W HAT IS G OING O N I N T HE W ORLD ?!. T RUE OR F ALSE ?
Post on 21-Jan-2016
WHAT IS GOING ON IN THE WORLD?!
TRUE OR FALSE?
ALBANIA IS EUROPEAN COUNTRY WITH THE MOST MUSLIMS
THE TWO BRANCHES OF ISLAM = SUFISM & SHI'AS
TERRORISM & UNJUSTIFIED KILLING OF INNOCENTS IS FORBIDDEN
THERE ARE 7 PILLARS OF ISLAM
JESUS WAS THE PROPHET OF ISLAM
IF ALL QURANS OF THE WORLD WERE BURNED, THE ORIGINAL ARABIC WOULD REMAIN
GUN POWDER EMPIRES EXPAND 1300-1700
1300-17003 of the great empires of history emergedWhy havent we heard of them??As these powerful societies expanded, what do you think happened? Should they impose Islam on who they conquer?
THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE
REGIONTurks in Anatolia saw themselves as warriors for Islam (ghazis)Think back - After the Roman empire fell, what empire arose here? Byzantine EmpireWhat do you think happened? The Turks took over the Ottoman Empire What country do you think this is today?TURKEY
RULERS1. Osman Othman FounderFollowers were called Ottomans
2. Mehmed IIBecame sultan one with powerUsed cannons and GUNPOWDER to conquer Constantinople3. Suleyman the Lawgiver/MagnificentOttoman Empire reached its peakSupported government reform
RELIGIONWhat religion did they follow in society and government?Islam!Ottomans granted freedom of worship to other religions (Christians, Jews)Allowed them to follow their own laws and pratices
LAWWhat did Suleyman give?The Lawgiver
Created a law code to handle both criminal and civil actionsHe also organized and simplified government, armies, and taxes.
Found in the U.S. Congress
ARTSSuleyman contributed to many cultural achievementsInterested in poetry, history, mathematics, geography, etc.Had the Mosque of Suleyman builtArt and literature flourished under his rule
THE SAFAVID EMPIRE
GEOGRAPHY/BACKGROUNDGunpowder Empire that ruled Persia between 16th-18th centuries
Nestled in between the Ottoman Empire (Turkey) & Mughal Empire (India)
How do you think its central location promote its development?
Fueled by conquest & cultural diffusionPresent Day Iran
RULERS1. Ismail 12 yr old who seized most of IranShah- Persian title kingBattle of ChaldironShiism-official religion
2. Shah Abbas or Abbas the GreatCreated Golden Age that drew from Persian, Ottoman, & Arab culturesCreated new capital Esfahanconsidered most beautiful in the world
RELIGIONShia Islamofficial under IsmailNot tolerant of other religions
Shah Abbas TolerantNeeded to encourage other cultures to trade
Shah AbbasReformed government & militaryPunished severely Hired foreigners to fill positions in government
ARTSCity of EsfahanShowcase for foreign & Safavid artisansChinese & Persian collaboration
CarpetPersian themesItalian Renaissance
THE MUGHAL EMPIRE
GEOGRAPHY/BACKGROUNDLocated in Pakistan, India, and Bangladesh700s: small kingdoms created by Muslim tribesDescendants of Muslim Turks and AfghansLeader was related to Timur the Lame and Genghis KhanCalled themselves the Mughals, which means Mongols
FAMOUS RULERSBabur 1494Inherited kingdom in Uzbekistan and Tajikistan at age 11Built an army, invaded India, and founded the Mughal EmpireAkbar (Greatest One) 1556 Baburs grandsonUnified north India - cannons Golden AgeReligious tolerance cultural blendingAbolished religious taxesEfficient bureaucracy and fair taxesLand reforms
OTHER FAMOUS RULERSShah JahanBuilt Taj Mahal as tomb for wifeMassive taxes led to sufferingCivil war after deathAurangzebEnforced strict Islamic law and ended toleranceConflict among religious groupsFamine and taxesTurned over Bombay to English in 1661
RELIGIONTraditionally HinduMughal rulers were Islam Akbar practiced religious toleranceMarried Hindu princesses and allowed them to practice their religion in the palaceAllowed people of different religions to work in government positions Urdua new language developed because of the mixture of Arabic, Persian, and HindiMixed religions today
LAWAkbars policiesBureaucracy of officialsOfficials from different ethnic/religious backgroundsTax policy = graduated income taxFair policyPercentage of peasants cropsLand policyBureaucrats received land grants that he took back after they diedProblem: officials were not devoted to caring for the land
ARTIllustrations highly detailed, colorful miniatures in books (Safavid influence)Literature flourished in the form of poetry and epics (revived early works)Architecture Akbar period combined massive structures w/ intricate Hindu-themed stoneworkCultural blending seen in architecture (i.e. Taj Mahal)
http://www.islamondemand.com/30_facts.html*18) If all Qur'ans in the world today were burned and destroyed, the original Arabic would still remain. This is because millions of Muslims, called Hafiz (or "preservers") have memorized the text letter for letter from beginning to end, every word and syllable. Also, chapters from the Qur'an are precisely recited from memory by every Muslim in each of the five daily prayers.
*Rule of Safavid, and later the Qajar, dynasty saw the consolidation of Iran within its modern frontiers with the adoption of Shia Islam as the national religion.18th century- a period of great disruption and violence.19th century-struggled to keep its independence from Russian & British influence. Afghanistan became an independent kingdom*Any citizen who did not convert to Shiism was put to death. How does that contrast to the Ottoman Empire? *What do you remember about the Shia sect?
Written in the green and red is God is Great---written in the same stylized language as in the QuranSupposedly on the tulip it states there is no God, but Allah.*Pros & Cons of hiring foreigners?Does the US allow foreigners to run the government? Nationally vs locally*