wrestling 123

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  • 1. I INTRODUCTION Back ground: Wrestling is one of the toughest and the oldest forms of sports known to mankind. it is probably by Father of all sports beings over come each other when seeking to conquer or dominate with out weapons of any sort. It develops the soldiering qualities of strength, agility, courage, tenacity and will power. Once a man steps on to the mat to face an opponent he must take his own decision and execute them himself. Ever wrestler knows that when he has pinned his antagonist he has done I himself. He has out manoeuuerd out thought and out thought and out lasted a man of equal ability many more in a contest of strength the wrester needs many other qualities such as alertness agility, stamina, skill, constant, mental and physical exertion carrying out strategy in the face of ever changing situations, lightening speed in the right direction and timely and correct use holds land counter-holds etc. There is no denying the fact that it has survived the test of time by virtur of the physical and moral qualities it develops. It is essentially a real mans pastime; and strenuous from a physical activity 1

2. developing. The great characteristics of the fighting sprit As well as the Love of fair and true Sportsmanship. Wrestling contest has been common in India Greece and Italy since time immemorial war regarded such a potent factor as would alone decide even the destinies of the nations and countries without resorting to other measures likewar. History bears an eloquent testimony to the above statement and quite a few reference can be quoted in support i.e. the memorable fight between Bhima and Jarasindha narrated in Mahabharata as well the dural between Rustom and Souhrab mentioned in Shahnama. Hercules was a famous wrestler of Greece and even today his name is treated as the symbol of strength. In those days wrestling was treated as the pride of the common man a necessity for the soldier and a life-breath of the nation. Even now its popularity is immense in the international sports as it forms part of the world Olympic Games. Indeed this sport is very popular in the countries like USA, Germany, Hungary, USSR, Belgium, Turkey and Italy. The science of wrestling is interesting though complex. It give scope to intelligence of high order. As a form of 2 3. exercise it ensures strength stamina and health constant and regular practice in wrestling. Improves the tone of muscles and keeps the body supple and active. The body becomes strong there by; by no other exercise can the body develop so systematically beautifully and muscularly as in wrestling. This fact is unanimously admitted by eminent physical culturists everywhere in the world. The secret of wrestling is that a good wrestler can over power his through superior in strength and weight. The strong body keep the sound mind. It cultivates capacity for the offensive move and create self-confidence. A good wrestler can defend himself even from an annual opponent by this skill in serpentine movements. Wrestling has a lot of carry over value for several reasons. It takes only two men to complete a wrestling mat or an area (Akhara). It takes little time for a vigorous work out. A wrestler can get a good work out until the gold player is waiting for the preceding four some to get put or range more over it is quite in expensive and this economical. In short it may be stated that wrestling is both an ideal body builder and recreactive sport it develops. 1. Perfect: Physical fitness 2. Quick Reactions: the ability to think and act quickly. 3 4. 3. Endurance: The withstanding of pain and sustenance of effort. 4. Self control: the power of thinking coldly in most distriburded conditions. 5. Will power and pluck: The facing of ads and the courage to sight to the last whatever the consequence it may be. 6. Imagination initiativein attacking or in anticipating an opponent's attack. Wrestling is a very demanding and power endurance oriented sport. To be a good wrestler you need so many things but to perform your daily work during training and the competition one need a good warm-up. In every sport. We need warm-up but in sports like wrestling warming up is of most importance. It is well establishment that warm-up enhance our performance. Particularly during competition the importance of warm-up is as important as our main training.4 5. SIGNIFICANCE OF PROJECT a. This project will help in understanding the concept of proper warm-up. b. It will provide information about different aspect of general and specific warm-up. c. It will be an information piece for diploma course students. d. It will help in understanding the importance of warm-up in sport of wrestling. e. It will provide scientific bases of effective warm-up. f.It will help in highlighting the importance of stretching exercise.5 6. II MAIN PART Warm-up ; warm-up is the optimum adjustment of your physical, Physiological and Neural system as per the demand of your man activity. We do it from slow to fast.AIMS AND OBJECTIVE a) To reduce the risk of injuries b) To rise the body temperature for better circulation of blood. c) To increase the metabolic activity of the body. d) Overall preparation of the body to undergo the forth coming activities. e) To extend the physical activity up to a level where lactic is not fumed and the body derives the energy from aerobic system. f) Thereby minimizing the use of anaerobic energy system. g) To improve the Cardio-vascular and neuro-muscular co-ordination of the body.6 7. 