world war ii shadow of war america recovering from depression goal of usa stay out of war stay out...
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WORLD WAR II
SHADOW OF WARAmericaRecovering from DepressionGoal of USAStay out of warStay out of European affairsStay out of Asian affairsIsolationismAmericas goal of staying out of war at all cost
WAR IN ASIA1931 Japan overran Manchuria in Northern ChinaWorld did not stop attack1937 Japan declared war on ChinaSeized Peking Chinas capital cityDec 12, 1937 Japanese bombers sunk U.S.S Panay patrolling the Yangtze River (2 US crew members killed)US accepted apology and $2 million
GERMANYThe world will never Act against me, they will just protest. -HitlerRearmament 1930sBuilds up army and weaponsNonaggression PactGermany would not invade Russia after the invasion of the Rhineland
GERMANYS AGGRESSIONMarch 1936 German soldiers march on the RhinelandBreaking the Treaty of VersaillesMarch 1938 German soldiers march on AustriaSelf-Determination (Hitlers proclamation) Claimed 3 million people lived in SudetenlandHad right to be apart of 3rd Reich
NON-AGGRESSION PACTSigned by Hitler and StalinNeither nation would attack the otherSecretly planned to divide PolandShocked the worldGermany could now give full attention to conquering Europe without having a 2 front war
ALLIED POWERSNeville ChamberlainPrime Minister of Great BritainPeace in our TimeAppeasement PolicyFrance and Britain gave Sudetenland if Hitler and GermanyHitler promised he would not take more land
THE WAR BEGINSSeptember 1, 1939Germany invades PolandEngland and FranceDeclare war on Germany
BLITZKRIEGHitlers war strategyLightning war or Flash warAll out, full go attackPlanes, tanks, Rockets, TroopsMeant to prevent counterattackShow no mercy
POLANDSurrendered in 2 weeksRussia invaded Eastern PolandWest Zone GermanEast Zone RussiaNazis take 3 Baltic StatesEstonia, Latvia, Lithuania
CASH AND CARRYUS sold Arms to Allies on Cash payment onlyNations had to ship own goodsNazis regroup for 7 months
PHONY WARFrance and Britain mobilized troops along the Maginot line (system of fortifications along French-German border)Both sides waited for other to attack7 months, no fightingSuddenly, Germany attacked, ending the Phony War
GERMANY ADVANCESApril 9, 1940Blitzkrieg on DenmarkFalls in 1 dayMay 1940Belgium and Netherlands Fall
ATTACK ON FRANCEItaly attacked from the SouthMaginot line failed to protectNazis from the NorthNazis hammered French & British TroopsAllied troops driven to coast of DunkirkEvacuated on private vessels into EnglandJune 22, 1940France surrenders to Nazis
ENGLAND vs. NAZISWinston Churchill new Prime MinisterEngland stood alone against the NazisPromised people, Blood, toil, tears, and sweat.Hitler wanted to capture and destroy Britain
NAZI BOMBING OF ENGLANDStrategic BombingHitler started bombing ports, factories, strategic areas of Britain, esp. LondonBombing was crippling England fastEngland bombed Berlin, causing some damageHitler took the bombing personalScare BombingHitler started bombing residential areasWanted Britain to beg for mercy
SEPTEMBER 1940 MAY 19418 months of continuous bombingEvery nightGerman Luftwaffe (German air force) bombed British citiesRoyal Air force (R.A.F)Was able to rebuildDeveloped and introduced RadarUsed radar to win Dog Fights Huge losses for German Luftwaffe
ROOSEVELT MAKES HISTORY1940Elected to 3rd TermOnly president in history to serve 3 termsReasonsNation needed experienced leaderNation and Allies trusted him (good foreign relations)
ALLIED STARTAGYDefeat Axis powers in North AfricaGermans led by General Erwin Rommel Axis surrendered in May 1943Mediterranean region now open for allied shipping Southern invasion of Europe now possible
Pacific CampaignUS survived Pearl Harbor attack 1942Island HoppingOne small island at a timeprovided many navel bases and training groundsCoral Sea3 days of fighting blindUS defeats Japanese FleetBattle of MidwayTurning point of Pacific War
Eastern FrontUSSR suffered huge casualties, but outlasted GermansScorched Earth PolicySame way defeated Napoleon1943 mounted offensiveDrove Germans out of Russia
War in Europe US and Allies started bombing GermanySummer of 1942Bombed Transportation lines, industrial plants, military institutesCrippled German ability to wage warAllies lost 158,000 pilots, 40,000 planes
PEARL HARBORDecember 7, 1941Japanese launched a surprise attack on HawaiiLead by Admiral Isoroku YamamotoJapans Greatest Naval Strategist2,400 Dead, 1,000 WoundedJapan wanted to destroy US pacific fleetIt was a dagger pointed at our throat
MANHATTAN PROJECTBefore WWIIGerman Scientists succeeded in splitting the nucleus of an Uranium atomAlbert EinsteinWrote a letter to FDR warning him Germany was working on an Atomic bombFDR approved a $2 million project to develop an Atomic bomb
FAT MANTHIN MAN
BOMBING OF HIROSHIMAUS gave warningsurrender or be totally destroyedAugust 6, 1945B-29 bomber Enola GayTwo bombs1st on Hiroshima2nd on Nagasaki Aug 9, 1945Aug 14, 1945Japan surrenders
HIROSHIMA: DAY OF FIREGround Temp7,000 degreesHurricane force winds980 mphEnergy released20,000 tons TNTBuildings destroyed62,000Killed immediately70,000 peopleDead by end 1945140,000 peopleTotal deaths 210,000 people
General Dwight D. Eisenhowerled invasion across English Channel into FranceJune 6, 1944Largest amphibious landing in History4,000 allied ships moved 200,000 soldiers across channel to beaches6 out of 10 were killedSix weeks of fightingAllies secured the beaches of France40 milesD-DAY
ALLIES TAKE FRANCEControl Northern beaches of FranceD-DayShip in massive suppliesAug 25, 1944Paris falls back into Allied controlAllies continue to push Germany back Winter 1944-45Western Europe back in Allied control
VICTORY IN EUROPETowards endHitler was sending 14 year olds into battleHitler youth3rd Reich in destructionApril 30, 1945Hitler and Eva Braun commit suicideMay 7, 1945Germany unconditionally surrendersV-E Day Victory in Europe
HOLOCAUSTAnti -SemitismPolitical, social and economic agitation against Jews. Hatred of Jews.Aryan RaceHitler believed was the perfect race. Full German blood, blonde hair and blue eyes.
