Welcome to GEOCACHING 101!

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Welcome to GEOCACHING 101!. The sport where YOU are the search engine TM www.iowageocachers.org www.geocaching.com. The Groundspeak Geocaching Logo is a trademark of Groundspeak, Inc. (Used with permission). GEOCACHING 101. What is Geocaching? Where are the Geocaches? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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<ul><li><p>Welcome to GEOCACHING 101!The sport where YOU are the search engineTM</p><p>www.iowageocachers.orgwww.geocaching.comThe Groundspeak Geocaching Logo is a trademark of Groundspeak, Inc. (Used with permission)</p></li><li><p>GEOCACHING 101What is Geocaching?Where are the Geocaches?Who Geocaches, and why?What is a GPS? and how does it work?Looking up a Geocache.Marking a Waypoint.Lets go GEOCACHING!</p></li><li><p>What is Geocaching?Geocaching is an entertaining outdoor adventure game for GPS users of all ages.The basic idea is to set up caches (hidden boxes) all over the world and share the locations (Latitude/ Longitude) of these caches on the internet.</p></li><li><p>What is Geocaching?GPS users can then use the coordinates to find the caches.Once found, the visitor may take something from the cache, leave something (of equal value), and sign the logbook.The find is then logged onto the Internet website where statistics about found and hidden caches are maintained.</p></li><li><p>Types of GeocachesTraditionalMulti-CachesEventVirtual*Webcam* EarthcacheLetterbox HybridsLocation-less (Reverse)*CITO Cache In / Trash Out EventUnknown (Mystery) Project APE</p><p>* Indicates a type of geocache that is no longerpermitted to be placed, but existing caches of the type are grandfathered into the system.</p></li><li><p>Cache ContainersAmmo CansTupperware35mm Film CansBison Tubes</p><p>Magnetic Key HoldersPill ContainersLock N Lock ContainersBlinkies</p></li><li><p>Finding a GeocacheBe inconspicuous in public places.Search carefully.Practice LNT (Leave No Trace).Sign logbook and replace cache as found, Do Not Relocate.If you trade trinkets, trade kindly.Report any problems promptly.If you take a traveler, log it and pass it on in a timely fashion.</p></li><li><p>Finding a TravelerTravelers are meant to travel, please do no keep them.Follow Directions given with the traveler for proper logging. Examples of travelers include Travel Bugs and Geocoins.</p></li><li><p>Trading ItemsDo Not Place:Guns / KnivesDrugs / AlcoholExplosive / AmmoFood or Scented ItemsThings that freezeUse Common Sense</p><p>Do Place:Toys / gamesTrinketsBooksTravelersSignature itemsCamera to take picture with</p></li><li><p>Geocaching and the Environment A primary contribution of Geocaching to the environment is CITO (Cache In Trash Out).CITO involves picking up litter in local parks and recreation areas.CITO can be a activity for an individual geocacher to do at any time or the purpose of an Event Cache.Many CITO Events are held during March and April close to International Cache In Trash Out Day and Earth Day.An Example of a local CITO event is the Cedar Rapids CITO Extravaganza.</p></li><li><p>Goals of CITOActively promote the good stewardship of park land.Assist in the maintenance of parks &amp; trail systems.Increase public awareness of Geocaching.</p></li><li><p>Where are the Geocaches?</p></li><li><p>Where are the Geocaches?</p></li><li><p>There are currently over 469,000 active caches worldwide!Where are the Geocaches?</p></li><li><p>Who Geocaches?People that are:YoungOldMarriedSingle Have childrenDo not have childrenThose that like the OutdoorsThose that like PuzzlesBasically anyone that has a sense of adventure!</p></li><li><p>How Did It Get Started?On May 1, 2000, the GPS signal degradation called Select Availability (SA) was removed.The change allowed GPS units owned by civilians to now be accurate to within as close as 6 feet.On May 3rd, Dave Ulmer hid a cache in Oregon, listed the location on a newserve group. It was visited twice within 3 days.</p></li><li><p>Mike Teague, the first to find Ulmers Cache, built a web page to document the caches.A few months later Jeremy Irish, the current operator of the Geocaching.com website, expanded the idea and promoted the game.On September 6th, four months after the first hide, the official torch was passed to Jeremy. Geocaching is now in all 50 states and in over 200 countries.How Did It Get Started?</p></li><li><p>What is a GPS?A GPS (Global Positioning System) unit is an electronic device that can determine your approximate location (within 6-20 feet) almost anywhere on the planet.</p></li><li><p>What is a GPS?A GPS uses a system of 24* satellites to calculate your position. Only 3 are needed to calculate (triangulate) position.The GPS receiver can see at most 12 of the 24 satellites at any one time (at ground level).</p></li><li><p>What is a GPS?Since your GPS knows the location of where each satellite in the sky, which it uses to determine distances. With these distances it computes your location.You can use the unit to navigate from your current location to another location.