wi statewide forest action plan 2020: assessment (draft) 12.09.2019 ¢  wi statewide forest...

Download WI Statewide Forest Action Plan 2020: Assessment (Draft) 12.09.2019 ¢  WI Statewide Forest Action Plan

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  • WI STATEWIDE FOREST ACTION PLAN

    2020: ASSESSMENT DRAFT – SEPTEMBER 2019

  • WI Statewide Forest Action Plan 2020: Assessment – Draft: 09/2019 Introduction

    1

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    Introduction ........................................................................................................................................................... 2

    The Forest Resource .............................................................................................................................................. 3

    Forest Characteristics, Ecology and Management .......................................................................................... 8

    Forest Area, Land Cover and Land Use .................................................................................................. 8

    Forest Structure and Dynamics ........................................................................................................... 15

    Forest Productivity .............................................................................................................................. 20

    Soil Productivity and Water Quality .................................................................................................... 24

    Wildlife ................................................................................................................................................ 25

    Forest Health ................................................................................................................................................. 28

    Fire Management .......................................................................................................................................... 33

    Wildfire ................................................................................................................................................ 33

    Prescribed Fire ..................................................................................................................................... 38

    Forest Socioeconomics ........................................................................................................................................ 41

    Forest Industry .............................................................................................................................................. 43

    Forest Products ............................................................................................................................................. 46

    Growing Stock Volume and Quantity .................................................................................................. 46

    Timber Product Outputs ...................................................................................................................... 48

    Non-Timber Forest Products ............................................................................................................... 49

    Wood Energy ....................................................................................................................................... 50

    Forest Certification ........................................................................................................................................ 52

    Forest Ownership ................................................................................................................................................ 54

    Private Forest Lands ...................................................................................................................................... 60

    Private Forest Land Ownership ........................................................................................................... 60

    Landowner Incentive Programs........................................................................................................... 62

    Conservation Easements on Private Lands ......................................................................................... 64

    Public Forest Lands ........................................................................................................................................ 66

    Public Forest Land Ownership ............................................................................................................. 66

    Public Forest Land Characteristics ....................................................................................................... 67

    Recreation ........................................................................................................................................... 71

    Urban and Community Forestry .................................................................................................................... 72

    Urban Forest Characteristics ............................................................................................................... 72

    Local Urban and Community Forestry Programs ................................................................................ 74

    Homeowner Perceptions and Values of the Urban Forest .................................................................. 76

    Workforce Needs and Career Pathways.............................................................................................. 77

    Climate Change .................................................................................................................................................... 79

    Appendix ............................................................................................................................................................. 82

  • WI Statewide Forest Action Plan 2020: Assessment – Draft: 09/2019 Introduction

    2

    INTRODUCTION From the expansive north woods of Wisconsin to the tree-lined avenues of Milwaukee, Wisconsin’s forests provide

    a wealth of benefits for all who live or spend time here. Forest ecosystems improve water quality, remove

    pollutants from the air, fuel the economy as well as provide habitat for wildlife and a place for Wisconsinites and

    tourists to work and play. Wisconsin’s forestry community, including woodland owners, paper producers, logging

    companies, natural resource professionals, arborist associations, conservation groups, institutes of higher

    education, federal, state and local agencies and others, have partnered to create a network that supports healthy,

    productive forested areas across the state. Actions taken today will affect the health and vitality of these natural

    resources for years to come. Identifying current needs and planning for the care of Wisconsin’s forests promotes a

    robust landscape and ensures a sustainable resource for all to use and enjoy.

    The 2020 Forest Action Plan is a collaborative document generated by Wisconsin’s forestry community to help

    refine how we can collectively invest resources to address major management and landscape priorities. The Forest

    Action Plan is comprised of two parts: an assessment of our current forest resource and a set of strategies to guide

    our management efforts toward a sustainable future. The goal of the statewide forest assessment (assessment) is

    to analyze the state of Wisconsin’s public and private forests and identify the conditions, trends, and existing or

    future conditions and trends over the next 10 years. This assessment is a requirement of the United States Forest

    Service, State & Private Forestry Program (S&PF) and will be used by the forestry community to develop a

    statewide forest strategy (strategy) for 2020-2030.

    To present the material in a way that both resonates with the forestry community and facilitates ease of use of the

    document, the assessment is organized by themes and subject areas. Each subject area contains a summary of

    conditions and trends that Wisconsin’s forest resources currently face or may face in the future based on the

    assessment provided.

    To generate the 2020 assessment, data presented in the 2010 assessment was reviewed to determine what was

    pertinent to bring forward to best describe the current state of Wisconsin’s forests. This document is not intended

    to be a comprehensive repository for all data related to Wisconsin’s forests. Many publications already exist that

    tell the full story, as referenced in each section. The reader is encouraged to look further into data sources that we

    have referenced here to the extent possible.

    The conditions of our forests are a bellwether of forest sustainability. In the 10 years since the last Forest Action

    Plan, much has changed in Wisconsin forests. The assessment helps to explain these trends, identify other issues,

    and present an updated view of the status of forests in Wisconsin. This assessment provides policymakers and the

    general public with an analysis of current and future forest conditions and trends. It does not set desired

    conditions, but it does provide the background knowledge necessary to set goals and strategies for sustainability.

  • WI Statewide Forest Action Plan 2020: Assessment – Draft: 09/2019 The Forest Resource – Introduction

    3

    THE FOREST RESOURCE Forests are Wisconsin’s dominant land use, comprising 48 percent of Wisconsin’s landscape, providing vast

    ecological, economic and social function

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