Ways of Presenting a Game

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<ul><li><p>8/8/2019 Ways of Presenting a Game</p><p> 1/7</p><p>Andrew Martin:</p><p>Ways of presenting a game</p><p>The purpose of this short article is to discuss</p><p>ways for a coach to present a game. Everycoach will inevitably have to do this in his or</p><p>her training sessions and there are severaleffective methods which I have used over</p><p>the years. The task is not perhaps asstraightforward as it seems. Let me outline</p><p>the basic methods :</p><p>1)The lecture method: Using a demo or</p><p>smart board the coach talks about a game tothe audience.</p><p>2)The lecture method plus: This time theaudience have chess equipment so that they</p><p>may play through the game along with thelecturer and ask questions.</p><p>3)The 'How Good is your Chess' method:The students are divided into small groups.</p><p>All groups work with two sets and boards setup with alternate colours, so that the group</p><p>can see the position from both sides point ofview. Groups analyse on one set and keep</p><p>the actual game position on the other. Thissaves an enormous amount of time</p><p>reconstructing the position. All students havepaper and pens. The coach numbers the</p><p>students randomely and keeps these numbersknown only to himself. At key moments in</p><p>the game the coach asks the students toguess the next move. The groups may</p><p>discuss the position and move the piecesaround on the analysis board, but at the end</p><p>of an alotted time they all have to make achoice and write it down. A member of the</p><p>audience is asked to choose a number andthat person has to come out to the demo</p><p>board and explain his chosen move.Questions may be asked from the floor atthis point and after the explanation the coach</p><p>reviews the other choices and awards meritpoints for each choice. Minus points must be</p><p>given for poor moves. At the end you have a</p><p>winner!4)The ' critical moments' metho:. As</p><p>above, except that the coach presents thegroup with a bare game score and asks for</p><p>commentary on key moments in the gamewhich he or she will supply. For instance ,</p><p>W5, B16 B21,W24,B24 etc. The studentshave to work out why the coach has</p><p>identified these moments as important and afull discussion ensues at the end of an alotted</p><p>time.5)The annotation method: The coach</p><p>simply gives the group a bare game scoreand tells them to ' annotate'.</p><p>Now that the ways of presenting a gamehave been suggested, I should say that the</p><p>method you choose must strongly depend onthe overall sophistication of the audience. If</p><p>you pick the wrong method for a group youwill soon see the session flop. Let me</p><p>therefore outline what I think is best. By farthe least effective methodis thefirst. If you</p><p>are not a very good lecturer you run the riskof boring the audience to death. If you are</p><p>forced to give a commentary or there is noother choice then sometimes you will have</p><p>to lecture, but the main problem is that thereis no INTERACTION. The audience is</p><p>trapped, you are on an ego trip, and theyhave to listen to you. Avoid the first method</p><p>if at all possible.The second suggestion is slightly better as</p><p>the audience is now a bit more involved.They have chess sets to play with and can</p><p>ask questions. Nevertheless it's all about youand very little about them. The skilled</p><p>teacher knows that the correct way has to beto turn this around. Method two is not</p><p>recommended either.