World Corruption Index and Myanmar Corruption index 2016 collection

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  1. 1. SURVEYS 25 JANUARY 2017 CORRUPTION PERCEPTIONS INDEX 2016 Jump to: Results table | Regional analysis | Resources Let's get straight to the point: No country gets close to a perfect score in the Corruption Perceptions Index 2016. Over two-thirds of the 176 countries and territories in this year's index fall below the midpoint of our scale of 0 (highly corrupt) to 100 (very clean). The global average score is a paltry 43, indicating endemic corruption in a country's public sector. Top-scoring countries (yellow in the map below) are far outnumbered by orange and red countries where citizens face the tangible impact of corruption on a daily basis. converted by Web2PDFConvert.com
  2. 2. This years results highlight the connection between corruption and inequality, which feed off each other to create a vicious circle between corruption, unequal distribution of power in society, and unequal distribution of wealth. In too many countries, people are deprived of their most basic needs and go to bed hungry every night because of corruption, while the powerful and corrupt enjoy lavish lifestyles with impunity. Jos Ugaz, Chair of Transparency International The interplay of corruption and inequality also feeds populism. When traditional politicians fail to tackle corruption, people grow cynical. Increasingly, people are turning to populist leaders who promise to break the cycle of corruption and privilege. Yet this is likely to exacerbate rather than resolve the tensions that fed the populist surge in the first place. (Read more about the linkages between corruption, inequality and populism.) More countries declined than improved in this year's results, showing the urgent need for committed action to thwart corruption. PUTTING THE SCORES IN CONTEXT The lower-ranked countries in our index are plagued by untrustworthy and badly functioning public institutions like the police and judiciary. Even where anti-corruption laws are on the books, in practice they're often skirted or ignored. People frequently face situations of bribery and extortion, rely on basic services that have been undermined by the misappropriation of funds, and confront official indifference when seeking redress from authorities that are on the take. Grand corruption thrives in such settings. Cases like Petrobras and Odebrecht in Brazil or the saga of ex-President Viktor Yanukovych in Ukraine show how collusion between businesses and politicians siphons off billions of dollars in revenue from national economies, benefitting the few at the expense of the many. This kind of systemic grand corruption violates human rights, prevents sustainable development and fuels social exclusion. Higher-ranked countries tend to have higher degrees of press freedom, access to information about public expenditure, stronger standards of integrity for public officials, and independent judicial systems. But high-scoring countries can't afford to be complacent, either. While the most obvious forms of corruption may not scar citizens' daily lives in all these places, the higher-ranked countries are not immune to closed-door deals, conflicts of interest, illicit finance, and patchy law MENU OUR GLOBAL MOVEMENT POPULAR CONTENT converted by Web2PDFConvert.com
  3. 3. enforcement that can distort public policy and exacerbate corruption at home and abroad. REGIONAL ANALYSIS Corruption hurts all countries, in every region of the world. Learn more about public sector corruption in your region below. Americas: From the Panama Papers in April to the record US$3.5 billion Odebrecht settlement in Brazil in December, 2016 was a good year in the fight against corruption in the Americas. But there is still a long way to go. Read more Asia Pacific: Unfortunately, the majority of Asia Pacific countries sit in the bottom half of this years Corruption Perceptions Index. Poor performance can be attributed to unaccountable governments, lack of oversight, insecurity and shrinking space for civil society, pushing anti-corruption action to the margins in those countries. Read more Europe and Central Asia: There are no drastic changes in Europe and Central Asia on this years index, with only a few exceptions. However, this does not mean that the region is immune from corruption. The stagnation also does not indicate that the fight against corruption has improved, but rather the opposite. Read more Middle East and North Africa: Despite the political changes that shook the Arab region six years ago, the hope for Arab countries to fight corruption and end impunity has not seen any progress yet. This explains the sharp drop of most of Arab countries on the 2016 index 90 percent of these have scored below 50, which is a failing grade. Read more Sub Saharan Africa: 2016 saw elections across the African continent with the results providing a good reflection of corruption trends in the region. In Ghana, for example, voters voiced their dissatisfaction with the government's corruption record at the polls where, for the first time in Ghana's history, an incumbent president was voted out. Read more RESOURCES converted by Web2PDFConvert.com
