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Impacts of Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. on American Workers, Families and Communities

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Learn more: walmartwatch.org | Get involved: makingchangeatwalmart.org | Sign up: forrespect.org See the design documentation for this presentation at: http://jackieflynt.files.wordpress.com/2012/05/standalonedesigndoc.pdf This stand-alone presentation was created for the graduate course, Creative Designs for Instructional Materials, in the Information and Learning Technologies M.A. program at University of Colorado Denver.

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  • 1. Impacts of Wal-Mart Stores, Inc.on American Workers,Families and Communities

2. 3. A living wage is a wage sufficient to provide the necessities and comforts essential Reference: Living wage, n.d. 4. A living wage is a wage sufficient to provide the necessities and comforts essential to an acceptable standard of living. Reference: Living wage, n.d. 5. A living wage is a wage sufficient to provide the necessities and comforts essential to an acceptable standard of living. Reference: Living wage, n.d. 6. In 2008, I took a job at a busy Walmart storein the U.S. Rocky Mountain region,where I was hired at $9.50 per hour. 7. Neither my college degreenor my professional experience was relevant. The level 3 wage of $9.50 was generous. 8. I moved into a below-market-rent apartment,but I barely earned enough to affordthe smallest available low-rent unit in town. 9. Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. is the largest corporation in the United States and the third largest employer on the planet.Reference and image: The Economist online, 2010 Number of employees in millions 10. In its size as an employer,Wal-Mart follows only two military forces:Those of the U.S. and China. 3.5Largest Employers 3(in millions) US Department of 2.5 Defence Chinese Peoples 2 Liberation Army* 1.5 Walmart 1 McDonalds** 0.5 China National Petroleum Corporation 0Reference: The Economist online, 2010 11. Wal-Mart has made four of the 11 wealthiest Americans more than $20 billion each.Reference and image:The Forbes 400: Therichest people inAmerica, 2011 12. Combined,the net worth of these four Waltonsamounts to $87 billion. Richest AmericansGatesBuffetEllisonKochKochWaltonSorosAdelsonWaltonWaltonWaltonReference: The Forbes 400: The richest people in America, 2011 13. Wal-Mart Stores, Inc.profited nearly $16.4 billion in 2010, despite the recession.Reference and image: Fortune 500: Our annualranking of Americas largest corporations, 2011 14. Wal-Marts $16.4 billion profitranked third for the worlds corporations,following Exxon Mobil and Chevron.3025Profits (in billions) Exxon Mobil20 Chevron Wal-Mart Stores15 Berkshire Hathaway10 General Electric ConocoPhillips5 General Motors0Reference: Fortune 500: Our annual ranking of Americas largest corporations, 2011 15. The Wal-Mart corporationemploys almost 1.4 million in the United States.Reference: Wal-Mart Stores, Inc., 2011 16. Wal-Marts 1.4 million U.S. employeesamount to the population of Phoenix, Arizona, the sixth most populous U.S. city. Image: Phoenix, Arizona, n.d.Reference: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 17. Walmart, the worlds largest retailer,sets industry standards for wages, benefitsand corporate responsibilitiesthat impact millions of retail workers,their families and communities.Reference: United Food and Commercial Workers International Union, 2011a 18. To date Walmart has used its dominant position in the market placeonly to lower standards for American retail workers, offering what amounts to poverty jobsfor most of its Associates.Reference: United Food and Commercial Workers International Union, 2011a 19. Walmart workers earnan estimated 12.4 percent lessthan retail workers as a whole,and 14.5 percent lessthan workers in large retail in general.1Large retail in generalPercentage of wages Retail as a wholeWal-MartRetail as a wholeLarge retail in generalWal-MartReference: Jacobs, Graham-Squire, and Luce, 201175 80 85 90 95 100 20. A Walmart Associate working full-time,earning the average Walmart hourly wage, earns less than the federal poverty level for a family of four.2011 Health and Human Services Poverty Guidelines Persons in 48 ContiguousAlaskaHawaii Family States and D.C. 1$10,890 $13,600 $12,540 2$14,710 $18,380 $16,930 3$18,530 $23,160 $21,320 4$22,350 $27,940 $25,710 Reference: Kusumoto, S.L., 2011 21. These poverty jobs do more harm than good,lowering the bar and hurting other employers, including small businessesin the communities where Walmart stores exist. Reference: United Food and Commercial Workers International Union, 2011b 22. You could move into a department head positionand supervise several people, but youre still notin a managerial, career-track position.Department heads only make a few dollarsmore per hour than brand new associates.Reference: Lichtenstein and Johansson, 2011 23. As a result of lower compensation,Walmart workers make greater useof public health and welfare programscompared to retail workers as a whole,transferring costs to taxpayers.3Reference: Jacobs, Graham-Squire, and Luce, 2011 24. Earning Wal-Marts level-three $9.50 per hour,I qualified for my states medical programand a locally sponsored dental program. I wasnt eligible for Walmarts benefitsfor six months, not even discounted purchases. 