</p><p>Method three is extremely popular, my</p><p>favourite, works at all levels even amongvery strong players, establishes competitionwithin the group and is highly entertaining.</p><p>The audience is fully involved and delightsin coming out to the demo board. Everyone</p><p>gets the chance to see how the other is</p></li><li><p>8/8/2019 Ways of Presenting a Game</p><p> 2/7</p><p>thinking. Time flies when you use this</p><p>method. To make this session workoptimally the coach must:</p><p>1) Choose the moves to be predictedcarefully beforehand:</p><p>2) Make sure the groups are balenced interms of chess strength;</p><p>3) Have a full command of the game underdiscussion as a huge variety of suggestions</p><p>inevitably come up;4) Be able to keep a correct score as the</p><p>session progresses or to delegate that amember of each group does so for that</p><p>group;5) Give out prizes for the winners at the end</p><p>(Top Three).Method fourworks best with stronger or</p><p>ambitious students. If the critical momentsare selected correctly this is a tough exercise.</p><p>The coach has done a lot of the work for thegroup by choosing points at which the game</p><p>turned, but it is not easy for the students toanalyze those moments and explain them.</p><p>The coach will allocate an amount of timefor the work according to the capability of</p><p>the group. The general objective will be to 'push' them and to make to difficult to</p><p>complete the task within the timeframe. Thecoach may turn this session into a</p><p>competition, awarding points for good andbad answers, but this is not compulsory. I</p><p>think it is a good idea to ask students tocome out to the demo bord to explain</p><p>themselves as in number three above. Allstudents will have appropriate writing</p><p>materials.Method five is the toughest and should only</p><p>be used with advanced students. Smallgroups are best and this exercise may be</p><p>given to individuals. The coach may supplyappropriate books or computer materials to</p><p>help the students, but apart from that thestudents are on their own. After the session,when the game has been fully discussed and</p><p>analyzed, the coach will present each of thestudents with a full annotation of the game</p><p>which he himself has made. They should be</p><p>asked to examine this carefully and</p><p>critically and to give later feedback. There isplenty of variety to hand.Carlsen,Magnus - Wang,Yue [C36]</p><p>Kings' Tournament,Medias Bazna2010</p><p>Let us now turn to a sample game and one</p><p>which has been played recently. I like tokeep my games current. A lazy coach could</p><p>easily go to the Megabase or a book and justphotocopy a game for use, but this is</p><p>shortchanging the audience in many ways.You keep your own skills fresh this way.</p><p>1.e4 e52.f4</p><p>XIIIIIIIIY9rsnlwqkvlntr09zppzpp+pzpp09-+-+-+-+09+-+-zp-+-09-+-+PzP-+09+-+-+-+-0</p><p>9PzPPzP-+PzP09tRNvLQmKLsNR0xiiiiiiiiyCritical moment number one. "Things</p><p>weren't going so well in the tournament Ithought I just try it and see how it goes" said</p><p>Magnus after the game. A lively discussioncould ensue here about the Kings Gambit.