  4. 4. Latest First name Last name Enter your email address SUBSCRIBE Press release: 'Vicious circle of corruption and inequality must be tackled: Rise of populist politicians in many countries is a warning signal' | | Espaol | Franais | Portugus | Analysis: 'Corruption and inequality: how populists mislead people' Previous Corruption Perceptions Index results DOWNLOADS Global map graphic and results table: JPG | PDF Global map graphic: JPG | PDF Global and regional results graphics: ZIP Data set: XLSX FAQ Short methodology note Technical methodology note Source description For any press enquiries please contact press@transparency.org Would you like to know more? Sign up to stay informed about corruption news and our work around the world SUPPORT TRANSPARENCY INTERNATIONAL 50 Monthly SUPPORTUS converted by Web2PDFConvert.com
  5. 5. Corruption and inequality: how populists mislead people Corruption and social inequality are indeed closely related and provide a source for popular discontent. Yet, the track record of populist leaders in tackling this problem is dismal. converted by Web2PDFConvert.com
  6. 6. Asia Pacific: Fighting corruption is side-lined The majority of Asia Pacific countries sit in the bottom half of this years index. Americas: Sometimes bad news is good news From the Panama Papers to the Odebrecht settlement, 2016 was a good year in the fight against corruption in the Americas. converted by Web2PDFConvert.com
  7. 7. Sub Saharan Africa: Corruption is a big issue in 2016 African elections The elections held across Africa in 2016 provide a good reflection of corruption trends in the region. 2016 6 converted by Web2PDFConvert.com
  8. 8. . Middle East and North Africa: A very drastic decline The majority of Arab countries have failed to fulfil the will of the people to build democratic systems allowing for greater transparency and accountability. converted by Web2PDFConvert.com
  9. 9. Europe and Central Asia: An overall stagnation There are no drastic changes in Europe and CentralAsia in the Corruption Perceptions Index 2016 but this does not mean that the region is immune from corruption. Social Media Corruption dominating headlines is not always a bad thing... From the Panama Papers scandal to the record US$3.5 billion Odebrecht settlement in Brazil converted by Web2PDFConvert.com
  10. 10. in December, 2016 was a good year in the fight against corruption in the Americas. #cpi2016 Americas: Sometimes bad news is good news From the Panama Papers to the Odebrecht settlement, 2016 was a good year in the fight against corruption in the Americas. TRANSPARENCY.ORG converted by Web2PDFConvert.com
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  14. 14. The US dropped 2 points in our corruption index. Donald Trump claims he's going to drain the swamp, but he's actually bringing in more crocodiles! http://www.transparency.org/cpi2016 gph.is MEDIA.GIPHY.COM converted by Web2PDFConvert.com
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  16. 16. RT @ASalasTI: Venezuela, Mxico #CPI2016 se perciben ms corruptos. Preocupa futuro en EU https://t.co/Xld0sIY6KH @anticorruption https://t converted by Web2PDFConvert.com
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  18. 18. Con 1,378 personas juzgadas por casos de #corrupcin entre 2015/16, #Espaa ocupa el puesto 41 de 176 en el https://t.co/OeydKWWhyI converted by Web2PDFConvert.com
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  20. 20. Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensedunder CCBY-ND4.0 Transparency International 2016. Some rights reserved. Privacy Terms Impressum Note about browsers and our site FOLLOWUS ON SOCIALMEDIA First name Last name Enter your email address SUBSCRIBE WOULD YOU LIKE TO KNOWMORE? Sign up to stay informed about corruption news and our work around the world converted by Web2PDFConvert.com
  21. 21. SURVEYS 25 JANUARY 2017 CORRUPTION PERCEPTIONS INDEX 2016: VICIOUS CIRCLE OF CORRUPTION AND INEQUALITY MUST BE TACKLED Rise of populist politicians in many countries is a warning signal Issued by Transparency International Secretariat Translations: AR | RU | PT | ES | FR 2016 showed that around the world systemic corruption and social inequality reinforce each other, leading to popular disenchantment with political establishments and providing a fertile ground for the rise of populist politicians. 