Urban Lake Conservation and Protection - Community Involvement

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<p>Community Involvement in Urban Water Supply and Sewerage at the workshop. You could share research works that show case studies on when and how to involve communities and strengthen local governance for implementing decentralized water supply and sewerage systems in peri urban areas of India</p> <p>Shaili GTraining ProgrammeUrban Lake Conservation &amp; Protection March 20th, 2013, HyderabadUrban Watershed Management to Combat Climate Change</p> <p>1Water (in)Security in Hyderabad, IndiaThe city has cascade of lakes which are in bad condition 3084 lakes in HMDAs core areas itself, many more in peri urban areas (data available about 500) </p> <p>Urban areas have lost several lakes during the process of development, which were earlier natural sources of water for agriculture and several other economic activities. </p> <p>Sewerage water is diverted in the lakes which leads to pollution, Ground water contamination and diseases</p> <p>Shadan hospital near Peerancheru releases Bio-medical wastes into the lake</p> <p>Cascade of tank Example from Tamilnadu</p> <p>Slide curtsey: Dhan Foundation - rural.nic.in/sites/downloads/pura/WM_%20Approaches...</p> <p>Shamirpet Lake Area : 486 haShamirpet lake - 1989</p> <p>Shamirpet Lake Area : 256.77 haShamirpet lake - 2006</p> <p>Shamirpet lake 1989- 2006230 Ha of land under water got reduced in 17 years </p> <p>19892001200520052009ShamirpetLake(classified map)WaterVegetation-1Vegetation-2Other classesSource: SaciWATERs and IIIT Study, 2011, Forthcoming</p> <p>IMPORTANCE OF URBAN LAKESRegulate local / micro climatic conditionsKeep surroundings coolRegulate flood watersMinimize economic loss due to floodingImprove ground water rechargingSupport aquatic lifeStop gap habitat for migratory birds.Contribute towards natural remediation of waste waters.Silt controlling traps.Slide curtsey: Jasveen Jairath, 2011 </p> <p>As a resultIncrease in urban floods extent and spread Low recharge of GWVulnerability to droughtsPeri urban areas deprived of corporation services bare compounded brunt Aggravated by gated affluent communities in PU areas Poor quantum and low quality Slide curtsey: Jasveen Jairath, 2011 </p> <p>Hyderabad Citys Water Supply Local water body sources replaced by distant rivers krishna, godawari, manjeera </p> <p>Consequences expensive, larger eco-footprints </p> <p>Local self reliance of water breaks down </p> <p>Around 60% of HMDA is covered by formal water supply rest of the areas depend on GW lakes recharge GW</p> <p>Community involvement in protection of local water bodies</p> <p>What is it?Community Involvement - users of water supply and management servicesParticipate in a project cycle ByAssuming a responsibility, Exercising an authorityHaving control over the management of water services</p> <p>Why is community involvement necessary?For planning and execution of a given projectA method of understanding the communitys issuesHelps in better community participationFacilitates in identifying various stakeholdersSmoothens the flow of workTechnical assistanceEffective use of resources</p> <p>Current issuesFaulty linesUnequal distributionNo proper operation systems (on/off switches)Frequent electricity cutsQuality related issuesMixing of water and sewage lines</p> <p>The entry pointTransect walksRandom interaction with the peopleUnderstanding the complexities of a heterogeneous population Identifying the vulnerable groupsVisiting them at their time of convenienceDetailed ethnographic studyIdentifying key active membersFormation of committees and sub-committeesInteraction with the SHG members</p> <p>Participatory tools and methodsRapport buildingBuilding contacts with the government representatives, local bodies such as Panchayat office, community leaders, political leaders, other key membersAwareness building activities (with children, youth and adults)Street plays, art and slogan competitions for school children, ralliesMeetings with all the stakeholdersTo identify their issues; to gain traditional knowledge</p> <p>Iterative sessions Women, landless and poorSeparate session to bring out their perspectivesPRA exercisesFGDs, Timelines, Social Mapping, Resource Mapping, Water MappingWorking groups co-ordinationLocal governments, partner NGOs, etcTraining and Capacity building programmesWASH practices, Water harvesting, drip irrigation, use of natural fertilizers, etc.</p> <p>Framing a lake management committee </p> <p>Operation and maintenance of the lake : SHGs, Identifying a third party</p> <p>Regular public awareness: media, hoardings, organising community vigilance meetings, Involving the local school students</p> <p>Introducing certain resolutions: User fees, Ban on littering around the lake etc;</p> <p>Community to play the role of Watch Dogs !!!</p> <p>Regular Capacity Building : Municipal Solid waste management</p> <p>ENSURING SUSTAINABILITY</p> <p>advantagesThe advantages linked to community involvement are:Improves the outreach of the servicesTime-savingRecognition of work at community levelProgrammes designed in accordance to community needsProject management in the hands of community</p> <p>constraintsTIME most of them are unavailable during working hoursEffective communication language barriersIdentifying the right needs of the communityHave to satisfy everyone within the project goalsProjects implementation would be time consuming</p> <p>Identifying stakeholders representing diverse communitiesInfluence of political partiesCommunicating technical information in an easy to understand mannerCapacity of the community to contribute to the project managementAfter a period of time, the initial zeal in active implementation fades away.The community needs constant push in managing their own resources</p> <p>Lessons learntThe community would expect immediate change and positive impactConsideration of landless and other poor people into the planning processThe tools and approaches are to be developed which would meet the needs of the communitiesUltimately all the users would get actively involved over a period of timeImportance of the role of womenCommunity involvement is a highly affective method of a change</p> <p>conclusionProper planning and implementation process is required for enhanced community involvement.The involvement is influenced by leadership and responsibility.Approaches/strategies should be localized for a better fit into the environment.Successful experiences should be disseminated.Specific tools should be developed to support community involvement in order to reduce the constraints.Community participation improves the financial viability and overall sustainability of the services</p>

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