</p><p>The opening choice is interesting andobviously came as a complete surprise to</p><p>Wang Yue.2...d5</p><p>2...ef4. Mention to weaker groups thataccepting this particular gambit is the only</p><p>way to try to refute it.</p><p>3.ed5 ef4!?</p><p>A transpositional device which changes thegame if White intended to play the Bishop's</p></li><li><p>8/8/2019 Ways of Presenting a Game</p><p> 3/7</p><p>Gambit: 1.e4 e5 2.f4 ef4 3.Lc4 d5, when</p><p>White can take with the Bishop.</p><p>4.Sf3 Sf65.Lc4 Sd56.00 Le7 7.Ld5</p><p>XIIIIIIIIY</p><p>9rsnlwqk+-tr09zppzp-vlpzpp09-+-+-+-+09+-+L+-+-09-+-+-zp-+09+-+-+N+-09PzPPzP-+PzP0</p><p>9tRNvLQ+RmK-0xiiiiiiiiyI rate this as critical moment two. In order tomaintain momentum White must cede the</p><p>Bishop pair. The need to make committaldecisions such as this makes the King's</p><p>Gambit unpopular at the highest level. Yet7.Ld5 is necessary, with the Black pieces</p><p>ready to stream out.</p><p>7...Dd5 8.Sc3</p><p>8.d4 has also been tried and may provoke8..g5?! (8...00 9.Lf4 Lg4 10.Sc3 Dd7</p><p>11.Dd2 Lf3 12.Tf3 c5 13.d5 Ld6 14.Ld6 Dd615.Se4 Db6 16.Tb3 Dc7 17.Sf6 Kh8 18.Th3</p><p>h6 19.Th6 gh6 20.Dh6#, 10, Jensen,M(2044) - Rasmussen,J, Helsingor 2009)</p><p>9.Sc3 Dd8 10.De1 00 11.De4 f5 12.Dd3 b613.Dc4 Kg7 14.Te1 Lb7 15.d5 Lc5 16.Kh1</p><p>Df6 17.b4 La6 18.Db3 Ld6 19.Lb2 Kg620.Te6, 10, Hague,B (2233) - Dilleigh,S</p><p>(2158), West Bromwich 2003. Here are two</p><p>examples which confirm beyond doubt thatthe King's Gambit is alive and kicking justbelow master level. 8...Dd8 9.d400 10.Lf4</p><p>Lf5</p><p>XIIIIIIIIY9rsn-wq-trk+09zppzp-vlpzpp0</p><p>9-+-+-+-+09+-+-+l+-09-+-zP-vL-+09+-sN-+N+-09PzPP+-+PzP09tR-+Q+RmK-0xiiiiiiiiyA very natural square for the Bishop, but it isunprotected and you do wonder abouttactical strikes on the f file. 10..Lf5 is a rare</p><p>move compared to the alternatives: 10...c6delays a decision about the best place for the</p><p>queenside pieces. It is reasonable: 11.d5(11.Dd3 Sa6 12.Tae1 Le6 13.a3 Te8 14.Se4</p><p>h6 15.Se5 f5 16.Sg3 Lh4 17.Sf5 Lf5 18.Df5;11.De1 Lg4 12.Td1 Sd7 13.Se4 Sf6 14.Sf6</p><p>Lf6 15.c3 Dd5 16.Dg3 Lh5 17.b3 Da518.Le5; 11.Dd2 Lf5) 11...Lf6 (11...Db6</p><p>12.Kh1 Db2 13.Dd3 (13.Le5 Sd7) 13...Lb414.Sg5 g6 15.Sge4 f5 16.dc6 Sc6 17.Dc4</p><p>Kg7 18.Tab1) 12.Le5 (12.Dd3 Lc3 (12...Db613.Kh1 Db2 14.Se5) 13.Dc3 (13.bc3 Dd5;</p><p>13.Sg5 f5 14.Dc3 cd5 15.Tad1 h6 16.Sf3Sc6) 13...cd5 (13...Dd5 14.Tad1) 14.Le5 f6</p><p>15.Lc7 Dd7 (15...De7 16.Tae1) 16.Lf4 Sc6)12...Le5 13.Se5 f6 a) 13...Sd7 14.Sc4</p><p>(14.Sd7 Ld7 15.Dd4) 14...Sb6; b) 13...Db614.Kh1 Db2 15.Df3 f6 16.dc6 bc6 (16...Sc6</p><p>17.Dd5 Kh8 18.Sf7 Tf7 19.Df7) 17.Tab1 Dc2</p><p>18.Sd5 Dc5 (18...cd5 19.Dd5; 18...Sa619.Se7 Kh8 20.Tbc1) 19.Sc7 De5 20.Sa8;14.dc6 (14.Sc4 b5 15.Se3 b4) 14...fe5 15.Tf8</p><p>(15.Dd8 Td8 16.c7 Te8(16...Td2 17.cb8DTb8 18.Tae1) 17.cb8D Tb8) 15...Df8 16.Dd5</p><p>Df7 17.Dd8 Df8 18.Dd5, , Conquest,S(2529) - Beliavsky,A (2654), Saint Vincent</p><p>2000.</p></li><li><p>8/8/2019 Ways of Presenting a Game</p><p> 4/7</p><p>Meanwhile 10...Lg4 leads to a position</p><p>where Black does not quite make equality:11.h3 Lf3 12.Df3 Sc6 (12...Dd4 13.Kh1 Sc6</p><p>14.Lc7) 13.Tad1 Ld6 14.Ld6 Dd6 15.Se4Dg6 16.c3 Tad8 17.Sg3 Tde8 18.Tde1 Sd8</p><p>19.Kh1 Kh8</p><p>20.Sf5 Te6 21.d5 Tf6 22.De4h6 23.De7 Tg8 24.De5 Dh5 25.Te4 ,</p><p>Penndorf,D (1875) - Borchert,O (1840),Ellwangen 2000.