washington’s farwell address

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Washington’s Farwell Address. 1. 1796 Washington, A. Hamilton, J. Madison Tired of public life “I anticipate…the sweet enjoyment…of good laws under a free government, the ever favorite object of my heart.”. WAR. 3. Political differences will weaken the nation/unity. 2. Alexander Hamilton. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Washingtons Farwell Address1796Washington, A. Hamilton, J. MadisonTired of public lifeI anticipatethe sweet enjoymentof good laws under a free government, the ever favorite object of my heart.


Political differences will weaken the nation/unity


Alexander HamiltonEconomist/LawyerSecretary of TreasuryFederalist

20 yr. charterLoose interpretationU.S. ConstitutionIf the US Constitution doesnt forbid it then the national government can do it if it will benefit the nation3Political Parties1796More than one candidate ran for presidentElect people and shape politicsDivisions in political views developed during Washingtons presidencyPolitical differences existed in part based on where and how people lived

FederalistDemocratic-RepublicanJohn AdamsThomas Jefferson

Alien and Sedition Acts1798Congress (Adams)Protect the United States during the undeclared naval war with France (Quasi-War)Does this violate our first amendment rights?1.

residentpower to deport




Blah, blah, blah, blah, blahXYZ Affair1798John AdamsAttempt to create improved relations between United States and FranceProtect U.S. shipping

Will you help protect our shipping industry?Sure, for $250,000 and a loan of $12 millionXYZ

Heck, NO!



And eventually

SUCCESS!Protective tariffAlexander HamiltonPromote domestic manufacturing and business (northeast)Higher tariffs (taxes) to raise prices of foreign goods in the United States

Promote interstate commerce buy AmericanUpset southerners as they needed goods from Europe and markets in which to sell7Thomas Jefferson1801-1809Democratic-Republican PartyBelieved in the limited power of federal government (opposed National Bank)Strict interpretation of the Constitution (once he became President he practiced a loose interpretation of the Constitution)Dreamt of national unity

First Term:Enjoyed prosperity, lower taxes, reduced national debtEnded Presidency with bigger government, expanded military

Marbury v. Madison12345Louisiana PurchaseOnce Spanish territory, a secret treaty passes ownership to FranceTerritory includes New Orleans (mouth of Mississippi River significant trade route) west to the Rocky MountainsOctober 20, 1803$15 millionThomas Jefferson (sends Robert Livingston and James Monroe)


MontanaColoradoNorth DakotaKansasSouth DakotaOklahomaMinnesotaMissouriWyomingArkansasNebraskaLouisianaIowaTexasNew Mexico

to Pacific OceanSpain passes ownership of Louisiana territory to France as it can not prevent Americans from entering unable to improve Spains position in North America they pass it onto France (Spain closes New Orleans mouth of Miss. R. to Americans preventing trade)France (Napoleon) needed money to buy weapons and supplies to fight the British therefore sold it to the United StatesJefferson questioned his power as president, can he garner a deal to purchase new foreign lands? He too did not like to spend large sums of public money. Jefferson went through with the deal proving that in practice he used a loose interpretation of the ConstitutionUS wanted this land to control both sides of the Mississippi River for trade purposes (port at New Orleans) 9Marbury v MadisonWilliam MarburyJames Madison (secretary of state)Strengthened the role of the judicial branch1803


judicial review: power of the Court to declare an act of Congress unconstitutionalEmbargo Actembargo banning of trade1807 banned trade with all foreign countriesPassed to punish British and French; to protect American merchant ships from attackThomas Jefferson



What region of the United States do you think was impacted most by suspended trade?Great Britain and France were at war; US trading with both to remain neutral and make a profitBoth GB and France began seizing American ships to prevent the US from trading with the otherUS passed the Embargo Act to punish both sidesResults: hurts (broken/damaged) US economy especially northern merchants, sent US into a recession, little effect on GB and France11War of 1812James MadisonUnited States vs. Great Britain1812-1814 (1815)Andrew Jackson war heroSecond War of Independence



Border disputes3.



AMCauses: Forcing American Sailors into GB navy (impressment)Interference with American shippingBritish helping Native Americans in the US put up resistence

Effects:Nationalism in US (beating GB for the second time)Am. Manufacturing increasedNative American resistance weakened

Battle of New Orleans - Andrew Jackson war hero 1815Treaty of Ghent signed Dec. 1814Slow communication meant battles continued after the treaty was signed12Monroe DoctrineAttempt to restrain the influence of European nations in newly independent Latin American countriesProtects American interestsPolicy warning European powers not to interfere with the AmericasJames Monroe (John Q. Adams Sec. of State)December 2, 1823



EuropeLatin American countries had just fought their revolutionaries against the Spanish. US found their rev. the same so they supported Latin American independence.

To prevent other European nations from storming the lands, James Monroe issued the Monroe Doctrine warning any nation that tried to colonize or influence Latin America would be perceived as a threat and the US would intervene to protect LA and US interests.13American SystemIdeas to make the United States economically independent from other nations (no need for foreign trade)Promote national unityHenry Clay (J.Q. Adams/Jackson) 1820s




1820sNational Bank to provide a single currency that would promote interstate commerceBuild canals and roads to promote interstate commerce as wellAll to enhance the nationalism/national unityNortherners benefited more than southerners from the American System; protective tariffs hurt the southern economy14


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