</p></li><li><p>What is a GPS?Some units have their own maps, built-in compasses, pressure altimeters, and even voice navigation.Dont worry though, a GPS device doesnt send signals, it only receives them. So . . . no one can track your location!</p></li><li><p>How do GPSdevices work?Lets say you dont know where you are but a passerby tells you that youre 238 miles from Cleveland.That puts you anywhere on the perimeter of a circle around Cleveland!</p></li><li><p>How do GPSdevices work?Another passerby stops and tells you youre 340 miles from Boston.So not only are you on the perimeter of the circle around Cleveland, but around Boston too.There are now only two possible locations!</p></li><li><p>How do GPS devices work?Finally, someone stops and tells you that youre 272 miles from Baltimore.You now know right where you are!</p></li><li><p>WAAS/DGPSColor screenExternal antenna jackTurn by turn AutoroutingBase map / Optional mapsMemory size12 channel receiverWaterproofElectronic altimeterElectronic compassComputer InterfaceBacklit Screen</p><p>Available GPS FeaturesPower sourceScreen sizeOverall size/weightIntended use</p></li><li><p>How much will I pay?</p><p>GPSr Unit(Pricing as of 9/28/2007)The GPS StoreGPS NowAmazon .comeTrexBasic Unit$99.95 $99.99$93.09eTrex LegendIntermediate Unit$149.95 $149.99$124.41GPSmap 60CSxAdvanced Unit$449.95$449.99$837.99Quest 2Advanced Unit$584.95$559.95$444.86</p></li><li><p>Looking up a GeocacheGo to geocaching.com on your web browser.Click on log in or go to Create an account now if you do not already have an account.</p></li><li><p>Looking up a GeocacheOnce logged in, select the state or country from the drop-down menu or type in the zip code for the area you would like to search.Click the right arrow.</p></li><li><p>Looking up a GeocacheClick on Map.</p></li><li><p>Looking up a GeocacheZoom, zoom Select Zoom In.</p><p>Click on the area of the map you wish to explore.Once zoomed in close enough to see individual caches, select Identify and click on the map.Click on a cache in the list to see its details.</p></li><li><p>Looking up a GeocacheEnter the Coordinates for the geocache you selected into your GPS and the hunt begins!</p></li><li><p>Looking up a GeocacheOops!!! Make sure you read the entire cache listing, for helpful information such as parking coordinates and additional hints.</p><p>NowLets go Geocaching!</p></li><li><p>Marking a WaypointWhen you turn on your GPS, wait for it to triangulate (find the satellites).When the GPS is ready it will indicate a 3D fix/position.You are now ready to enter the waypoint (geocache) coordinates into the GPS.</p></li><li><p>Marking a WaypointEnter the coordinates for the geocache you have selected (this can usually be done under the Mark function of the GPS).Many GPS units have the ability to download coordinates directly from your computer.If parking coordinates are given for the cache, be sure to mark them as well.</p></li><li><p>Begin the Hunt!Your GPS will likely have two or more different ways to guide you in the direction of your cache.The compass page will be the most helpful when you are close to the geocache.When you arrive at the parking location, be sure to mark the coordinates on the GPS before heading down the trail (this may be useful later).</p></li><li><p>Im Lost!!!If you get lost, dont forget that you marked (or should have marked) your starting location before heading down the trail.Search for the waypoint you marked as your starting location, select GO TO, and head back to civilization!Dont forget to take extra batteries with you!</p></li><li><p>What to take Geocaching?GPSand Extra BatteriesCompass / Map / Cache InformationBug Spray / Moist WipesTools Knife, Mirror, String, FlashlightTrade ItemsPen / NotebookCache Maintenance ItemsClothes for Changing Weather ConditionsExtra ShoesWater / FoodCell Phone / Camera</p></li><li><p>Some GPS links</p><p>How a GPS workselectronics.howstuffworks.com/gps.htm/printablewww.nasm.si.edu/exhibitions/gps/work.htmlen.wikipedia.org/wiki/gpsGeocaching Info Websiteswww.GeoCreed.infowww.Geocacher-U.comwww.geocachingpolicy.orgEn.wikipedia.org/wiki/geocachingLocal Organizationwww.iowageocachers.orgPeriodicalswww.todayscacher.comwww.geocachingtoday.comCache Listing Siteswww.geocaching.comwww.navicache.comwww.terracaching.comGPS Makerswww.garmin.comwww.magellangps.com/en/www.lowrance.com/</p></li><li><p>Any Questions???</p></li><li><p>Lets Go Find AGEOCACHE!</p><p>*Intro self, then:How did people hear about it?Have you visited the geocaching.com website?How many have done Geocaching?How many have a GPS?*Hopefully following this slideshow youll be able to answer these questions.You should also had a couple of pages to take home with you. Inganwnis invite, all are welcome new learners and old pros. $5 fee.Creed, written by geocachers as a ethics/behavioral code for geocaching.Geocacher-U pamphlet, short explanatory piece. If your trying to explain geocaching to someone else sometime, its good tool.Website list- list of URLs to websites that may be helpful to you to check out later.Waypoint/map, to be used after were done with the indoor part. Actual field experience, open to all, but is not required. Should be a couple experienced geocachers on hand to help.