vietnam from 1800’s till 1940 france ruled indochina became known as french indochina vietnam...

Click here to load reader

Post on 26-Dec-2015

214 views

Category:

Documents

0 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

  • Slide 1
  • Slide 2
  • Slide 3
  • VIETNAM From 1800s till 1940 France ruled Indochina Became known as French Indochina Vietnam Cambodia Laos
  • Slide 4
  • VIETNAM Opposition fled to China Regrouped under leadership of Ho Chi Minh
  • Slide 5
  • VIETNAM 1940 Japan took control of Indochina After war France and Ho Chi Minh fought for control of Vietnam
  • Slide 6
  • VIETNAM 1950 United States entered conflict in Vietnam Monetary aid 15 million dollars
  • Slide 7
  • VIETNAM Domino Theory
  • Slide 8
  • VIETNAM If one falls the rest will fall Relate to Cold War If Vietnam fell next CambodiaThailand Laos Indonesia ??Australia??
  • Slide 9
  • VIETNAM France was not successful in fighting guerilla war Final battle at Dien Bien Phu
  • Slide 10
  • VIETNAM
  • Slide 11
  • Geneva Accord
  • Slide 12
  • VIETNAM Divided Vietnam 17 th parallel Communist North Ho Chi Minh Anti-Communist South Ngo Dinh Diem
  • Slide 13
  • VIETNAM
  • Slide 14
  • In 2 years National Elections were to be held United States believed that 80% would vote for Ho Chi Minh
  • Slide 15
  • VIETNAM United States supported cancellation of elections Supported Diem
  • Slide 16
  • VIETNAM Diem was corrupt and abusive leader Devout Catholic minority in a largely Buddhist country Persecuted any of the old Vietminh
  • Slide 17
  • VIETNAM 1957 communist opposition to Diem formed National Liberation Front Became known as Vietcong
  • Slide 18
  • VIETNAM Ho Chi Minh supported the Vietcong with supplies Used the Ho Chi Minh Trail
  • Slide 19
  • VIETNAM Kennedy and Vietnam Democrats were accused of being soft on Communism
  • Slide 20
  • VIETNAM Kennedy supported Diems government with money and 16,000 advisors Problem for Kennedy Diem was oppressive to majority religion of Buddhism
  • Slide 21
  • VIETNAM Buddhist monks protested by public suicides
  • Slide 22
  • VIETNAM
  • Slide 23
  • Slide 24
  • Setting themselves on fire to protest imprisonment of Monks and destruction of Temples by Diem
  • Slide 25
  • VIETNAM 1963 Vietnam was becoming very unstable Diem refused to listen to United States to ease up on persecutions Diem had to go Military coup Kennedy approved
  • Slide 26
  • VIETNAM Coup was successful Diem refused to leave He was killed against Kennedys wishes
  • Slide 27
  • VIETNAM November 1, 1963
  • Slide 28
  • VIETNAM WAR EXPANDS Some say Kennedy was going to get out of Vietnam Debatable as to whether he could have left He thought it was their war
  • Slide 29
  • VIETNAM Johnson Appeasement not an option in Vietnam Johnson view if Vietnam fell United States would be ineffective elsewhere
  • Slide 30
  • VIETNAM August 2, 1964
  • Slide 31
  • VIETNAM North Vietnamese patrol boat Fired a torpedo on American Destroyer Maddox
  • Slide 32
  • VIETNAM
  • Slide 33
  • August 4, 1964 Maddox reported to being fired on again Bad weather and low visibility Crew reported not seeing or hearing gunfire
  • Slide 34
  • VIETNAM Johnson retaliated by Bombing North Vietnam
  • Slide 35
  • VIETNAM Johnson went to Congress for additional powers
  • Slide 36
  • VIETNAM RESOLUTION STATED President will be able to use all measures to repel any armed attack against the United States
  • Slide 37
  • VIETNAM August 7, 1964 Gulf of Tonkin Resolution passed Gave Johnson and future presidents the ability to escalate
  • Slide 38
  • VIETNAM Conflict in Vietnam without a formal Declaration of War
  • Slide 39
  • VIETNAM Johnson had wanted to be able to escalate war just waiting for an event to push the resolution through
  • Slide 40
  • VIETNAM February 1965 Johnson imitated Operation Rolling Thunder
  • Slide 41
  • VIETNAM 1 st sustained bombing Of North Vietnam
  • Slide 42
  • VIETNAM By June of 1965 troop strength in Vietnam was 50,000 troops The war was now Americanized
  • Slide 43
  • VIETNAM AND AMERICA ESCALATION IN THE WAR
