what is poetry?


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WHAT IS POETRY?. Poetry : an imaginative response to experience. A kind of rhythmic, compressed language that uses figures of speech and imagery designed to appeal to our emotions. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation



    Poetry: an imaginative response to experience. A kind of rhythmic, compressed language that uses figures of speech and imagery designed to appeal to our emotions.

    If I read a book and it makes my whole body so cold that no fire can ever warm me, I know that it is poetry. If I feel physically as if the top of my head were taken off, I know that it is poetry. ----Emily Dickinson

  • Poetry as a play on wordsPoets play with words, rhymes, and rhythms as they write. PUN: a play on the multiple meanings of a word, or on two words that sound alike but have different meanings.Puns are like jokes and are often used for their humorous effect.

    Ex.) An elevator makes ghosts happy because it lifts the spirits.

    Because of their creativity, poets often confuse and frustrate their readers. DONT GET DISCOURAGE! POETRY IS NOT THE ENEMY!!

  • Look for punctuation.Do not stop at the end of a line if there is no period, comma, colon, semicolon, or dash there.Look for the subject, verb, and complement of each sentence if you are having trouble with a passage of a poem.Look up words you do not understand.Be alert for comparisonsRead the poem aloud; understand it with your mind, hear it with your ears, and feel it in your heart.Know and understand the use of figurative languageREAD THE POEM AGAIN!

    How do I read poetry?What is the first difference that a reader notices when they read poetry verses a story or play?

  • Variety of Poems and StructuresWe will be studying a variety of poems throughout this unit, each will have their own structure, rhyme, rhythm and meter. All of the figurative language that you have practiced in the past will come into play as we move through the unit.

  • Types of poetry we will be studyingFree Verse: Poetry that does not have a regular meter or rhyme.Blank Verse: unrhymed form of poetry that normally consists of 10 syllables in iambic pentameter.Lyric: poetry that focuses on expressing emotion or thoughts rather than telling a story.Ballad: Poem in verse form that tells a story. Ballads are usually set up in stanzas (4) and have a regular rhythm and rhyme.Narrative Poem: Poem that tells a story

  • Types of poetry we will be studying

    Haiku: Japanese poetry consisting of three lines. (5,7,5)The structure of a Haiku is based on a particular syllable count for each line(seventeen sounds); line one5 beats, line two, 7 beats, line three5 beatsInclude a lot of ImagerySubject is often tied to nature, common experience or the essence of a momentOde: Complex generally long lyric poem on a serious subject.Formal/CeremonialPersonal/Reflective

  • Types of poetry we will be studying

    The Sonnet: 14 line poemItalian Sonnet (Petrarchan): set up in two partsoctave and a sestet.Octavestanza consisting of 8 lines.Sestetstanza consisting of 6 lines.The author will ask a question in the octave and answer it in the sestet.ABBAABBA, CDECDE

  • Sonnets contShakespearean Sonnet (English): A sonnet with 3 quatrains and ending with a couplet.Quatrain4 lined stanzaCouplettwo lined stanzaQuestion will be raised in the quatrains and answered in the couplet.ABAB, CDCD, EFEF, GG

  • Some structures and types of poetry we will be studying

    Epigram: brief, witty poem or saying often dealing with its subject in a satirical manner.

    Epitaph: Short poem or verse written in memory of someone/thing.

    Metaphysical Poetry: poetry that focus on philosophy and theology.

  • Patterns of Poetry

    Rhyme: repetition of accented vowel sounds and all sounds following them, in words that are close together in a poem.

    Schemethe pattern of rhymes in a poemTo indicate the rhyme scheme of a stanza or poem, use a separate letter of the alphabet for each rhyme.

    Perfectwords that rhyme; choice and voice

    Approximate/Slantwhen 2 words are alike in some sounds, but do not rhyme exactly

    Endrhyme at the end of lines

    Internal rhymes in the middle of a line

  • Patterns of Poetry --Rhyme

    Poem #1Gwendolyn BrooksMy last defenseIs the present tense.