2. GUIDELINES OF PRINCIPLES OF WARM-UP a)Perhaps the most important of these is that the bout intensity and duration of the warm-up to be closely monitored. If the warm-up is not long enough, it will be of little benefit on the other hand if the intensity is too high fatigue will result.b)Warm-up periods of 5 to 15 minutes are suggested to allow tissue temperature to reach optmal levels. It has been suggested that the intensity of the warm-up activity should be increased gradually until it is close to that of the proposed workout.c)The athlete must also avoid becoming fatigued prior to practice or competition. This can be accomplished through frequent rest periods because tissue temperature decreases more slowly than if increases.d)Before warming up a through stretching schedule has to be performed which means that stretching is must before starting the process of warming up.e)The exact intensity and duration of the warm-up should be adjusted based on the temperature and amount of clothing worn.f)Increase in muscle temperature following a warm-up has been shown to last at least 45 minutes. The need for re-warming the muscle prior to these time limits its could be argued on the other hand it has been suggested that after 45 minutes at activity the7 8. beneficial effect of the warm-up ceases because the muscle tissue temperature has returned the pre warm-up level. g)Lower intensity less complex activity such as jogging or jumping rope, general warm-up methods are sufficient in bringing about the desired. However for higher intensity or more complex activity use general warm-up activities and then proceed to specific warm-up methods. This procedure would allow for adequate increase in tissue temperature and also provides him neurological rehearsal of the activity about to take place.3. EFFECTIVE WARMING-UP 1. EXPERIENCE Warming up depends on the experience of any athlete senior athlete through their warming up experience know how much time is required for them to warm-up. To warm-up more gradually and systematically one should feel mentally and physically alert. The under warm-up and improper warm-up are no use.2. CLIMATE Warming-up depends upon climate to climate. In winter it is very obvious to do more warm up because of low temperature. In summer due to hot environmental short duration warm-up be sufficient.8 9. 3. ATTITUDE At high altitude one may to require very slow and long warming up in co-operation altitude.4. TEMPERATURE Up to some extent it depends on individual's temperament. There are different types of athlete to their temperament. It is said that cool and calm type of temperament require lengthy warm-up.5. EVENTS During of warm-up also depends on even type of event like throwers and sprinters require more long duration warm-up but long sprinters require more long duration warm-up but long distance runners require lesser duration and it is performed slow and smoothly.4. PHYSILOGICAL RESPONSES OF WARM-UP During exercise there is an increase in tissue temperature is the result muscle tissue. This increase in tissue temperature is the result of three physiological processes. The first is the friction that occurs within the sliding filaments during muscular contraction. In addition the metabolism of fuels and the dilation of intramuscular blood vessels contribute to increased tissue temperatures.9 10. As tissue temperature increase a variety of response are initiated within body. for example because metabolic processes are temperature dependant warming-up allows the bodily systems involved with exercise to adopt gradually to the increase level of activity. Additionally a warm-up will allow for increase circulation to working muscle resulting in an enhanced oxygen supply during work. A warm up will also increase the rate at which oxyhemoglobin and myoglobin are broken down, increasing the capacity of working muscle to extract and use the delivery oxygen.5. SCIENTIFIC APPLICATION: Warm-up as a preparation prior to physical work, attempts more of the following readiness factors. Muscle temperature, circulation and joint mobility Actual performance or certain physiological changes such as oxygen uptake (Vo2) and heart rate, have been utilized to assess the efforts of warm-up, but physiological phenomena are not generally reported as measures or the intensity of the warm-up. Metabolic energy sources are derived from the aerobic and anaerobic processes duri