25. A significant number of Walmart associatesare on the Medicaid rolls.In 2009, Walmart had the greatest numberof employees and dependents on Ohios plan,and 41 percent of the companys workforcein Massachusettsused publicly-subsidized healthcare.19Reference: Lichtenstein and Johansson, 2011 26. Inadequate benefits are just the beginningof the stresses endured by Wal-Mart associates.Work schedules are subject to change without input from employees,as are daily workloads and assigned areas. 27. The stores follow a computerized scheduling system,which has generated,in the words of a personnel manager,grief and heartbreak for people who must manageunpredictable, fluctuating hours.15Reference: Lichtenstein and Johansson, 2011 28. Associates we interviewednoted the excessive workload at the stores where they worked.21 One associate is currently responsiblefor completing the tasks previously performed by multiple associates. Every day it is getting worse.23 Reference: Lichtenstein and Johansson, 2011 29. My department was combined with anotherthat had been sorely neglected for years.We were assigned to repair its inventory ruin,gaining only two part-time associates.Several weeks later one of my coworkerssurvived a heart attack on the job.Eventually, another suffered a mental breakdown. 30. Walmarts vision for the futureof the American workforceis one where the employer has all the power.No company matches Walmarts longstandingopposition to allowing its workers a voice.Reference: United Food and Commercial Workers International Union, 2011b 31. Every week, 133 million shoppersmake purchasesat U.S. Walmart stores.Reference: Jacobs, Graham-Squire, and Luce, 2011 32. In other words, 36% of the U.S. populationmakes purchases at Walmart stores every week. Weekly Walmart shoppers U.S. PopulationReferences: Jacobs, Graham-Squire, and Luce, 2011; U.S. Census Bureau, 2011 33. Shopping has becomethe most important thing we doto keep Americas $14 trillion economy afloat.Reference: Lichtenstein andJohansson, 2011 34. The $14 trillion market value of U.S. productsis more than double that of China,while our population is less than a quarter.Gross Domestic ProductPopulation United States United States China China United KingdomUnited Kingdom RussiaRussia CanadaCanada India India MexicoMexicoReferences: Badkar, M., 2011; Central Intelligence Agency, 2011 35. It is the retailers, Walmart first among them, who have become the key players in todays worldwide marketplace. Reference: Lichtenstein and Johansson, 2011 36. Some Americans are resigned to the ideathat the dominance of dead-end jobsis an inevitable fact of our economy.Reference: Lichtenstein and Johansson, 2011 37. We believe its important to take a brief look backat the decline of the hourly career. The bright spots in our past and recent historyoffer hope for a turnaround in job standards. Reference: Lichtenstein and Johansson, 2011 38. It is time to begin a dialogueabout what is possible for Walmart jobsand for our economy as a whole.As history informs us, there is nothing inevitableabout our current situation.Reference: Lichtenstein and Johansson, 2011 39. Walmart associates could address these problemsat the companyif they had a collective voice and venueto demand better job standards.Reference: Lichtenstein and Johansson, 2011 40. It will take community leaders and consumersto support Walmart associates Reference: Lichtenstein and Johansson, 2011 41. It will take community leaders and consumersto support Walmart associates and demand change. Reference: Lichtenstein and Johansson, 2011 42. It will take community leaders and consumersto support Walmart associates and demand change. Reference: Lichtenstein and Johansson, 2011 43. As American citizens and consumers,were each obligated to seek out and disseminatetruthful information about Walmarts impacts on millions of retail workers, their families and our communities. 44. WALMART WATCH exists to challenge Walmart tomore fully embrace its corporate responsibilitiesand live up to its positionas the largest corporation in the United States.Learn more at walmartwatch.org.Reference and image: United Food andCommercial Workers International Union,2011a 45. As American citizens and community leaders,were each obligated to support Walmart workersin their demands for living wages and fair benefitsand those for Wal-Mart Stores, Inc.to meet its corporate responsibilities. 46. MAKING CHANGE AT WALMARTsvision for American workersin grocery, retail,and in our communitiesis respect and dignityat jobs that pay fairly and guarantee workers a voice.Get involved at makingchangeatwalmart.org.Reference and image: United Food and Commercial Workers International Union, 2011c 47. As American citizens and retail workers, were each obligated to stand up for our legal rights,in order to support each other,our families and Americas communities. 