS and the vice EMS is connected via DDN, when the DDN private line is faulty, the operation authority of the vice EMS is upgraded; when the DDN private line recovers, the authority of the vice EMS is degraded.

Remote EMSIn the networking modes mentioned above, a case can be called as remote network management when a router or a bridge is required between a GUI and a Manager, between Managers (main and vice EMSs), or between a Manager and an Agent, which locate at different places. Therefore, remote EMS is the implementation of the above networking modes in the case of remote access through router or bridge.

Subnet ManagementSubnet management is a special case of remote NM. For its networking mode, refer to the NMS structure shown in Figure 2. NE management systems are distributed in different areas, whereas the subnet management system is installed in the management center. Through remote access, the subnet management system manages lower-level NE management systems, and achieves the goal of subnet management in multiple regions.

ZXONM E300 FeaturesPowerful management abilities As shown in Figure 2, the GUI/Manager-DB/Agent three-level management abilities. NE management ability The ZXONM E300 EMS software does not limit the number of NEs under management. Therefore, the management ability of EMS depends on the processing capability of hardware. Workstation or server in different classes can be configured based on network scales. And multiple EMSs can be configured based on management regions. Select hardware environment flexibly based on network scales. An NE group or subnet is a logic concept and can be set randomly. Remote EMS and multi-GUI/multi-Manager system The background EMS can provide remote EMS by means of multiple networking modes, and can manage ZTE transmission equipment in distributed areas through the transmission equipment of other manufacturers. The connection between GUI and Manager, and ZXONM E300 adopts the structure, and has powerful

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Chapter 1 - Overview of NMS

between Manager and Agent can be managed through DDN remote connection. In this case, the multiple-EMS system can be achieved. Main/Vice EMS and automatic switching between them High flexibility The EMS adopts a distributed structure has is highly flexible. GUI, Manager and Database can operate on the same computer or on several different computers. In addition, a Manager may consist of several child managers, and the child managers can be configured flexibly based on network scale and equipment composition. Child managers can be added or deleted dynamically. Complete security mechanism Three-level security mechanism The EMS adopts three-level security mechanism. GUI, Manager, and Agent have their own security measures to achieve high security. i. The GUI layer controls users operation authority and NEs managed or monitored by user.

ii. The Manager layer implements regional management. Each Manager has its own management region. Different managers may have partially or completely overlapped management regions. iii. The Agent layer controls access of Managers, including LCT. Only valid Managers can access the Agent. Multiple data synchronization modes The system adopts backup and synchronization mechanism for databases to ensure security and data consistency. For multiple GUIs or multiple Manager-DBs, lock mechanism and database synchronization can ensure consistency between multiple GUIs/Managers. Supports database upload. The synchronization of data based on Agent covers synchronization of LCT modified data. Trans-platform solution The EMS supports Windows 2000 and Unix operating systems, thus satisfying demands of various users at different levels. Dynamic routing function Agent adopts the dynamic routing algorithm to establish communication between NEs. Manual intervention is unnecessary. Standby route of EMS The EMS can generate standby routes by accessing multiple gateway NEs (GNE) at the same time. For a chain system, when the ECC is blocked, the information of EMS can be transferred through the standby DCN network. In this case, management of NEs is not affected and the EMS becomes more reliable.

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Remote online upgrade of NCP Software Remote download through FTP and online upgrade of NCP software do not affect services. This provides convenience for system maintenance and upgrade, and ensures the reliability of system upgrade.

Compliant StandardsStandards and ITU-T recommendations followed by the ZXONM E300 are listed in Table 5.TABLE 5 COMPLIANT STANDARDS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

Standard/ Recommendation

Description

ITU-T M.3100 ITU-T M.3020 ITU-T M.3200 ITU-T M.3400 ITU-T X.200 ITU-T X.710 ITU-T X.711 ITU-T X.208 ITU-T X.209 ITU-T X.720 ITU-T X.721

Principles for a Telecommunications Management Network TMN Interface Specification Methodology TMN Management Services: Overview TMN Management Functions Reference Model for OSI Common Management Information Service Common Management Information Protocol Specification of Abstract Syntax Notation One (ASN.1) Specification of BER for ASN.1 Information Technology-Open System Interconnection-Structure of Management Information: Management Information Model Information Technology-Open System Interconnection-Structure of Management Information: Definition of Management Information Information Technology-Open System Interconnection-Structure of Management Information: Guidelines for the Definition of Managed Objects Generic Network Information Model Stage 2 and Stage 3 Description for the Q3 Interface-Alarm Surveillance Stage 1, Stage 2 and Stage 3 Description for the Q3 Interface Performance Management Object Management Function State Management Function Alarm Reporting Function Event Report Management Function Log Control Function SDH Management Information Model for the Network Element View SDH Performance Monitoring for the Network Element View

ITU-T X.722 ITU-T M.3100 ITU-T Q.821 ITU-T Q.822 ITU-T X.730 ITU-T X.731 ITU-T X.733 ITU-T X.734 ITU-T X.735 ITU-T G.774 ITU-T G.774.01

