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  • 1. Web - www.squareoffsports.com Email contact@squareoffsports.com 06/01/12 Copyright M/S Square Off 2010 1

2. Table of ContentsHistoryEquipmentBasicsRulesStart your playSafety06/01/12 Copyright M/S Square Off 2010 2 3. History In February, 1895, in Holyoke, Massachusetts (USA),William G. Morgan, a YMCA physical educationdirector, created a new game called Mintonetteas apastime to be played preferably indoors and by anynumber of players. The game took some of itscharacteristics from tennis and handball. The first rules, written down by William G Morgan,called for a net 6 ft 6 in (1.98 m) high, a 2550 ft(7.615.2 m) court, and any number of players. 4. History Alfred Halstead, noticed the volleying nature of thegame at its first exhibition match in 1896, played atthe International YMCA Training School (now calledSpringfield College), the game quickly becameknown as volleyball (it was originally spelled as twowords: "volley ball"). The first country outside the United States to adoptvolleyball was Canada in 1900.[4] An internationalfederation, the Fdration Internationale de Volleyball (FIVB), wasfounded in 1947. 5. Equipment1.Volly ball3.Net5.Shoes 6. Equipment Volly ball FIVB regulations state that the ball must be spherical, made ofleather or synthetic leather, have a circumference of 6567 cm, aweight of 260280 g and an inside pressure of 0.30 0.325 kg/cm2. Other governing bodies have similar regulations.. 7. Equipment Volly ball Net Volleyball nets are made of cotton or synthetic materials and are suspended on two poles about four feet above the ground. They vary greatly in price depending on the quality of the set. A set will include the net as well as the poles and often braces for poles. 8. Equipment Shoes Volleyball is played both indoorsand outdoors. Players who engagein the sport on indoor courts arerequired to wear shoes. The best shoes for volleyball playare athletic shoes that are not bulkyand have a nonslip sole. The shoes should be flexible,allowing the player to move quicklywithout slipping and falling. Volleyball shoes should also havegood shock absorbers built in toprevent player injuries to the kneesand ankles from the constantjumping required by the sport. 9. Basics The Serve Server must serve from behind the end line until aftercontact. Ball may be served underhand or overhand. Ball must be clearly visible to opponents before serve. Served ball may graze the net and drop to the other sidefor point. First game serve is determined by a volley, eachsubsequent game shall be served by the previous gameloser. Serve must be returned by a bump only, no setting orattacking a serve. 10. Basics Scoring Rally scoring will be used. There will be a point scored on every score of theball. Offense will score on a defense miss or out ofbounds hit. Defense will score on an offensive miss, out ofbounds hit, or serve into the net. Game will be played to 25 pts. Must win by 2 points . 11. Basics Rotation Team will rotate each time they win the serve Players shall rotate in a clockwise manner There shall be 4-6 players on each side. Playing the Game Maximum of three hits per side Player may not hit the ball twice in succession (Ablock is not considered a hit) 12. Basics Playing the Game Ball may be played off the net during a volley and on serve A ball touching a boundary line is good A legal hit is contact with the ball by a player body aboveand including the waist which does not allow the ball tovisibly come to a rest If two or more players contact the ball simultaneously, it isconsidered one play and the players involved may notparticipate in the next play A player must not block or attack a serve Switching positions will be allowed only between front lineplayers. ( After the serve only.) 13. Basics Basic Violations Stepping on or over the line on a serve Failure to serve the ball over the net successfully Hitting the ball illegally ( Carrying, Palming, Throwing, etc. ) Touches of the net with any part of the body while the ballis in play. If the ball is driven into the net with such forcethat it causes the net to contact an opposing player, nofoul will be called, and the ball shall continue to be in play 14. Basics Basic Violations Reaching over the net, except under these conditions a)When executing a follow-through b) When blocking a ballwhich is in the opponents court but is being returned ( theblocker must not contact the ball until after the opponentwho is attempting to return the ball makes contact).Except to block the third play. Reaches under the net ( if it interferes with the ball oropposing player ) Failure to serve in the correct order Blocks or spikes from a position which is clearly not behindthe 10-foot line while in a back row position 15. Basics The Court Both indoor and outdoor courts are 18 m x 9m Indoor courts also include an attack areadesignated bya line 3 m back from the center line. Net Height Net height for men, co-ed mixed 6 is 2.43 meters Net height for women is 2.24 m 16. BasicsVollyball Lingo TranslationAce When the ball is served to the other team, and no onetouches it.Sideout When the team that served the ball makes a mistake,causing the ball to go to the other team.RoofWhen a player jumps above the height of the net, andblocks the ball.Stuff When a player jumps about the height of the net,blocks the ball, and the ball goes back at the personwho attacked (spiked) the ball.Dig When a player makes a save from a very difficult spike.KillWhen a team spikes the ball and it either ends in apoint or a sideout. 