vii- sacraments introduction
Post on 06-Dec-2015
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1. What was the origin of the word sacrament?
Any pledge in the form of property or moneyAn oath or allegiance to the emperor or to the gods of Rome.Used for ceremonies of Christian initiationSacrament: Latin word sacramentum
sign of a sacred reality
outward signs of inward grace, instituted by Christ for our sanctificationSacrament: Latin word sacramentum
Jesus is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of all creation. (Col. 1:15)He is the paradigm, the instrument through which God encounters people.All other Christian sacraments have their meaning only in and through Jesus.Jesus: The Primordial Sacrament of the Father
Looking at the Church in light of Jesus.metaphor: the mystery of the moonThrough the Church, Jesus dispenses His grace by means of actions, objects and words. Church: The Sacrament of Jesus Christ
2. The Sacraments of the Church
SACRAMENTSINTERPLAYSACRAMENTS AS CELEBRATIONFAITHPREACHING THEOLOGYLEX CREDENDILITURGYPRAYER & RITUAL ACTIONLEX ORANDI
FAITH INFLUENCES AND SHAPES PRAYER
PRAYER EXPRESSES THE CONTENT OF FAITHWHEN THE CHURCH CELEBRATES THE SACRAMENTS, IT PREACHES ITS FAITH
SACRAMENTS OF FAITHTHE CHURCH PREACHES FAITH IN ORDER TO PREPARE BELIEVERS FOR THE SACRAMENTS
HENCE, NO SACRAMENT IS INTEGRALLY CELEBRATED WITHOUT THE WORD OF GOD: LITURGY OF THE WORD
DEFINITION OF SACRAMENTCATECHISM OF THE CATHOLIC CHURCH 1131EFFICACIOUS SIGNS OF GRACEINSTITUTED BY CHRISTENTRUSTED TO THE CHURCHBY WHICH DIVINE LIFE IS DISPENSED TO US
AS EFFICACIOUS SIGNS OF GRACE,THEY EFFECT WHAT THEY SIGNIFY.
SACRAMENTS BEAR FRUIT IN THOSE WHO RECEIVE THEM.
EX OPERE OPERATO
AS INSTITUTED BY CHRIST,THE LITURGY IS AN ACTION OF CHRIST AND HIS BODY THE CHURCH:WHEN A PERSON BAPTIZES, IT IS REALLY CHRIST HIMSELF WHO BAPTIZES
ENTRUSTED TO THE CHURCHThe ordained minister is the sacramental bond that ties the liturgical action to what the apostles said and did and, through them, to the words and actions of Christ, the source and foundation of the sacraments.
BY WHICH DIVINE LIFE IS DISPENSED TO USThe fruit of the sacramental life is that the Spirit of adoption makes the faithful partakers in the divine nature by uniting them in a living union with the only Son, the Savior.
The purpose of the sacraments is:To make people HOLY;To build up the BODY OF CHRIST;To give WORSHIP to God. (Art. 59)
According to the Constitution on the Liturgy
Sacred ScripturesTradition of the ApostlesFathers of the Church
3 Sources of Gods Revelation:
Sacraments are more than signs. They are mans celebration of PERSONAL and ECCLESIAL encounters with the divine saving acts of Jesus and the Holy Spirit.
Sacraments are celebrated as necessary means for our salvation Jesus is truly present in these celebrations and through the sacrament, grace is dispensed and we are made holy.
According to the Constitution on the Sacred Liturgy
Sacraments are activities (words and deeds) initiated by Christ Himself during his early life.
Sacraments are Actions of Jesus
It points to the transcendent reality.Objects and actions: MATTER OF THE SACRAMENT.Words: FORM OF THE SACRAMENTSacraments are Signs
DIFFERENT ELEMENTS THAT COMPOSE THE CELEBRATION OF THE SACRAMENTSASSEMBLYMINISTERSSCRIPTURAL READINGSGESTURES AND SYMBOLS MATERIAL OBJECTSOCCASION AND PLACE FOR CELEBRATIONMUSIC, FURNISHINGS
EACH SAYS SOMETHING ABOUT THE NATURE, PURPOSE, EFFICACY OF CHRISTS MYSTERY IN THE SACRAMENTSEACH UNFOLDS IN ITS OWN WAY THE CHURCHS DOCTRINE ON THE SACRAMENTS
THE CLASSICAL NUMBER OF SACRAMENTS SEVEN AND UNDER THREE HEADINGS
CHRISTIAN INITIATION(BAPTISM, EUCHARIST, CONFIRMATION)
HEALING(RECONCILIATION, ANOINTING OF THE SICK)
SERVICE, COMMUNION AND MISSION OF THE FAITHFUL(HOLY ORDER, MATRIMONY)
They are sacred signs which signify the effects, especially of a spiritual kind, that are obtained through the Church.Grace is dispensed upon the proper use of the sacramentals through the intervention of the Church (EX OPERE OPERANTIS)Sacramentals