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Standard/ Recommendation

Description

ITU-T G.774.02 ITU-T G.774.03 ITU-T G.774.04 NMF 040 NMF 041 NMF 042-1 NMF 042-2 NMF 042-3 NMF 043

SDH Configuration of the Payload Structure for the Network Element View SDH Management of Multiplex-Section Protection for the Network Element View SDH Management of the Subnetwork Connection Protection for the Network Element View ASN.1/C++ Application November 1997 CMIS/C++ Application November 1997 Programming Programming Interface, Interface, Interface, Issue Issue Part 1.0, 1.0, 1:

GDMO/C++ Application Programming Architecture, Issue 1.0, December 1997

GDMO/C++ Application Programming Interface, Part 2: Class Reference, Issue 1.1, May 13, 1998 GDMO/C++ Application Programming Interface, Part 3: Specific Aspects, Issue 1.0, December 1997 TMN/C++ Application Programming Interface, Issue 1.0, December 1997

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Installation OverviewIn this chapter, you will learn about:ZXONM E300 Installation Items Software and hardware environment Installation procedures

Installation ItemsThe ZXONM E300 installation software consists of two service programs and three application programs. Service programs: software tool service programs used by EMS, including ILOG and SYBASE service programs. Application programs: include GUI, NE Manager, and database driver which is DB Server (DBSVR). Based on different networking requirements, the ZXONM E300 can adopt configurations of combined GUI/Manager/DBSVR, of separate GUI/Manager/DBSVR, or of multiple managers. For details, see the section of Networking Modes in Chapter 1. When the application programs of ZXONM E300 are distributed in different terminals, dependences exist between application programs and service programs, as listed in Table 6. Therefore, it is necessary to install corresponding service programs when installing application programs, so as to implement specified EMS functions.

TABLE 6 DEPENDENCES BETWEEN SERVICE PROGRAMS AND APPLICATION PROGRAMS

Application Program

Service Program

GUI Manager DBSVR

ILOG SYBASE or SQL Server [Note]

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Note: The SQL Server database is only applicable to the ZXONM E300 based on Windows. If the SQL Server database is used, Manager and DBSVR must be installed in a same computer.

Running Environment Requirements of ZXONM E300Before installing the ZXONM E300, determine configuration requirements of the EMS based on actual networking conditions, check configurations of EMS computer based on software and hardware requirements, and determine the software installation items.

Unix PlatformHardware RequirementsTable 7 describes the hardware requirements based on Unix platform.

TABLE 7 HARDWARE REQUIREMENTS BASED ON UNIX PLATFORM

Hardware Item

Requirement

HP B2600 HP C8000 Host HP RP3410 (maximum: 2CPU) HP RP3440 (maximum: 4CPU) Sun Blade 150 Sun Blade 2500 Tape drive (optional)

Workstation Workstation Mini computer Mini computer Workstation Workstation

4 mm tape drive (DDS4) with SCSI cables and SCSI interface card

Select host type according to the quantity of NEs to be managed in the network. NE quantity 20: recommend to use HP B2600, HP C8000, Sun Blade 150. The hard disk should be no less than 30 G, and memory should be no less than 1 G. NE quantity 20: recommend to use HP RP3410, HP RP3440, Sun Blade 2500. The hard disk should be no less than 36 G, and memory should be no less than 3 G.

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Software RequirementsTable 8 describes the software environment based on Unix.

TABLE 8 SOFTWARE REQUIREMENTS BASED ON UNIX

Software Item

Requirement

Operating system Database Available space of hard disk

HP-UX 11.00 Solaris 8 (SunOS 5.8) SYBASE No less than 9 G

HP workstation/mini-computer SUN workstation

Windows PlatformHardware RequirementsTable 9 describes the minimum hardware requirements based on Windows.

TABLE 9 MINIMUM HARDW ARE REQUIREMENTS BASED ON WINDOWS

Hardware Item

Requirement

Host Memory Hard disk Monitor Resolution Color

P III 800 (with network card and CDROM) 512 MB 20 GB 17 inches 1024768 Enhanced color (16 bits)

LCT can be a portable computer with the following configurations: PIII 750/128 MB/10 GB/14.1 inch color monitor/24CDROM/56 K Modem/100 M network card/floppy disk drive, 1024768 resolution or above, enhanced color (16 bits) or above

Caution: The GUI on Windows platform does not support the color mode of 256.

Select host according to the quantity of NEs to be managed in the network, as listed in Table 10.

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TABLE 10 REQUIREMENTS FOR HOST CONFIGURATION (WINDOWS PLATFORM)

NE Quantity

Minimum Configuration of Host CPU Hard Disk Memory

Less than 30 30 to100 100 to 300 300 to 500

PIII 877 P4 1G P4 2G P4 2.5G

20 G 30 G 60 G 80 G

256 M 512 M 1G 2G

Software RequirementsTable 11 describes the software requirements based on Windows.

TABLE 11 SOFTWARE REQUIREMENTS BASED ON WINDOWS

Software Item

Requirement

Operating system Database Available space of hard disk

Windows 2000 or above (the GUI, Manager, and Database should be installed on a same computer) SYBASE [Note] or SQL Server No less than 9 GB

Note: The ZXONM E300 which uses SYBASE as its database must be installed on Windows 2000, and Windows XP is not supported.