17. Basics Court The game is played on a volleyball court 18 meters(59 feet) long and 9 meters (29.5 feet) wide, divided intotwo 9 m 9 m halves by a one-meter (40-inch) wide netplaced so that the top of the net is 2.43 meters (7 feet 115/8 inches) above the center of the court for menscompetition, and 2.24 meters (7 feet 4 1/8 inches) forwomens competition (these heights are varied forveterans and junior competitions). There is a line 3 meters from and parallel to the net in eachteam court which is considered the "attack line". This "3meter" (or 10 foot) line divides the court into "back row"and "front row" areas (also back court and front court).These are in turn divided into 3 areas each: these arenumbered as follows, starting from area "1", which is theposition of the serving player. 18. Rules Serve A player stands behind the inline and serves the ball, inan attempt to drive it into the opponents court. His or her main objective is to make it land inside thecourt; it is also desirable to set the balls direction, speedand acceleration so that it becomes difficult for thereceiver to handle it properly. A serve is called an "ace" when the ball lands directlyonto the court or travels outside the court after beingtouched by an opponent. 19. Rules Scoring When the ball contacts the floor within the court boundaries or anerror is made, the team that did not make the error is awarded apoint, whether they served the ball or not. If the ball hits the line, the ball is counted as in. The team that won the point serves for the next point. If the teamthat won the point served in the previous point, the same playerserves again. If the team that won the point did not serve the previous point, theplayers of the team rotate their position on the court in a clockwisemanner. The game continues, with the first team to score 25 points (and betwo points ahead) awarded the set. Matches are best-of-five setsand the fifth set (if necessary) is usually played to 15 points. 20. Rules Set The set is usually the second contact that a team makes with the ball. The main goal of setting is to put the ball in the air in such a way that it can be driven by an attack into the opponents court. The setter coordinates the offensive movements of a team, and is the player who ultimately decides which player will actually attack the ball. 21. Rules Pass Also called reception, the pass is the attempt by a team to properly handle the opponents serve, or any form of attack. Proper handling includes not only preventing the ball from touching the court, but also making it reach the position where the setter is standing quickly and precisely. 22. Rules Attack The object of attacking is to handle the ball so that itlands on the opponents court and cannot be defended.A player makes a series of steps (the "approach"), jumps,and swings at the ball. Block Blocking refers to the actions taken by players standingat the net to stop or alter an opponents attack. A block that is aimed at completely stopping an attack,thus making the ball remain in the opponents court, iscalled offensive. 23. Rules Dig Digging is the ability to prevent the ball from touchingones court after a spike or attack, particularly a ball thatis nearly touching the ground. In many aspects, this skill is similar to passing, orbumping: overhand dig and bump are also used todistinguish between defensive actions taken withfingertips or with joined arms. 24. Rules Liberto The liberto is a player specialized in defensive skills. Must wear a jersey of contrasting color to his/her teammates. Is restricted to perform as a back-row player. Is not allowed to complete an attack hit from anywhere. Is not allowed to serve, block or attempt to block. Is not allowed to set a teammate for an attack hit when theLibero is in front of the 3 meter line. The Libero may set ateammate when the Libero is completely behind the 3 meterline. Is allowed to replace any back-row player on any dead ball. Is not counted as a regular substitution and has unlimitedentries. A rally must occur between Libero replacements. can only be replaced by the player whom he/she replaced. Substitution occurs on the sideline between the endline andthree-meter line and need not be authorized by a referee. 25. Start Your Play Each team consists of six players. To get playstarted, a team is chosen to serve by coin toss. A player from