words! words! words!
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DESCRIPTIONWords! Words! Words!. Alan Marsh MATEFL 2013. Todays agenda. Numbers and words Three problems Absolutely perfect! Pre-teach? Pre-storm! Sorting and storing Er .? Or Is this the most useful lesson Ive ever taught? Getting Engaged . Marrying words!. English words and numbers. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Words! Words! Words!Alan MarshMATEFL 2013
Numbers and wordsThree problemsAbsolutely perfect!Pre-teach? Pre-storm!Sorting and storingEr .? Or Is this the most useful lesson Ive ever taught?Getting Engaged . Marrying words!
English words and numbers50,00020,000Half a million2,0007,500
How many words ?1 How many words are there in English?2 How many words does an educated native speaker of English understand?3 How many words does an educated native speaker of English have as part of their active vocabulary4 How many words does a speaker of English need to be able to take part in everyday conversation?5 How many words are defined in an Advanced Learners Dictionary?6 How many words does a reader of English need to understand most texts?
1 How many words are there in English?Half a million?2 How many words does an educated native speaker of English understand?50,000?3 How many words does an educated native speaker of English have as part of their active vocabulary20,000?4 How many words does a speaker of English need to be able to take part in everyday conversation?About 20005 How many words are defined in an Advanced Learners Dictionary?Macmillan Advanced Learners Dictionary: 7500 key words6 How many words does a reader of English need to understand most texts?
How many words does a reader of English need to understand most texts?
Top 2,000 words = 83% of most texts i.e. 1 out of 5 will be unfamiliarTop 6,000 words = 90%, which means 1 word out of 10 will be unfamiliar to youTop 10,000 words = 95% i.e. only 1 word out of 20 will be unfamiliar to you - pretty good if you need to work words out from context.Macmillan Advanced Learners dictionary identifies 7500 key words that advanced learners should know
The top 2000 work the hardest!Enable learners to speak, read, write and listen at Elementary (A1) level about everyday subjects (+ some subject specific vocabulary)Since theyre so frequent, they can help learners to work out meanings, and to ask for help in real situationsLearners dictionaries typically use 2000-2500 words as their defining vocabulary
Mmmm .. Is there a problem?How many new words do you teach every lesson?How many times do learners need to recall and revise words before theyre permanently stored?How many lessons of English do learners have?How long do they need in order to permanently store (and be able to recall) 10,000 words?Is there a problem here?
What does knowing a word mean?
How can we help?Help them to .NoticeHelp them to Record and StoreHelp them to Retrieve and UseHelp them to Extend and EnrichIntroduce them to learnWords for getting around words
Write down the first word(s) that come to mindHotDogBabyHairGlassBathGlueCarpetTrainLight
WORD LIST enlargecrawl love
female abandon warm
car vanaffectionnappy babyrelinquish vehicle trainees little
A Xanudasian students exercise bookWORDTRANSLATIONexpressatcitoopt outorgano kotor nganinot Mgumba stron (ff skulo, Firmo)stargalactiointerviewtuo baire medjurmashunbacawao ina teruscokinsman megrobarofoyerauditorio pri mecxtpisskchirpotteryoborostooertubeahotchpotchsenico kotor emio inaTulmulencosemi-conductorsemikonducttoprosecutedepallis na magistrato
Jim Scrivener: Learning Teaching Macmillan (2011)
Superordinates and hyponyms
Does synonomy really exist?
Collocationsexpand the economy or enlarge the economya diminutive old woman whats wrong?a little old ladyConnotations: The soldier abandoned his postThe soldier relinquished his post
Antonomy or words along a clinehot/warm/cool/coldmale/femaleremember/forgettrainer/trainees
Words along a clinelaughsmile gigglechortleguffawgrin
Words along a cline
grin chortle giggle laugh
Words on a clineirateirritatedfuriousannoyedhopping madangrylivid
Acknowledgement: Tim Bowen
Absolute (extreme) adjectives for .sadgooddrunkcheapeasy hungryvaluablesurprisedangry
Sad?Heartbroken!Good?PerfectDrunk?Legless!Cheap?A give-away!Easy? A piece of cake!Hungry?Starving!Valuable?Priceless!Surprised?Flabbergasted!Angry? Furious!