69 per cent of the 176 countries on the Corruption Perceptions Index 2016 scored below 50, on a scale from 0 (perceived to be highly corrupt) to 100 (perceived to be very clean), exposing how massive and pervasive public sector corruption is around the world. This year more countries declined in the index than improved, showing the need for urgent action. No equal opportunities for all Corruption and inequality feed off each other, creating a vicious circle between corruption, unequal distribution of power in society, and unequal distribution of wealth. As the Panama Papers showed, it is still far too easy for the rich and powerful to exploit the opaqueness of the global financial system to enrich themselves at the expense of the public good. In too many countries, people are deprived of their most basic needs and go to bed hungry every night because of corruption, while the powerful and corrupt enjoy lavish lifestyles with impunity, said Jos Ugaz, Chair of Transparency International. We do not have the luxury of time. Corruption needs to be fought with urgency, so that the lives of people across the world improve, added Ugaz. Grand corruption cases, from Petrobras and Odebrecht in Brazil to Ukrainian ex-President Viktor Yanukovych, show how collusion between businesses and politicians denies national economies of billions of dollars of MENU OUR GLOBAL MOVEMENT POPULAR CONTENT converted by Web2PDFConvert.com
  22. 22. revenues that were siphoned off to benefit the few at the expense of the many. This kind of systemic grand corruption violates human rights, prevents sustainable development and fuels social exclusion. Brazils score on the index, for example, has significantly declined compared to five years ago as one corruption scandal after another involving top politicians and businesspeople was uncovered. Yet the country has shown this year that through the work of independent law enforcement bodies it is possible to hold to account those previously considered untouchable. Populism is the wrong medicine People are fed up by too many politicians empty assurances to tackle corruption and many are turning towards populist politicians who promise to change the system and break the cycle of corruption and privilege. Yet this is likely to only exacerbate the issue. In countries with populist or autocratic leaders, we often see democracies in decline and a disturbing pattern of attempts to crack down on civil society, limit press freedom, and weaken the independence of the judiciary. Instead of tackling crony capitalism, those leaders usually install even worse forms of corrupt systems, said Ugaz. Only where there is freedom of expression, transparency in all political processes and strong democratic institutions, can civil society and the media hold those in power to account and corruption be fought successfully. The index scores of Hungary and Turkey countries that have seen the rise of autocratic leaders have dropped in recent years. In contrast, the score of Argentina, which has ousted a populist government, is starting to improve. What needs to be done Technical fixes to specific anti-corruption legislation are not enough. What is urgently needed are deep-rooted systemic reforms that even up the growing imbalance of power and wealth by empowering citizens to stop the widespread impunity for corruption, hold the powerful to account, and have a real say in the decisions that affect their daily lives. These reforms must include the disclosure through public registries of who owns companies as well as sanctions for professional enablers who are complicit in moving corrupt money flows across borders. The results The Corruption Perceptions Index 2016 covers perceptions of public sector corruption in 176 countries. Click here for the full index. Denmark and New Zealand perform best with scores of 90, closely followed by Finland (89) and Sweden (88). Although no country is free of corruption, the countries at the top share characteristics of open government, press freedom, civil liberties and independent judicial systems. For the tenth year running, Somalia is the worst performer on the index, this year scoring only 10. South Sudan is second to bottom with a score of 11, followed by North Korea (12) and Syria (13). Countries at the bottom of the index are characterised by widespread impunity for corruption, poor governance and weak institutions. Countries in troubled regions, particularly in the Middle East, have seen the most substantial drops this year. Qatar is the biggest decliner compared to the 2015 index with a drop of 10 scores. The FIFA scandals, the converted by Web2PDFConvert.com
  23. 23. Latest First name Last name Enter your email address SUBSCRIBE investigations into the decision to host the World Cup in 2022 in Qatar and reports of human rights abuses for migrant workers have clearly affected the perception of the country, said Ugaz. Download supporting documentation ZIP For any press enquiries please contact Natalie Baharav T: +49 30 34 38 20 666 E: press@transparency.org Would you like to know more? Sign up to stay informed about corruption news and our work around the world SUPPORT TRANSPARENCY INTERNATIONAL 50 Monthly SUPPORT US converted by Web2PDFConvert.com
  24. 24. Corruption Perceptions Index 2016 No country gets close to a perfect score in this year's index. A vicious c...