what is poetry ?
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DESCRIPTIONWhat is Poetry ?. Poetry. Expresses the music and lyricism of language. Teaches us the richness of language and its capabilities Defines and frames deep feelings Is personal and can be about anything and everything. Should give pleasure to the listener and the reader. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
What is Poetry ?
PoetryExpresses the music and lyricism of language.Teaches us the richness of language and its capabilitiesDefines and frames deep feelingsIs personal and can be about anything and everything.Should give pleasure to the listener and the reader.
Is intended to be read aloud.Is a way of seeing, translating and reading.Is intense and captures distilled perceptions.Communicates on all levels of emotion and intellect.Explores the meaning and mysteries of life.Must be age and interest appropriate if it is to be appreciated.
Acrostic PoemsIn an acrostic poetry the letters of the subject are written down (vertically) to form the word of choice. Next to each letter the poetic statement is written horizontally to express the subject in an innovative way.
Example of Acrostic poetryMEMy heart beats inside of me Every day and night.
HamburgerHeavenly foodAll Canada loves youMost especially me!Bring me your tired and your hungryUp to your favourite fast food placeRush to the place an order with theGang behind the counterEat with muster, ketchup, relish and a pickleRevive your strength once again!
AlliterationWhen the beginning of words start with the same consonant and vowel sounds in stressed syllableand the words are close together, the effect is called Alliteration.It takes a bit of listening to hear the repetition of a unit of sound, almost like an echo.Alliteration is a device used to have dramatic effect upon the listener.The sounds may sound similar though the letters are not similar, such as city and seal, fish and philosophy, quick and cat.
Examples of AlliterationToby teaches tiny tots in Toledo.Crazy cat climbed up the crooked cable.Strong Sally slipped on Stanleys icy surface.Mad Maxie maneuvered a mean motorcycle.
Alphabet PoetryThis form of poetry was invented by the poet, Paul West.There are many varieties of alphabet poetry but they all begin with the selection of a topic.The length of the lines are your choice.Try to listen for rhythm and effect.
Examples of alphabet poetry.Fashionaccessories, buttons, capsdenims, epauletsfeathers, grunge, hemlinesinseams,jeans, knickers, Levismittens,nightgown, overalls, pajamasquilted,raglan, scarf, topcoat,underwear, vestwindbreakerXtraordinaryyokeszipper.
Catalogue PoetryA catalogue is a list of items that deal with articles in a particular group.A poetic list may define the qualities of a person, a place, and adventure that captures the vivid description of the reader.Catalogue poems may be found in ancient writings such as Homers Iliad.This pattern in its most elegant form ( as in praise found on a tombstone) may also be called lapidaryCatalogue poetry is also found in more modern romantic and down-to-earth subject.
Example of a Catalogue PoemI am NotBy Kathryn MayerI am not my skin and hair and nails.I am not my weight.I am not my parentsand I am not my generation.I am not my report card.I am not my friends or who Im datingor what I used to be or my clothes or my horoscope.I am not a gender or a diagnosis.I am not a market or a categoryor a photograph, a file or an abilityor disability or a possibility or a kind.But how would you know that?
CentoCento is a word that in Latin means patchwork . The form goes back to the second century!The objective in patchwork is to put together lines of poetry, each of which are borrowed from the work of a different poet.This is not easy because the entire poem must make sense!If you want to make it harder, you do so by using the rhyme scheme aa, bb, cc.However, no matter what your choice, the syntax, the tense and the person must be consistent!
Example of a rhyming cento poem
Those are pearls that were his eyes (a)And the wild wind sobs and sighs (a)
We all conceive the lost of what we love (b)The frozen wind crept on above (b)
It was almost easy to say goodbye. (c)Look at the stars! Look at the skies. (c)
7. My fathers strength was in his eyes.
* I broke the rules with line 7 because it said so much.
The poets of the Cento example.ShakespeareJohn ClareRobert PackPercy B. ShelleyStephen DunnGerard M. HopkinsJack Driscoll
Example of a non-rhyming cento poemWhen I was about thirteen or so (Walter J. Turner)The clouds foretold the future of my way (Unknown)Was it a visionor a waking dream? (John Keats)In marble walls as white as milk (Mother Goose)I know I shall meet my fate (W.B. Yeats)
Cinquain (Sin-Cain)An unrhymed form of poetry invented by Adelaid Crapsey whose topics were delicate and sad!The original cinquain had a set number of five lines and a syllabic pattern of two, four, six, eight, two on respective lines.