Installation FlowFigure 7 shows the installation procedure of the ZXONM E300.FIGURE 7 INSTALLATION PROCEDURE OF ZXONM E300Inst all operating system

Prepare for ZXONM E300 installat ion Complet e installation Inst all ZXONM E300 Separate installation Confirm installation components

Configure the parameters

Install corresponding c omponents

Configure the parameters

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The ZXONM E300 EMS can be installed on Unix or Windows platform based on networking requirements. Refer to Chapter 3 for installation and configuration of the operating systems. Refer to Chapter 4 for ZXONM E300 installation based on Unix, and refer to Chapter 5 for ZXONM E300 installation based on Windows.

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Installation and Configuration of Operating SystemIn this chapter, you will learn about:Installation requirements of Unix and Windows Configuration requirements of ZXONM E300 for Unix and Windows For details of installation steps of operating systems, refer to related manuals about operating systems.

Installation and Configuration of UnixThis section describes installation requirements of the Unix operating system, and mandatory configurations before installing ZXONM E300.

Installation1. 2. Select proper host according to NE quantity. Refer to the section of Unix Platform in Chapter 2. Install the Unix operating system according to manuals about Unix. If the host is HP workstation or mini computer, install the HP-UX 11.0 operating system If the host is SUN workstation, install the Solaris 8 (SUN OS 5.8) operating system.

ConfigurationAfter installing the operating system successfully, make sure to set parameters of the Solaris platform or HP-UX platform according to descriptions in this section.

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Configuration of Solaris Platform1. Execute the following commands to set the kernel parameters in the file e t c / s y s t e m .set shmsys:shminfo-shmmax=209715200 set shmsys:shminfo_shmmni=0x1000 shmsys:shminfo_shmseg=0x100

2. Execute the following commands to reboot the computer.cd / shutdown -ry 0

Configuration of HP-UX Platform1. Use HP-UX 11.0 as the operating system and ensure the available space of the directory / t m p is 1 GB. If the space is less than 1 GB, follow the steps below to expand it. i. Execute the following command to enter the single user mode.#shutdown -y 0

ii. Log in to the single user as the user ROOT and execute the following command under the root directory prompt to load all file systems.#mount -a

iii. Execute the following command to check if the directory / t m p is loaded. If the directory is loaded successfully, record the logical volume name of the directory.#bdf

Note: It is necessary to expand the logical volume which corresponds to the file system before expanding the file system. Therefore, execute the command b d f to search the logical volume that corresponds to the directory / t m p .

iv. Execute the following commands to expand the directory / t m p .#umount /tmp

//Unmount the directory / t m p . It is necessary to unmount it before changing the its size#lvextend -L 1024 /dev/vg00/lvol4

//Expand the logical volume / d e v / v g 0 0 / l v o l 4 that corresponds to the / t m p file system to 1 GB (1024 MB).#extendfs /dev/vg00/lvol4

//Expand the logical volume. For the v x f s file system, execute the command e x t e n d f s - F v x f s / d e v / v g 0 0 / l v o l 4 .

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#mount /dev/vg00/lvol4/tmp

//Mount the logical volume onto the directory / t m p . 2. Follow the steps below to adjust kernel parameters of the system and re-create HP-UX kernel. i. Run the s a m program as a ROOT user. ii. Select Kernel configuration area in the sam menu. iii. Set the kernel parameters as listed in Table 12.

TABLE 12 KERNEL P AR AMETER CONFIGURATIONS OF HP-UX OPERATING SYSTEM

Parameter

Value

maxdsiz_64bit maxssiz_64bit maxtsiz_64bit maxdsiz maxssiz maxtsiz shmmax maxfiles

3 Gbit No less than 64 Mbit 1 Gbit 3 Gbit No less than 64 Mbit 1 Gbit 2 Gbit The recommended value is 256, indicating soft restriction on the number of files that can be opened by a process. The recommended value is 1210, indicating the maximum number of files that can be opened at any time in the system. If this value is not modified, the modification for the parameter maxfiles will fail.

nfile

Pay attention to the meanings of the following parameters

shmseg maxuprc nproc

The default value is 120, indicating the maximum number of shared memory sections that can be associated with a process at any time. Maximum number of processes that can be run simultaneously by a user. Maximum number of processes that can be run simultaneously by the system. Maximum number of inodes that can be opened by the kernel. Each file has an inode. The ninode value is generally greater than the nfile value.

ninode

iv. Follow the steps below to re-create HP-UX kernel in s a m . Select sam -> Actions -> Create a New Kernel and then select Move kernel into place and shutdown/reboot system now or Do not move kernel into place; do not shutdown/reboot now. v. Reboot the computer.

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Patch InstallationInstall patches after installing the operating system. For different Unix platforms, the patches to be installed and the operations are different.

Solaris PlatformThe patch is in o s _ p a t c h / 8 _ R e c o m m e n d e d . z i p of the installation CD.

To install the patch1. Execute the following command to extract the 8 _ R e c o m m e n d e d . z i p file to the directory 8 _ R e c o m m e n d e d .unzip 8_Recommended.zip

2. Enter the directory 8 _ R e c o m m e n d e d and run i n s t a l l _ c l u s t e r . This process may take two hours. 3. Reboot the computer.