    It little hurts me now to knowI shall not go

    Cathedral-hunting in SpainNor cherrying in Michigan or Maine.

    Poem #2Edgar Allan PoeOnce upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered, weakAnd weary.Identify the end rhymes in the poem #1.

    Identify the perfect rhymes in poem #1.

    Identify an example of slant rhyme poem #1.

    Identify an internal rhyme in poem #2.

    Identify the rhyme scheme of poem #1.

  • The Rhyme and Rhythm in PoetryRhythm: a musical quality produced by the repetition of stressed and unstressed syllables, or by the repetition of certain other sound patterns, in poetry.Meter: is the patterned repetition of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry.Foot/Verse: is the smallest repeated pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a poetic line.

    Iamb: an unstressed followed by a stressed syllable (repeat)Iambic pentameter: a line of poetry that contains five iambs for a line total of 10 syllable. (5+5=10) Iambic tetrameter: a line of poetry that contains four beats or iambs for a line total of ______

    By day the bat is cousin to the mouse.

    He likes the attic of an aging house.--from The Bat, Theodore Roethke

  • Literary Terms for Poetry Unit

    Stanza: is a division of poetry named for the number of lines it contains.

    Refrain: reoccurring phrase, stanza, chorus

    Mood: feeling a piece of poetry tries to convey to the reader.

    Tone: is the overall feeling , or effect, created by a writers use of words.

  • Literary Terms for Poetry Unit

    Parody: form of writing intended to mock a particular literary work or its style; comic effect Alliteration: is the repetition of initial consonant sounds in words such as

    Open here I flung the shutter, when, with many a flirt and flutter...

    fl sound and t sound--**What are the other 2?

    Assonance: is the repetition of vowel sounds without the repetition of consonants. My words like silent rain drops fell

  • Literary Terms for Poetry Unit

    Enjambment: the running over of a sentence or thought from one line to another.Canto: main division of a long poemMetonymy: Substitution of 1 word for another that is closely related.Syntax: Word order/placementParadox: contradictory sentence in a line or piece of writing/poetry.

  • Literary Terms for Poetry Unit

    Conceit: brief metaphor; makes a surprising connection between two dissimilar things.Antithesis: opposition or contrast of idea in poetry

    Motif: reoccurring theme, idea

    Understatement: stating an idea with restraint or holding back to emphasize what is being talked about throughout the poem.

  • Literary Terms for Poetry Unit

    Caesura: a pause or sudden break in a line of poetry.Imagery: language that appeals to our 5 senses.Personification: giving human characteristic to inhuman objects.Symbol: a noun that represents something greater than itself

  • Literary Terms for Poetry Unit

    Onomatopoeia: the use of a word whose sound suggests its meaning, as in clang or buzz.Hyperbole: excessive use of exaggeration to express strong emotion.Metaphor: a comparison of two unlike things in which no word of comparison (like or as) is used.The school is a prison

  • Literary Terms for Poetry Unit

    3 types of MetaphorsDirectComp. is directly stated.ImpliedComp. is implied by the line of poetry. Time shall waste away his wingsExtendedthe comparison is taken throughout the entire poem.

  • Literary Terms for Poetry Unit

    Simile: a comparison using like or as. She looks like a wet dog!Dramatic Monologue: literary work (piece of poetry) in which a character (speaker) is speaking about him or herself as if another person were present.Inner Monologue: Talking to ones self. (in your head)

  • Literary Terms for Poetry Unit

    SpeakerP.O.V.1st personI, You, poem is told by one of the characters.3rd persontold by someone outside the story (he, she, they)3rd person omniscientall knowing

  • Literary Terms for Poetry Unit

    Epic: long narrative poem about a larger than life hero. 4 Components that make up an epic poem are as follows:Vast SettingImposing HeroSuper Human ActionSuper Natural Forces


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