Example of CinquainLine 1 Topic (2-syllables word or words)Line 2 4 syllables describing topicLine 3 6 syllables expressing actionLine 4 8 syllables expressing feelingLine 5 2 syllablesa synonym for the topic
Creature ( 2 syllables)From outer space ( 4 syllables)What ship carried you here? ( 6 syllables)Are you in search of peace or war? (8 syllables)Stranger (2 syllables)
A simple Cinquain exampleOne-word topic (noun)Two describing words (adjective)Three action words (verbs)A four word phraseA synonym or equivalent for the topic.
DragonFiery-wildGrowling, feeding, razingPredator from the ancient pastMonster
ClerihewThis humorous biographic form was named after its creator, Edmund Clerihew Bentley, who wrote the first clerihew about himself.A clerihew is a quatrain ( four lines) based upon someones name and is designed to give a clue about the personality of the person in the poem.The rhyme scheme is aa,bb.Finding rhyme words for names can be a problem, therefore the writer may use the first or last name in order to compose a rhyme.
Example of a clerihewErnestine Babbage (a)Had the brains of a cabbage (a)But she understood (b)What it meant to be good! (b)
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Chuckie Lee Stein (a)Is thoughtful and kind! (a)If you are in need (b)Hell be there indeed! (b)
Concrete Poetry Concrete poetry is a form of visual poetry where the type-face is laid out to present a pictorial representation of the subject of the poem. Concrete Poetry is visual word expression.It captures the essence of very specific words and works them through in very observable, physical ways.Shapes are formed by the letters, words, or symbols that make up the poem rather than by the conventional arrangement of words.
Example of Concrete poetry (Dont copy this!)
Another example of Concrete poetry
CoupletA couple is made up of two people, two things and two of everything.So, in verse, a couplet is two lines that rhyme, usually in iambic pentameter.A complete idea may be expressed in one couplet or a long poem may be made up of many couplets.These poems can be humorous or sad.
Example of coupletsBut if a while I think of thee, dear friend,All losses are restored and sorrows end. (Shakespeare)
Twinkle, twinkle, little star, How I wonder what you are Up above the world so high, Like a diamond in the sky
Then the traveler in the dark Thanks you for your tiny spark; How could he see where to go, If you did not twinkle so? (Mother Goose)
Diamante Diamante is the Italian word for diamondThe poetic form was created by Iris Tiedt and takes the form of a diamond when it is completed.There are two forms to choose from, both must be viewed visually if they are to be appreciated.Here you will see Pattern 1 and Pattern 2.
Diamante Pattern 1For pattern 1 you should construct the lines as follows:
Line One: Choose the topic (noun)Line Two: Use two describing words (adjectives)Line Three: Use three action words ( Verbs or any -ing ending words)Line Four: Use a four-word phrase capturing some feeling about the topic.Line Five: Use three action words ( Verbs or any -ing ending words)Line Six: Use two describing words (adjectives)Line Seven: Use a synonym for an ending word ( noun, strong word)
Example of Pattern 1
StarFamous, successfulSinging, dancing, shoutingMesmerizing the adorning audiencePerforming, working, reachingFrenzied, dazzlingShowman
Diamante Pattern 2For pattern 2 you should construct the lines as follows:
Line One: Choose a noun as your title and an opposite word (antonym) for the ending word of your poem.Line Two: Use two describing words (adjectives) for the title wordLine Three: Use three action words ( Verbs or any -ing ending words) for the title wordLine Four: Use two words to express the title nounthen two words to express the opposite ending noun. The theme changes in this line.Line Five: Choose three action words ( Verbs or any -ing ending words) for the ending nounLine Six: Use two describing words (adjectives) for the end wordLine Seven: Use the antonym you decided upon in line one.
Example of pattern 2LoserCareless, wimpyWhining, complaining, stumblingShy timidconfident, courageousStretching, achieving, succeedingHardworking, determinedWinner (G.B. Lipson)
HaikuThe haiku is a Japanese verse in three lines.Line one has 5 syllables, line two has 7 syllables and line 3 has 5 syllables.The 17 syllables are a compressed form which is a composition in praise of nature.Many original books of haiku are illustrated gracefully in pen and ink sketches which capture the essence of a simple moment in nature.Haiku is a mood piece in which there i