Absolutely ..Hungry? Im absolutely __________________________!I was more than angry when I found out. I was absolutely __________!This painting isnt just valuable its absolutely _________________!Was the exam easy? It was an absolute __________________!The meal was really tasty absolutely _________________!This exercise is very difficult. In fact. Its absolutely ______________!I wasnt just sad when I heard the news; I was absolutely __________!This item is extremely important. In fact, its absolutely _______________ for your survival.The dog isnt just ugly; its absolutely __________________!He drank 4 litres of wine last night and was absolutely ___________!This device doesnt work its absolutely __________________!These shirts are really cheap theyre an absolute _______________!The weather isnt just cold today its absolutely ________________!There is only one painting like this in the whole world. Its absolutely __________!I was absolutely ________________ when I heard the news! I never expected him to pass the exam. And he got an A grade too!
Absolutely ..Hungry? Im absolutely ravenous!I was more than angry when I found out. I was absolutely furious!This painting isnt just valuable its absolutely priceless!Was the exam easy? It was an absolute doddle!The meal was really tasty absolutely delicious!This exercise is very difficult. In fact. Its absolutely impossible!I wasnt just sad when I heard the news; I was absolutely heartbroken!This item is extremely important. In fact, its absolutely essential for your survival.The dog isnt just ugly; its absolutely hideous!He drank 4 litres of wine last night and was absolutely legless!This device doesnt work its absolutely useless!These shirts are really cheap theyre an absolute give-away!The weather isnt just cold today its absolutely freezing!There is only one painting like this in the whole world. Its absolutely unique!I was absolutely flabbergasted when I heard the news! I never expected him to pass the exam. And he got an A grade too!
PersonalisationHave you ever been absolutely legless/furious/flabbergasted?What was your last absolutely delicious meal? Have you ever bought anything that was absolutely useless? Or that was an absolute give-away? Is there an absolutely hideous building in your town or city or country?
DictoglossAlthough it was her first visit to America, something about the atmosphere in the old house the carpet, the antique furniture in the lounge, the colour of the wallpaper in the hall, the dank atmosphere, the strange musty smell on the steps convinced her that somewhere in the deep, distant past she had been there before.
Dictogloss intermediate 1The rain was beating relentlessly against the window pane and the wind was howling menacingly around the lonely wooden cabin on the snow-covered mountainside. Tom was scared. Then he heard a strange, muffled noise outside. Someone was trying to open the door!
the dormitoriesthe corridorsthe porridgethe water in the communal baththe towelsthe basinsthe socks the lavatories
Whoever writes of his schooldays must beware of exaggeration and self-pity. I do not claim that St. Cyprians was a sort of Dotheboys Hall. But I should be falsifying my own memories if I did not record that they are largely memories of disgust.The overcrowded, underfed, underwashed life we led was disgusting, as I recall it. If I shut my eyes today and say school, it is, of course, the physical surroundings that first come back to me: the flat playing field with its cricket pavilion and the little shed by the rifle range, the draughty dormitories, the dusty, splintery passages, the square of asphalt in front of the gymnasium, the raw- looking pinewood chapel at the back.
And at almost every point some filthy detail intrudes itself. For example, there were the pewter bowls out of which we had our porridge. They had overhanging rims, and under the rims were accumulations of sour porridge, which could be flaked off in long strips. The porridge itself, too, contained more lumps, hairs and unexplained black things than one would have thought possible, unless someone were putting them there on purpose. It was never safe to start on that porridge without investigating it first.And then there was the slimy water of the plunge bath it was twelve or fifteen feet long. The whole school was supposed to go into it every morning and I doubt whether the water was changed at all frequently and the always damp towels with their cheesy smell. And the sweaty smell of the changing-room with its greasy basins and, giving on this, the row of filthy dilapidated lavatories, which had no fastenings of any kind on the doors, so whenever you were sitting there someone was sure to come crashing in.It is not easy for me to think of my schooldays without seeming to breathe in a whiff of something cold