48. OURWALMART:ORGANIZATION UNITED FOR RESPECT AT WALMARTis an independent, not-for-profit organizationfor hourly Associates.Sign up at forrespect.org.Reference and image: Organization United for Respect at Walmart, 2011 49. Forming unions and speaking outisnt about declaring war on Walmart,its about demonstrating that you are committedto staying with the company and making ita better place to shop and a better place to work. Reference: Lichtenstein and Johansson, 2011 50. Its about living wages, sufficient to provide the necessities and comforts essential Reference: Living wage, n.d. 51. Its about living wages, sufficient to provide the necessities and comforts essentialto an acceptable standard of living. Reference: Living wage, n.d. 52. Its about living wages, sufficient to provide the necessities and comforts essentialto an acceptable standard of living. Reference: Living wage, n.d. 53. Its about 1.4 million American workers, their families and our communities 54. Its about 1.4 million American workers, their families and our communities earning money and living better. 55. Its about 1.4 million American workers, their families and our communities earning money and living better. 56. 57. walmartwatch.orgmakingchangeatwalmart.orgforrespect.org 58. ReferencesBadkar, M. (2011, March 24). The worlds 15 biggest economies and the risks they face. Business Insider: Money Game.Retrieved from http://www.businessinsider.com/the-15-biggest-economies-in-the-world-2011-3##ixzz1enHBAzFvCentral Intelligence Agency. (2011, July). The world factbook. Retrieved fromhttps://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/rankorder/2119rank.htmlFortune 500: Our annual ranking of Americas largest corporations. (2011). CNNMoney: A service of CNN, Fortune &Money. Retrieved from http://money.cnn.com/magazines/fortune/fortune500/2011/full_list/index.htmlJacobs, K., Graham-Squire, D., & Luce, S. (2011, April). Living wage policies and big box retail: How a higher wagestandard would impact Walmart workers and shoppers. Retrieved from UC Berkeley Labor Center website:http://laborcenter.berkeley.edu/index.shtmlKusumoto, S.L. (2011, January 20). Federal register: Notices. (Vol. 76, No. 13). Retrieved from U.S. Department of Healthand Human Services website: http://aspe.hhs.gov/poverty/11fedreg.pdfLichtenstein, N., & Johansson, E. (2011, January). Creating hourly careers: A new vision for Walmart and the country.Retrieved from American Rights at Work website:http://www.americanrightsatwork.org/dmdocuments/ARAWReports/creatinghourlycareers_jan2011.pdfLiving wage. (n.d) Merriam-Webster: m-w.com. Retrieved from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/living%20wageOrganization United for Respect at Walmart. (2011). Welcome! [Website page]. Retrieved fromhttp://forrespect.org/about-us/The Economist Online. (2010). Daily chart: Who are the worlds biggest employers? [Weblog post]. Retrieved fromhttp://www.economist.com/blogs/dailychart/2011/09/employmentThe Forbes 400: The richest people in America. (2011, September). Forbes. Retrieved fromhttp://www.forbes.com/forbes-400/list/United Food and Commercial Workers International Union. (2011a). About [Website page]. Retrieved fromhttp://walmartwatch.org/about/United Food and Commercial Workers International Union. (2011b). Learn More: Im Concerned about Walmart in myCommunity. [Website page]. Retrieved from http://makingchangeatwalmart.org/learnmore/community/ 59. References, continuedUnited Food and Commercial Workers International Union. (2011c). Making Change at Walmart: Our communities. Our future. [Website]. Retrieved from http://makingchangeatwalmart.org/U.S. Census Bureau. (2010). United State Census 2010: Interactive Population Map. [Website page]. Retrieved from http://2010.census.gov/2010census/popmap/U.S. Census Bureau. (2011, November 26). U.S. POPClock Projection. [Website page]. Retrieved from http://www.census.gov/population/www/popclockus.htmlWal-Mart Stores, Inc. (2011, August). Corporate and financial facts. Retrieved from http://walmartstores.com/pressroom/factsheets/ImagesFortune 500: Our annual ranking of Americas largest corporations. (2011). CNNMoney: A service of CNN, Fortune & Money. Retrieved from http://money.cnn.com/magazines/fortune/fortune500/2011/full_list/index.htmlMicrosoft Corporation. (2011). Images and More. Retrieved from http://office.microsoft.com/en-us/images/?CTT=97Organization United for Respect at Walmart. (2011). Welcome! [Website page]. Retrieved from http://forrespect.org/about-us/Phoenix, Arizona. (n.d.). In Wikipedia: The free encyclopedia. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phoenix,_ArizonaThe Economist Online. (2010). Daily chart: Who are the worlds biggest employers? [Weblog post]. Retrieved from http://www.economist.com/blogs/dailychart/2011/09/employmentThe Forbes 400: The richest people in America. (2011, September). Forbes. Retrieved from http://www.forbes.com/forbes-400/list/United Food and Commercial Workers International Union. (2011a). About [Website page]. Retrieved from http://walmartwatch.org/about/United Food and Commercial Workers International Union. (2011c). Making Change at Walmart: Our communities. Our future. [Website]. Retrieved from http://makingchangeatwalmart.org/