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    TUnseenAt 2:20 a.m. on April 15, 1912, theunsinkable R.M.S.Titanicdisappeared

    beneath the waves, taking with her1,500 souls. One hundred years later,new technologies have revealed the

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    Te propellers of the Olympicthe nearly identical sister ship of the

    Titanicdwarf workers at the Belfast

    shipyard where both ocean liners werebuilt. Few photographs exist of the

    Titanic, but the Olympicgives a

    sense of its grand design. NatioNal MuseuMs NortherN irelaNd, collectioN

    harlaNd aNd Wolff, ulster folk & traNsport MuseuM

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    Revealed through newimagery, the greatest shipthat ever sailed continuesto hold and haunt ourimaginations.

    by hampton sides

    The lights arefnally on. THE WRECK SLEEPS in darkness,

    a puzzlement o corroded steel strewn across athousand acres o the North tlantic seabed.Fungi eed on it. eird colorless lie-orms, un-azed by the crushing pressure, prowl its jaggedramparts. From time to time, beginning with thediscovery o the wreck in 1985 by xplorer-in-esidence obert Ballard and Jean-ouis Michel,a robot or a manned submersible has swept over

    Titanics gloomy acets, pinged a sonar beam inits direction, taken some imagesand le.

    n recent years explorers like James ameronand aul-enry Nargeolet have brought backincreasingly vivid pictures o the wreck. Yet weve

    i l li d th it th h th h

    brought tsonar imaNow we city, a gapinonce spro

    the mud image is rmake out

    ere, inentire wredavit, evedecipheracrash sceemergingeverythingthe lights

    Bill anmaging ao high-te ew blo

    harbor, onthe laborawith highbanks o ho the orig

    k

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    But something else, beyond human lives, wentdown with the Titanic: An illusion o orderliness,a aith in technological progress, a yearning orthe uture that, as urope dried toward ull-scalewar, was soon replaced by ears and dreads all

    too amiliar to our modern world. e Titanicdisaster was the bursting o a bubble, James Cam-eron told me. ere was such a sense o bountyin the rst decade o the 20th century. levators!Automobiles! Airplanes! Wireless radio! very-thing seemed so wondrous, on an endless upwardspiral. en it all came crashing down.

    THE MOTHER o all shipwrecks has

    many homesliteral, legal, and metaphoricalbut none more surreal than the Las Vegas Strip.At the Luxor otel, in an upstairs entertain-

    t t it t d t t t i t h

    atally wouhowever, known asand was, arom the

    ribbed witremindedseum: imgreat exprom a los

    e years manwords oring them

    val barkerlong argushould becaustic in hYou donon theM

    visit Gettdriven by g

    In receunder newerent cou

    l t

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    Titanics battered stern, captured here in prole (above)

    and overhead, bears witness to the extreme trauma

    inicted upon it as it corkscrewed to the bottom.

    Making sense o this tangle o metal presents endless

    challenges to experts. Says one: I youre going tointerpret this stuf, you gotta love Picasso.COPYRIGHT 2012 RMS TITanIC, InC; PROduCed bY aIVL, WHOI

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    real action will likely be concentrated in years tocomeespecially with the new MS imagesproviding a clearer guide. e bows very sexy,but weve been to it hundreds o times, Saudersaid. ll this wreckage here to the south is whatIm interested in.

    In essence Sauder was hunting or anythingrecognizable, any pattern amid the chaos aroundthe stern. We like to picture shipwrecks asGreek temples on a hillyou know, very pic-turesque, he told me. ut theyre not. eyreruined industrial sites: piles o plates and rivetsand stieners. I youre going to interpret thisstu, you gotta love Picasso.

    Sauder zoomed in on the image at hand, andwithin a ew minutes had solved at least a smallpart o the mystery near the stern: ying atopthe wreckage was the crumpled brass rameo a revolving d oor, probably rom a rst-classlounge. It is the kind o painstaking work that

    only someone who knows every inch o the shipcould perorma tiny part o an enormousWheres Waldo? sleuthing project that couldkeep ill Sauder busy or years.

    select comTitanic getions to thclass o nimback neverior, includbath and Ghostwa

    amerwhite goatmatters, ahis brow. theBismatake him aut the Ting o the

    very strandown therhe told mits gorgeo

    like this isthe under

    t amwould codid the Ti l h

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    ung o the stern mbuckling,disintegrait was unr

    Sitting bpiece o bawant the said. We kind o gh

    Listeniitanics pened to Most o that the surpreserverhave beenamilies innew lie inlast mome

    ings and shhave hearlater, too

    S

    modern shipping industry, the experts painted agruesome portrait oitanics death throes.