*Lots of people participate.The caches are rated on a scale of 1-5.Latitude Lines run east/west around the globe but the angles are measured in North/South 90 degreesLongitude Lines run North/South but the angles are East/West 180 degrees</p><p>*Logs often signed, TNLN Took Nothing, Left NothingLeave something of equal or greater value than what you take.Clean out the cache if its messy, and put back where you found it.Report to the cache owner, when you log your find, what condition the cache is in.***Dont yell I found it! in places others may see or hear you and later vadalize the cache.LEAVE NOT TRACE, rule 2 travel on durable surfaces. Avoind leaving foot prints if possiable.GPSr are normally off 20ft or more, dont move the cache to a closer spot.When trading, the next person should be as happy as you were.Some people do not log finds online, you should still report problems so they can be addressed.Travelers are meant to travel, do not keep them.*There are many sorts of Hitch Hikers, Groundspeaks travel bug are most popular, but there are others.Most use online websites that you have or may not have to sign up for an account with.Travel bugs and geocaching.com trackable coins use six digit numbers. These numbers are supposed to be semi secret, do not give them out.*The first four are prohibited by geocaching.com. Food may attract animals that can chew or damage.Things that dont store well that will freeze or be damaged by heat.You wont find lost treasures in geocaches, most items are only a couple dollars worth.These rules apply to hiding a cache as well and trading when finding others caches.Cameras are generally left by the cache creator who will delelop and post the pictures later.*You can do this on a regular geocache. Bring a plastic bag and pick up any trash you see.*Popular areas are around larger cities. Des Moines / Ames, IC/CR/Wloo, Quad Cities.*Most caches in world in US.Dense areas are New Jersey, Washington DC, and southern California.*The dots are way too big to pick out fine details, but you can see where geocaching is very popular, and where it isnt.Popular in US, Canada, UKUS has over half of words caches. There is estimated to be over 462,294 active caches worldwide.*Left column is ways of defining subgroups of geocachers. Very hard, because gerocachers are a large and varied group.Right column is generally common traits among geocachers.*WAAS/DGPSPrior to removal of SA, accuracy was about 150 feet.SA restriction removal signed into law by Clinton.</p><p>*First caches were listed on a listserv news group, like a yahoo group.Mike Teagues site was called?Geocaching.com now maintains worlds largest geocaching database.*Garmin GPSmap 76S *Gps Satellites orbit at 12,600 miles, circle planet twice a day.Two types of antenna Patch Antennas and Quadra-helix AntennasBoth work ok, etrex models have patch antenna and work best when held face up. Patch look straight up, but see less sats close to the horizon, quad-helis look sideways, can see closer to horizon but have a blind spot directly above.*Downloads Almanac from the satellite. Knows which sats should be broadcasting and when, so it can time them. The delay between broadcast and reception is used to calculate distanceGPS sats broadcast a radio signal, which should travel at light speed?Directional arrow provides, straight line navigation you wont know whats ahead of you as far as obstacles go. GPS will not know the path.*Maps are specific to manufacturer.Individual street detail for whole country approximately $100Topo maps available.</p><p>*On a 3 dimensional globe, you need four satellites, but in two dimensions, you only need three satellites.***Left column are fairly common features, sometimes GPS makers come out with units that do not have a computer interface or are waterproof.Right column is features on intermediate and upper end units. Color screen is becoming more common, WAAS too.Center column is things to consider to buying new GPS, most important is what you intend to use it for!*Just general idea for those that dont have a gps yet. Shop around, and watch for sales and package deals.*</p><p>*</p><p>*</p><p>*Try to think of what way you are heading, when going out...Also, you should be able to see your treks bread crumb trail if you didnt save a point.**You should have a copy of this to take home with you. These links are a collection of ones thought to be helpful. The top set are links to sites that explain GPS,Next set is to websites that have info useful to geocachers, Creed, and geocacher-U s pamphlet are in this one.Then is the URL for IGO. Membership is free, feel free to stop by the site or forums.Cache listing websites, the ones with the most geocaches is Geocaching.com.The final set is the major handheld GPS makers. *If you dont know where this is, there is a map on the on the waypoint sheet.</p></li></ul>