HP-UX PlatformFor HP-UX 11.00, make sure to install QPK1100 in the HP-UX Support Plus CD attached with the HP-UX. The installation commands are as follows:# mount /dev/dsk/c0t0d0/cdrom # swinstall -s /cdrom/QPK1100

If the version of HP-UX is earlier than June 2001, install patches XSWGR1100 and XSWHWCR1100 in the year of 2000 in the HP-UX Support Plus CD. The installation commands are as follows:# mount /dev/dsk/c0t0d0/cdrom # swinstall -s /cdrom/XSWGR1100 \ -xpatch_match_target=true \ -x autoreboot=true # swinstall -s /cdrom/XSWHWCR1100 \ -xpatch_match_target=true \ -x autoreboot=true

Table 13 lists other patches to be installed.

TABLE 13 P ATCHES TO BE INSTALLED

Patch Name PHNE_23876 PHNE_24100 PHSS_23803 PHSS_23823

Function

Remarks

Used for database, mandatory GUI GUI GUI

-

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Patch Name PHSS_23800

Function

Remarks

-

Install this patch after installing the patches of PHNE_24100, PHSS_23803, and PHSS_23823 -

PHSS_22217

GUI

The patches in Table 13 can be installed in the following two methods: Download from the website of itrc.hp.com. Install from the ZXONM E300 installation CD. The patches are in the patch directory o s _ p a t c h of the CD, with file suffix as tar. Extract the .tar file first before installation. The operations are as follows: i. Execute the following commands to extract the .tar file to directory / t m p .# mount /dev/dsk/c0t0d0/cdrom # cd /tmp # tar xvf /cdrom/patch/hppatch.tar

ii. Execute the following commands to install the patches. Take the patch PHNE_24100 as an example. Other patches are installed according to this operation.# cd /tmp/patch # sh PHNE_24100 # swinstall -s /tmp/patch/PHNE_24100.depot

Database Configuration of HP-UX PlatformNote: For a computer installed with SYBASE on HP-UX platform, make sure to create database storage devices and asynchronous devices for storage of data before installing patches.

Creating Database Storage DevicesTo create database storage devices1. Check the free space of the disk and confirm that it is no less than 1400 MB. Login to the system as the ROOT user and execute the following command on the command line:# vgdisplay

The following information will be displayed:

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--- Volume groups --VG Name VG Write Access VG Status Max LV Cur LV Open LV Max PV Cur PV Act PV Max PE per PV VGDA PE Size (Mbytes) Total PE Alloc PE Free PE Total PVG Total Spare PVs Total Spare PVs in use /dev read/write available 255 10 10 16 1 1 2500 2 4 2168 2133 35 0 0 0

V G N a m e is the volume group name, for example, / d e v / v g 0 0 . F r e e P E is the free space of the volume group in the unit of PE. P E S i z e ( M b y t e s ) is the size of a PE in the unit of MB.

The free space of the volume group can be calculated as follows:F r e e P E * F E S i z e (unit: MB)

2. Create database storage devices. i. Execute the following command to create a database data storage device at the size of 600 M and with sybdat as the logical volume name and vg00 as the volume group:# lvcreate -L 600 -n sybdat vg00

ii. Execute the following command to create a database log storage devices at the size of 800 M and with syblog as the logical volume name and vg00 as the volume group:# lvcreate -L 800 -n syblog vg00

3. The database storage devices are created completely.

Creating Asynchronous DevicesBy default, the HP-UX does not have asynchronous devices. Therefore, it is necessary to create asynchronous devices.

To create asynchronous devices1. Run s a m as a ROOT user.

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2. Select sam -> Kernel configuration to enter the Drivers area. 3. Select asyncdsk and then re-create HP-UX kernel. i. Select sam -> Actions -> Add Driver to Kernel to create HP-UX kernel.

ii. Select sam -> Actions -> Process New Kernel, and then select Move kernel into place and shutdown/reboot system now or Do not move kernel into place; do not shutdown/reboot now in the popup dialog box. 4. Execute the following command to reboot the system and load the asynchronous I/O driver:# /sbin/shutdown -r 0

5. Log in to the system as a ROOT user, create the device file / d e v / a s y n c with 101 as the host device number, and execute the following command to ensure the authority of the file is correct.# ls -l /dev/async

The result may be as follows:crw-rw---/dev/async 1 sybase sybase 101 0x000004 Oct 28 10:32

If / d e v / a s y n c does not exist or the device number is incorrect, delete the device and create it as follows:# /sbin/mknod /dev/async c 101 0x4

6. Assign sybase group and user for the device.# /sbin/mknod /dev/async c 101 0x4 sybase:sybase /dev/async /dev/async # /usr/bin/chown

# /usr/bin/chmod 660

Installation and Configuration of WindowsFor hardware requirements for the computer installed with Windows operating system, refer to Table 9. Select host according to the quantity of NEs to be managed in the network, as listed in Table 10. If the version of the operating system is later than Windows 2000, install the operating system according to related manuals of the software.

Caution: The ZXONM which uses SYBASE as its database must be installed on Windows 2000 Server, and Windows XP is not supported.

After installation, it is required to log in to the operating system as the super user (Administrator) to install and operate the ZXONM E300 EMS in the future.

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ZXONM E300 Installation in UnixIn this chapter, you will learn about:ZXONM E300 installation procedure in Unix platform Setting parameters of ZXONM E300 in Unix platform

Installation ProcedureThe ZXONM E300 can run on the HP-UNIX platform or Solaris platform. The following content describes how to install the ZXONM E300.

Installation Preparations1. Select the ZXONM E300 installation CD for the HP-UNIX or Solaris platform according to the actual operating platform. Table 14 lists directories in the installation CDs.