Between 1939 and 1945 six million Jews were murdered, along with hundreds of thousands of others, such as Gypsies, Jehovahs Witnesses, disabled and the mentally ill.
A Total of 6,000,000 JewsPercentage of Jews killed in each country
A MAP OF THE CONCENTRATION CAMPS AND DEATH CAMPS USED BY THE NAZIS.
16 of the 44 children taken from a French childrens home.They were sent to a concentration camp and later to Auschwitz.ONLY 1 SURVIVEDA group of children at a concentration camp in Poland.
Part of a stockpile of Zyklon-B poison gas pellets found at Majdanek death camp. Before poison gas was used , Jews were gassed in mobile gas vans. Carbon monoxide gas from the engines exhaust was fed into the sealed rear compartment. Victims were dead by the time they reached the burial site.
Smoke rises as the bodies are burnt.
Jewish women, some holding infants, are forced to wait in a line before their execution by Germans and Ukrainian collaborators.
A German policeman shoots individual Jewish women who remain alive in the ravine after the mass execution.
After liberation, an Allied soldier displays a stash of gold wedding rings taken from victims at Buchenwald.Bales of hair shaven from women at Auschwitz, used to make felt-yarn.
Soviet POWs at forced labor in 1943 exhuming bodies in the ravine at Babi Yar, where the Nazis had murdered over 33,000 Jews in September of 1941. In 1943, when the number of murdered Jews exceeded 1 million. Nazis ordered the bodies of those buried to be dug up and burned to destroy all traces.
FINAL WAR TOLLTOTAL DEAD55 MILLION SOLDIERS AND CIVILIANS DEADSOVIET UNION TOLL30 MILLION DEADUS TOLL290,000 DEAD670,000 WOUNDED
Picture is animated and will show the aggression of Hitler and the Axis powers, then the fall of Hitler. Month per monthHow did they manage to get together all these Jews to kills them?How did they kill them when they had them?To begin with there were concentration camps.There were concentration camps and death camps. If you went to a death camp the chances of coming out alive were virtually nil.Even at concentration camps though you were likely to die from the appalling conditions. Or, if you were very young, old, or incapable of hard labour, it was likely you would be transferred to a death camp too.Anne Frank died at Belsen from Typhoid.Leonard Leher's mother and sisters were sent to Sobibor.YOU MAY ASK "WHO WERE THESE PEOPLE WHO WERE SENT TO PLACES LIKE THIS?"THEY WERE CHILDREN JUST LIKE YOU. THE ONLY DIFFERENCE WAS THEIR RACE AND THE RELIGION THEY FOLLOWED.
HOW DID THEY KILL THESE INNOCENT CHILDREN, ALONG WITH THEIR PARENTS, GRANDPARENTS, FRIENDS ETC..YOU WILL ALL HAVE PROBABLY HEARD OF THE WAY NAZiS GASSED THE JEWS.THIS IS THE GAS THAT WAS INTRODUCED IN 1942. JEWS WERE SENT INTO SEALED SHOWER UNITS ON THE PRETENCE THAT THEY WERE GOING TO BE SHOWERED. PELLETS WERE THEN PLACED INTO THE SHOWER HEADS AND GAS CAME FROM THE SHOWERS INSTEAD OF WATER.15 MINUTES LATER THE SHOWER ROOM WOULD BE EMPTIED, BODIES WERE ALWAYS IN A PYRAMID SHAPE, PEOPLE TRIED TO CLIMB ON TOP OF ONE ANOTHER TO ESCAPE THE GAS.BEFORE THIS TYPE OF KILLING METHOD WAS INTRODUCED THOUGH A MORE PRIMITIVE GASSING METHOD WAS USED....I DON'T KNOW HOW, OR EVEN WHY THIS PHOTO WAS TAKEN, BUT IT SHOWS SOME MEN AWAITING DEATH ON