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  • words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words wordsm n RAJU

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  • You will learn . . .m n RAJUWhat is effective vocabulary?Why learn more words?How many words to learn?Which words to learn?Knowing a word means?How to learn words?

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  • Effective Vocabularym n RAJUThe right wordin the right form in the right place.

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  • What is a Word?m n RAJU one or more letters or sounds smallest unit for independent use separated by spaces in writing chief carrier of meaning

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  • Why learn more words?m n RAJU to speak & write better to listen & read better to think clearly & powerfully to invite more ideas to communicate effectively

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  • How many words to learn?m n RAJU1,000 words for a basic conversation2,000 words to survive through the day10,000 words for university education

    Word frequency studies prove20% words serve 80% needs

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  • Which words to learn?m n RAJUNew vs knownImportant vs not-so-importantExpressive vs receptive

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  • Knowing a word means . . .m n RAJU

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  • How to Learn Words - 1m n RAJUDiscovery Strategies Increased exposure Incidental learning Guess from context Use dictionary Ask someone

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  • Guessing Meaningm n RAJUIt was at the water queue that Perumayee learnt to fight, push and shove. If you stand there like a dumb idiot, you will come home with an empty bucket, screamed Amma.

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  • Use Dictionarym n RAJU

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  • Use a Thesaurusm n RAJUThe little boy slipped, tripped, stumbled, tumbled, dropped and fell, but continued his journey till he was ankle-deep in the cold, blue, white and wonderful water in the river.

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  • Learn to Askm n RAJU

    Whats the word for ___ in English?How do you say____ in English?What does ____ mean?Its a kind of _____ .Its like a _____ .

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  • How to Learn Words - 2m n RAJUMemory Strategies Memorize Use meaning relations Use word parts Use imagery Mnemonics

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  • Spellingm n RAJUSpell these words right?apparant, wisper, facinate, conjuror, conseal, savege, guinia-pig, orkestra

    apparent, whisper, fascinate, conjurer, conceal, savage, guinea-pig, orchestra

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  • Learning Spellingm n RAJUrrpaeyeitskrypnrueghtrsentdeenrrrsufilters

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  • Learning Spellingm n RAJU

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  • Pronunciationm n RAJUcoup, diaphragm, bomb, pseudonym, thumb, corps, pneumonia, reign, psalm

    /ku/, /dafrm/, /bm/, /sjudnm/, /m/, /k(r)/, /njumni/, /ren/, /sm/

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  • Learning Pronunciationm n RAJU Use a dictionary Listen to newscasts Listen carefully

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  • Synonymsm n RAJUThinSlimSlenderSkinnyLean

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  • Antonymsm n RAJUWas he _______ (slavish)? Was he _______ (sad)? The question is _______ (meaningless). Had anything been _______ (right), we should _______ (doubtfully) have heard.

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  • Homophonesm n RAJUAloud allowedPeace pieceHire higherRoot routeMight mite

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  • Homonymsm n RAJURise raiseBook bookBank bankStory storeyKnees niece

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  • Collocationm n RAJUHeavy rainStrong windMobile phoneA quick meal

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  • Collocationm n RAJUhomework, effort, mistakes, something, copies, a job

    MakeDoeffortmistakescopiesmoneyjudgmentssurea differencesensea decision homeworka jobsomethingwhatevergardeningworkanythingthingsnothingwell

    MakeDo

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  • Lexical Webm n RAJU Liner Cabin Berth Deck Port-hole On board Steward Smoking room

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  • Root Wordsm n RAJUMatch the root words on the left with their meanings:

    RootMeaningchronoyearbellshortarthrocolorchromwarvitbelievecredjointbrevlifeanntime

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  • Grammarm n RAJUThe studiousness of the studious student who studied studiously at the students hostel during the study hours was appreciated.

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  • Using Imagesm n RAJU

    SunshineLightningPuddlesRaindropsHailstormSnowflakesFrostWeather ForecastFloodDroughtTidal waveTornado

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  • Mnemonicsm n RAJU Stop Fooling Around, Now Delightful Music Abscond absent in a second My very easy method: just set up nine planets

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  • How to Learn Words -3m n RAJUMetacognitive Strategies Set learning goals Conscious effort Practice Test yourself Review repeatedly

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  • Practice, more practicem n RAJU Written repetition Spoken repetition Word lists Word Association Vocabulary notebooks

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  • m n RAJUSend your comments tolionnagaraju@gmail.comThis slideshow is available atwww.slideshare.net/lionnagarajuwww.authorstream.com/tag/lionnagaraju

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    This 45 minute presentation is about effective vocabulary and word learning strategies. To make it a little more relevant to you, I have drawn all the examples from the first and second year text books prescribed for graduate students in Andhra Pradesh.*This presentation includes a brief discussion on what is effective vocabulary, why we should learn more words than we already know, how many words should one ideally know to converse in English, which words are useful and relevant to learn as compared to the not so useful words and what does knowing a word mean. The major and most significant part of this presentation will be about a few word learning strategies.*Effective vocabulary is using the right word in the right place. Take a look at these examples:This college has no principal is different from This college has no principle. Principal and principle are two different words and if you write one for the other, the meaning will be disastrously different.Similarly, a sermon on immortality is different from a sermon on immorality.We can say the right word, but we cannot say the rightly word because though the word used is right, the form used is wrong. Right is an adjective and rightly is an adverb.Right, correct, accurate, exact, fair, fitting, suitable are all synonyms. But we use each one of them depending on the context and audience.*How many words are there in that title? What is a word. Four. How do we know that? What characterizes each one of those words?A word is one or more letters in writing and one or more sounds in speech. A word is the smallest unit for independent use. Though words are built with letters or sounds, individual letters and sounds themselves do not carry any meaning.Words are separated by spaces in writing and are chief carriers of meaning.*More words ensure more effective communication. Words help us convey ideas, communicate and comprehend. Words help us read, write, speak and listen and also think better. More words help us invite more ideas into our minds. If we know enough words to communicate effectively, we are likely to be more successful in life.*A lay man on the street may not more than a thousand words and that meets all his basic conversation needs. Knowledge of about 2000 words can see us through the day and help us transact all our day-to-day communication needs. Even for university education, it is found that only about 10000 words is all that is needed. Word frequency studies conducted on a large corpus of language use have proved that only 20% of the words in any language are used 80% of the time to meet our needs. So success and effective communication depends on identifying and learning those words that are more relevant and useful to us for meeting our needs.*It is quite obvious that we should learn words that are new to us, instead of the words that we already know; and words that are important to meet our communication needs as against words that are not so important. It is a good idea to spend our time and effort in learning words that we use actively to express ourselves when we speak and write, instead of the words that we need to comprehend when others use them as we read or listen.*As many of us think, knowing a word is not merely knowing its meaning. The words that we really know are words that we know in detail their meaning, pronunciation, grammar, usage, appropriateness and collocation. We will learn these things in more detail in the next few slides. *Let us now begin taking a detailed look at some strategies that can help us learn new words. I have organized these strategies in three groups and the first one is discovery strategies. We can discover new words from increased exposure. The more we read and listen, the more likely we are to know more words. As students, you may read your text books, additional reading