TABLE 14 DIRECTORIES IN INSTALL ATION CDS

Operating System

Directory doc

Description

Saves manuals and operation documents Saves tools, for example, DBMAN Patch program directory of the HP-UX operating system EMS installation directory Saves manuals and operation documents Saves tools, for example, DBMAN Patch program directory of the Solaris operating system EMS installation directory

HP-UX

tools os_patch install doc

Solaris

tools os_patch install

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2. Determine installation items based on networking conditions and dependencies between various parts listed in Table 6.

Typical InstallationIf typical installation is selected, all the components of ZXONM E300 will be installed. After installation, the following sub-directories are generated automatically: d b , d b m a n , d o c , g u i , i l o g , j a v a , m a n a g e r , r e p o r t , s e r v e r and s y b a s e . The sub-directories are described in Table 15.

TABLE 15 SUB-DIRECTORY DESCRIPTION (UNIX)

Sub-directory db dbman doc gui ilog java manager report server sybase

Description

Save the executable program, log files, configuration files, and backup data of the database server (DBSVR). Saves the items related to the database maintenance tool (dbman), such as dbman executable program and logs. Saves manuals and operation documents. Saves the items related to Client software, such as executable program, logs, and configuration files. Saves the graphical interface development tools for ZXONM E300 Client. Saves the JAVA realtime running environment to support the report running. Saves the startup programs, logs, and configuration files of the parent manager and various child managers. Saves the items related to report. Saves the startup programs of the ZXONM E300 Server and the Report Server. Saves the database support system SYBASE.

To perform typical installation of ZXONM E300 in Unix1. Load the CD-ROM to the local drive. The load operation varies in different operating systems. Solaris platform i. Put the ZXONM E300 installation CD into the CD-ROM drive. ii. The CD-ROM is automatically loaded to the / c d r o m . If the file manager is working, a window displaying information of the CD-ROM will pop up, as shown Figure 8.

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FIGURE 8 FILE M AN AGER WINDOW

HP-UX platform i. Log in to the system as a ROOT user, and insert the ZXONM E300 installation CD into the CD-ROM drive.

ii. Execute the following command to query the CD-ROM device name.# ioscan -fnkC disk Class I H/W Description Path Driver S/W State H/W Type

============================================ disk 0 10/0/14/0.0.0 CD-ROM LTN485S sdisk CLAIMED DEVICE LITEON

/dev/dsk/c0t0d0 disk 1 10/0/15/1.6.0 MAJ3182MC sdisk CLAIMED

/dev/rdsk/c0t0d0 DEVICE FUJITSU

/dev/dsk/c3t6d0

/dev/rdsk/c3t6d0

iii. The above result shows that CD-ROM device is / d e v / d s k / c 0 t 0 d 0 . Execute the following command to create a mount directory.# mkdir /cdrom

iv. Execute the following command to mount the CD-ROM into the system.# mount /dev/dsk/c0t0d0 /cdrom

2. Enter the installation CD and execute the i n s t a l l command.# c d / c d r o m / c d r o m 0 or c d / c d r o m # ./install

Where, / c d r o m / c d r o m 0 is the fixed location of CD-ROM on the Solaris platform, and / c d r o m is the mount directory created on the HP-UX platform.

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3. Once the program starts running, it will conduct installation self-test and self-extract. Figure 9 shows self-extract.

FIGURE 9 SELF-EXTRACT INTERFACE

4. After self-extract is completed, the Introduction dialog box is displayed, as shown in Figure 10.

FIGURE 10 INSTALLATION INTRODUCTION DIALOG BOX

The left list box of the dialog box lists the EMS installation sequence. A mark in front of each installation step shows installation progress. When the mark becomes a blue round icon, it indicates that this step is completed or installation is underway. When the mark becomes a black block, it indicates that this step is not started yet.

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5. In Figure 10, click Next button to enter the License Agreement dialog box as shown in Figure 11.

FIGURE 11 LICENSE AGREEMENT DIALOG BOX

6. In the dialog box shown in Figure 11, select I accept the terms of the License Agreement. Click Next button. The Choose Install Folder dialog box pops up, as shown in Figure 12.

FIGURE 12 CHOOSE INSTALL FOLDER DIALOG BOX

Checkpoint: For initial installation, make sure that the space of the installation directory is no less than 4 GB.

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7. Click Restore Default Folder to select a default path, or click Choose to select installation path. Click Next. The Choose Install Set dialog box pops up, as shown in Figure 13.

FIGURE 13 CHOOSE INSTALL SET DIALOG BOX

Figure 13 lists three types of installation: Typical, Minimal and Custom. Typical indicates complete installation of the ZXONM E300 EMS, minimal indicates installation with the minimal options, and custom indicates partial installation of EMS components. The following description is based on typical installation. 8. In the Choose Install Set dialog box shown in Figure 13, click Typical and then click Next. The Pre-Installation Summary dialog box pops up, as shown in Figure 14.FIGURE 14 PRE-INSTALL ATION SUMM ARY DIALOG BOX

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9. The Pre-Installation Summary dialog box shown in Figure 14 lists previously set installation information, including product name, install folder, link folder, and disk space information. Click Install to enter the Installing Unitrans ZXONM E300 window, as shown in Figure 15.

