wilson & the peace treaty 5

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  1. 1. Treaty of VersaillesCh 16.3(.4 is not on test)#23
  2. 2. Jan 8,1918 Wilson presents Congress with hisplan for peace (Fourteen Points) Nov 3, 1918 Republicans win congressionalelections in U.S.- Wilson loses credibility with Europe's Leaders The Kaiser abdicates Throne / Republic Formed Nov 11, 1918- Armistice Day (veterans day)- GR. Signs in part because of Wilsons 14 pts. Dec. 12, 1918 Wilson arrives in Paris as a Hero
  3. 3. Lawrence of Arabia and representativesfrom over 30 nations attended
  4. 4. Star of the Show Greeted by Europeansas a Savior GR. Signed Armistice inpart because of 14 pts Creel had 60 millionleaflets dropped fromplanes over GR.
  5. 5. Freedom of Ocean Travel No more Secret Alliances Arms Reductions Equality of Trade Barriers Free Trade Self Determination for Poland League of Nations 14th Pt.- mediating body- rep. from every nation- provide security for each country
  6. 6. The Big Four1) France2) Britain3) Italy4) United StatesThey shaped the final agreementGermany & Russia were not allowed to attend
  7. 7. Lenin had to get Russiaout of the war so hecould concentrate onproblems at Home The Treaty of Brest-Litovskwith Germany, giving themmuch territory, pop., resources Civil War, 1917-1920Reds versus WhitesComplete breakdown ofRussian economy and society
  8. 8. Roadblocks Appear European leaderswish to punish &humiliate Germanyfor starting the War U.S. overall role inwar was questioned
  9. 9. Most of the 14 pts were shot down by Allies Gives up on the rest to save the 14th pt.- League of Nations June 28, 1919 Treaty is Signed- by Germany Too Why did they Sign? July, 1919 Wilson heads back to U.S. toconvince our Senate to Ratify
  10. 10. Alsace & Lorraine (industrial region) wouldreturn to Fr. New Countries Created CZ/Yugo/Poland GR - Stripped of Overseas Colonies GR Forced to accept full responsibility forstarting the War (pay millions in Reparations)Blank Check League of Nations was created
  11. 11. German Territorial Losses: 1919-1921
  12. 12. 1) Irreconcilables Progressive Republicans Wanted to focus attentionon problems at homeinstead of Europe2) Reservationists Article 10 of Treaty Could put U.S. into warto preserve anothernations independence Who should declarewar?-Congress or League
  13. 13. Whistle-stop cross country train tour He is wore down and exhausted Sept. 25, 1919 Suffers a stroke-incapacitated Oct. 1919 Senate Rejects the Treaty**U.S. never signs the treaty ending WWI**The U.S. will NOT Join the League of NationsIsolationism v Interventionism Nov. 1920 Harding(R) elected Pres. Feb. 3, 1924 Wilson Dies / Broken & Defeated