  • Slide 44
  • Initially war was popular 61% of American people supported the war Johnson was reluctant to send additional troops to Vietnam
  • Slide 45
  • VIETNAM AND AMERICA ESCALATION IN THE WAR Containment and Domino Theory was still number 1 Foreign Policy of the United States
  • Slide 46
  • VIETNAM AND AMERICA ESCALATION IN THE WAR Robert McNamara Secretary of Defense
  • Slide 47
  • VIETNAM AND AMERICA ESCALATION IN THE WAR Dean Rusk Secretary of State
  • Slide 48
  • VIETNAM AND AMERICA ESCALATION IN THE WAR Argued to sent more troops to Vietnam Not unanimous
  • Slide 49
  • VIETNAM AND AMERICA ESCALATION IN THE WAR George Ball Was against military build up
  • Slide 50
  • VIETNAM AND AMERICA ESCALATION IN THE WAR McNamara and Rusk along with commander of the Vietnam troops General William Westmoreland
  • Slide 51
  • VIETNAM AND AMERICA ESCALATION IN THE WAR
  • Slide 52
  • Convinced Johnson to escalate troop strength By end of 1965 American troop strength was 180,000 troops
  • Slide 53
  • VIETNAM AND AMERICA ESCALATION IN THE WAR Westmoreland believed that South Vietnam Army could not stand up to Vietcong As escalation continued it became an American War
  • Slide 54
  • VIETNAM AND AMERICA ESCALATION IN THE WAR By 1967 500,000 American troops were in Vietnam
  • Slide 55
  • VIETNAM AND AMERICA ESCALATION IN THE WAR THE WAR Not a conventional war Guerilla warfare Jungle fighting
  • Slide 56
  • VIETNAM AND AMERICA ESCALATION IN THE WAR Tactics of Vietcong Hit and Run tactics Mines Booby traps
  • Slide 57
  • VIETNAM AND AMERICA ESCALATION IN THE WAR Friends by day enemy by night Vietcong had a sophisticated tunnel systems
  • Slide 58
  • VIETNAM AND AMERICA ESCALATION IN THE WAR
  • Slide 59
  • Tunnels included Kitchens Sleep quarters Medical facilities False tunnels
  • Slide 60
  • VIETNAM AND AMERICA ESCALATION IN THE WAR Able to hide and limited the effects of American bombing
  • Slide 61
  • VIETNAM AND AMERICA ESCALATION IN THE WAR Provided easy escape Tunnels were sustainable and hard to locate Distinct advantage to Vietcong
  • Slide 62
  • VIETNAM AND AMERICA ESCALATION IN THE WAR World War I and World War II Both had major battles Vietnam had some but majority were Quick strikes hit and run
  • Slide 63
  • VIETNAM AND AMERICA ESCALATION IN THE WAR United States military and government believed that U.S. military forces could wear down the North Vietnamese and they would quit
  • Slide 64
  • VIETNAM AND AMERICA ESCALATION IN THE WAR Just the opposite as Vietcong or North Vietnamese casualties rose Their will became stronger
  • Slide 65
  • VIETNAM AND AMERICA ESCALATION IN THE WAR McNamara was astonished that the North Vietnamese could withstand the onslaught of the American military
  • Slide 66
  • VIETNAM AND AMERICA ESCALATION IN THE WAR Westmoreland stated U S was winning the military battles For the United States it was a military conflict to the Vietnamese it was a battle for survival
  • Slide 67
  • VIETNAM AND AMERICA ESCALATION IN THE WAR North Vietnam would pay any price for victory
  • Slide 68
  • VIETNAM AND AMERICA ESCALATION IN THE WAR Battle for Hearts and Minds of Vietnam people Get the South Vietnamese villagers to side with U.S. Guerillas would have no place to hide
  • Slide 69
  • VIETNAM AND AMERICA ESCALATION IN THE WAR Military struggle vs. fight for survival Also united States step up bombing
  • Slide 70
  • VIETNAM AND AMERICA ESCALATION IN THE WAR Napalm gasoline based bomb that set fire to jungle To expose Tunnels and reduce foliage Agent Orange
  • Slide 71
  • VIETNAM AND AMERICA ESCALATION IN THE WAR
  • Slide 72
  • Agent Orange was used to destroy the jungle and expose troops It was effective but later soldiers developed cancer
  • Slide 73
  • VIETNAM AND AMERICA ESCALATION IN THE WAR
  • Slide 74
  • Quagmire Despite military victories Search and destroy missions War waged on with no end in sight
  • Slide 75
  • VIETNAM AND AMERICA ESCALATION IN THE WAR Morale in ranks of soldiers became evident Frustration of fighting for in a war that some thought had no c

View more