</p><p>11.De2The opening is over and the middlegame is</p><p>about to begin. Therefore this is criticalmoment three, where both players have to</p><p>use some time to think. The impression isthat White can hope for an edge thanks to his</p><p>lead in development and somewhat bettercontrol in the center, but Black</p><p>counterbalences this with the bishop pair.</p><p>11...Ld6!?</p><p>Vacating the e file. Maybe he did not like11...Sc6 12.Tf2! Te8 13.Dc4 Lf6 14.Td1,</p><p>when White is solidly better. Another moveto consider is 11...c6.</p><p>12.Ld6 Dd6 13.Sb5 Dd8 14.c4 a6Also possible was 14...c6 15.Sc3 Sd7</p><p>16.Tae1 Te8 17.Df2 Ld3 18.Te8 De8 19.Te1Df8 20.b3 Db4</p><p>XIIIIIIIIY9r+-+-+k+09zpp+n+pzpp09-+p+-+-+09+-+-+-+-09-wqPzP-+-+09+PsNl+N+-0</p><p>9P+-+-wQPzP09+-+-tR-mK-0xiiiiiiiiybut Black is still not equal. It is worthdetailing why:</p><p>1) White holds the only open file;</p><p>2) Black's Bishop has nothing to attack;</p><p>3) e7 and f7 are points which must bepermanently guarded;</p><p>4) White can create a central passed pawnwith d4-d5. Thus with 21.Dd2 Lg6 22.d5</p><p>White is starting to increase his edge.15.Sc3 Sd7 16.Tad1 Lg6 17.Df2 Te8 18.h3!Black has to sit and wait, not very pleasant.He is without counterplay, which is the</p><p>essence of successful defence. It would beworth making this point to any level of</p><p>student. So, with 18 h3 (critical momentfour) White takes squares, improves his</p><p>position slightly and awaits events. Blackhas no similar move.</p><p>18...Tc8The move of a man who does not like his</p><p>position. [It is true that after 18...h6 19.Sh4!is strong; but maybe 18...Df6 19.Sd5 Dd6</p><p>20.Sh4 c6 21.Sg6 fg6 22.Df7 Kh8 23.Df4Df4 24.Sf4 held chances for a draw in the</p><p>endgame. However, this position is not nicefor Black at all.</p><p>19.Tfe1Carlsen exchanges off one of Black's only</p><p>active pieces. This is CM five.</p><p>19...Te1 20.Te1 c621.d5?!</p><p>A bit early perhaps. After 21.De3 h6 22.a3White continues the squeeze.</p><p>21...Sf6CM six.</p><p>XIIIIIIIIY9-+rwq-+k+09+p+-+pzpp09p+p+-snl+0</p><p>9+-+P+-+-09-+P+-+-+09+-sN-+N+P09PzP-+-wQP+09+-+-tR-mK-0</p></li><li><p>8/8/2019 Ways of Presenting a Game</p><p> 5/7</p><p>xiiiiiiiiyIt is very odd that he does not take the</p><p>chance to activate his Rook, but I suppose hefeels he can take on d5 at any time.</p><p>Nevertheless 21...cd5 was well worth</p><p>consideration: 22.Sd5! (22.cd5 Df8 23.Dd4Dd6) 22...Tc4 23.Se7 Kf8 (23...Kh8 24.Sg5Df8 25.b3! Tc5 (25...Tc7 26.Df4 Tc527.Dd6) 26.Dd4) 24.b3 Tc3=.</p><p>22.Dd4 cd523.Sd5 Sd524.cd5 Dd625.Se5White's plan is to play at some moment Sc4</p><p>and then advance the d-pawn. If Blackprevents it by playing b7-b5, then the</p><p>weakness of square c6 is unpleasant.Therefore a good defensive plan is needed</p><p>and Wang Yue fails to find it. (Rogozenko)</p><p>25...Te8</p><p>XIIIIIIIIY9-+-+r+k+09+p+-+pzpp09p+-wq-+l+09+-+PsN-+-09-+-wQ-+-+0</p><p>9+-+-+-+P09PzP-+-+P+09+-+-tR-mK-0xiiiiiiiiyCM seven. Black could force matters</p><p>immediately with 25...f6! Rogozenko'sanalysis, made immediately after the game,</p><p>then tends to suggest