Vocabularies aka: controlled lists aka: authority files

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<p>Vocabularies</p> <p>Vocabulariesaka: controlled listsaka: authority filessubjectobjectpredicatethe car /has color/redthe dog / has breed /retrieverthe book /has language/Englishdescriptors3simple listseng fre ger spathesauri (structured lists)</p> <p>5Simple Knowledge Organization System (SKOS)Every term gets an identifierWorld mapshttp://id.loc.gov/authorities/genreForms/gf2011026743http://id.loc.gov/authorities/genreForms/gf2011026699Tourist mapsWhy use an identifier instead of a term:1- the identifier cannot change2- you can have more than one display for the concept (different languages, different communities)6Simple Knowledge Organization System (SKOS)Broader termNarrower termRelated termPreferred labelAlternate labelHidden labellang="enlang=spURIDefinitions, notes, examples7Labelshttp://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects/sh85038796prefLabel lang=en / DogprefLabel lang=sp / PerroaltLabel lang=en / Caninealtlabel lang=sp / CaninoRelationshipshttp://sh85038796prefLabelDogshttp://sh96002096http://sh85148177Working dogsCamping with dogsNTNTprefLabelprefLabelRelationships are between the concepts, not between the labels!9Not just objectsHave multiple roles (agent, topic)Give additional informationsubjectobjectpredicateControlled lists in SKOS are concepts, while name authorities are some of the primary things of our world. We have subject authority files and name authority files that look the same, but when thought about in linked data terms, they are quite different. 10Description and linkinghttp://viaf/34029348placeID1923-UniversityIDDOBplace bornaffiliationSome vocabulariesPeople:Virtual international authority file (VIAF)New York Times dataWikipedia/dbpediaOpen LibraryVIVOSome vocabulariesPlacesGeonamesAGROVOCWikipedia/dbpediaLibrary of Congress Subject Headings (and other library thesauri)Some vocabulariesScienceBBC Wildlife taxonomyAGROVOCLinked Open NumbersGeoSpeciesArtLinked Open ColorsEuropeanaGovernmentGD Government DataParliament ontology</p> <p>Some vocabulariesMediaSports ontologyNature publishing group ontologyPress.net ontologyMarketCar options ontologyFood ontologypasta with red sauce mainly wines, based on wine ontology15Exercise 5a: Properties &amp; Values</p> <p>This is a dog named Dewey.His breed is golden retriever.His birthday is 12/25.His date of birth is 12/25/2004.He lives in Berkeley, CaliforniaThis photo was taken at the University of California in Berkeley.</p> <p>dcterms"http://purl.org/dc/terms/"dc"http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" isbd"http://iflastandards.info/ns/isbd/elements/" bibo"http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/" rda"http://RDVocab.info/Elements" foaf"http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/" biohttp://purl.org/vocab/bio/0.1/bbcwhttp://purl.org/ontology/wo/geohttp://www.geonames.org/dbpediahttp://dbpedia.orgcychttp://www.cyc.com/2003/04/01/cyc</p> <p>bbcw:speciesNamedc:titlefoaf:namebio:birthfoaf:birthdaydbpedia:speciescyc:residesInRegion</p> <p>http://www.geonames.org/5327684/berkeley.html Berkeley, California (city of)http://dewey.info/class/636.73/a14/about Working and herding dogshttp://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects/sh85055759.html Golden retrieverhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/University_of_California,_Berkeley UC Berkeleyhttp://viaf.org/viaf/149111950/#University_of_California,_Berkeley UC Berkeley16</p>