FIGURE 15 INSTALLING UNITRANS ZXONM E300 WINDOW

10. After data copy is completed, three prompt boxes including change file mode, start SYBASE, and create database, will pop up in sequence, as shown in Figure 16, Figure 17, and Figure 18.

FIGURE 16 CHANGE FILE MODE PROMPT BOX

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FIGURE 17 START SYBASE PROMPT BOX

FIGURE 18 CREATE DATABASE PROMPT BOX

11. After the above three processes are completed successfully, the Install Complete dialog box pops up, as shown in Figure 19.

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FIGURE 19 INSTALL COMPLETE DIALOG BOX

12. Take out the installation CD from the CD-ROM drive. This operation varies on Solaris platform and HP-UX platform, and is respectively described below: i. Solaris platform platform supports two types of CD-ROM ejection The Solaris operations.

Enter the command e j e c t c d r o m in the command line. In the window shown in Figure 8, select File->Eject Disk. ii. HP-UX platform Enter the command u m o u n t / c d r o m in the command line. 13. In Figure 19, click Done to reboot the system automatically.

Note: The Install Complete dialog box shown in Figure 19 supports another installation completion operation: click Done to reboot the system automatically. And after the system reboots successfully, take out the installation CD.

Custom InstallationCustom installation is used when only part of the EMS components need to be installed on the computer.

To perform custom installation of ZXONM E3001. Perform step 1 to step 7 in the section of Typical Installation to enter the Choose Install Set dialog box shown in Figure 13.

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2. Click Custom to enter the Select Component dialog box, which lists all the installation components of ZXONM E300. 3. Select components to be installed in the Select Component dialog box based on actual conditions and the dependencies between installation components listed in Table 6. 4. For subsequent operations, refer to the section of Typical Installation.

Setting EMS ParametersSet the following parameters based on actual conditions to ensure normal running of the EMS.

Setting Dynamic RouteIf dynamic routes are used for communication between EMS and Agent, the configuration of dynamic route is as follows. 1. Set the IP address of the EMS computer and the IP address of the access NE to be in the same network section.

Note: If the computer is equipped with multiple network cards, the IP address of the network card serving to access NE should be set. The dynamic routes are valid for the first IP address of the network card only.

2. Modify G A T E D = 0 to G A T E D = 1 in the file / e t c / r c . c o n f i g . d / n e t c o n f . 3. Modify the file / e t c / g a t e d . c o n f . Check if such information as o s pf y e s . . . exists. If not, append the following content to the file.ospf yes { aera 0.0.0.1 { interface all; }; };

4. Reboot the system to complete the configuration. 5. Execute the following command to check dynamic routes:# netstat -rn

Configuring Communication between GUI and ManagerIf the GUI and the Manager are installed in different computers, open the file m g r c f g . i n i using the editor vi or other file edit modes, and configure communication between the GUI and Manager.

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Configure communication at the GUI side. It is recommended to execute the following commands to access the configuration file. Suppose the EMS installation directory is / o p t / u n i t r a n s .# cd /opt/unitrans/gui/etc # ./config

Suppose the modified file m g r c f g . i n i is as follows:[Manager A] IP="192.192.192.23" PORT="2000" [Manager B] IP="192.192.192.25" PORT="2000"

In the configuration file, I P represents the IP address. The address of Manager must be the same as the address in the Manager configuration used for communication with GUI. The default port of Manager is 2 0 0 0 and can be modified by user.

Configuring Communication between DB and ManagerIf the Manager and dbsvr are installed on different computers, modify the file installation directory/db/cfg and installation d i r e c t o r y / m a n a g e r / c f g to configure the communication between DB and Manager. The OIDs in the c f g files of the dbsvr and Manager must be configured to be the same. For example: 1. Database configuration file / o p t / u n i t r a n s / d b / c f g : ...... //Database OID. Only the last digit can be changed, and the configuration of OID must be consistent with that of Manager.dbOid=iso:org:dod:internet:private:enterprise:zte:db:8

//Parent Manager OID. Only the last digit can be changed. and the configuration of OID must be consistent with that of Manager.mgrOid=iso:org:dod:internet:private:enterprise:zte:manag er:8

......

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2. Manager configuration file / o p t / u n i t r a n s / m a n a g e r / c f g : ...... //Database OIDdbOid=iso:org:dod:internet:private:enterprise:zte:db:8

//Parent Manager OIDparentMgrOid=iso:org:dod:internet:private:enterprise:zte :manager:8

......

Configuring Database SynchronizationIf multiple EMSs are used for networking, and EMS DBMS is used to ensure data consistency of EMSs, database synchronization configuration must be performed. For detailed operations, refer to the Unitrans ZXONM E300 Unified EMS/SNMS of Optical Network Operation Manual (Volume VI) Database Synchronization Configuration.

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Chapter

5

ZXONM E300 Installation in WindowsIn this chapter, you will learn about:ZXONM E300 installation procedure in Windows ZXONM E300 parameters configuration in Windows

Installation ProcedureInstallation Preparations1. Based on database type, select ZXONM E300 installation CD of SYBASE or SQL Server. Table 16 lists directories and files in the installation CD.