that the game will be</p><p>drawn: 26.Sg6 (26.Sc4? is a blunder in viewof26...Db4 27.Tc1 b5 and Black wins;26.Sf3 is also bad: 26...Lf7 27.Td1 Td8 and</p><p>White loses the d5-pawn) 26...hg6 27.Te6Dc5 (perhaps27...Tc1 28.Kf2 Tc2 29.Kf3</p><p>Dd7is also acceptable) 28.Dc5 Tc5 29.d6Td5 and the endgame should be a draw. For</p><p>instance: 30.Kf2 (or30.h4 b5 31.Kf2 Kf7</p><p>32.Te7 Kf8 33.Td7 Td2 34.Ke3 Tg2 35.Ta7</p><p>Ke8) 30...g5 31.Ke3 (31.g4 b5 32.Ke3 Kf733.Te7 Kf8 34.Td7 g6 35.Ke4 Td2) 31...f5</p><p>32.Te7 Td6 33.Tb7 Kh7 34.a4 Kg6 35.a5 f436.Ke4 Te6 37.Kf3 (37.Kd3 Te3 38.Kd4 Te2</p><p>39.Tb6 Kf5) 37...Kf5; 25...Lf5!?recentralizing the Bishop was also a</p><p>candidate move, but not; 25...Dc5? due to26.Dc5 Tc5 27.d6 Td5 28.d7 winning.</p><p>26.Te3 Td826...b5 27.Sc4! Dd8 28.Te8 De8 29.Se5 is</p><p>the kind of position White is aiming for. TheBlack Bishop is helpless to prevent the</p><p>advance of the pawn. It would certainly beworth discussing the overall power of Queen</p><p>and Knight vs Queen and Bishop in theendgame at this time.</p><p>27.Sc4 Df628.Te5!A move which makes it very difficult for</p><p>Wang to find a decent reply. White has allthe options thanks to his passed pawn and</p><p>superior minor piece. Using 'guess the nextmove', if anyone found 28.Te5 then they</p><p>deserve special praise.</p><p>28...h6</p><p>CM eight. 28...b5! 29.Sa5 (29.De3 h6)29...h6 was a better defensive try.</p><p>29.d6! Lf529...b5 30.d7! Kh7 31.Sb6 isn't a stone-cold</p><p>win, but Black is getting increasingly shortof good moves: 31...Lf5 32.b3 Le6 33.Dd3</p><p>Dg6 34.Dd6 Dc2 35.Te1 .</p><p>30.Sb6! Le6</p><p>30...Td6 31.Sd5 forces Black to give up theexchange; 30...Dd6? loses right away due to</p><p>31.Td5.</p><p>31.d7 Kh8 32.a4</p><p>The Knight is the kingpin, completelyrestricting Black's movements. Carlsen</p><p>continues to bear- hug Wang until he runsout of air.</p><p>32...g633.Dc3 Kg7 34.a5 h535.h4Here the Chinese player decided to give upthe exchange and go for a position where he</p><p>said "I think I have chances to draw".</p><p>35...Td7</p></li><li><p>8/8/2019 Ways of Presenting a Game</p><p> 6/7</p><p>XIIIIIIIIY</p><p>9-+-+-+-+09+p+r+pmk-09psN-+lwqp+09zP-+-tR-+p09-+-+-+-zP09+-wQ-+-+-09-zP-+-+P+0</p><p>9+-+-+-mK-0xiiiiiiiiyCM Nine. He is out of patience. A survey of</p><p>the alternatives will reveal just how poor theBlack position has become: 35...Ld7?</p><p>36.Td5 loses the bishop; 35...Dh4? 36.Te6;35...Kg8 but then 36.Tc5 (or first 36.g3 )</p><p>36...Dc3 (36...Dh4 37.Tc8) 37.Tc3 Kf838.Tc7 Ke7 39.Tb7 Ld7 40.Ta7 Ke8 41.Sd7</p><p>Td7 42.Ta6 Tb7 43.Tb6+-.</p><p>36.Sd7 Ld7 37.Dd4 Lc638.b4 Lb539.Kh2</p><p>La440.Td5 Lc641.Df6 Kf642.Tc5</p><p>XIIIIIIIIY9-+-+-+-+09+p+-+p+-09p+l+-mkp+09zP-tR-+-+p0</p><p>9-zP-+-+-zP09+-+-+-+-09-+-+-+PmK09+-+-+-+-0xiiiiiiiiy</p><p>Ask the students to construct a winning plan</p><p>for White in this position. Mention Black'slack of complete lack of counterplay. White</p><p>has all the time in the world to do as hepleases and this is the decisive factor.</p><p>42...Ke643.Kg3 f644.Kf2 Ld545.g3 g5?This loses by force, but on the other hand the</p><p>position must be lost anyway. Whiteeventually trains his King and Rook on the</p><p>b7 pawn and takes it!</p><p>46.g4!</p><p>XIIIIIIIIY9-+-+-+-+09+p+-+-+-0</p><p>9p+-+k...</p></li></ul>