    Te ship sideswiped the iceberg at 11:40 p.m.,buckling portions o the starboard hull alonga 300-oot span and exposing the six orwardwatertight compartments to the sea. From thismoment onward, sinking was a certainty. Tedemise may have been hastened, however, whencrewmen pushed open a gangway door on theport side in an aborted attempt to load lieboatsrom a lower level. Since the ship had begun list-ing to port, they could n ot reclose the massivedoor against gravity, and by 1:50 a.m., the bowhad settled enough to allow seawater to rush inthrough the gangway.

    By 2:18, with the last lieboat having departed13 minutes earlier, the bow had flled with waterand the stern had risen high enough into the airto expose the propellers and create catastrophicstresses on the middle o the ship. hen the

    itanic cracked in hal.Cameron stood up and demonstrated how

    it happened. He grabbed a banana and beganto wrench it in his hands: Watch how it exesand pooches in the middle beore it breaksseeth t? T b ki t th b tt hi h

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    Ghostwalkingin Titanic

    Wandering room to roomthrough the sunken wreck,the explorer and flmmaker

    fnds himsel at homeamong the spirits.

    by james cameron

    It had been ive hours c myp Gilligan l gg mlMir 1 pp c pwck. O w pk pp ck m m wck y, y l lck 5,000 p p q c p, k w---l-ml clm w .

    S Mir, I w mly p- cl (ROV) w gl g jy-ck, mg pc . T p F Dck, pyg -pc cl lk l l A

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    n h bayawnng h nac bou an oll a

    bo hmo o ho h moOlympic. FTitanicho h cconuwh h

    O all oh lcouch hh bowlgh whA Dck, h

    cngEh oom o gboa a lcan

    h

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    Changing seafoorSwiig ttm cts cstt sct thc d, stiig sdimts d idig dstht , i sm css, g, wid, d highth th Titanic its. It s t mch mdmic imt th w id, ss Wds

    H cgh Did G. H is mTitanicticts m i th th c d tht d shitig ds d sd imt wscd ti th wck.

    1. Cargo hatch number 1 cover

    Fsicstsi th mssi wd cg htchc1w its htch 1wh th wsmmd itth s.

    2. Davit pile

    Titanicsitswhistdd dits,smcs.Mstwkdth dckiigcs.Thstwwtgdstdgigt twschd.

    3. At grand staircase dome

    Dctdik thwdgdsticsdmtdi thmiTitanic,thtgdsticsd dwtth dctstt,wigtstii st.

    4. Single-ended boiler

    Fi 57-t isd t im 1 ik git mswh th hsit i tw. Th smst d, th w sdt ht d ight th shi wh i t.

    5. Double-bottom hull piece

    Tw sctis Titanicsd-ttmh 5d 5idth st s it sk. Thihddmicsh m cctthidig wt th st th st th dis. Hwcsd i dckig 5cdd mis mst.

    Visible or the rst time through sonar imaging,

    the remains o the ship and its contents sprawl

    across a thousand acres o gently sloping

    seafoor. Combined with optical mosaics oindividual artiacts (colored images), this map

    o the main wreck area will help experts

    explore, manage, and protect the Titanic as

    a long-term archaeological site.

    CopyrIGHT 2012 rMS TITanIC, InC, a SubSIDIary oF preMIer exHIbITIonS, InC. Sonar MoSaICDevelopeD by reMuS operaTIonS Group (WHoI) anD WaITT InSTITuTe; pHoToMoSaICS byaDvanCeD IMaGInG anD vISualIzaTIon laboraTory, WHoI. nGM MapS (above)

    reMovepoSTerHere

    TitanicThe Crash Scene

    The bowTitanics w scti, th gst ic th wck,is sm 2,000 t m th mi wckg fd.a shck w distd md s t hid.

    200 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 2,000 2,200 2,400400 600 8000 t

    bi

    1b

    1a

    Cg htch c

    0 mi 1,400

    0 km 1,400

    Titanic

    wreck

    NewYork

    Southampton,U.K.

    0

    40

    80W

    40N

    20

    ATLANTIC

    OCEAN

    zm i t wck sit i d t ngm.com/

    Dit i

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