TABLE 16 DIRECTORIES AND FILES IN THE INSTALL ATION CD

Directory

Sub-directory and File doc tools

Description

Saves manuals and operation file Tools, for example, DBMAN Directory of the operating system patch EMS installation directory Serial number of the EMS installation program Saves manuals and operation file Tools, for example, DBMAN Directory of the operating system patch EMS installation directory Serial number of the EMS installation program

SYBASE

os_patch install Sn.txt doc tools

SQL Server

os_patch install Sn.txt

2. Determine installation items based on networking modes and Table 6.

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Typical InstallationTypical installation, also called complete installation, integrates database software, such as SYBASE or SQL Server, and EMS software. About 2.7 GB will be occupied on the hard disk for this type of installation. After installation, the following sub-directories listed in Table 17 are generated automatically.

TABLE 17 SUB-DIRECTORIES DESCRIPTION (IN WINDOWS)

Sub-directory db dbman doc gui ilog java manager report server

Description

Saves the running program, log files, configuration files and backup data of the database server (DBSVR). Saves the items related to the database maintenance tool (dbman), such as dbman program and logs. Saves the manuals and the operation documents. Saves the items related to Client software, such as program, logs, and configuration files. Saves the interface developing tools for ZXONM E300 Client Saves the realtime running environment for JAVA, to support the report running Saves the startup programs, logs and configuration files of the parent manager and various managers. Saves the items related to report. Saves the startup programs of ZXONM E300 server (Server) and the report server (Report Server). Saves files related to SYBASE. This sub-directory is created only when SYBASE database serves as the database support system for ZXONM E300. Saves files related to SQL Server. This sub-directory is created only when SQL Server database serves as the suppoort system for ZXONM E300.

sybase

sqlserver

The installation procedure of the ZXONM E300 based on SYBASE and that based on SQL Server are quite similar.

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To install ZXONM E300 based on SYBASE (Typical)1. Put the ZXONM E300 installation CD in the CD drive. 2. Run the file s e t u p . e x e to enter the Choose Setup Language dialog box, as shown in Figure 20.

FIGURE 20 CHOOSE SETUP LANGUAGE DIALOG BOX

Note: The ZXONM E300 EMS provides English and Chinese versions for Windows operating system. This chapter takes the English version as an example to illustrate the installation procedure.

3. Select English and click OK. The InstallShield Wizard dialog box pops up, as shown in Figure 21.

FIGURE 21 INSTALLSHIELD WIZARD DIALOG BOX

4. After initialization, the initial window of ZXONM E300 installation will pop up, as shown in Figure 22.

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FIGURE 22 INITIAL WINDOW OF INSTALLATION

5. Click Next to enter the software License Agreement dialog box, as shown in Figure 23.

FIGURE 23 LICENSE AGREEMENT DIALOG BOX

6. Click Yes to accept the agreement. The Customer Information dialog box pops up, as shown in Figure 24.

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FIGURE 24 CUSTOMER INFORM ATION DIALOG BOX

Note: Get the serial number from the S n . t x t file in ZXONM E300 installation CD.

7. Enter the user name, company name, and the serial number; and then click Next. The Choose Destination Location dialog box pops up, as shown in Figure 25.

FIGURE 25 CHOOSE DESTINATION LOCATION DIALOG BOX

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8. If the default installation directory is selected, go to next step directly. To customize the installation directory, click Browse. The Choose Folder dialog box pops up, as shown in Figure 26.

FIGURE 26 CHOOSE FOLDER DIALOG BOX

9. Select the installation directory and click OK. The Choose Destination Location dialog box is displayed, as shown in Figure 27.

FIGURE 27 CHOOSE DESTINATION LOCATION DIALOG BOX

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10. Click Next. The Setup Type dialog box will pop up, as shown in Figure 28.

FIGURE 28 SETUP TYPE DIALOG BOX

The dialog box lists all types of setups: The SYBASE database supports installations of the ZXONM E300. typical, custom, and client

The SQL Server database supports typical, client, compact, and custom installations of the ZXONM E300. 11. Taking the ZXONM E300 installation using SYBASE as example, in the Setup Type dialog box, select Typical, click Next to enter the Select Device Type dialog box, as shown in Figure 29.

FIGURE 29 SELECT DEVICE TYPE DIALOG BOX

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The Select Device Type dialog box lists the NE types that can be managed by ZXONM E300. The relations between child managers and NE types are listed in Table 18.

TABLE 18 RELATION BETWEEN CHILD MANAGER AND NE

NE Type

Child Manager

Remarks

ZXMP S380, ZXMP S390 ZXMP S360 ZXMP S320 ZXMP S330 ZXMP S100 ZXMP S385 ZXMP S200 ZXMP S325 ZXMP M800 (2M) ZXMP M800 (100M) ZXWM M900 ZXWM M900 (100M) ZXWM-32 (V1) ZXMP M600 ZXMP P210, ZXMP P220, ZXMP P230, ZXMP P240 SDH Virtual

smgr10G (320) smgr2500 smgr600 smgr2500C smgrt150 smgr2510 smgrs200 smgrs325 smgrV3 smgr100mV3 smgrV2 smgr100mV2 smgrV1 smgrcwdm smgrpcm -

-

2 M monitoring system 100 M monitoring system 2 M monitoring system 100 M monitoring system SDH virtual NE

The symbol in front of an NE indicates that the child manager corresponding to this NE will be installed and the EMS can manage this NE type. Otherwise, it indicates that the EMS cannot manage this NE type. To install all the child managers, click Select All. To clear all selected items, click Clear All. To select a child manager, select the corresponding NE directly.

Note: By default, all child managers will be installed for the ZXONM E300, that is, the ZXONM E300 can manage all NE types. User can select the child manager based on current network requirements.

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12. In the Select Device Type dialog box, click Next to enter the Select Program Folder dialog box, as shown in Figure 30.

FIGURE 30 SELECT PROGRAM FOLDER DIALOG BOX

13. In the Select Program Folder dialog box, the default folder is ZXONM_E300, and user can select another folder according to actual need. Click Next and the Installing dialog box pops up, as shown in Figure 31.

FIGURE 31 INSTALLING DIALOG BOX

14. After copying the files, the InstallShield Wizard Complete dialog box pops up. 15. Click Finish to finish the installation, and the system restart selection dialog box pops up, as shown in Figure 32.

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FIGURE 32 SYSTEM RESTART SELECTION DIALOG BOX

16. In Figure 32, select Yes, I want to restart my computer now. and click Finish, to complete the ZXONM E300 installation and the computer will be restarted right now. Or select No, I will restart my computer later. and click Finish, to complete the ZXONM E300 installation and manually restart the computer later.

Compact InstallationCompact installation is applicable only to the ZXONM E300 that is supported by the SQL Server database. The compact installation integrates the installation programs of SQL Server database software and the ZXONM EMS software. It is the minimum installation of ZXONM E300.

To install ZXONM E300 (Compact)1. Refer to step 1 to step 10 in the section of Typical Installation in Chapter 5 to enter the Setup Type dialog box. 2. Select Compact and follow step 11 to step 16 in the section of Typical Installation in Chapter 5 to complete the compact installation.

Custom InstallationCustom installation is used when only parts of components need to be installed. The hard disk space required depends on components to be installed.

To install ZXONM E300 (Custom)1. Follow step 1 to step 10 in the section of Typical Installation in Chapter 5 to enter the Setup Type dialog box, as shown in Figure 28.

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2. Select Custom and click Next to enter the Select Components dialog box, as shown in Figure 33.

FIGURE 33 SELECT COMPONENTS DIALOG BOX

Figure 33 lists installation components of the ZXONM E300, including gui, manager, db, agent, doc, sybase, ilog, dbman, and server. Refer to Table 17 for the component descriptions. A "" in front of a component indicates that this component needs to be installed. Otherwise, the component does not need to be installed. 3. In Figure 33, select the components according to actual conditions and the dependencies listed in Table 6. Then, click Next to enter the Select Program Folder dialog box as shown in Figure 30. 4. Subsequent operations are similar to those of typical installation. Refer to step 13 to step 16 in the section of Typical Installation in Chapter 5.

Client InstallationThe client installation only installs ZXONM E300 EMS client and report server, and about 300 MB of hard disk space is needed.

To install ZXONM E300 (Client)1. Follow step 1 to step 10 in the section of Typical Installation in Chapter 5 to enter the Setup Type dialog box, as shown in Figure 28. 2. Select Client and click Next to enter the Select Program Folder dialog box, as shown in Figure 30. 3. Subsequent operations are similar to those of typical installation. Refer to step 13 to step 16 in the section of Typical Installation in Chapter 5.

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Setting EMS ParametersOn Windows platform, setting EMS parameters involve configurations of communication between GUI and Manager, communication between DB and Manager, synchronization of SYBASE database, and SQL Sever database.

Configuring Communication between GUI and ManagerIf GUI and Manager are installed on different computers, it is necessary to modify the file i n s t a l l a t i o n d i r e c t o r y / g u i / e t c / m g r c f g . i n i to configure communication between the GUI and Manager. Open the file m g r c f g . i n i , as shown in Figure 34. In the m g r c f g . i n i file, you can set the name of the Manager. The IP address of must be the same as the actual login IP address for the Manager. By default, the port of the Manager is 2000. You can modify the port number.

FIGURE 34 MGRCFG.INI FILE WINDOWManager name Manager IP address Manager port

Configuring Communication between DB and ManagerIf Manager and dbsvr are installed on different computers, configure the communication between them by modifying files of i n s t a l l a t i o n d i r e c t o r y \ d b \ c f g and i n s t a l l a t i o n d i r e c t o r y \ m a n a g e r \ c f g . The OID in the c f g files of the dbsvr and Manager must be configured to be the same.

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For example: Database configuration file: i n s t a l l a t i o n d i r e c t o r y \ d b \ c f g //Database OID. Only the last digit can be changed, and the configuration of OID must be consistent with that of Manager.dbOid=iso:org:dod:internet:private:enterprise:zte:db:8

//Parent Manager OID. Only the last digit can be changed, and the configuration of OID must be consistent with that of Manager.mgrOid=iso:org:dod:internet:private:enterprise:zte: manager:8

...... Manager configuration file: i n s t a l l a t i o n d i r e c t o r y \ m a n a g e r \ c f g ...... //Database OIDdbOid=iso:org:dod:internet:private:enterprise:zte:db:8

//Parent Manager OIDparentMgrOid=iso:org:dod:internet:private:enterprise:zte: manager:8

......

Configuring Synchronization of SYBASE DatabaseIf the ZXONM E300 adopts the SYBASE database and there are mul